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MAP #: 306C5

CARTOGRAPHER : CARY, JOHN

DATE: 1806

SHORT TITLE : A NEW MAP OF PART OF THE UNITED STATES OF NORTH AMERICA,

REMAINING TITLE & ID : CONTAINING THOSE OF NEW YORK, VERMONT, NEW HAMPSHIRE, MASSACHUSETS, CONNECTICUT, RHODE ISLAND, PENNSYLVANIA, NEW JERSEY, DELAWARE, MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA. FROM THE LATEST AUTHORITIES. BY JOHN CARY, ENGRAVER. 1806. (CIRCULAR CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). "LONDON: PUBLISHED BY J. CARY ENGRAVER & MAP-SELLER No. 181 STRAND SEPt. 1. 1806" (CENTER BOTTOM MARGIN). THREE DISTANCE SCALES (BELOW CARTOUCHE). LONGITUDE FROM GREENWICH (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1806
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER : JOHN CARY
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 45.9 X 52.2 CM. (MSA SC1399-66)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 48.1 X 54.3 CM. OM (MSA SC1399- 66)
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 2,750,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 3 3/16 INCHES = 140 MILES
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-66
# 2 : MSA SC1399-147
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : BB023-HNT
# 2 : BB023-DFI (MSA SC1399-147)
REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL AREA MAP OF LITTLE SIGNIFICANCE TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (9)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) :
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES.
CARTOUCHE : CIRCULAR (21)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : LONDON (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 311C5, 319C5, 325C5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : FORDHAM AND THE RADFORD CATALOGS GIVE MORE DETAIL THAN THE OTHER SOURCES.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP IS ON TOO SMALL A SCALE FOR MARYLAND TO BE OF IMPORTANCE IN A MARYLAND/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION. IT COVERS FROM LOWER CANADA TO THE SOUTHERN END OF VIRGINIA AND FROM MAINE TO DETROIT. ALTHOUGH DATED 1806, THIS MAP WAS FIRST PUBLISHED IN CARY'S NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS, FOL., LONDON: JOHN CARY, 1808 AS MAP # 55. THIS MAP WAS ALSO INCLUDED IN LATER EDITIONS OF THE ATLAS DATED 1811, 1819, 1825 AND 1828.

MAJOR ROADS ARE INDICATED. THE WATER AREA NEAR THE COAST IS DEPICTED BY HORIZONTAL PARALLEL LINES. SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES. NO SOUNDINGS ARE GIVEN. LONGITUDE WEST FROM GREENWICH IS SHOWN IN BOTH THE TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS AND LATITUDE IS GIVEN IN THE RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS. PART OF THE MAP IS IN FULL COLOR AND PART IS IN OUTLINE COLOR. SEVERAL ODDITIES ARE EVIDENT ON THE MAP. CAPE MAY IS CALLED CAPE MARY. CAPE HENLOPEN IS CALLED CAPE JAMES. THE MAP SHOWS THE ENTIRE SOUTHERN PART OF THE DELMARVA PENINSULA AS PART OF MARYLAND.

CARY LIVED FROM CA. 1754 TO 1835. HE WAS AN ENGLISH CARTOGRAPHER, ENGRAVER, GLOBE MAKER AND PUBLISHER, WITH OVER 600 ORIGINAL MAPS TO HIS CREDIT. ACCORDING TO FORDHAM, CARY WAS APPRENTICED TO WILLIAM PALMER, ENGRAVER, OF NEW STREET SQUARE IN LONDON IN 1770 FOR SEVEN YEARS. THE EARLIEST WORK TO BEAR CARY'S NAME WAS A CANAL PLAN DATED 1779. FORDHAM INDICATES "IN 1808 CARY'S FIRST GENERAL ATLAS, WHICH HAD BEEN MANY YEARS IN PREPARATION, AND THE MAPS OF WHICH BEGAN TO APPEAR IN PARTS AS EARLY AS 1799, WAS COMPLETED AND PUBLISHED, UNDER THE TITLE NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS. IT WAS REPRINTED ON SEVERAL OCCASIONS, A SECOND EDITION BEING ISSUED IN 1819.

