Return to Huntingfield Map Collection homepage

MAP #: 277L5

CARTOGRAPHER : LE ROUGE, GEORGE L. [PUBLISHER]

DATE: 1777

SHORT TITLE : VIRGINIE. MARYLAND

REMAINING TITLE & ID : EN 2 FEUILLES PAR FRY ET JEFFERSON TRADUIT, CORRIGE, AUGMENTE A PARIS CHEZ LE ROUGE JNG? GEOGRAPHE DU ROI DES GRANDS AUGUSTINS 1777. AVEC PRIVILEGE DU ROI. (NO CARTOUCHE, LOWER RIGHT, TO LEFT OF INSET). "PLANCHE 2e." (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). GRADUATED SCALE (BELOW TITLE). UNTITLED INSET OF OHIO TERRITORY (43.7 X 15.9 CM., BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). MAP EXTENDS THROUGH NEAT LINE IN THE UPPER LEFT. LONGITUDE FROM PHILADELPHIA AND LONDON (TOP BORDER) AND FROM PHILADELPHIA ALONE (BOTTOM BORDER). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1777 (1753)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PARIS
PUBLISHER : GEORGE L. LE ROUGE
LANGUAGE(S) : FR
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 66.6 X 98.5 CM. (2 SHEETS JOINED)
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 80 X 110 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 660,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 30 MILES = 7.4 CM. (69 TO A DEGREE)
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-210 (ED.3)
# 2 : MSA SC1399-61 (ED.1 - ST.6)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-238 (ED.2 - ST.1)
# 4 : MSA SC1399-562 (ED.2 - ST.2)
# 5 : MSA SC1399-561 (ED.2 - ST.3)
# 6 : MSA SC1399-564 (ED.2 - ST.4)
# 7 : MSA SC1399-553 (ED.2 - ST.5)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : N026-GGD (ED.3)
# 2 : BB023-TFI (ED.1 - ST.6)
# 3 : BB023-HND (ED.2 - ST.1)
# 4 : SW015-NEF (ED.2 - ST.2)
# 5 : SW015-TFI (ED.2 - ST.3)
# 6 : SW015-TFI (ED.2 - ST.4)
# 7 : SW015-TFI (ED.2 - ST.5)
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : FRY & JEFFERSON RELATED (15)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 2
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : PHILADELPHIA AND LONDON (7)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 253F5, 254F5, 255F5, 255F6, 268F5, 275F5, 282F5, 294F5, 255R5, 280R3, 280R4, 293R5, 294R5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : VERNER'S STUDY IN IMAGO MUNDI XXI IS THE DEFINITIVE WORK.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS THE LAST OF THE THREE KNOWN EDITIONS OF THE FRY & JEFFERSON MAP OF 1753 AND THE BEST OF THE TWO FRENCH EDITIONS. LE ROUGE REDUCED THE FOURTH STATE OF THE ENGLISH EDITION OF THE MAP (SEE MAP # 255F6) FROM FOUR SHEETS TO TWO, WITHOUT ELIMINATING ANY OF THE CONTENT OR REDUCING THE SCALE. THIS WAS ACCOMPLISHED BY USING AN INSET ALONG THE LOWER RIGHT SIDE OF THE MAP IN THE EMPTY OCEAN AREA TO CONTAIN THE WESTERN MATERIAL. MOST OF THE NAMES ARE TRANSLATED INTO FRENCH. THIS EDITION OF THE MAP WAS PUBLISHED IN ONLY ONE STATE. IT APPEARED IN LE ROUGE, G.L., ATLAS AMERIQUAIN SEPTENTRIONAL..., PARIS: CHEZ LE ROUGE, 1778, WHICH WAS COPIED FROM JEFFERY AND FADEN'S AMERICAN ATLAS..., WHICH CONTAINED THE FRY & JEFFERSON MAP.

GEORGE LOUIS LE ROUGE WAS A PROMINENT PUBLISHER IN PARIS FROM 1741 TO 1789. IN ADDITION TO MAKING A FRENCH EDITION OF THE AMERICAN ATLAS, LE ROUGE ALSO COPIED JEFFERY & FADEN'S THE AMERICAN PILOT... IN THAT SAME YEAR. THE LE ROUGE EDITION OF THE MAP IS ON HEAVY PAPER, WATERMARKED WITH A CHAPLET SIMILAR TO HEAWOOD 236, PL. 10.

