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MAP #: 302MA.02

CARTOGRAPHER : MOORE, S.S. & JONES, T.W.

DATE: 1802

SHORT TITLE : ROAD FROM PHILADELPHIA TO WASHINGTON [STRIP MAPS 9 & 10]

REMAINING TITLE & ID : (BELOW STRIP MAPS, ACROSS PAGE). "9" (ABOVE LEFT HAND MAP). "10" (ABOVE RIGHT HAND MAP). "HARRISON Jr. Sc." (BELOW AND ON LEFT OF STRIP MAP #9). FOUR POINTED COMPASS ROSE (ORIENTED SLIGHTLY SOUTH OF WEST AT THE TOP, BELOW CENTER OF STRIP MAPS # 9 AND 10. LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE (NOT SHOWN).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1802
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PHILADELPHIA
PUBLISHER : MATHEW CAREY
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 15.4 X 5.2 CM.(EACH STRIP)
SIZE - OTHER DATA :
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 63,360
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 1 MILE = 1 INCH
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-616(3)
HFC ACQ. PRIORITY : 2
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 :
REGION CATEGORY : MAP COVERS SOME DETAILED PORTION OF MD/CHESAPEAKE (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) :
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : SW IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : CURLED LINES (19)
BORDER : PLAIN (2)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 302MA.01-302MA.10
BEST INFO SOURCE : SNYDER IS THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THESE TWO STRIP MAPS, BOTH ON ONE PAGE, ARE THE SECOND TWO FROM NORTH TO SOUTH THAT INCLUDE MARYLAND. THEY ARE CONTAINED IN S.S. MOORE & T.W. JONES' THE TRAVELLER'S DIRECTORY, OR A POCKET COMPANION: SHEWING THE COURSE OF THE MAIN ROAD FROM PHILADELPHIA TO NEW YORK, AND FROM PHILADELPHIA TO WASHINGTON. WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF THE PLACES THROUGH WHICH IT PASSES, AND THE INTERSECTIONS OF THE CROSS ROADS. FROM ACTUAL SURVEY. PHILADELPHIA: PRINTED FOR, AND PUBLISHED BY, MATHEW CAREY. 1802." THIS IS THE FIRST OF TWO EDITIONS THAT APPEARED IN 1802 AND 1804. THE MAPS IN THE 1804 EDITION HAVE NOT BEEN SEEN BY THE WRITER, BUT WERE PROBABLY FROM THE SAME PLATES.

THIS IS THE SECOND AMERICAN ROAD MAP DIRECTORY AND THE FIRST TO APPEAR AFTER THE COLLES BOOK IN 1789. UNLIKE THE COLLES WORK, THIS BOOK APPARENTLY WAS A FINANCIAL SUCCESS. IT CONTAINS SOME 38 STRIP MAPS ON 22 LEAVES AND FIFTY TWO PAGES OF DESCRIPTIVE TEXT.

CAREY'S BOOK COVERED THE MOST HEAVILY TRAVELLED AREA IN THE U.S. - FROM NEW YORK TO WASHINGTON, WHICH HAD BECOME THE CAPITAL OF THE COUNTRY IN 1800. FIFTEEN STRIP MAPS COVER THE AREA FROM THE DELAWARE BORDER TO WASHINGTON, IN ADDITION TO A PLAN OF BALTIMORE AND ONE OF WASHINGTON.

SNYDER NOTES THAT CAREY'S MAPS WERE BETTER ENGRAVED THAN COLLES AND THAT THE ADDITION OF DESCRIPTIVE TEXT WAS AN INNOVATION.

THE MAPS DESCRIBED HEREIN COVER FROM 2 MILES EAST OF NORTH EAST TOWN TO 1 1/2 MILES SOUTHWEST OF HAVRE DE GRACE. THEY WERE ENGRAVED BY W. HARRISON, JR. THEY ARE ORIENTED WITH THE TOP SLIGHTLY SOUTH OF WEST. THE TOPOGRAPHY, THE POINT-TO-POINT MILEAGE LAID OUT IN 1 MILE SEGMENTS, THE TOWN LAYOUTS OF "CHARLESTOWN (IN STRIP #9) AND HAVRE DE GRACE (IN STRIP #10), THE COUNTY NAMES, CREEKS, DESTINATION OF CROSSROADS, AND THE NAMES AND LOCATIONS OF THE HOMES OF SEVERAL PROMINENT CITIZENS ARE ALL SHOWN.

THE DESCRIPTIVE MATERIAL ON THESE TWO STRIP MAPS READS AS FOLLOWS:

"NORTHEAST, A SMALL VILLAGE, NEAR THE FIFTY-THIRD MILE, ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE ROAD, IS PLEASANTLY SITUATED, ON THE EAST BANK OF A LITTLE RIVER OF THE SAME NAME. IT HAS AN EPISCOPAL CHURCH AND A METHODIST MEETING HOUSE.

