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MAP #: 281B6

CARTOGRAPHER : BELLIN, JACQUES NICOLAS

DATE: 1781

SHORT TITLE : CARTA DELLA VIRGINIA DELLA BAJA CHESAPEACK

REMAINING TITLE & ID : e PAESI VICINI TRATTA DALLE MIGLIORI CARTE INGLESI. (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). "LEGHE COMUNI DI FRANCIA" (BELOW TITLE IN CARTOUCHE). THE MARGINS ARE BLANK. LONGITUDE (PROBABLY FROM PARIS, TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1781(1757)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : VENICE
PUBLISHER : V.A. FORMALEONI
LANGUAGE(S) : IT SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 18.6 X 28.5 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 26.3 X 35.4 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 2,300,000
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-274 # 2 : G1399-233 (ED. 1 - STATE 1)
# 3 : G1399-42 (ED. 1 - STATE 2)
# 4 : G1399-46 (ED. 1 - STATE 2)
# 5 : G1399-235 (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 6 : G1399-499 (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 7 : G1399-595 (ED. 2 - STATE 2)
# 8 : G1399-863REPRO (ED. 2 - STATE 3)
# 9 : G1399-515 (ED. 3) HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : JP017-HDG
# 2 : N026-EG (ED. 1 - STATE 1)
# 3 : BB023-2F (ED. 1 - STATE 2)
# 4 : BB023-2F (ED. 1 - STATE 2)
# 5 : BB023-NG (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 6 : B016-DFF (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 7 : B015-IG (ED. 2 - STATE 2)
# 8 : - (ED. 2 - STATE 3)
# 8 : B016-DFT (ED. 3)
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS. (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : FRY & JEFFERSON DERIVATIVE MAP (15)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES. : NONE IN THE CHESAPEAKE BAY. CARTOUCHE : ROCOCCO (17)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : PARIS (3)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 257B5, 257B6, 257B7, 258B5, 264B5, 27_B5, 273B5, 280B4, 282H5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : VERNER IS THE MOST HELPFUL.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP WAS NO. 29 IN BELLIN'S TEATRO DELLA GUERRE MARITTIMA, WHICH ACCOMPANIED V.A. FORMALEONI'S STORIA DELLE REVOLUZIONE DELL 'AMERICA INGLESE." THIS IS THE 5TH EDITION OF A MAP ENTITLED ORIGINALLY "CARTE DE LA BAYE DE CHESAPEACK ET PAYS VOISINS", DATED 1757, WHICH WAS INCLUDED IN THE ATLAS TO PREVOST'S HISTOIRE GENERALE DES VOYAGES, PARIS. THIS IS THE ONLY ITALIAN VERSION OF THE MAPS IN THIS COMPLICATED SERIES. THE MAP IS THE BEST ENGRAVING OF ANY OF THE EDITIONS, WITH THE WORDING ON THE MAP TRANSLATED INTO ITALIAN.

THE MAP COVERS THE AREA FROM PHILADELPHIA TO CAPE HENRY AND FROM THE ATLANTIC TO WESTERN MARYLAND. THE BOUNDARY LINES BETWEEN MARYLAND AND DELAWARE, PENNSYLVANIA AND VIRGINIA ARE EITHER WHOLLY OR PARTLY SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES. THE FAIRFAX GRANT LINE IS DRAWN IN. NO COUNTIES ARE INCLUDED. ROADS ARE SHOWN BY DOUBLE LINES, UNLIKE THE SINGLE LINE DEPICTION IN PRIOR EDITIONS. TOWNS AND RIVERS ARE NAMED. VERNER STATES THAT THIS MAP IS DERIVED FROM THE FRY AND JEFFERSON MAP OF 1754.

DATA IS FROM VERNER'S [UNPUBLISHED] NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA, PHILLIPS ATLASES, AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE VARIOUS EDITIONS AND STATES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION

EDITION & STATE INFO : FROM PERSONAL OBSERVATION, THERE ARE AT LEAST FIVE EDITIONS OF THIS MAP IN NUMEROUS STATES. IT IS UNCERTAIN WHETHER THE EDITION MARKED AS # 2 IS IN THE CORRECT SEQUENCE, SINCE THUS FAR WE HAVE BEEN UNABLE TO DATE IT ACCURATELY.

ED. 1 - (1757) - STATE 1 - A RIGHT HAND IS SHOWN POINTING TO THE NOTE IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER. MOST COPIES OF THIS ISSUE ARE IN BLACK AND WHITE. THIS IS SEE MAP # 257B5.

- (1757) - STATE 2 - THE TITLE IS CHANGED TO "CARTE DE LA VIRGINIE, DE LA BAYE CHESAPEACK ET PAYS VOISINS. POUR SERVIR A L'HISTOIRE GENERALE DES VOYAGES. TIREE DES MEILLEURES CARTES ANGLOISES" (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). "ECHELLE LIEUES COMMUNES DE FRANCE" (BELOW TITLE IN CARTOUCHE). "TOM XIV IN 4o. NO. 8." (BOTTOM LEFT MARGIN). "TOME 14 IN 8o. PAGE 23." (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). THE HAND DESCRIBED ABOVE HAS BEEN ELIMINATED, WITH FAINT TRACES REMAINING. (SEE MAP # 257B6).