DATA IS PRIMARILY FROM VERNER'S STUDY IN IMAGO MUNDI XXI.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THE MANUSCRIPTS FROM WHICH THE MAP WAS MADE ARE NOT KNOWN TO HAVE SURVIVED. THERE ARE THREE PRINTED EDITIONS OF THIS MAP. THE ENGLISH EDITION IS IN EIGHT STATES, THE FIRST FOUR OF WHICH HAVE SIGNIFICANT GEOGRAPHICAL CHANGES AND THE REMAINDER INVOLVE BIBLIOGRAPHICAL CHANGES ONLY. THE FIRST FRENCH EDITION IS KNOWN IN FIVE STATES, AND THE SECOND IS IN ONE STATE ONLY.

1ST ED. - (STATE 1) - (1753) - ENTITLED "A MAP OF THE INHABITED PART OF VIRGINIA CONTAINING THE WHOLE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND WITH PART OF PENSILVANIA, NEW JERSEY AND NORTH CAROLINA DRAWN BY JOSHUA FRY & PETER JEFFERSON IN 1751." THE IMPRINT READS "ENGRAV'D AND PUBLISH'D ACCORDING TO ACT OF PARLIAMENT BY THOs. JEFFERYS GEOGRAPHER TO HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE OF WALES AT THE CORNER OF St. MARTINS LANE, CHARING CROSS, LONDON." IT MEASURES 80 X 124 CM. IN FOUR SHEETS, JOINED. THE SCALE IS 30 MILES = 7.4 CM. OR 1:660,000. LONGITUDE FROM PHILADELPHIA IS AT THE TOP AND FROM CURRATUCK IS AT THE BOTTOM. COPIES ARE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA AND THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY. A PARTIAL COPY IS IN THE MARYLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. SEE MAP # 253F5.

-(STATE 2) - (1754) - THE TITLE IS CHANGED TO "...THE MOST INHABITED..." THE TWO WESTERN PLATES ARE REWORKED, WITH MOST OF THE STATE 1 DATA DELETED AND REPLACED BY NEW MATERIAL, PRINCIPALLY BASED ON CHRISTOPHER GIST'S TRAVELS. THE DALRYMPLE TABLE OF DISTANCES IS ADDED. ROADS ARE ADDED IN THE EASTERN SECTION AS ARE NAMES OF SEVERAL TOWNS. A COPY IS IN THE PAUL MELLON PRIVATE COLLECTION. SEE MAP # 254F5.

- (STATE 3) - (1755) - FIGURES FOR LONGITUDE WEST OF LONDON (65o19' TO 71o19') ARE ADDED. A TWO-LINE NOTE WITH REFERENCE TO LONGITUDE HAS BEEN ADDED BENEATH THE DALRYMPLE TABLE. COPIES ARE IN THE CLEMENTS, JOHN CARTER BROWN, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA. SEE MAP # 255F5.

- (STATE 4) - (1755) - THE INCORRECT LONGITUDE READINGS ARE CORRECTED BY ADDING TEN DEGREES TO THE READINGS. TWO COPIES ARE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND ONE IS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA. SEE MAP # 255F6.

- (STATE 5) - (1768) - THE IMPRINT READS "PRINTED FOR ROBt. SAYER AT No. 53 IN CHARING CROSS, LONDON." IT APPEARED IN JEFFERY'S A GENERAL TOPOGRAPHY OF NORTH AMERICA AND THE WEST INDIES...", LONDON: PRINTED FOR R. SAYER & T. JEFFERYS, 1768. COPIES ARE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY, AND THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA. SEE MAP # 268F5.

