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MAP #: 296D5

CARTOGRAPHER : DENISON, J.

DATE: 1796

SHORT TITLE : MAP OF THE STATES OF MARYLAND AND DELAWARE

REMAINING TITLE & ID : BY J. DENISON (CIRCULAR CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "A. DOOLITTLE SCULP." (BELOW CARTOUCHE). "PUBLISHED BY THOMAS & ANDREWS BOSTON " (CENTER TOP MARGIN). INSET ENTITLED "THE WESTERN PART OF MARYLAND" (CENTER LEFT, ABOVE CARTOUCHE). SCALE "MILES 68.9 TO A DEGREE" (BOTTOM CENTER). LONGITUDE WEST FROM LONDON (TOP BORDER) AND FROM WASHINGTON, D.C. (BOTTOM BORDER). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1796
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : BOSTON
PUBLISHER : THOMAS & ANDREWS
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 19.0 X 24.4 CM. (MSA SC1399-49)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 21.1 X 25.4 CM. OM (MSA SC1399- 49) SCALE (RF) 1: : 1,267,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 1: 950,000 (INSET)
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-49
# 2 : MSA SC1399-217
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : BB023-DEG
# 2 : BB023-DUI
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : -
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE.
CARTOUCHE : CIRCULAR (21)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : LONDON & WASHINGTON (8)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : VERNER IS THE BEST SOURCE FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP SHOWS ROADS AND COUNTY LINES FOR MARYLAND AND DELAWARE. WASHINGTON CITY (DC) IS SHOWN. LONGITUDE IS GIVEN FROM LONDON AT THE TOP AND FROM WASHINGTON AT THE BOTTOM.

THE MAP FIRST APPEARED IN JEDIDIAH MORSE'S THE AMERICAN UNIVERSAL GEOGRAPHY, VOL. 1, IN 1796, THE NAME GIVEN THE AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY AFTER THE ADDITION OF A SECOND VOLUME COVERING OTHER PARTS OF THE WORLD THAN THE UNITED STATES, WHICH WAS IN VOLUME 1. THE AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY WAS AN IMMEDIATE FINANCIAL SUCCESS UPON ITS INITIAL PUBLICATION IN 1789. VERNER ATTRIBUTES THIS, IN PART, TO ITS AMERICAN ORIGINS. IN THIS CONNECTION, MORSE WAS THE SECOND PERSON TO APPLY TO CONGRESS FOR A COPYRIGHT, WHICH WAS ISSUED ON THIS PUBLICATION ON JULY 10, 1790. THIS WAS A GEOGRAPHY BOOK RATHER THAN AN ATLAS, BUT IS IMPORTANT BECAUSE IT HAS A COLLECTION OF THE EARLIEST MAPS OF THE STATES OF THE UNION. THE TWO MAPS IN THE FIRST EDITION WERE CRITICIZED AS INADEQUATE (THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN WAS NOT INCLUDED) AND MORSE HAD OTHERS MADE FOR LATER EDITIONS. PHILLIPS ATLASES (# 1361) INDICATES THAT THE MAP DESCRIBED HERE WAS NOT INCLUDED IN THE 1794 LONDON EDITIONS OF THE GEOGRAPHY. NOR WAS IT IN THE ENGLISH OR DUBLIN EDITIONS OF 1792. A 1795 SCOTTISH EDITION, A NEW AND CORRECT EDITION OF THE AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY, HAD NO MARYLAND MAP. MORSE CHANGED THE NAME TO THE AMERICAN UNIVERSAL GEOGRAPHY IN 1793 WITH HIS NEXT AMERICAN EDITION, PUBLISHED IN BOSTON, WHEN HE ADDED A SECOND VOLUME WITH NON-AMERICAN MAPS. THAT EDITION HAD NO MARYLAND MAP EITHER. THE MAP WAS FIRST PUBLISHED IN BOSTON IN 1796 BY THOMAS AND ANDREWS IN VOL. 1, OPPOSITE PAGE 566 IN THE 2ND EDITION OF THE AMERICAN UNIVERSAL GEOGRAPHY, COMPRISING THE THIRD EDITION OF THE AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY AND THE SECOND EDITION WITH NON-AMERICAN MAPS. THAT EDITION HAD 17 MAPS IN VOLUME I AND 10 IN VOLUME II. MORSE PREPARED A GAZETTEER IN 1797 TO PARALLEL THE PUBLICATION OF THE GEOGRAPHY. THE MAP WAS NOT INCLUDED IN THAT PUBLICATION AS SEEN IN THE JOHN CARTER BROWN COPIES. IT WAS ALSO NOT IN THE 1801 OR 1802 EDITIONS OF THE AMERICAN UNIVERSAL GEOGRAPHY.