- (1780) - ANOTHER ISSUE[STATE?] - THIS MAP ALSO APPEARED IN JEAN F. DE LA HARPE'S ABREGE DE L'HISTOIRE GENERALE DES VOIAGES, DE M'L'ABBE PREVOST IN VOL. 22, ATLAS VOLUME, PARIS, 1780, WHICH IS AN ABRIDGEMENT OF A.F. PREVOST DE EXILES' HISTOIRE DES VOIAGES, PUBLISHED IN PARIS FROM 1746 TO 1789. THE MAP IS A PRECISE COPY OF THE 1757 MAP, ACCORDING TO VERNER, WITH A DIFFERENT TITLE. THE SAME MARKINGS ARE IN THE BOTTOM MARGIN AS ARE NOTED IN STATE 2. WRITER HAS NOT YET SEEN THIS ISSUE [STATE?] OF THE MAP AND DOES NOT KNOW HOW, IF AT ALL, IT DIFFERS FROM STATE 2. VERNER LISTS THIS AS A SEPARATE EDITION. COPIES ARE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND IN THE MARYLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. (SEE MAP # 280B4).

ED. 2[?] - (1757[?]-1764[?]) - STATE 1[?] - ENTITLED "CARTE DE LA VIRGINIE ET DU MARYLAND, OU DE LA BAIE DE CHESAPEACK ET PAYS VOISINS POUR SERVIR A L'HISTOIRE GENERALE DES VOYAGES. TIREE DES MEILLEURES CARTES ANGLOISES." (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). "TOM. XXI." (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). NOTE UNDER CARTOUCHE HAS A RIGHT HAND POINTING TO IT. THERE IS NOTHING IN THE BOTTOM MARGIN. (SEE MAP # 257B7).

- (177_) - STATE 2[?] - ENTITLED "...POUR SERVIR A L'HISTOIRE PHILOSOPHIQUE & POLITIQUE DES ETABLISSEMENS ET DU COMMERCE DES EUROPEENS ET DU DEUX INDES. TIREE DES MEILLEURES CARTES ANGLOISES." (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). "39." (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). NOTE UNDER CARTOUCHE HAS A RIGHT HAND POINTING TO IT. THERE IS NOTHING IN THE TOP MARGIN. THE PLATE IMPERFECTIONS IN THE TOP RIGHT BORDER SUGGEST THAT IT IS A SIMILAR PLATE TO THE PRIOR STATE. THE EXACT DATE AND BOOK IN WHICH THIS APPEARED HAS NOT YET BEEN FULLY IDENTIFIED. THERE ARE NUMEROUS EDITIONS OF RAYNAL'S HISTOIRE PHILOSOPHIQUE ET POLITIQUE DES ETABLISSEMENS ET DU COMMERCE DES EUROPEENS DAN LES DEUX INDIES, PUBLISHED FROM 1770 THROUGH 1798. SINCE THIS STATE APPEARS TO PRECEED THE ONE DATED 1773 IN THIS LISTING BECAUSE OF COMPARATIVE PLATE IMPERFECTIONS, WE HAVE TENTATIVELY DATED IT 1770-1773. (SEE MAP # 27_B5).

- (1773) - STATE 3[?] - ENTITLED "....POUR SERVIR A L'HISTOIRE DES ETABLISSEMENS EUROPEENS. TIREE DES MEILLEURES CARTES ANGLOISES." A REPRODUCTION OF THIS STATE IS IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION. BARBARA MCCORKLE OF YALE STATED IN A TELEPHONE CONVERSATION THAT THIS STATE IS FOUND IN YALE'S 1773 COPY OF RAYNAL'S HISTOIRE PHILOSOPHIQUE ET POLITIQUE DES ETABLISSEMENS ET DU COMMERCE DES EUROPEENS DAN LES DEUX INDIES. VERNER NOTES A COPY IN THE ALDERMAN LIBRARY IN A STATE OF THE BOOK DATED 1774. (SEE MAP # 273B5).

ED. 3 - (1758) - ENTITLED "KARTE VON DER BAY CHESAPEACK UND DEN BENACHENBARTEN LANDEN ZUR ALLGEMEINE HISTORIE DER REISEN AUS DEN BESTEN ENGLAENDISCHEN KARTEN GEZOGEN (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). "No. 11" (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). "T. XVI.C." (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). THIS EDITION IS A GERMAN TRANSLATION OF THE BELLIN MAP, STATE 1, EDITION 1, FROM PREVOST'S HISTOIRE GENERALE DES VOYAGES AND IS MAP 11, ON PAGE 538 OF VOLUME 16 OF ALLGEMEINE HISTORIE DER REISEN, LEIPZIG, 1758. (SEE MAP # 258B5).

