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MAP #: 280R5

CARTOGRAPHER : ROMANS, BERNARD

DATE: 1780

SHORT TITLE : A CHOROGRAPHICAL MAP OF THE COUNTRY, ROUND PHILADELPHIA.

REMAINING TITLE & ID : (ABOVE UPPER NEAT LINE TO THE LEFT). CARTE PARTICULIERE, DES ENVIRONS DE PHILADELPHIE. (ABOVE UPPER NEAT LINE TO THE RIGHT). "A AMSTERDAM CHEZ COVENS ET MORTIER, ET COVENS, JUNIOR." (BELOW BOTTOM NEAT LINE IN THE CENTER). "H. KLOCKHOFF SCULPS." (BELOW BOTTOM NEAT LINE TO THE RIGHT). "A SCALE OF MILES" (50 MI. = 10.2 CM., BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). EIGHT POINT COMPASS ROSE (ABOVE SCALE). THERE IS NOTHING ON THE REVERSE SIDE. LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE (NOT SHOWN).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1780?(1778)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : AMSTERDAM
PUBLISHER : COVENS, MORTIER & COVENS, jR.
LANGUAGE(S) : ENFR
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 29.0 X 32.3 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 57 X 66 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 800,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 50 MI. = 10.2 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-67
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : N020-UG2
REGION CATEGORY : PART OF A MORE GENERAL MAP OF SIGNIFICANCE TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (3)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : -
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY SHADING (DELAWARE BAY ONLY)
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : PLAIN (2)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 278R5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : PHILLIPS, NOTES ON BERNARD ROMANS AND THE WARE INTRODUCTION ARE THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS A REENGRAVING AND REPUBLISHING OF A BERNARD ROMANS MAP OF THE SAME NAME DATED 1778 (SEE MAP #278R5), WHICH WAS ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED IN NEW HAVEN. THE 1778 MAP IS ALMOST UNOBTAINABLE. THIS MAP AND THE ONE FROM WHICH IT WAS TAKEN, COVERS NEW JERSEY, DELAWARE, NORTHEAST MARYLAND AND SOUTHEAST PENNSYLVANIA. IT IS A WAR MAP OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, SHOWING VALLEY FORGE BY A CLUSTER OF TENTS AND IS INSCRIBED: GRAND AMERICAN WINTER CAMP JANUARY 1778. THE TRACKS OF THE ARMIES OF GENERAL WASHINGTON AND SIR WILLIAM HOWE ARE SHOWN. THE CHESAPEAKE BAY IS SHOWN FROM THE NORTHERN END TO JUST SOUTH OF KENT ISLAND. THIS MAP IS QUITE RARE.

BERNARD ROMANS WAS BORN IN THE NETHERLANDS ABOUT 1720 AND WENT TO AMERICA ABOUT 1757. HE SERVED AS A SURVEYOR IN GEORGIA AND WAS APPOINTED DEPUTY SURVEYOR OF GEORGIA IN 1766. HE SURVEYED, AMONG OTHER AREAS, THE PROPERTY OF LORD EGMONT, THE ASSOCIATE OF OGLETHORPE IN FOUNDING GEORGIA.

IN 1775 ROMANS ACCOMPANIED BENEDICT ARNOLD'S EXPEDITION TO TAKE FORT TICONDEROGA, BUT INDEPENDENTLY CAPTURED NEARBY FORT GEORGE. HE WROTE A REPORT ON CONSTRUCTION OF FORTIFICATIONS AT FORT CONSTITUTION IN 1775, WHICH ULTIMATELY LED TO THE OCCUPATION AND FORTIFICATION OF WEST POINT.

ON FEB. 8, 1776, ROMANS BECAME A CAPATAIN IN THE 1ST PENNSYLVANIA COMPANY OF ARTILLERY AND RESIGNED JUNE 1, 1778. ROMANS LATER JOINED THE SOUTHERN ARMY AND WAS CAPTURED IN 1780. ROMANS WAS A PRISONER AT MONTEGO BAY, JAMAICA. HE WAS REPATRIATED LATE IN 1783 AND DIED AT SEA IN JANUARY, 1784, PROBABLY MURDERED.

THE 1778 MAP FROM WHICH THIS MAP WAS COPIED WAS SLIGHTLY LARGER IN SIZE. IT WAS ADVERTISED IN THE CONNECTICUT COURANT OF JUNE 2, 1778 AS JUST PUBLISHED AT NEW HAVEN. A COPY OF THE ORIGINAL MAP IS IN THE JOHN CARTER BROWN A COPY OF THE AMSTERDAM COPY IS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

DATA IS FROM GUTHORN'S AMERICAN MAPS, WHEAT & BRUN, NEBENZAHL'S BIBLIOGRAPHY, AND PHILLIPS NOTES.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ONLY A SINGLE EDITION AND STATE OF THIS AMSTERDAM COPY OF THE ROMANS MAP IS KNOWN TO EXIST. IT WAS PRINTED AS A SEPARATE. SINCE IT IS SIMILAR TO THE ORIGINAL EXCEPT FOR THE IMPRINT AND ITS LOCATION, THE AMSTERDAM MAP SHOULD BE CONSIDERED AS THE SECOND EDITION OF THE ORIGINAL MAP.

DATA IS FROM WHEAT & BRUN AND PHILLIPS NOTES.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : HFC HAS A BEAUTIFUL CLEAN COPY IN OUTLINE COLORING WITH UNUSUALLY WIDE MARGINS OF OVER SIX INCHES.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : WHEAT & BRUN #304; PHILLIPS, P.L., NOTES ON BERNARD ROMANS, PP. 91-92; GUTHORN, PETER J., AMERICAN MAPS AND MAP MAKERS OF THE REVOLUTION, MONMOUTH BEACH, N.J., 1966, P. 30-32; NEBENZAHL, KENNETH, A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF PRINTED BATTLE PLANS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 1775-1795, CHICAGO, 1975, P. 80, #123; WARE, JOHN D., INTRODUCTION TO FACSIMILE REPRODUCTION OF THE 1924 EDITION OF PHILLIPS NOTES (CITED ABOVE), UNIVERSITY PRESSES OF FLORIDA, GAINSVILLE, 1975. March 21, 198


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