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MAP #: 267G8

CARTOGRAPHER : GRIERSON, BOULTER [PUBLISHER]

DATE: 1767

SHORT TITLE : A CHART OF THE SEA COAST OF NEW FOUND LAND NEW SCOTLAND

REMAINING TITLE & ID : NEW YORK NEW JERSEY WITH VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND AND NEW ENGLAND SOLD BY GEORGE GRIERSON AT THE TWO BIBLES IN ESSEX STREET DUBLIN (CARTOUCHE, TOP LEFT CORNER). SCALE OF 60 ENGLISH AND FRENCH LEAGUES 20 IN A DEGREE (BELOW TITLE IN CARTOUCHE). TWO 32 POINT COMPASS ROSES (NEAR BOTTOM OF CHART ON LEFT AND RIGHT IN OCEAN AREA). LONGITUDE (NOT SHOWN). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS). NOTHING IS IN THE MARGINS.


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1767 (1702)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : DUBLIN
PUBLISHER : BOULTER GRIERSON
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 44.8 X 56.2 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 47.5 X 60.0 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 4,130,000 (BASED ON LATITUDE)
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-455
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : SONA018-UNHLQ*
REGION CATEGORY : NOT SIGNIFICANT TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (9)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) :
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES
: SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS
CARTOUCHE : SIMPLE LINE FRAME (2)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL FOR LATITUDE (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : VERNER'S CARTO-BIBLIOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF THE ENGLISH PILOT IS BEST.
DESCRIPTION : THIS WAS THE FINAL ISSUE OF A CHART INITIALLY PUBLISHED BY FISHER AND MOUNT IN 1689. IT WAS PUBLISHED IN SEVERAL EDITIONS AND STATES IN THE FOURTH BOOK OF THE ENGLISH PILOT FROM 1689 TO 1794. THIS 1767 EDITION WAS A PIRATED COPY OF THE FIRST EDITION AND WAS FIRST ISSUED IN DUBLIN IN 1749 BY GEORGE GRIERSON AND LATER REISSUED IN 1767 BY HIS SON BOULTER. THE CHART IS ON HEAVY BUT COARSE PAPER AND IS RATHER CRUDELY ENGRAVED. IT COVERS THE AREA FROM NEW FOUNDLAND TO JUST SOUTH OF CAPE HENRY, INCLUDING ALL OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY. THE DELINEATION OF THE BAY AREA APPEARS TO BE BASED ON THORNTON'S WORK, WHICH IN TURN IS DERIVED FROM AUGUSTINE HERRMAN. HOWEVER, THE DELMARVA PENINSULA IS SHOWN CONSIDERABLY TOO NARROW AND LACKING IN DETAIL. BY THE TIME OF THE PUBLICATION OF THIS PIRATED EDITION, THE CHART HAD BEEN SUPERSEDED BY BETTER REPRESENTATIONS ALL ALONG THE COAST, INCLUDING THE WALTER HOXTON CHART OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY OF 1735 (SEE MAP # 235H5) AND THE FRY AND JEFFERSON MAP OF 1753 (SEE MAP # 253F5).

THE FIRST PRINTED EDITION OF THIS MAP WAS DONE BY MOUNT & PAGE IN 1702 FOR INCLUSION IN THEIR ATLAS MARITIMUS NOVUS IN THAT YEAR. THAT ATLAS WAS MADE WITH ALMOST ALL NEW PLATES. VERNER SAYS THAT THIS CHART OF THE SEACOAST WAS COPIED FROM EXISTING MAPS AND CONTAINS LITTLE THAT IS ORIGINAL. THEY USED THE FISHER AND MOUNT "A NEW CHART FOR THE SEA COASTS OF NEW FOUND LAND NEW SCOTLAND NEW ENGLAND NEW JARSEY Wth VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND", DONE BEFORE 1691, AND THE THORNTON "A NEW CHART OF THE SEA COAST OF NEWFOUND LAND, NEW SCOTLAND, NEW ENGLAND, NEW JERSEY, VIRGINIA, MARYLAND, PENNSILVANIA, AND PART OF CAROLINA." OF 1689-1706 AS THE BASIS OF THEIR WORK. THE DELINEATION OF SOME OF THE MAJOR LAND AREAS IS LIKE THORNTON. VERNER CONTINUES THAT THE SAND BANKS AND SHOALS ARE DIFFERENT THAN THE PROTOTYPES AND APPEAR TO HAVE BEEN DERIVED FROM MANUSCRIPT RATHER THAN PRINTED SOURCES. THE CROWN COLLECTION SERIES I IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM (VOL. 5, NO. 7; K. MAR. VII.g) HAS A MANUSCRIPT CHART DONE ABOUT 1700 ENTITLED "A NEW CHART OF THE COAST OF NEW FOUND LAND, NEW SCOTLAND AND NEW ENGLAND &c" THAT WAS THE BASIS FOR THE NEW MATERIAL INCORPORATED BY MOUNT AND PAGE. THIS CHART WAS USED UNTIL 1794 IN BOTH THE FOURTH BOOK OF THE ENGLISH PILOT AND THE ATLAS MARITIMUS NOVUS.

