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MAP #: 267G9

CARTOGRAPHER : GRIERSON, BOULTER [PUBLISHER]

DATE: 1767

SHORT TITLE : A NEW AND CORRECT CHART

REMAINING TITLE & ID : SHEWING THE VARIATIONS OF THE COMPASS IN THE WESTERN & SOUTHERN OCEANS AS OBSERVED IN Ye YEAR 1700 BY HIS MAies. COMMAND BY EDM HALLEY (CARTOUCHE IN CENTRAL SOUTH AMERICA). "MAJESTATI SEMPER AUGUSTAE GULIELMI III DG MAGNAE BRITANNIAE FRA & HIB REGIS INVECTISSIMI TABULA HAEC HYDROGRAPHICA VARIATIONUM MAGNETICARUM INDEX DENOTISSIME CONSECRATUR A SABITO HUMILLUNO EDM. HALLEY" (IN A SECOND CARTOUCHE ON RIGHT SIDE, ABOVE CENTER). "THE CURVE LINES WHICH ARE DRAWN OVER THE SEAS IN THIS CHART DO SHEW AT ONE VIEW ALL THE PLACES WHERE THE VARIATION OF THE COMPASS IS THE SAME; THE NUMBERS TO THEM SHEW HOW MANY DEGREES THE NEEDLE DECLINES EITHER EASTWARD OR WESTWARD FROM THE TRUE-NORTH; AND THE DOUBLE LINE PASSING NEAR BERMUDAS AND THE CAPE DE VIRDE ISLES IS THAT WHERE THE NEEDLE STANDS TRUE WITHOUT VARIATION (IN A THIRD CARTOUCHE IN THE TOP LEFT CORNER). THE MARGINS ARE BLANK. COMPASS ROSES (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER AND CENTER OF CHART). LONGITUDE (THROUGH CENTER OF CHART). LATITUDE (TO RIGHT OF CENTER OF CHART NEAR LONGITUDE 20W).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1767 (1701)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : DUBLIN
PUBLISHER : BOULTER GRIERSON
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 57.6 X 48.0 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 62.5 X 51.5 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 20,000,000 (BASED ON LATITUDE)
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-454
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : ASON018-UNHLQ*
REGION CATEGORY : NOT IMPORTANT TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (9)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) :
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES (NOT IN THE CHESAPEAKE BAY).
: LINES OF EQUAL MAGNETIC VARIATION ARE SHOWN FOR THE ATLANTIC.
CARTOUCHE : NATURALISTIC DRAPERY (9)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (5)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : LONDON (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : THROWER AND VERNER ARE THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS CHART IS FROM THE PIRATED EDITION OF THE FOURTH BOOK OF THE ENGLISH PILOT, PUBLISHED IN 1767 BY BOULTER GRIERSON IN DUBLIN. IT IS DERIVED FROM A CHART THAT DATES BACK TO 1701 BY EDMOND HALLEY SHORTLY AFTER HIS RETURN FROM A LENGTHY VOYAGE ON THE PARAMORE. ON THAT VOYAGE HE TOOK 150 OBSERVATIONS ON MAGNETIC DECLINATION. HALLEY'S MAP IS CREDITED WITH BEING THE FIRST PRINTED MAP SHOWING LINES OF EQUAL MAGNETIC DECLINATION (ISOGONES) AND AS SUCH IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT UP TO THAT TIME. THE ORIGINAL MAP WAS PUBLISHED AS A SHEET MAP, NOT TO ACCOMPANY AN ARTICLE. IT MEASURES 22 1/2 INCHES BY 19 INCHES AND WAS ENGRAVED BY JOHN HARRIS. THE PUBLISHING HOUSE OF WILLIAM MOUNT AND THOMAS PAGE ON TOWER HILL SOLD THE MAP. THE TRACK OF THE SECOND ATLANTIC VOYAGE OF THE PARAMORE IS SHOWN ON THE MAP BY A DOTTED LINE.

PHILLIPS ATLASES INDICATES THAT NO MAP BY THIS NAME IS IN THE 1706 EDITION OF THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK, BUT ONE BY A SIMILAR TITLE IS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS' 1737 EDITION.

VERNER IN HIS CARTO-BIBLIOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF THE FOURTH BOOK OF THE ENGLISH PILOT STATES THE FOLLOWING:

"TWO EDITIONS OF THE FOURTH BOOK WERE PRINTED IN DUBLIN -- ONE BY GEORGE GRIERSON IN 1749, THE OTHER BY HIS SON AND SUCCESSOR, BOULTER GRIERSON, IN 1767. BOTH OF THESE WERE PRINTED FROM THE SAME PLATE (WITH A CHANGED IMPRINT ON THE TITLE PAGE) WHICH WERE A DIRECT COPY OF ONE OF THE LONDON EDITIONS PRINTED ABOUT 1737.