- (STATE 6) - (1775) - THE DATE IN THE TITLE IS CHANGED FROM 1751 TO 1775. THE MAP IS CONTAINED IN JEFFERY'S THE AMERICAN ATLAS...", LONDON: PRINTED FOR R. SAYER AND J. BENNETT, IN 1775. COPIES ARE IN THE NEWBERRY AND THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. IT WAS ALSO ISSUED IN THE SAME ATLAS IN 1776. COPIES ARE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA. IT WAS REISSUED IN WILLIAM FADEN'S THE NORTH AMERICAN ATLAS...", LONDON: PRINTED FOR WILLIAM FADEN, 1777. COPIES ARE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY, VERNER'S COLLECTION, AND THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION. FADEN HAD IT IN HIS THE GENERAL ATLAS OF THE FOUR GRAND QUARTERS OF THE WORLD..., 1778 AND IT ALSO APPEARED THAT YEAR IN JEFFERY'S THE AMERICAN ATLAS..., LONDON: R. SAYER AND J. BENNETT, 1778. A COPY IS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. SEE MAP # 275F5.

- (STATE 7) - (1782) - THE IMPRINT IS CHANGED TO "PRINTED FOR ROBt. SAYER AT No. 53 IN FLEET STREET, LONDON." IT APPEARED IN JEFFERY'S THE AMERICAN ATLAS..., LONDON: R. SAYER AND J. BENNETT, 1782. COPIES ARE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEWBERRY AND IN VERNER'S COLLECTION. SEE MAP # 282F5.

- (STATE 8) - (1794) - A SECOND IMPRINT IS ADDED IN AN ARC ABOVE THE CARTOUCHE READING "PUBLISH'D 12th. MAY 1794, BY LAURIE & WHITTLE, No. 53 FLEET STREET, LONDON. THE PLATE SHOWS WEAR. GHOST PRINTS OF THE DELETED WESTERN MATERIAL PROVES THAT THE SAME PLATES WERE USED THROUGHOUT AND REVISED. COPIES OF THE SEPARATE ARE IN THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA AND THE VERNER COLLECTION. A COPY OF THIS STATE IN JEFFERY'S THE AMERICAN ATLAS..., LONDON: LAURIE & WHITTLE, 1794, IS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA. SEE MAP # 294F5.

2ND ED. - (STATE 1) - (1755) - ENTITLED "CARTE DE LA VIRGINIE ET DU MARYLAND DRESSEE SUR LA GRANDE CARTE ANGLOISE DE Mr.s. JOSUE FRY ET PIERRE JEFFERSON, PAR LE Sr. ROBERT DE VAUGONDY GEOGRAPHE ORDINAIRE DU ROI. AVEC PRIVILEGE 1755. IT MAY HAVE APPEARED IN ATLAS UNIVERSEL... IN 1756, AND DEFINITELY DID APPEAR IN ROBERT DE VAUGONDY, G & D, ATLAS UNIVERSEL..., A PARIS: CHEZ LE AUTEURS, BOUDET...1757. COPIES ARE IN THE CLEMENTS, NEWBERRY AND IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION. SEE MAP # 255R5.

- (STATE 2) - (1780?) - THE WESTERN BOUNDARY OR "BACK LINE" OF THE FAIRFAX GRANT IS DELETED. THE WESTERN BOUNDARY OF PENNSYLVANIA HAS BEEN REMOVED AND THE SOUTHERN BOUNDARY EXTENDED WEST TO THE EDGE OF THE MAP. COPIES ARE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY (2), PEABODY, AND IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION. SEE MAP # 280R3.

- (STATE 3) - (1780?) - THE ENGRAVER'S STATEMENT "GRAVE PAR E. HAUSSARD" HAS BEEN DELETED AND REPLACED BY THE NAME "GROUX". THE DATE RESULTS FROM THIS CHANGE PRESUMABLY BEING DIRECTLY RELATED TO STATE 2. COPIES ARE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION. SEE MAP # 280R4.

- (STATE 4) - (1793?) - THE TITLE IS ALTERED TO DELETE "DU ROI" FROM THE IMPRINT. VERNER HAD EXAMINED ONLY THE SEPARATE FROM JOHN CARTER BROWN. HUNTINGFIELD HAS A COPY WITH "105" ON VERSO, OBVIOUSLY FROM AN ATLAS THAT IS SIMILAR IN ALL OTHER RESPECTS. VERNER TENTATIVELY DATES THIS 1793 BECAUSE OF THE DEATH OF LOUIS XVI IN 1793. SEE MAP # 293R5.

