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MAP #: 324T4

CARTOGRAPHER : TANNER, HENRY SCHENK

DATE: 1824

SHORT TITLE : CHESAPEAKE & DELAWARE CANAL

REMAINING TITLE & ID : (NO CARTOUCHE, ACROSS TOP PORTION OF MAP IN AN ARC, WITH DOUBLE UNDERLINE UNDER "CANAL"). "DRAWN & ENGRAV'D BY H.S. TANNER" (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER, INSIDE NEAT LINE). "SCALE OF MILES." (6 MILES IN LENGTH, BOTTOM CENTER). "SCALE OF YARDS." (6000 IN LENGTH, BELOW MILES SCALE). "PROFILE OR VERTICAL SECTION." (ACROSS PAGE, BELOW TITLE). "TOPOGRAPHICAL VIEW." (BETWEEN PROFILE SECTION AND SCALE OF MILES). NOTHING IS IN THE BORDER. THE REVERSE SIDE IS BLANK. MAP HAS TWO NEAT LINES, A LIGHT INTERIOR LINE AND A HEAVY EXTERIOR ONE. LONGITUDE (NOT SHOWN). LATITUDE (NOT SHOWN).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1824
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PHILADELPHIA
PUBLISHER : WILLIAM DARBY
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 21.2 X 26.0 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 22.7 X 27.4 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 118,000 (MILE SCALE)
SCALE - OTHER DATA : THERE ARE 2 SCALES 6 MILES = 8.15 CM AND 6000 YARDS = 4.95 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-666
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : CL013-HDH*
REGION CATEGORY : COVERS SOME DETAILED PORTION OF THE MD.CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : CANAL MAP (21)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE.
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : PLAIN (2)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE.
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 324T5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : DARBY'S GEOGRAPHICAL...REPOSITORY IS THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP IS ATTACHED INSIDE THE COVER TO VOL. I - NO. II OF GEOGRAPHICAL, HISTORICAL AND STATISTICAL REPOSITORY BY WILLIAM DARBY, OCTOBER, 1824. DARBY ALSO ACTED AS PUBLISHER. IT IS USED TO ILLUSTRATE THE FIFTH GENERAL REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT AND DIRECTORS OF THE CHESAPEAKE AND DELAWARE CANAL COMPANY, WHICH REPORT IS INCORPORATED IN THE STATISTICS SECTION OF THE REPOSITORY, STARTING ON PAGE 113. MATHEW CAREY IS NOTED AS THE CHAIRMAN OF THE CANAL COMPANY.

THE MAP, DRAWN AND ENGRAVED BY HENRY SCHENK TANNER, SHOWS A PROFILE OR VERTICAL SECTION GIVING THE HEIGHT OF THE LAND THROUGH WHICH THE CANAL WOULD BE DUG AND THE LOCATION OF A DAM, TWO REGULAR LOCKS AND TWO TIDE LOCKS, ONE AT EACH END OF THE CANAL. BENEATH THE PROFILE IS A TOPOGRAPHICAL VIEW SHOWING THE PROPOSED ROUTE OF THE CANAL IN DETAIL, THE ROADS AND TOWNS NEARBY, THE CREEKS AND WATERWAYS LEADING INTO THE CANAL PATH AND THE MARSH AND SWAMP AREA AT THE EASTERN END.

THE BULK OF THE WORK WAS COMMENCED IN 1825 AND IT WAS COMPLETED IN 1829. THE REPORT RECOMMENDED THAT THE CANAL BEGIN NEAR NEWBOLD'S LANDING ON THE DELAWARE RIVER WHERE AN ARTIFICIAL HARBOR AND TIDE LOCK MUST BE PROVIDED AND CUT THROUGH ST. GEORGE'S MEADOWS TO ST. GEORGE'S DAM, THEN BE LIFTED BY A LOCK OF EIGHT FEET. FROM THERE IT WOULD GO THROUGH ST. GEORGE'S MILL-POND, THROUGH THE DIVIDING RIDGE OF THE PENINSULA (SHOWN AS 76.5 FEET ABOVE SEA LEVEL AT ITS HIGHEST), THROUGH TURNER'S MILL-POND TO A SIX FOOT LOCK AT TURNER'S MILL-DAM. FROM THERE IT WOULD GO ALONG BROAD AND BLACK CREEKS TO A TIDE LOCK NEAR THE MOUTH OF LONG CREEK. IT REPORTS THAT THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS CONSIDERED THIS RECOMMENDATION ON THE 21st OF JANUARY, ADJOURNED TO STUDY IT FURTHER AND UNANIMOUSLY ADOPTED THE ROUTE WHEN THE BOARD RECONVENED ON JANUARY 26th. A MAXIMUM COST OF $1,354,364.64 WAS ESTIMATED FOR THE PROJECT.

THE REPORT CONCLUDES, "WE CANNOT INDULGE IN THESE VIEWS WITHOUT PERCEIVING THE UNCALCULABLE IMPORTANCE OF THE CHESAPEAKE AND DELAWARE CANAL TO THE INTERESTS OF AGRICULTURE, COMMERCE, AND MANUFACTURES. THEY LEAD US, MOREOVER, TO THE IRRESTIBLE CONCLUSION, THAT THIS CANAL IS DESTINED TO BECOME THE THEATRE OF VERY ACTIVE AND VERY EXTENSIVE BUSINESS- AND THAT WE SHALL, AT NO DISTANT DAY, BE MOST AMPLY REWARDED FOR OUR ANXIETIES AND TOILS, NOT ONLY BY A RICH RETURN OF BENEFITS AND PROFITS, BUT BY THE GRATIFYING REFLECTION THAT WE SHALL HAVE ACHIEVED A GREAT PUBLIC GOOD." IT WAS SIGNED BY JAMES C. FISHER, PRESIDENT OF THE CANAL COMPANY. THE PROJECT WAS CARRIED TO COMPLETION BUT IT WAS NOT A FINANCIAL SUCCESS. THE CANAL WAS EVENTUALLY TAKEN OVER BY THE U.S. GOVERNMENT AND CONVERTED INTO A SEA-LEVEL CANAL.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ONLY A SINGLE EDITION AND STATE WAS PUBLISHED.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A GOOD BLACK AND WHITE COPY WHICH HAS BEEN DETACHED FROM THE VOLUME IN WHICH IT APPEARS FOR CONSERVATION PURPOSES. IT HAS A TEAR ON THE RIGHT SIDE WHERE IT WAS ATTACHED. THE MAP HAS AN ACQ. # OF CL013-HDH* AND A MDHR # OF G1399-666.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : WILLIAM DARBY, GEOGRAPHICAL, HISTORICAL AND STATISTICAL REPOSITORY, VOL. I - NO. II, PHILADELPHIA, OCTOBER, 1824; RISTOW, WALTER W., AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS, WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS, DETROIT, 1985, FIG 13-5, PP. 202, 203.

March 23, 1989


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