VERNER IN HIS CARTO-BIBLIOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF THE FOURTH BOOK OF THE ENGLISH PILOT INDICATES THE FOLLOWING: "TWO EDITIONS OF THE FOURTH BOOK WERE PRINTED IN DUBLIN -- ONE BY GEORGE GRIERSON IN 1749, THE OTHER BY HIS SON AND SUCCESSOR, BOULTER GRIERSON, IN 1767. BOTH OF THESE WERE PRINTED FROM THE SAME PLATE (WITH A CHANGED IMPRINT ON THE TITLE PAGE) WHICH WERE A DIRECT COPY OF ONE OF THE LONDON EDITIONS PRINTED ABOUT 1737.

"GEORGE GRIERSON LIVED FROM 1709 TO 1753. HE WAS THE FIRST OF A FAMILY OF PRINTERS PROMINENT IN DUBLIN PUBLISHING CIRCLES FOR MANY YEARS, AND IN 1727 BECAME KING'S PRINTER. APPARENTLY THIS PROMPTED HIS PIRACIES, FOR THE ENGLISH PILOT WAS NOT THE ONLY BOOK THAT HE APPROPRIATED...

"THE CHARTS IN GRIERSON'S PILOT ARE, ON THE WHOLE, NOTABLY INFERIOR COPIES OF THEIR ORIGINALS. THE ENGRAVING IS NEITHER AS FINE NOR AS ACCURATE, AND THE IMPRESSIONS ARE POORLY MADE ON A COARSE INFERIOR PAPER STOCK...

"COMMENTING ON THE EDITION OF 1767, SABIN OBSERVES:

'THE MAPS, WHICH HAVE A CLEAR ROUGH, OLD FASHIONED APPEARANCE, ARE NEARLY ALL ENGRAVED EXPRESSLY FOR THIS EDITION, AND DIFFER MATERIALLY FROM THE LONDON EDITION OF THE WORK, CONTAINING GENERALLY MORE MINUTE PARTICULARS.'

"...GRIERSON PUBLISHED ONLY THE ONE EDITION OF THE PIRATED PILOT IN 1749; IT IS EXTREMELY RARE. AFTER HIS DEATH IN 1753, HIS ELDEST SON, GEORGE ABRAHAM GRIERSON, CONTINUED THE BUSINESS, BUT FOR ONLY TWO YEARS. UPON THE DEATH OF THIS SON IN 1755, HIS EXECUTORS CARRIED ON UNTIL 1758, AT WHICH TIME A SECOND SON, BOULTER, ACQUIRED POSSESSION. BOULTER GRIERSON WAS THE SON OF GEORGE'S SECOND WIFE, A SISTER TO THE NOTED PRINTER JAMES BLOW OF BELFAST.

"BOULTER GRIERSON PUBLISHED A SECOND EDITION OF THE PILOT IN 1767, AN EDITION ALMOST AS RARE AS THE FIRST. THE MAPS ARE FROM THE SAME PLATES WITHOUT CHANGE, EVEN TO THE IMPRINTS."

DATA IS FROM VERNER'S EXCELLENT CARTO-BIBLIOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK. THE MAP IS NOT IMPORTANT TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION SINCE THE REPRESENTATION OF THAT AREA IS TOO SMALL.

EDITION & STATE INFO : VERNER GIVES A DETAILED REVIEW OF THE EDITIONS AND STATES OF THIS CHART. HE IDENTIFIES THREE EDITIONS IN A TOTAL OF SIX STATES. THE CHART DESCRIBED HEREIN IS THE THIRD EDITION.

ED. 1 - STATE 1 - (1702-1716) - ENTITLED "A CHART OF THE SEA COAST OF NEW FOUND LAND, NEW SCOTLAND, NEW ENGLAND, NEW YORK, NEW JERSEY, WITH VIRGINIA, AND MARYLAND. SOLD BY RICHd. MOUNT AND THO: PAGE AT THE POSTERN ON GREAT TOWER HILL LONDON (SCALE) ENGLISH AND FRENCH LEAGUES 20 IN A DEGREE." THE TITLE IS IN A SQUARE BOX IN THE TOP LEFT CORNER. THE CHART IS ORIENTED TO THE NORTH AND MEASURES 45.2 X 57.3 cm. COPIES APPEARED IN THE ATLAS MARITIMUS NOVUS IN 1702 AND 1708 AND IN THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK IN 1713 AND 1716.

