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MAP #: 294G5

CARTOGRAPHER : GRIFFITH, DENNIS

DATE: 1794

SHORT TITLE : MAP OF THE STATE OF MARYLAND

REMAINING TITLE & ID : LAID DOWN FROM AN ACTUAL SURVEY OF ALL THE PRINCIPAL WATERS, PUBLIC ROADS, AND DIVISIONS OF THE COUNTIES THEREIN; DESCRIBING THE SITUATION OF THE CITIES, TOWNS, VILLAGES, HOUSES OF WORSHIP AND OTHER PUBLIC BUILDINGS, FURNACES, FORGES, MILLS AND OTHER REMARKABLE PLACES: AND OF THE FEDERAL TERRITORY; AS ALSO A SKETCH OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE; SHEWING THE PROBABLE CONNEXION OF THE CHESAPEAKE AND DELAWARE BAYS; BY DENNIS GRIFFITH. JUNE 20TH, 1794 (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER, BELOW AND TO THE LEFT OF INSET). "ENGRAVED BY J.THACKARA & J. VALLANCE. PHILADa. PUBLISHED JUNE 6th. 1795, BY J. VALLANCE, ENGRAVER No. 145 SPRUCE STREET." (BELOW TRIPLE LINE UNDER DENNIS GRIFFITH NAME). "INSET IN DIAMOND SHAPE ENTITLED "PLAN OF THE CITY OF WASHINGTON AND THE TERRITORY OF COLUMBIA" (LEFT HALF OF MAP). "TO THE GOVERNOR THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE STATE OF MARYLAND THIS MAP IS RESPECTFULLY INSCRIBED BY THE AUTHOR" (BOTTOM CENTER OF THE MAP). "REGISTERED AND COPY RIGHT SECURED AGREEABLE TO ACT OF CONGRESS JUNE 20th. 1794 PHILIP MOORE CLK: OF THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND." (BELOW INSET). "SCALE OF MILES 68 9/10 TO A DEGREE" (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). "EXPLANATION" OF SYMBOLS (BOTTOM CENTER, RIGHT OF INSCRIPTION). 8 POINTED COMPASS ROSE (TOP RIGHT CORNER). LONGITUDE FROM WASHINGTON, D.C. (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1794
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PHILADELPHIA
PUBLISHER : J. VALLANCE
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 74.8 X 131.0 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 316,800
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 1 INCH = 5 MILES
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : 3840 1794 .G72
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-409(REPRO) ( LC COPY)
# 2 : MSA SC1399-212(REPRO)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-283(REPRO)
# 4 : MSA SC1399-339(REPRO)
# 5 : MSA SC1399-320(REPRO - 2ND ED.)
HFC ACQ. PRIORITY : 1
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : -
# 2 : -
# 3 : -
# 4 : -
# 5 : -
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) :
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : WASHINGTON, D.C. (5)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 297S5, 313G5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : WHEAT & BRUN, MATHEWS, AND PAPENFUSE & COALE ARE THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS AN IMPORTANT, DETAILED, TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP, THE BEST OF MARYLAND TO THAT TIME. ROADS, POLITICAL BOUNDARIES AND MANY OTHER FEATURES ARE NOTED. THE MAP STANDS COMPARISON WITH THE BEST MAPS YET PUBLISHED OF THE NORTHERN BORDER OF THE STATE. THIS MAP IS A SHEET 29.5 BY 51.75 INCHES ON A SCALE OF 1" = 5 MILES. THE COUNTIES ARE OUTLINED IN DIFFERENT COLORS. ALTHOUGH SUPPOSEDLY BASED ON AN ORIGINAL SURVEY, NO REFERENCE TO THE MAN OR HIS WORK HAS BEEN FOUND AND IT IS PROBABLE THAT ONLY CERTAIN PORTIONS OF THE AREA WERE VISITED BY HIM. THE WORK IS EXECUTED WITH GREAT SKILL. IT SHOWS THE IRON WORKS AT PRINCIPIO, NORTH OF ELKTON IN WASHINGTON COUNTY, THE GLASS WORKS AT MIDDLETOWN, AND THE COPPER MINES AT CREEGARSTOWN. HAGERSTOWN IS CALLED ELIZABETHTOWN, HAVRE DE GRACE IS CALLED SUSQUEHANNA CITY AND ROCKVILLE IS INDICATED AS MONTGOMERY C.H.

THE INSET OF THE CITY OF WASHINGTON IS 22 9/16" X 22 5/8" AND HAS A SCALE OF 1" = 200 POLES.

