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MAP #: 285H5

CARTOGRAPHER : HILLS, JOHN

DATE: 1785

SHORT TITLE : A PLAN OF YORKTOWN AND GLOUCESTER,

REMAINING TITLE & ID : IN THE PROVINCE OF VIRGINIA, SHEWING THE WORKS CONSTRUCTED FOR THE DEFENCE OF THOSE POSTS BY THE BRITISH ARMY, UNDER THE COMMAND OF Lt. GENl. EARL CORNWALLIS; TOGETHER WITH THE ATTACKS AND OPERATIONS OF THE AMERICAN AND FRENCH FORCES, COMMANDED BY GENl. WASHINGTON AND COUNT ROCHAMBEAU, TO WHOM THE SAID POSTS WERE SURRENDERED ON THE 17th. OCTOBER 1781. FROM AN ACTUAL SURVEY IN THE POSSESSION OF JNo. HILLS, LATE LIEUTt. IN THE 23d. REGt. & ASSt. ENGr. (NO CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "LONDON: PRINTED FOR Wm. FADEN, GEOGRAPHER TO THE KING, CHARING CROSS, OCTOBER 7th. 1785." (BELOW TITLE). SCALE OF 2640 FEET (BELOW PUBLISHER'S STATEMENT). 8 POINTED COMPASS ROSE (UPPER RIGHT). LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE (NOT SHOWN).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1785
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER : WILLIAM FADEN
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 70.5 X 53.5 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 5,850
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 2640 FEET = 13.7 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-346(REPRO) HFC ACQ. PRIORITY : 3
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : -
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED MAP OF SOME PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : YORKTOWN CAMPAIGN (1)
: VIRGINIA MAP PRIMARILY (13)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : PLAIN (2)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : NONE ARE VERY DETAILED.
DESCRIPTION : THIS LARGE SCALE PLAN OF THE BATTLE POSITIONS AT THE BATTLE OF YORKTOWN THAT ENDED THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR GIVES DETAILED INFORMATION OF THE LOCATION OF BATTERIES, REDOUBTS, BRITISH BRIGADES AND REGIMENTS, ROADS, A LAYOUT OF THE TOWN OF YORKTOWN, DEPICTS TWO BRITISH VESSELS IN THE YORK RIVER, AND GIVES INFORMATION ON THE AMERICAN AND FRENCH SEIGE. THE PLAN IS DONE ON A SCALE OF 1:5850. THE MAP WAS FIRST ISSUED BY FADEN AS A SEPARATE ON OCTOBER 7, 1785. IT WAS LATER INCLUDED IN FADEN'S ATLAS OF BATTLES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, LONDON: 1793. PHILLIPS SAYS THIS ATLAS WAS A COLLECTION OF MAPS VARYING IN NUMBER FROM 17 TO 22, PUBLISHED AT VARIOUS TIMES WITH THE TITLE. IT WAS LATER REPUBLISHED c1845 IN NEW YORK BY BARTLETT & WELFORD WITH 36 MAPS, OF WHICH THIS IS MAP # 15 IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY, ACCORDING TO PHILLIPS.

GUTHORN, IN HIS ESSAY JOHN HILLS, ASSISTANT ENGINEER, INDICATES THAT JOHN HILLS MAY HAVE DRAFTED THIS MAP FROM MAPS AND DATA SUPPLIED BY OTHERS OR FROM PERSONAL OBSERVATION. CONSEQUENTLY, ATTRIBUTION OF THE WORK TO HILLS IS SOMEWHAT IN QUESTION.

VERNER STATES THAT A PEN & INK MANUSCRIPT PLAN IN WATERCOLOR SOMEWHAT SIMILAR TO THIS PRINTED ONE, BUT WITH A SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT TITLE IS IN THE FADEN COLLECTION IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS (G3884.Y6S3.P51 FADEN 91). IT MEASURES 35 3/4 X 23 1/4" AND IS ENTITLED "PLAN OF YORKTOWN AND GLOCESTER IN VIRGINIA SHEWING THE WORKS CONSTRUCTED FOR THE DEFENSE OF THOSE POSTS BY THE Rt. HONble. LIEUT. GENERAL EARL CORNWALLIS WITH THE ATTACKS OF THE COMBINED ARMY OF FRENCH AND REBELS UNDER THE COMMAND OF THE GENERAL COUNT DE ROCHAMBAUD AND WASHINGTON, WHICH CAPITULATED OCTOBER 1781.

DATA IS FROM VERNER, GUTHORN, PHILLIPS MAPS AND ATLASES, AND SELLERS & VAN EE.

EDITION & STATE INFO : NO RESEARCH HAS YET BEEN DONE TO DETERMINE WHETHER THERE ARE ANY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE ISSUES OF 1785, 1793 AND 1845. THE DATA GIVEN HEREIN IS FROM THE PHOTOCOPY OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY OF THE 1845 ISSUE.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A PHOTOCOPY OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY OF THIS MAP FROM FADEN'S ATLAS OF BATTLES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, NEW YORK, 1845, WHICH CARRIES A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-346(REPRO).

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : GUTHORN, PETER J., JOHN HILLS, ASSISTANT ENGINEER, BRIELLE, N.J.: PORTOLAN PRESS, 1976, 9, 37 (ITEM 51); VERNER, COOLIE, "MAPS OF THE YORKTOWN CAMPAIGN", IN MAP COLLECTORS SERIES # 18, LONDON: MAP COLLECTORS CIRCLE, 1965, 38 (ITEM XVI) AND 41 (ITEM M95 - MANUSCRIPT MAP); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, UNDATED REPRINT OF A 1901 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, 1133; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, # 1337, MAP # 15; SELLERS, JOHN R. & PATRICIA MOLEN VAN EE, MAPS AND CHARTS OF NORTH AMERICA AND THE WEST INDIES 1750-1789, WASHINGTON: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, 1981, 318, # 1473; PARKE-BERNET GALLERIES, INC, THE THOMAS WINTHROP STREETER COLLECTION OF AMERICANA, VOL. 2 OF 8, NEW YORK: PARKE-BERNET GALLERIES, INC., 1966, 593-594.

June 22, 1991


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