Return to Huntingfield Map Collection homepage

MAP #: 268J5

CARTOGRAPHER : JEFFERYS, THOMAS

DATE: 1768

SHORT TITLE : A GENERAL MAP OF THE MIDDLE BRITISH COLONIES IN AMERICA:

REMAINING TITLE & ID : VIZ. VIRGINIA, MARYLAND, DELAWARE, PENSILVANIA, NEW-JERSEY, NEW-YORK, CONNECTICUT AND RHODE-ISLAND: OF AQUANISHUONIGY THE COUNTRY OF THE CONFEDERATE INDIANS COMPREHENDING AQUANISHUONIGY PROPER, THEIR PLACES OF RESIDENCE, OHIO AND THUCHSOCHRUNTIE THEIR DEER HUNTING COUNTRIES, COUCHSACHRAGE AND SKANIADARADE THEIR BEAVER HUNTING COUNTRIES, OF THE LAKES ERIE, ONTARIO AND CHAMPLAIN, EXHIBITING THE ANTIENT[sic] AND PRESENT SEATS OF THE INDIAN NATIONS PUBLISHED BY LEWIS EVANS AT PHILADELPHIA CORRECTED AND IMPROVED WITH THE ADDITION OF THE LINE OF FORTS ON THE BACK SETTLEMENTS. BY THOs. JEFFERYS GEOGRAPHER TO THE KING. (CARTOUCHE, CENTER TOP). "SOLD BY R. SAYER IN FLEET STREET & T. JEFFERYS, CHARING CROSS 1758. PRICE 2s. 6d." (ONE LINE, BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). SCALE OF 200 BRITISH STATUTE MILES 69 TO A DEGREE. (TOP LEFT CORNER). INSET ENTITLED "A SKETCH OF THE REMAINING PART OF OHIO R. &c. (16 X 13 CM., IRREGULAR SHARE, TOP LEFT, UNDER SCALE AND NOTES). 3 DISTANCE TABLES (BOTTOM RIGHT, ABOVE IMPRINT). COMPASS ROSE (TO LEFT OF DISTANCE TABLES). NUMEROUS NOTES THROUGHOUT FACE OF THE MAP. MAP EXTENDS THROUGH THE LONGITUDE BORDER ON THE TOP AND BOTTOM. LONGITUDE FROM PHILADELPHIA (TOP BORDER) AND FROM LONDON (BOTTOM BORDER). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1768? (1755)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER : ROBERT SAYER & THOMAS JEFFERYS
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 48.1 X 66.0 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 2,280,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA :
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : G1105 .J4 1768 VAULT
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-558
# 2 : MSA SC1399-606(2) (ED. 1 - STATE 2)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-356 (REPRO - ED. 3 - STATE 3)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : C015-UI2
# 2 : N015-HE3Q* (ED. 1 - STATE 2)
# 3 : - (REPRO - ED. 3 - STATE 3)
REGION CATEGORY : A GENERAL MAP OF SOME SIGNIFICANCE TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (3)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : LEWIS EVANS & DERIVATIVES (18)
: FRY & JEFFERSON & DERIVATIVES (15)
: WALTER HOXTON & DERIVATIVES (17)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : SIMPLE PLASTERWORK (14)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : LONDON & PHILADELPHIA (7)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 255E5, 255E6, 256K5, 258J5, 260B5, 265B5, 271B5, 274B5, 275S5, 275S6, 276P5, 276S2, 276S3, 280B8, 284B5, 292B5, 294L3, 296B5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : KLINEFELTER AND STEVENS ARE THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS STATE 3 OF THE PIRATED SECOND EDITION OF THE LEWIS EVANS MAP OF 1755. SEE MAP # 255E5 FOR A MUCH MORE COMPLETE DESCRIPTION OF THIS MAP. WE ARE UNABLE TO DATE THIS MAP EXACTLY. KLINEFELTER ASSIGNS A ca.1768 DATE AND STEVENS BELIEVES THE ABSENCE OF THE WORDS "AND PART OF NEW-FRANCE" FROM THE TITLE INDICATES THAT IT WAS PUBLISHED AFTER THE TREATY OF PARIS IN 1763. THE MAP ALSO APPEARED AS PLATE NO. 32 IN SAYER & JEFFERY'S A GENERAL TOPOGRAPHY OF NORTH AMERICA AND THE WEST INDIES, LONDON, 1768.

THE SECOND EDITION OF THE EVANS MAP WAS PIRATED BY THOMAS KITCHINS IN 1756. AS IN STATE 2 OF THIS EDITION, DATED 1758, THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN HAS THE NAMES OF SEVERAL NEW FORTS ON THE BACK SETTLEMENTS ADDED AND "Ft. duQUESNE DESTROY'D 1758 NOW CALLED PITTSBURG." IN PLACE OF "Ft. duQUESNE".

