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MAP #: 296W5

CARTOGRAPHER : WINTERBOTHAM, WILLIAM

DATE: 1796

SHORT TITLE : THE STATES OF MARYLAND AND DELAWARE

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM THE LATEST SURVEYS. 1795. (OVAL CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "D. MARTIN SCUPt. N. YORK" (BELOW CARTOUCHE). "PUBLISHED BY WAYLAND, REID, & SMITH." (UNDER BOTTOM NEAT LINE). INSET ENTITLED "CONTINUATION OF THE POTOWMAC RIVER FROM FORT CUMBERLAND" (MEASURES 9.5 X 9.9 CM., WITH THE SAME SCALE AS THE MAIN MAP, CENTER, LEFT). SCALE OF "AMERICAN MILES 69 1/2 TO A DEGREE." (CENTER BOTTOM). LONGITUDE FROM PHILADELPHIA (TOP BORDER). LONGITUDE WEST FROM LONDON (BOTTOM BORDER). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1796
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : NEW YORK
PUBLISHER : WAYLAND, REID & SMITH
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 35.8 X 43.4 CM. (MSA SC1399- 58)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 41.3 X 51.7 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 824,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 69 1/2 MILES = 1 DEGREE
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : G3840 1795 .W3
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-58
# 2 : MSA SC1399-276 (STATE 2 - BLACK & WHITE)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-47 (STATE 2 - OUTLINE COLOR)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : BB023-DTH
# 2 : PRS018-N2 (STATE 2 - BLACK & WHITE)
# 3 : A025-HGD (STATE 2 - OUTLINE COLOR)
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) :
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINE.
CARTOUCHE : OVAL (21)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : PHILADELPHIA AND LONDON (7)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 294L5, 295L5, 296W6, 299P5, 299P6.
BEST INFO SOURCE : PAPENFUSE & COALE, WHEAT & BRUN, PHILLIPS AND MATHEWS ARE ALL HELPFUL.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS THE FIRST DERIVATIVE OF THE SAMUEL LEWIS MAP OF THE STATE OF MARYLAND (SEE MAP # 294L5). IT WAS REENGRAVED BY D. MARTIN FOR INCLUSION IN WILLIAM WINTERBOTHAM'S THE AMERICAN ATLAS, NEW YORK: 1796 AND WILLIAM WINTERBOTHAM'S AN HISTORICAL, GEOGRAPHICAL, COMMERCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL VIEW OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. PAPENFUSE & COALE NOTE THAT WHOLE SECTIONS ON MARYLAND IN WINTERBOTHAM'S BOOK WERE WORD FOR WORD FROM MORSE. ALL THE NOMENCLATURE IS THE SAME AS THE LEWIS MAP EXCEPT THAT THIS MAP OMITS SEVERAL NAMES OF ISLANDS, PRESUMABLY BECAUSE OF THE HEAVY SHADING IN THE RIVERS AND BAYS. POOLS I., SHARPS I., AND OYSTER I. ARE OMITTED. SHOALS ARE SHOWN IN DOTTED LINE FORM. THE MAP INCLUDES MORE OF PENNSYLVANIA (TO INCLUDE AND LOCATE PHILADELPHIA) AND MORE OF VIRGINIA, WITHOUT GIVING ADDITIONAL NAMES OR DETAIL. THE MAJOR DIFFERENCE IS THAT ROADS AND TOWN NAMES ARE INCLUDED FOR THE STATE OF DELAWARE, WHEREAS THE LEWIS MAP MERELY SHOWED THE STATE OUTLINE WITH NO DETAILS. SOME ADDITIONAL NAMES ARE ADDED IN NEW JERSEY. THERE IS NO WESTWARD BOUNDARY OF MARYLAND IN THE INSET. AS IN LEWIS, "POTOMAC" IS SPELLED THIS WAY AT THE MOUTH OF THE RIVER AND "POTOWMAC" APPEARS AT OTHER PLACES IN THE MAP.

THE LEWIS MAP WAS THE FIRST GENERAL MAP OF MARYLAND AFTER THE REVOLUTION. IT WAS THE FIRST TO COPE WITH MARYLAND'S IRREGULAR SHAPE BY INCLUDING WESTERN MARYLAND IN AN INSET, THUS PERMITTING USE OF A LARGER SCALE THAN WOULD HAVE BEEN POSSIBLE ON A NORMAL ATLAS PAGE.

DATA IS FROM PAPENFUSE & COALE, WHEAT & BRUN, PHILLIPS ATLASES AND MAPS, E.B. MATHEWS AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES OF BOTH STATES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THERE ARE TWO STATES OF THIS MAP THUS FAR IDENTIFIED.

STATE 1 - (1796) - THIS IS THE MAP AS DESCRIBED HEREIN.

STATE 2 - (1796) - THE IMPRINT HAS BEEN CHANGED TO "PUBLISHED BY JOHN REID, NEW YORK." ERASURE OF "WAYLAND, REID & SMITH" IS IMPERFECT AND PORTIONS SHOW THROUGH OF THIS OLD IMPRINT. NO OTHER PLATE CHANGES ARE NOTED. SEE MAP # 296W6.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A BEAUTIFUL COLORED COPY OF STATE 1 AS DESCRIBED. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DTH AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-58. THE COLLECTION HAS A COPY IN OUTLINE COLOR OF STATE 2, WITH AN ACQ. # OF A025-HGD AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-47. IT HAS A SECOND COPY OF STATE 2 IN BLACK AND WHITE WITH SOME BROWNING WITH AN ACQ. # OF PRS018-N2 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-276. IN ADDITION, THE COLLECTION HAS A BLACK AND WHITE EDITION OF THE SAMUEL LEWIS MAP FROM WHICH THIS MAP IS DERIVED.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : WHEAT, JAMES CLEMENTS & CHRISTIAN F. BRUN, MAPS AND CHARTS PUBLISHED IN AMERICA BEFORE 1800 A BIBLIOGRAPHY, LONDON: HOLLAND PRESS LIMITED, A 1978 REPRINT OF A 1969 YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS PUBLICATION, # 516 (STATE 1) AND # 517 (STATE 2); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, REPRINT OF A 1901 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, 395 (2ND STATE); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., A 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, I, # 1216, MAP #13 (2ND STATE), # 1366, MAP # 13 (2ND STATE). THE FIRST STATE IS REPRODUCED IN U.S. BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, HEADS OF FAMILIES AT THE FIRST CENSUS MARYLAND, FRONT; PARKE-BERNET GALLERIES, INC., THE THOMAS WINTHROP STREETER COLLECTION OF AMERICANA, VOL. 1 OF 6, NEW YORK: PARKE-BERNET GALLERIES, INC., 1966, 68; PAPENFUSE, EDWARD C. & JOSEPH M. COALE III, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND 1608-1908, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982, 46, 48, FIG. 51; MORRISON JR., H. RUSSELL ETAL, ON THE MAP, CHESTERTOWN, MD: HUNTINGFIELD CORPORATION, 1983, 83-84, FIG. 51 (ED. 1, STATE 2).

September 2, 1993


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