"GEORGE GRIERSON LIVED FROM 1709 TO 1753. HE WAS THE FIRST OF A FAMILY OF PRINTERS PROMINENT IN DUBLIN PUBLISHING CIRCLES FOR MANY YEARS, AND IN 1727 BECAME KING'S PRINTER. APPARENTLY THIS PROMPTED HIS PIRACIES, FOR THE ENGLISH PILOT WAS NOT THE ONLY BOOK THAT HE APPROPRIATED...

"THE CHARTS IN GRIERSON'S PILOT ARE, ON THE WHOLE, NOTABLY INFERIOR COPIES OF THEIR ORIGINALS. THE ENGRAVING IS NEITHER AS FINE NOR AS ACCURATE, AND THE IMPRESSIONS ARE POORLY MADE ON A COARSE INFERIOR PAPER STOCK...

"COMMENTING ON THE EDITION OF 1767, SABIN OBSERVES:

'THE MAPS, WHICH HAVE A CLEAR ROUGH, OLD FASHIONED APPEARANCE, ARE NEARLY ALL ENGRAVED EXPRESSLY FOR THIS EDITION, AND DIFFER MATERIALLY FROM THE LONDON EDITION OF THE WORK, CONTAINING GENERALLY MORE MINUTE PARTICULARS.'

"...GRIERSON PUBLISHED ONLY THE ONE EDITION OF THE PIRATED PILOT IN 1749; IT IS EXTREMELY RARE. AFTER HIS DEATH IN 1753, HIS ELDEST SON, GEORGE ABRAHAM GRIERSON, CONTINUED THE BUSINESS, BUT FOR ONLY TWO YEARS. UPON THE DEATH OF THIS SON IN 1755, HIS EXECUTORS CARRIED ON UNTIL 1758, AT WHICH TIME A SECOND SON, BOULTER, ACQUIRED POSSESSION. BOULTER GRIERSON WAS THE SON OF GEORGE'S SECOND WIFE, A SISTER TO THE NOTED PRINTER JAMES BLOW OF BELFAST.

"BOULTER GRIERSON PUBLISHED A SECOND EDITION OF THE PILOT IN 1767, AN EDITION ALMOST AS RARE AS THE FIRST. THE MAPS ARE FROM THE SAME PLATES WITHOUT CHANGE, EVEN TO THE IMPRINTS."

DATA IS FROM VERNER'S STUDY ON THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK AND FROM THROWER AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION. DESPITE ITS GREAT IMPORTANCE TO NAVIGATION, THE MAP IS NOT OTHERWISE IMPORTANT TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION, AS ITS REPRESENTATION OF THE AREA IS TOO SMALL.

EDITION & STATE INFO : NO ATTEMPT HAS BEEN MADE TO TRACE THE HISTORY OF THIS MAP IN DETAIL. IT IS BASED, HOWEVER, ON EDMOND HALLEY'S MAP OF 1701 AND LATER EDITIONS. SINCE VERNER INDICATES THAT THE 1749 AND 1767 GRIERSON EDITIONS OF THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK WERE DIRECT COPIES OF A LONDON EDITION PRINTED ABOUT 1737, IT WAS PROBABLY THAT EDITION THAT WAS USED BY THE GRIERSONS. SEE PHILLIPS ATLASES, # 1157 MAP [1] FOR THE 1737 EDITION.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A BLACK AND WHITE COPY ON COARSE PAPER, TAKEN FROM THE 1767 BOULTER GRIERSON PIRATED EDITION OF THE 4TH BOOK OF THE ENGLISH PILOT. THE BOOK, MINUS SEVERAL MAPS, WAS GIVEN TO YALE UNIVERSITY. THE MAP HAS AN ACQ. # OF ASON018-UNHLQ* AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-454.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, I, # 1162 MAP [1], # 1157, MAP [1] (1737 EDITION), # 1155 (1706 EDITION - LACKS MAP); VERNER, COOLIE, A CARTO-BIBLIOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE CHARTS OF VIRGINIA, CHARLOTTESVILLE: BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA, 1960: 23-25; THROWER, J.W. NORMAN, "EDMOND HALLEY AND THEMATIC GEO-CARTOGRAPHY", IN THE COMPLEAT PLATTMAKER, EDITED BY NORMAN J.W. THROWER, BERKELEY: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS, 1978: 195-228; SABIN, JOSEPH, A DICTIONARY OF BOOKS RELATING TO AMERICA FROM ITS DISCOVERY TO THE PRESENT TIME, NEW YORK: JOSEPH SABIN, 1868-1936: # 22619.

March 14, 1991


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