- (STATE 5) - (1794?) - ALL THE TITLE AFTER "GEOGRAPHE" IS DELETED. THIS APPEARS IN ROBERT DE VAUGONDY, G & D, ATLAS UNIVERSEL..., PARIS: CHEZ DELAMARCHE, UNDATED, BUT WITH A MAP DATED 1793 IN IT. COPIES ARE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY, UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA AND VERNER COLLECTIONS. IT ALSO IS IN THIS SAME ATLAS, WITH A MAP DATED 1799. COPIES ARE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION. SEE MAP # 294R5.

3RD ED. - (1777) - THE MAP IS ENTITLED "VIRGINIE, MARYLAND EN 2 FEUILLES PAR FRY ET JEFFERSON TRADUIT, CORRIGE, AUGMENTE A PARIS CHEZ LE ROUGE JNG. D GEOGRAHE DU ROI RUE DES GRANDS AUGUSTINES 1777. AVEC PRIVILEGE DU ROI." THERE IS AN INSET 43.7 X 15.9 CM. ALONG THE LOWER RIGHT SIDE CONTAINING THE WESTERN PORTION OF THE MAP. THE MAP CUT AND JOINED IS 66.6 X 98.5 CM. IT APPEARED IN LE ROUGE, G.L., ATLAS AMERIQUAIN SEPTENTRIONAL..., PARIS: CHEZ LE ROUGE, 1778. A COPY IS IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

MOST OF THIS DATA IS DIRECTLY FROM VERNER'S STUDY IN IMAGO MUNDI XXI. HE STATES THAT THIS CHECKLIST SUPERSEDES THE ONE IN THE FRY & JEFFERSON MAP OF VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND..., PRINCETON UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1950 AND THE SECOND EDITION PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA PRESS. HOWEVER, DIRECT REFERENCE WAS ALSO MADE TO THE SEVEN STATES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS SEVEN STATES OF THE FRY & JEFFERSON MAP AS FOLLOWS:

1ST ED. - (STATE 6) - (1775) - ON HEAVY PAPER WITH VILLEDARY "IV" COUNTERMARK. "21" AND "22" ARE IN BLOCK PRINT ON TWO OF THE SHEETS. THE TOP TWO AND BOTTOM TWO SHEETS ARE JOINED TO MAKE TWO LONG SHEETS. THE MAP IS IN EXCELLENT CONDITION. THE ACQ. # IS BB023-TFI AND THE MDHR # IS MSA SC1399-61.

2ND ED. - (STATE 1) - (1755) - AN EXCELLENT COPY ON HEAVY PAPER IN OUTLINE COLORING. THE ACQ. # IS BB023-HND AND THE MDHR # IS MSA SC1399-238.

- (STATE 2) - (1780?) - AN EXCELLENT COPY ON HEAVY PAPER IN OUTLINE COLORING. "105" IS PRINTED ON VERSO. THE ACQ. # IS SW015-NEF AND THE MDHR # IS MSA SC1399-562.

- (STATE 3) - (1780?) - A GOOD COPY ON HEAVY PAPER IN OUTLINE COLORING WITH SOME PRINT THROUGH. "105" IS PRINTED ON VERSO. THE ACQ. # IS SW015-NEF AND THE MDHR # IS MSA SC1399-561.

- (STATE 4) - (1793?) - A GOOD COPY ON HEAVY PAPER IN OUTLINE COLORING. IT HAS SOME DARK SPOTS. "105" IS PRINTED ON VERSO. THE ACQ. # IS SW015-TFI AND THE MDHR # IS MSA SC1399-564.

- (STATE 5) - (1794?) - A GOOD COPY IN OUTLINE COLOR EXCEPT FOR MARYLAND AND NEW JERSEY, WHICH ARE IN SOLID YELLOW AND DELAWARE, WHICH IS IN PINK. "110" IS ON VERSO. THE ACQ. # IS SW015-TFI AND THE MDHR # IS MSA SC1399-553.

