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MAP #: 280H5

CARTOGRAPHER : HINTON, JOHN [PUBLISHER]

DATE: 1780

SHORT TITLE : A NEW MAP OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND IN NORTH AMERICA.

REMAINING TITLE & ID : (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER, IN A CARTOUCHE OUTLINED IN PART BY A TREE AND OTHER VEGETATION). THERE IS NOTHING IN THE MARGINS. NO DISTANCE SCALE IS GIVEN. LONGITUDE WEST FROM LONDON (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1780
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER : JOHN HINTON FOR THE UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 27.7 X 33.1 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 1,175,000
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-231
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : BB023-DUD
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : FRY & JEFFERSON DERIVATIVE (15)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : NATURALISTIC (20)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : LONDON (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : ALL REFERENCES SHOWN ARE HELPFUL.
DESCRIPTION : THIS ENGRAVED MAP COVERS MARYLAND, DELAWARE AND PARTS OF VIRGINIA, PENNSYLVANIA AND NEW JERSEY. IT WAS DONE ANONYMOUSLY IN THE FEBRUARY, 1780 ISSUE OF THE UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE, VOLUME 66, OPPOSITE PAGE 57.

VERY LITTLE IS KNOWN OF THIS MAP. IT APPEARS TO BE CLOSELY RELATED TO THE ROBERT DE VAUGONDY 1757 EDITION OF THE FRY AND JEFFERSON MAP OF 1753 (SEE MAPS # 257R5 AND 253F5). BOTH SHOW THE LORD FAIRFAX BOUNDARY LINE IN VIRGINIA, BOTH DEPICT THE NORTHERN BOUNDARY BETWEEN DELAWARE AND PENNSYLVANIA AS RELATIVELY FLAT INSTEAD OF THE SEMICIRCLE THAT IT ACTUALLY IS, BOTH SHOW A SIMILAR REPRESENTATION OF THE CHOPTANK RIVER, BOTH USE THE DATE 1688 AT THE BOUNDARY LINE BETWEEN MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA ON THE EASTERN SHORE AND THEY BOTH USE SIMILAR SYMBOLS TO MARK MAJOR TOWNS AND THE ALLEGHENY MOUNTAINS. SOME IMPROVEMENTS HAVE BEEN MADE, SUCH AS STRAIGHTENING THE EAST-WEST BORDER BETWEEN MARYLAND AND PENNSYLVANIA. THE HINTON MAP DOES NOT EXTEND AS FAR SOUTH OR WEST AS THE ROBERT DE VAUGONDY. ONE MAJOR DISSIMILARITY IS IN THE SOUTHERN BOUNDARY BETWEEN DELAWARE AND MARYLAND. HINTON SHOWS IT GOING WEST FROM "CAPE JAMES OR HINLOPEN", WHEREAS ROBERT DE VAUGONDY SHOWS IT GOING WEST FROM "FALSE CAPE", SOUTH OF REHOBETH. THIS SEEMS PARTICULARLY CURIOUS, SINCE THE WORK HAD BEEN COMPLETED BY CHARLES MASON AND JEREMIAH DIXON ON SETTLING THE BORDER ISSUE BETWEEN THE PUBLICATION OF THE TWO MAPS. THEIR WORK WOULD MORE NEARLY HAVE CONFIRMED THE EARLIER REPRESENTATION.

JOHN HINTON (fl. 1745, D. 1781) WAS A BOOKSELLER AND PUBLISHER IN LONDON. HE PUBLISHED THE UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE FROM 1747 TO HIS DEATH IN 1781. HE ALSO PUBLISHED THE LARGE ENGLISH ATLAS BY BOWEN AND KITCHIN FROM 1749 TO 1752.

DATA IS FROM PHILLIPS MAPS, TOOLEY'S DICTIONARY AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ONLY A SINGLE EDITION AND STATE OF THIS MAP ARE KNOWN AT THIS TIME, AS DESCRIBED HEREIN.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A GOOD COPY IN OUTLINE COLORING WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DUD AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-231.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, UNDATED REPRINT OF A 1901 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, 394; SELLERS, JOHN R. & PATRICIA MOLEN VAN EE, MAPS AND CHARTS OF NORTH AMERICA AND THE WEST INDIES 1750-1789, WASHINGTON: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, 1981, # 1412; JOLLY, DAVID C., MAPS OF AMERICA IN PERIODICALS BEFORE 1800, BROOKLINE, MASS.: DAVID C. JOLLY, 1989, # 350; GUTHORN, PETER J., BRITISH MAPS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, MONMOUTH BEACH, N.J.: PHILIP FRENEAU PRESS, 1972, 69, # 157(10.).

May 13, 1991


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