- STATE 2 - (1721-1729) - PORTIONS OF THE PLATE HAVE BEEN REENGRAVED. THE LAND AREA HAS BEEN RECUT WITH THE OFF-SHORE HATCHING BEING LONGER THAN IN THE PRIOR STATE. THE HOOK OF "C CODD" HAS THE HATCHING COVERING THE WHOLE OF ITS LAND AREA. THE RHUMB LINES AND SOUNDINGS FIGURES HAVE BEEN RETOUCHED IN SOME PLACES. THIS STATE OF THE CHART WAS INCLUDED IN THE ATLAS MARITIMUS NOVUS OF 1721 AND IN THE ENGLISH PILOT OF 1721, 1728, AND 1729.

- STATE 3 - (1737-1745) - THE IMPRINT IS CHANGED TO READ "...SOLD BY WILLm: MOUNT & THO: PAGE AT THE POSTERN ON GREAT TOWER HILL LONDON (SCALE) ENGLISH AND FRENCH LEAGUES 20 IN A DEGREE." THIS STATE WAS PRINTED IN THE ENGLISH PILOT OF 1737 THROUGH 1745. ONLY THE IMPRINT WAS CHANGED. SOME OF THE SOUNDINGS AND RHUMB LINES NOT RECUT IN STATE 2 HAVE ALMOST DISAPPEARED.

ED. 2 - STATE 1 - (1748-1770) - THIS EDITION IS ENTITLED "A CHART OF THE SEA COAST OF NEW FOUNDLAND NEW SCOTLAND NEW ENGLAND NEW YORK NEW JERSEY WITH VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND. (SCALE) A SCALE OF ENGLISH AND FRENCH LEAGUES 20 IN A DEGREE. SOLD BY W. & I. MOUNT & T. PAGE ON TOWER HILL LONDON". THE CARTOUCHE IS IN THE TOP LEFT IN AN INTERRUPTED SQUARE BOX. THE TITLE AND SCALE ARE ON A DRAPERY PANEL WITH THE IMPRINT IN TWO LINES BELOW TO THE LEFT, AND OUTSIDE THE DRAPERY PANEL. THE RIGHT END OF THE IMPRINT WHICH EXTENDS MORE THAN HALF THE WIDTH OF THE PANEL, IS ENCLOSED BY A BRACE. MOST OF THE PLATE CHANGES ARE BIBLIOGRAPHICAL. THE LETTERING IS LARGER AND REARRANGED. THE SIZE AND SHAPE OF THE LARGE SAND BAR ON THE RIGHT BORDER FROM 44o TO 46o LATITUDE IS CHANGED. THIS EDITION APPEARED IN THE PILOT FOR 1748 THROUGH 1770 AND IN THE ATLAS MARITIMUS NOVUS FOR 1750 AND 1755.

- STATE 2 - (1773-1794) - IN THIS STATE THE PLATE WAS RETOUCHED TO RESTIPPLE THE SAND BANKS AND SHOALS WITH A COARSER GRAIN THAT PRINTS DARK AND HEAVY. THE LESSER SHOALS FROM CAPE COD TO CAPE HENRY WERE NOT RESTIPPLED AND EVENTUALLY DISAPPEAR. THE FIVE BARS IN THE SCALE HAVE BEEN DIVIDED INTO UNITS. THIS STATE APPEARED IN THE PILOT EDITIONS FROM 1773 THROUGH 1794.

ED. 3 - STATE 1 - (1749-1767) - THIS IS THE CHART DESCRIBED HEREIN. THE FIRST ISSUE OF THIS EDITION IN 1749 BY GEORGE GRIERSON IS ON PAPER WATERMARKED WITH A COCK AND A WATERMARK II. THE SECOND ISSUE IN 1767 BY BOULTER GRIERSON HAS NO WATERMARK ON THE PAPER.

DATA IS TAKEN DIRECTLY FROM VERNER.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A GOOD COPY OF THE SECOND ISSUE OF THE THIRD EDITION OF THIS CHART IN BLACK AND WHITE. IT WAS ORIGINALLY IN A POORLY BOUND COPY OF THE FOURTH BOOK OF THE ENGLISH PILOT, BUT WAS REMOVED FOR CONSERVATION PURPOSES. THE BOOK, WITHOUT SEVERAL OF THE MAPS AND CHARTS, WAS CONTRIBUTED TO THE YALE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. THE MAP HAS AN ACQ. # OF SONA018-UNHLQ* AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-455.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : VERNER, COOLIE, A CARTO-BIBLIOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK..., CHARLOTTESVILLE: BIBLIOGLRAPHICAL SOCIETY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA, 1960, 41-49 (FOR PLATE III, STATE 1, SEE 49).

March 14, 1991


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