ED. 4 - (1764) - ENTITLED "CARTE DE LA VIRGINIE MARI-LAND &a, TIREE DES MEILLEURES CARTES ANGLOISES". "TOME I, NO. 35" (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). THIS MAP IS REFERENCED IN SELLERS & VAN EE, # 1437, AND PHILLIPS, ATLASES, I, # 638, III, # 3508. A COPY IS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. THIS MAP APPEARED AS PLATE NO. 35 IN VOL. 1 OF BELLIN'S LE PETIT ATLAS, 5 VOLS., FOL., PARIS, 1764. (SEE MAP # 264B5).

ED. 5 - (1781) - ENTITLED "CARTA DELLA VIRGINIA DELLA BAJA CHESAPEACK, e PAESI VICINI TRATTA DALLE MIGLIORI CARTE INGLESI." (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). NOTHING IS IN THE MARGINS. THIS MAP WAS NO. 29 IN BELLIN'S TEATRO DELLA GUERRE MARITTIMA..., FOL., VENEZIA, V. FORMALEONI, 1781. IT WAS REISSUED IN P.U. DU BUSSION'S STORIA DELLE REVOLUZIONE DELL 'AMERICA INGLESE, VENEZIA, V. FORMALEONI, 1782. ROADS ARE SHOWN AS DOUBLE LINES, UNLIKE IN PRIOR EDITIONS, WHICH WERE SINGLE LINES. THE MERIDIAN IS NOT NOTED IN THE BOTTOM BORDER AS IN PRIOR EDITIONS. ONLY A SINGLE EDITION OF THIS MAP APPEARED IN ITALIAN. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

DATA IS FROM VARIOUS SOURCES NOTED IN THE BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SECTION AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE ITEMS IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION, BUT THE VERNER NOTES WERE PARTICULARLY HELPFUL.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A BLACK AND WHITE COPY OF ED. 1, STATE 1, IN GOOD CONDITION WITH AN ACQ. # OF N026-EG AND A MDHR # OF G1399-233. THE COLLECTION HAS TWO BLACK AND WHITE COPIES OF STATE 2, BOTH WITH ACQ. #s OF BB023-2F, AND WITH MDHR #s OF G1399-42 AND G1399-46. ONE IS IN GOOD CONDITION AND ONE HAS BEEN INEXPERTLY REPAIRED WITH BROWN TAPE ON THE BACK. THE COLLECTION HAS TWO COPIES OF STATE 1 OF EDITION 2, ONE IN BLACK AND WHITE ON THIN PAPER WITH WIDE MARGINS, AN ACQ. # OF B016-DFF AND A MDHR # OF G1399-499, AND ONE IN OUTLINE COLORING WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-NG AND A MDHR # OF G1399-235. IT HAS A COPY OF STATE 2 OF THE 2ND EDITION IN BLACK AND WHITE ON THIN PAPER WITH FULL MARGINS. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF B015-IG0 AND A MDHR # OF G1399-595. IT HAS A REPRODUCTION OF STATE 3 OF EDITION 2 WITH A MDHR # OF G1399-863REPRO. IT HAS A GOOD BLACK AND WHITE COPY OF THE 3RD EDITION OF 1758 IN GERMAN WITH AN ACQ. # OF B016-DFT AND A MDHR # OF G1399-515. FINALLY, THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A GOOD COPY OF THE 5TH ED., DESCRIBED HEREIN, OF 1781 IN ITALIAN WITH AN ACQ. # OF JP017-HDG AND A MDHR # OF G1399-274.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : TOOLEY, R.V., "PRINTED MAPS OF AMERICA PART IV", IN MAP COLLECTORS' SERIES # 96, LONDON: MAP COLLECTORS' PUBLICATIONS, LTD., 1974, 113-114, MAPS # 873 AND 875; CUMMING, WILLIAM P., THE SOUTHEAST IN EARLY MAPS, CHAPEL HILL: THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS, 1958, 228 (SEE MAP # 311 FROM THE SAME PUBLICATION FOR A DISCUSSION OF THE MAP AUTHOR); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, VIRGINIA CARTOGRAPHY, WASHINGTON: THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, 1896, 50, 51, 52; SEBOEK, LOU, FRENCH ATLASES IN THE RARE ATLAS COLLECTION OF THE PUBLIC ARCHIVES OF CANADA, OTTAWA: THE PUBLIC ARCHIVES OF CANADA, 1974, IV; MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY VOL. 1, PART IV, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, JULY, 1897, 348; SELLERS, JOHN R. & VAN EE, PATRICIA MOLEN, MAPS AND CHARTS OF NORTH AMERICA AND THE WEST INDIES 1750-1789, WASHINGTON: THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, 1981, # 1383, # 1437; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, I, # 348, MAP 29, # 638, III, # 3508, V, # 5991, MAP 46; SABIN, JOSEPH, A DICTIONARY OF BOOKS RELATING TO AMERICA FROM ITS DISCOVERY TO THE PRESENT TIME, NEW YORK: JOSEPH SABIN, 1868-1936, # 65402, # 65403; VERNER, COOLIE, [UNPUBLISHED] NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA.

January 28, 1991


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