"CARY, COMMENCING HIS CAREER AS AN ENGRAVER, AND BECOMING, AS TIME WENT ON, A GEOGRAPHICAL PUBLISHER ON A LARGE SCALE, NO DOUBT CEASED, IN CONSEQUENCE, TO DEVOTE HIMSELF PERSONALLY TO HIS ORIGINAL ART. UP TO NEARLY THE END OF THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY MAPS ARE SIGNED BY HIM: 'J. CARY SCULPt.', 'ENGRAVED BY J. CARY', AND IN OTHER FORMS, BUT, FROM THAT TIME THERE IS NO EVIDENCE OF HIS CONTINUING TO WORK AS AN ENGRAVER, THOUGH HIS NAME IS CARRIED ON ON THE PLATES TO AS LATE AS 1831. IT IS PROBABLE THAT HE HELD THE POSITION OF DIRECTOR AND MANAGER OF A BUSINESS EMPLOYING A WHOLE STAFF OF CARTOGRAPHIC ARTISTS AND ASSISTANTS FROM AT LEAST AS EARLY AS THE BEGINNING OF THE LAST DECADE OF THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY."

DATA IS FROM FORDHAM, PHILLIPS MAPS, PHILLIPS ATLASES, TOOLEY'S DICTIONARY, DEALER MAP CATALOGS, AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ISSUES OF THE MAP AFTER 1806 HAVE NOT BEEN EXAMINED. HOWEVER, DEALER CATALOGS INDICATE CHANGES IN THE DATE IN THE IMPRINT AND IN THE TITLE IN THE CARTOUCHE FOR LATER ISSUES. FORDHAM ALSO INDICATES THAT ONLY THE DATES WERE CHANGED ON THE MAP THROUGH ITS FINAL PUBLICATION IN 1828.

1ST ISSUE - (1806) - THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN. IT WAS MAP # 55 IN THE FIRST EDITION OF CARY'S A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS.

2ND ISSUE - (1811) - THE IMPRINT IN THE BOTTOM MARGIN READS "LONDON PUBLISHED BY J. CARY, ENGRAVER & MAP-SELLER No. 181 STRAND APRIL 21, 1811". HOWEVER, THE WOVE PAPER BEARS THE WATERMARK I.S. 1812. THE DATE IN THE CARTOUCHE HAS BEEN CHANGED TO 1811. NO OTHER CHANGES ARE NOTED. IT WAS IN THE SECOND ISSUE OF THE FIRST EDITION OF CARY'S A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS. SEE MAP # 311C5.

3RD ISSUE - (1819) - THE IMPRINT IS THE SAME EXCEPT THAT THE DATE HAS BEEN CHANGED TO "...JANy. 1st. 1819" AND THE DATE IN THE CARTOUCHE IS 1819. FORDHAM STATES THAT THIS WAS NOT ONE OF THE MAPS THAT WAS CHANGED EXCEPT FOR ITS DATE IN THIS SECOND EDITION OF CARY'S A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS. SEE MAP # 319C5.

4TH ISSUE - (1825) - THE IMPRINT IS THE SAME EXCEPT THAT THE DATE HAS BEEN CHANGED TO "...JANy. 1st. 1825" AND THE DATE IN THE CARTOUCHE IS 1825. THIS IS A RELATIVELY SCARCE ISSUE. SEE MAP # 325C5.

5TH ISSUE - (1828) - A REISSUE OF THE SECOND EDITION OF CARY'S A NEW UNIVERSAL ATLAS, PROBABLY UNALTERED FROM THE 1819-14 EDITION, POSSIBLY EXCEPT FOR THE DATE.

DATA IS FROM THE P.J. RADFORD CATALOGS CITED AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE 1806 ISSUE IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS TWO GOOD COPIES OF THIS MAP AS DESCRIBED. THE FIRST HAS AN ACQ. # OF BB023-HNT AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-66. THE SECOND HAS AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DFI AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-147.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, AN UNDATED REPRINT OF A 1901 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, 875; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., A 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION , I, # 714, MAP # 55; TOOLEY, R.V.,TOOLEY'S DICTIONARY OF MAPMAKERS, 1ST ED., TRING, HERTFORDSHIRE: MAP COLLECTOR PUBLICATIONS, LTD., 1979, 106; P.J. RADFORD CATALOGS OF 12/75 (# 13), ITEM 104 (1811 ISSUE), 1971 (# 5), ITEMS 78 AND 9/73 (# 8) ITEM 101 (1819 ISSUE), 9/73 (# 8) ITEM 108 AND 1/78 (# 16), ITEM 20 (1825 ISSUE); MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SPECIAL PUBLICATION, VOL. 1, PART IV, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1897, 361 (1808 LISTING FOR THE 1806 MAP); FORDHAM, SIR HERBERT GEORGE, JOHN CARY ENGRAVER, MAP, CHART AND PRINT-SELLER AND GLOBE-MAKER 1754 TO 1835, FOLKESTONE, KENT, ENGLAND: WM. DAWSON & SONS, LTD., 1976 REPRINT OF A 1925 CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS PUBLICATION, INTRODUCTION, 78-82.

July 16, 1991


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