3RD ED. - (1777) - AN EXCELLENT COPY WITH BOTH SHEETS JOINED IN OUTLINE COLORING ON HEAVY PAPER WITH FULL MARGINS, FRAMED BEHIND PROTECTIVE PLASTIC. THE ACQ. # IS N026-GGD AND THE MDHR # IS MSA SC1399-210.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : VERNER, COOLIE, "THE FRY AND JEFFERSON MAP",IN IMAGO MUNDI XXI, LONDON: IMAGO MUNDI LTD, 1967, 70- 94; CUMMING, WILLIAM P., THE SOUTHEAST IN EARLY MAPS, CHAPEL HILL: UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS, 1962, 219-21; FADEN & JEFFERYS, A CATALOGUE OF MODERN & CORRECT MAPS, PLANS & CHARTS, CHIEFLY ENGRAVED BY THE LATE T. JEFFERYS, LONDON: 1774; FITE, EMERSON D. & ARCHIBALD FREEMAN, A BOOK OF OLD MAPS DELINEATING AMERICAN HISTORY..., CAMBRIDGE: HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1926, # 61, 242-5; GARRISON, H. S., "CARTOGRAPHY OF PENNSYLVANIA BEFORE 1800, IN PENNSYLVANIA MAGAZINE OF HISTORY & BIOGRAPHY, LIX (1935), 274-5; HARRISON, F., WILLIAM & MARY QUARTERLY, V. 4, 6/1924, 1-15; LEWIS, T., THE FAIRFAX LINE, THOS. LEWIS' JOURNAL OF 1746, NEWMARKET: 1925; MALONE, D. "JEFFERSON THE VIRGINIAN", IN VOL 1 OF JEFFERSON AND HIS TIME, BOSTON: 1948.; MALONE, D., THE FRY & JEFFERSON MAP OF VIRGINIA & MARYLAND, PRINCETON: 1950 (WITH VERNER'S CHECKLIST), 13-19; MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY VOL. I, PART IV, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1897, 347, 351, 352; NORONA, D. ed., "JOSHUA FRY'S REPORT ON THE BACK SETTLEMENTS OF VIRGINIA (MAY 8, 1751)", IN THE VIRGINIA MAGAZINE OF HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY, LVI, (JAN., 1948), 22-41; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, UNDATED REPRINT OF A 1901 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, 392-394; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, "SOME EARLY MAPS OF VIRGINIA AND THE MAKERS...", IN VIRGINIA MAGAZINE OF HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY, V. 15, 7/07; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE. "VIRGINIA CARTOGRAPHY, A BIOGRAPHICAL DESCRIPTION", IN SMITHSONIAN MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTION, V. 37, WASHINGTON: 1896, # 1039, 48; SLAUGHTER, P., "MEMOIR OF COL. JOSHUA FRY", IN ESSAYS HONORING L.C. WROTH, PORTLAND MAINE: 1951, 301-302; SWEM, EARL G.,"MAPS RELATING TO VIRGINIA IN THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY", RICHMOND: 1914, ISSUED AS V.7, #2 & 3, APRIL-JULY 1914 OF THE BULLETIN OF THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY, 61, 65, 70, 175, 189, 234-7; THE FRY & JEFFERSON MAP OF VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND, CHARLOTTESVILLE: UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA PRESS, 1966; VERNER, COOLIE, [UNPUBLISHED] NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA, # 623, 630, 644, 699, 723, 739, 742, 759, 793, AND 904; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVMM, LTD, A 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, # 1165, 1166, 1169, 1196, 1207, 1208, AND 3659a.

March 8, 1994


This information resource of the Maryland State Archives is presented here for fair use in the public domain. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: Rights assessment for associated source material is the responsibility of the user.


Tell Us What You Think About the Maryland State Archives Website!


[ Archives' Home Page  ||  All About Maryland  ||  Maryland Manual On-Line  ||  Reference & Research
||  Search the Archives   ||  Education & Outreach  ||  Archives of Maryland Online ]

Governor     General Assembly    Judiciary     Maryland.Gov

© Copyright April 26, 2006 Maryland State Archives