A REDUCED SIZE AND TRANSLATED VERSION OF THIS MAP BY VON D.F. SOTZMANN WAS PUBLISHED IN EBERLINGS ERDBESCHREIBUNG VON AMERIKA IN 1797. THE SOTZMANN MAP GAINED WIDE RECOGNITION IN EUROPE (SEE MAP #297S5).

GRIFFITH LIVED IN PHILADELPHIA, WHERE THIS FIRST EDITION OF THE MAP WAS PUBLISHED. A SECOND REENGRAVED EDITION WAS PUBLISHED BY JOHN MELISH IN 1813 WITH RELATIVELY LITTLE CHANGE EXCEPT FOR A NEW PUBLISHER'S STATEMENT.

DATA IS FROM MATHEWS AND WHEAT & BRUN.

EDITION & STATE INFO : TWO EDITIONS OF THIS MAP ARE KNOWN, EACH IN A SINGLE STATE.

ED. 1 - (1795)- THIS IS THE MAP AS DESCRIBED. IN THE TITLE SECTION IS THE NOTE "ENGRAVED BY J. THACKARA & J. VALLANCE. PHILADA. PUBLISHED JUNE 6TH, 1795, BY J. VALLANCE ENGRAVER NO. 145 SPRUCE STREET" (UNDER LINE BELOW TITLE). "REGISTERED AND COPY RIGHT SECURED AGREEABLE TO ACT OF CONGRESS JUNE 20TH. 1794. PHILIP MOORE CLK: OF THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND" (TO RIGHT OF TITLE). "TO THE GOVERNOR THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE STATE OF MARYLAND THIS MAP IS RESPECTFULLY INSCRIBED BY THE AUTHOR" (BOTTOM CENTER). THE MAP WAS ENGRAVED AND PUBLISHED BY J. VALLANCE.

ED. 2 - (1813)- THIS MAP WAS REENGRAVED BY J. THACKARA AND J. VALLANCE. THERE IS EVIDENTLY LITTLE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE SECOND AND FIRST EDITION. THE HARVARD COPY HAS A PASTE-OVER JUST BELOW DENNIS GRIFFITH IN THE TITLE WHICH READS "SECOND EDITION PUBLISHED MAY 28TH 1813 BY J. MELISH MAP & PRINT SELLER N.O 24 CHESNUT STREET PHILAD.A ENGRAVED BY J. THACKARA & J. VALLANCE." THE COPYRIGHT AND DEDICATION REMAIN UNCHANGED. SEE MAP # 313G5.

DATA ON EDITIONS IS FROM WHEAT & BRUN AND E.B. MATHEWS.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS FOUR PHOTOSTATIC REPRODUCTIONS OF THE FIRST EDITION INCLUDING THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY AND A PHOTOSTATIC REPRODUCTION OF THE HARVARD COPY OF THE SECOND EDITION OBTAINED FROM THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. THE MDHR #S FOR THE FIRST EDITION PHOTOSTATS ARE MSA SC1399-409(REPRO - L.C. COPY), -212(REPRO), -283(REPRO), AND - 339(REPRO). THE PHOTOSTAT OF EDITION TWO IS MSA SC1399-320(REPRO).

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : WHEAT, JAMES CLEMENTS & CHRISTIAN F. BRUN, MAPS AND CHARTS PUBLISHED IN AMERICA BEFORE 1800 A BIBLIOGRAPHY, LONDON: HOLLAND PRESS LIMITED, A 1978 REPRINT OF A 1969 YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS PUBLICATION, 110, # 511; MATHEWS, EDWARD, "MAPS AND MAPMAKERS OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, V. II, PART IIIb, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1898, 398-400; McLAUGHLIN, PATRICK D., PRE-FEDERAL MAPS IN THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES: AN ANNOTATED LIST, WASHINGTON: NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS SERVICE, 1971, 5, SPECIAL LIST 26; PAPENFUSE, EDWARD C. & JOSEPH M. COALE III, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND, 1608-1908, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982, 48-53, FIGS. 54a,54b,54c,54d; RISTOW, WALTER W., AMERICAN MAPS AND MAPMAKERS. COMMERCIAL CARTOGRAPHY IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, DETROIT: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1985, 117-118, FIGS 7-8, 7-9; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, AN UNDATED REPRINT OF A 1901 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, 395; MORRISON JR., H. RUSSELL ETAL, ON THE MAP, CHESTERTOWN, MD: HUNTINGFIELD CORPORATION, 1983, 85, FIG 52, 87, FIG 53 (SOTZMANN VERSION).

June 27, 1991


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