THIS EDITION OF THE MAP IS INTERESTING BECAUSE OF THE NOTE ON THE CENTER RIGHT AS FOLLOWS: "WERE THERE NOTHING AT STAKE BETWEEN THE CROWN OF GREAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE BUT THE LANDS ON THE OHIO, WE MAY RECKON IT AS GREAT A PRIZE AS HAS EVER BEEN CONTENDED FOR BETWEEN TWO NATIONS. FOR THIS COUNTRY IS OF THAT VAST EXTENT WESTWARD AS TO EXCEED IN GOOD LAND ALL THE EUROPEAN DOMINIONS OF GREAT BRITAIN FRANCE AND SPAIN, AND WHICH ARE ALMOST BEEN MADE ACQUAINTED WITH ITS VALUE AND GREAT IMPORTANCE, THE LARGE STRIDES THE FRENCH HAVE BEEN MAKING FOR SEVERAL YEARS PAST IN THEIR INCROACHMENTS ON HIS DOMINIONS, THAT HIS MAJESTY WOULD SACRIFICE ONE OF THE BEST GEMS IN HIS CROWN TO THEIR USURPATION AND BOUNDLESS AMBITION."

DATA IS FROM KLINEFELTER AND STEVENS AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPY OF THIS MAP IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THREE EDITIONS IN A TOTAL OF 19 STATES ARE KNOWN AND OTHERS ARE LIKELY. SOME ARE ATTRIBUTED TO EVANS AND SOME NOT. KLINEFELTER'S STUDY IN THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY TRANSACTIONS IS THE BEST SOURCE. WHEAT AND BRUN AND GIPSON ARE GOOD ON EDITION 1. THEY SUGGEST THAT THERE MAY HAVE BEEN AN ADDITIONAL STATE PRIOR TO STATE 1, WITH THE INSET OF THE ILLINOIS COUNTRY OMITTED. KLINEFELTER AND STEVENS ARE THE BEST SOURCES ON THE OTHER EDITIONS AND STATES. SEE MAP # 255E5 FOR A COMPLETE ENUMERATION OF THE EDITIONS AND STATES OF THE MAP.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A GOOD COPY OF EDITION 1, STATE 2, ATTACHED TO THE ANALYSIS, WITH AN ACQ. # OF N015-HE3Q* AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-606(2). THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A GOOD COPY OF EDITION 2, STATE 3, IN OUTLINE COLORING, WITH AN ACQ. # OF C015-UI2 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-558. THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A REPRODUCTION OF EDITION 3, STATE 3, WITH A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-356(REPRO).