SEVERAL ENGLISH, FRENCH AND DUTCH EDITIONS OF THE AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY AND THE AMERICAN UNIVERSAL GEOGRAPHY WERE ISSUED, WITH DATA TAKEN FROM MORSE. VERNER MENTIONS WINTERBOTHAM'S ATLAS IN LONDON, LATER PRINTED IN NEW YORK IN 1796 BY REID AS BEING LIFTED LIBERALLY FROM MORSE. JOSEPH SCOTT'S 1795 GAZETTEER WAS COPIED DIRECTLY FROM HIM.

JEDIDIAH MORSE, A YALE GRADUATE, WAS A CONGREGATIONAL MINISTER IN BOSTON. ALTHOUGH THE AUTHOR OF SEVERAL SUCCESSFUL GEOGRAPHICAL PUBLICATIONS, HIS WORK WAS BASED ON INFORMATION HE TOOK FROM OTHER SOURCES, SOMETIMES WITHOUT ATTRIBUTION. HE DID ALMOST NO SURVEYING.

DATA IS FROM VERNER, PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE FROM BARBARA MCCORKLE OF THE YALE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, A TELEPHONE CONVERSATION WITH SUSAN DANFORTH OF THE JOHN CARTER BROWN LIBRARY, WHEAT & BRUN, PHILLIPS, PAPENFUSE & COALE, AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ONE EDITION IN A SINGLE STATE IS KNOWN AND A SECOND EDITION OR STATE IS POSSIBLE, BASED ON THE EVANS LISTING # 30334, WHICH HAS A MAP BY THE SAME TITLE AND ENGRAVER. THE SECOND MAP HAS "ENGRAVED BY AMOS DOOLITTLE. BOSTON, 1796", WHEREAS THE FIRST MAP HAD "A. DOOLITTLE, SCULP." UNDER THE CARTOUCHE. HOWEVER, WRITER HAS NOT BEEN ABLE TO LOCATE A COPY OF THIS VARIANT AND IT IS PROBABLY A MISREADING OF THE MORE USUAL STATE.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS TWO COPIES OF STATE 1. ONE IS BLACK AND WHITE AND A GOOD CLEAN COPY. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DUI AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399- 217. THE SECOND COPY HAS OUTLINE COLORING AND SHOWS EXTENSIVE PRINT THROUGH FROM THE CENTER OF THE MAP TO THE LEFT SIDE, WHERE IT WAS FOLDED. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DEG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-49.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : VERNER, COOLIE, NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA, TYPED MANUSCRIPT, NO DATE, ORIGINAL IN THE JOHN CARTER BROWN LIBRARY [SEE 1789, PURCELL-DOOLITTLE]; WHEAT, JAMES CLEMENTS & CHRISTIAN F. BRUN, MAPS AND CHARTS PUBLISHED IN AMERICA BEFORE 1800 A BIBLIOGRAPHY, LONDON: HOLLAND PRESS LIMITED, 1978, REPRINT OF A YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS VOLUME OF 1969, # 514, 515; PAPENFUSE, EDWARD C. & JOSEPH M. COALE III, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND 1608-1908, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982, 47, FIG 52; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, UNDATED REPRINT OF A 1901 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, 395; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, # 1361 (COVERS AN EARLIER EDITION OF THE AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY); SABIN, JOSEPH, A DICTIONARY OF BOOKS RELATING TO AMERICA FROM ITS DISCOVERY TO THE PRESENT TIME, VOL. 12 OF 29, NEW YORK: J. SABIN'S SON, 1868-1936, # 50924 (THE AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY), 50926 (THE AMERICAN UNIVERSAL GEOGRAPHY), 50923 (THE AMERICAN GAZETTEER); McCORKLE, BARBARA B., PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE DATED 8/1/90 TO THE AUTHOR.

September 2, 1993


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