CHARLESTOWN IS AT FIFTY-SIX MILES AND A QUARTER FROM PHILADELPHIA, SITUATED ON AN ELEVATED SPOT, ON THE WEST SIDE OF NORTH-EAST RIVER, ABOUT FOUR MILES FROM THE CHESAPEAKE. FROM THE MARKET HOUSE, A BEAUTIFUL PROSPECT OF THE RIVER, WHICH HERE FORMS AN EXTENSIVE BAY, PRESENTS ITSELF. IT IS A GREAT HERRING FISHERY.

PRINCIPIO CREEK IS AT ABOUT FIFTY-NINE MILES AND THREE QUARTERS. EXTENSIVE IRON WORKS ARE ERECTED ON THIS STREAM. IN TIMES OF FLOODS, IT IS RATHER DANGEROUS CROSSING THIS CREEK, THERE BEING NO BRIDGE, AND THE BOTTOM VERY STONEY.

SUSQUEHANNA RIVER IS AT THE SIXTY-THIRD MILE FROM PHILADELPHIA. IT IS ABOUT A MILE AND A QUARTER WIDE AT ITS MOUTH, A LITTLE BELOW WHERE THE ROAD CROSSES IT, AND NAVIGABLE ONLY ABOUT FIVE MILES FOR VESSELS OF 200 TONS BURDEN; AND BUT A LITTLE FURTHER FOR BOATS. THE WATER OF THIS RIVER IS SO REMARKABLY CLEAR (EXCEPT IN SEASONS OF RAINS AND FLOODS) THAT IN THE DEEPEST PARTS, THE BOTTOM CAN BE SEEN, WHICH IS IN GENERAL STONEY: AND IN MANY PLACES, LEDGES OF ROCKS APPEAR ABOVE THE SURFACE OF THE WATER.

THE RATES OF FERRIAGE, AT THIS PLACE ARE:

$ Cts.
COACH, &. WITH FOUR HORSES, 2
DO. TWO DO. 1 6744
PHAETON TWO DO. 1 50
HORSE AND CHAIR, OR SULKEY, 50
MAN AND HORSE, 25
LOADED WAGGON AND FOUR HORSES, 1 50
EMPTY DO. DO. 1 25
CART AND TWO HORSES, 50

AFTER CROSSING THE SUSQUEHANNA RIVER, THE TRAVELLER ENTERS HARFORD COUNTY, BOUNDED ON THE NORTH BY PENNSYLVANIA, ON THE EAST BY THE SUSQUEHANNA AND CHESAPEAKE, ON THE SOUTH BY CHESAPEAKE BAY, AND ON THE WEST BY BALTIMORE COUNTY. THE SOIL OF THIS COUNTY APPEARS IN MANY PLACES POOR; THE LOW LANDS, NEAR THE BAY, ARE, IN GENERAL, THE MOST FERTILE. THE NORTHERN PARTS ARE VARIED WITH HILLS AND BROKEN GROUND, AND PRODUCE ABUNDANCE OF GOOD TIMBER, ALSO, QUARRIES OF LIMESTONE, TOGETHER WITH THE SOAP STONE, AND ISINGLASS STONE.

HAVRE-DE-GRACE IS ON THE WEST BANK OF THE SUSQUEHANNA, NEAR ITS MOUTH. IT IS A PORT OF ENTRY, AND A POST TOWN."

MESSRS. MOORE AND JONES ARE LISTED BY MATHEW CAREY IN THE PREFACE TO THE TRAVELLER'S DIRECTORY AS "TWO RESPECTABLE AND QUALIFIED SURVEYORS", AND CAREY INDICATES THAT THEY HAVE REMEASURED THE MILE MARKERS AND FOUND THE MILE STONES IN SOME INSTANCES TO HAVE CONSIDERABLE VARIATION.

DATA IS FROM SNYDER, SABIN AND FROM THE BOOK IN WHICH THE MAPS APPEARED.

EDITION & STATE INFO : SABIN LISTS EDITIONS OF THE TRAVELLER'S DIRECTORY... ISSUED IN 1802 AND 1804, BUT WRITER HAS NOT SEEN THE 1804 EDITION AND DOES NOT YET KNOW IF THERE WERE ANY PLATE CHANGES.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS 8 X 10" PHOTOGRAPHIC REPRODUCTIONS OF THE MAPS FROM PHILADELPHIA TO WASHINGTON IN THE 1802 EDITION.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : SABIN, J., A DICTIONARY OF BOOKS RELATING TO AMERICA, J. SABIN'S SON, NEW YORK, 1879, #50436 (NOTES BOTH THE 1802 AND THE 1804 EDITIONS); SNYDER, JOHN P., THE MAPPING OF NEW JERSEY, RUTGERS UNIVERSITY PRESS, NEW BRUNSWICK, 1973, PP. 92-93; HOWES, M-778.

July 13, 1988


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