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : A CATALOGUE OF BOOKS RELATING TO THE DISCOVERY AND EARLY HISTORY OF NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICA FORMING A PART OF THE LIBRARY OF E.D. CHURCH, COMPILED AND EDITED BY GEORGE WATSON COLE, 5 VOLS., NEW YORK: 1907: # 1003; EVANS, CHARLES, AMERICAN BIBLIOGRAPHY, 12 VOLS, CHICAGO: 1903-1934: VOL III, 7411-13; MATHEWS, E.B., "THE MAPS AND MAP-MAKERS OF MARYLAND" IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, VOL. II PART IIIb, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1898: 395-398; MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY VOL. I, PART IV, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1897: 234 (EVANS' ESSAYS), 347 (MAP); STEVENS, HENRY N., LEWIS EVANS, HIS MAP OF THE MIDDLE BRITISH COLONIES IN AMERICA, LONDON: HENRY STEVENS, SON, AND STILES, 1905: 1-20; IDEM, REVISED EDITION, LONDON: HENRY STEVENS, SON AND STILES,1920: 5-16 (INCLUDES REPRODUCTIONS OF ALL ISSUES); PAULLIN, CHARLES O., ATLAS OF THE HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE UNITED STATES, EDITED BY JOHN K. WRIGHT, NEW YORK: CARNEGIE INSTITUTION AND AMERICAN GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY OF NEW YORK, 1932: 171, 298; GARRISON, HAZEL S., "CARTOGRAPHY OF PENNSYLVANIA BEFORE 1800", IN PENNSYLVANIA MAGAZINE OF HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY, 59, 1935: 281-283, 298, 433; GIPSON, LAWRENCE HENRY, LEWIS EVANS BY LAWRENCE HENRY GIPSON TO WHICH IS ADDED EVANS' A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF PENNSYLVANIA. TOGETHER WITH FACSIMILES OF HIS GEOGRAPHICAL, HISTORICAL, POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL AND MECHANICAL ESSAYS, NUMBERS I AND II, WHEREIN THE AUTHOR SETS FORTH AN ANALYSIS OF A GENERAL MAP OF THE MIDDLE BRITISH COLONIES, PHILADELPHIA: HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA, 1939: 295, 297-299; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA, IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, UNDATED REPRINT OF A 1901 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION: 575; U.S. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS REPORT 1930, 174; WINDSOR, JUSTIN, NARRATIVE AND CRITICAL HISTORY OF AMERICA, 8 VOLS., CAMBRIDGE, MASS: HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN AND COMPANY, 1889: VOL. 5V. 83-84; WROTH, LAWRENCE C. AN AMERICAN BOOKSHELF, 1755: 115-60; KLINEFELTER, WALTER, "LEWIS EVANS AND HIS MAPS", IN TRANSACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, VOL. 61, PART 7, PHILADELPHIA: THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, JULY 1971; THE CELEBRATED COLLECTION OF AMERICANA FORMED BY THE LATE THOMAS WINTHROP STREETER, VOL. II OF AN AUCTION CATALOG, NEW YORK: PARKE-BERNET GALLERIES, INC., 1967: 606-607, # 819, ILLUS. 607; SCHWARTZ, SEYMOUR I. & RALPH E. EHRENBERG, THE MAPPING OF AMERICA, NEW YORK: HARRY N. ABRAMS, INC., 1980: PLATE 98; THE WORLD ENCOMPASSED, AN EXHIBITION CATALOG, BALTIMORE: WALTERS ART GALLERY, 1952: # 255; PRE-FEDERAL MAPS IN THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES: AN ANNOTATED LIST, COMPILED BY PATRICK D. MCLOUGHLIN, WASHINGTON: THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES, 1971: # 16 (1755), # 48 (1776); PAPENFUSE, EDWARD C. & JOSEPH M. COALE III, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND, 1608-1908, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982: 34, FIG. 34; SWEM, EARL G., MAPS RELATING TO VIRGINIA IN THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY, RICHMOND: VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES, 1989 REPRINT OF A 1914 ARTICLE, REPUBLISHED AS A BOOK: # 187 (1755), # 242 (1776), # 247 (1776), # 347 (1794); SELLERS, JOHN R. & PATRICIA MOLEN VAN EE, MAPS AND CHARTS OF NORTH AMERICA AND THE WEST INDIES 1750- 1789, WASHINGTON: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, 1981: # 709 (1755- IST STATE), # 710 (1776- 3RD STATE), # 711 (1756- ED. 2 - 1ST STATE), # 712 (1758 - ED. 2 - 2ND STATE), # 713 (1765-1768- ED. 2 - 3RD STATE), # 714 (1776 - ED. 2 - 7TH STATE), # 715 (1765- ED. 3 - 2ND STATE), # 716 (1771- ED. 3 - 3RD STATE); MCCORKLE, BARBARA B., AMERICA EMERGENT, AN EXHIBITION CATALOG, NEW HAVEN: THE BEINECKE RARE BOOK AND MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY OF YALE UNIVERSITY, 1985: # 24, FIG. 24; HOWES, WRIGHT, U.S.IANA (1650-1950), NEW YORK: R. R. BOWKER COMPANY FOR THE NEWBERRY LIBRARY, 1962 REVISED AND ENLARGED EDITION OF A 1954 PUBLICATION: # 227 (GEOGRAPHICAL ESSAYS); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, VIRGINIA CARTOGRAPHY A BIBLIOGRAPHICAL DESCRIPTION, WASHINGTON: THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, 1896: 49-51, 57; WHEAT, JAMES CLEMENTS & CHRISTIAN F. BRUN, MAPS AND CHARTS PUBLISHED IN AMERICA BEFORE 1800 A BIBLIOGRAPHY, LONDON: THE HOLLAND PRESS, LTD., 1978 REVISED EDITION OF A 1969 YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS PUBLICATION: # 298 (1755 - ED. 1 - STATE 1), # 299 (1755 - ED. 1 - STATE 2), FRONTISPIECE, ILLUS. OF # 298; LUNNY, ROBERT M., EARLY MAPS OF NORTH AMERICA, NEWARK, N.J.: THE NEW JERSEY HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 1961: 27, PLATE XXI (1758 - ED. 2 - 2ND STATE); STEVENS, HENRY & ROLAND TREE, "COMPARATIVE CARTOGRAPHY", IN MAP COLLECTORS' SERIES NO. 39, LONDON: THE MAP COLLECTORS' CIRCLE, 1967: # 29, # 30 (REFERENCES 20 ISSUES); MULKEARN, LOIS, ed., A TOPOGRAPHICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE DOMINIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, REVISED AND ENLARGED EDITION OF A BOOK BY THOMAS POWNALL DATED 1776, PITTSBURGH: UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH PRESS, 1949: (A REPRODUCTION OF ED. 1, 3RD STATE OF THE EVANS MAP IS ATTACHED); NEBENZAHL, KENNETH, ATLAS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, CHICAGO: RAND MCNALLY & COMPANY, 1974: 11, 14-15 (ILLUS. OF ED. 2 - STATE 7).

March 31, 1991


This information resource of the Maryland State Archives is presented here for fair use in the public domain. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: Rights assessment for associated source material is the responsibility of the user.


Tell Us What You Think About the Maryland State Archives Website!


[ Archives' Home Page  ||  All About Maryland  ||  Maryland Manual On-Line  ||  Reference & Research
||  Search the Archives   ||  Education & Outreach  ||  Archives of Maryland Online ]

Governor     General Assembly    Judiciary     Maryland.Gov

© Copyright April 26, 2006 Maryland State Archives