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MAP #: 262G8

CARTOGRAPHER : GRONOVIUS, JAN FREDERICK

DATE: 1762

SHORT TITLE : VIRGINIA

REMAINING TITLE & ID : (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "SCALA LERICARUM & SEMI LERICARUM" (BELOW TITLE IN CARTOUCHE). 4 POINTED COMPASS ROSE (BOTTOM RIGHT). LONGITUDE (POSSIBLY EAST FROM FERRO, RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS). LATITUDE (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1762
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LEYDEN
PUBLISHER : LUGDUNI BATAVORUM
LANGUAGE(S) : LA
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 31.0 X 20.5 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 1,910,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : BASED ON LATITUDE
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-114(REPRO)
HFC ACQ. PRIORITY : 5
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 :
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED MAP OF SOME PORTION OF MD/CHESAPEAKE (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) :
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : W IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : AUGMENTED LINE FRAME (3)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : POSSIBLY FERRO (22)
SEE ALSO MAP #s :
BEST INFO SOURCE : ALL SOURCES CITED IN BIBLIOGRAPHY WERE HELPFUL.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP COVERS THE LOWER PART OF THE CHESAPEAKE, UP TO THE MOUTH OF THE PATUXENT RIVER AND FROM THE ATLANTIC TO THE BEGINNING OF THE ALLEGHENY MOUNTAINS. THERE ARE NO PLACE NAMES OR SOUNDINGS. THE MAP WAS USED TO ILLUSTRATE THE SECOND EDITION OF THE FIRST SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF THE FLORA OF AMERICA. THE MAP WAS LOCATED AT THE END OF JAN FREDERICK GRONOVIUS' BOOK ENTITLED FLORA VIRGINICA, EXHIBENS PLANTAS, QUAS... D.D. JOHANNES CLAYTONUS... IN VIRGINIA CRESCENTS OBSERVAVIT, COLLEGIT & OBTULIT J. FRED. GRONOVIO, CUJUS STUDIO & OPERA DESCRIPTAE & IN ORDINEM SEXUALEM SYSTEMATICUM REDACTAE SISTUNTUR. LUGDUNI BATAVORUM, 1762.

GRONOVIUS, SON OF A PHYSICIAN, CLASSICAL SCHOLAR AND LIBRARIAN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF LEYDEN, BECAME A BOTANIST AND CORRESPONDED WITH MANY OTHER BOTANISTS, FROM WHICH HE DREW IN PART THE DATA FOR HIS PUBLICATIONS. HE COMPILED THE FLORA VIRGINICA IN 1739, WHEN ITS FIRST EDITION CAME OUT.

JOHN CLAYTON, A NATIVE OF FULHAM, ENGLAND, CAME TO VIRGINIA IN 1705 AND WAS CLERK OF GLOUCESTER COUNTY FOR MANY YEARS. HE TRAVELED EXTENSIVELY IN VIRGINIA, ESPECIALLY IN THE REGION BETWEEN THE JAMES AND THE RAPPAHANNOCK RIVERS. HE SPENT MUCH OF HIS TIME COLLECTING VIRGINIA PLANTS AND DISCUSSING THEM WITH GRONOVIUS, LINNAEUS, KALM, CALLISON AND BERTRAM. BECAUSE HIS SPECIMENS FORMED THE BASIS OF THIS WORK, IT IS SOMETIMES SAID HE SHOULD BE CREDITED WITH THE BOOK. HOWEVER, THE FINAL IDENTIFICATION OF THE SPECIMENS, THE SYSTEM OF THE BOOK AND THE CLASSIFICATION WERE ALL LARGELY THE WORK OF GRONOVIUS.

THE MAP DID NOT APPEAR IN THE FIRST EDITION IN 1739. IT IS NOT KNOWN WHO ACTUALLY DREW THE MAP. THE MAP IS KEYED BY THE NUMBERS ON ITS FACE TO A "EXPLICATO MAPPAE GEOGRAPHICAE VIRGINIAE" IN VOLUME 2 OF THE 1762 EDITION, WHICH EDITION WAS EDITED BY HIS SON, LAURENS THEODORUS GRONOVIUS, WHO ADDED NEW PLANTS FROM CADWALLADER COLDEN, JOHN MITCHELL, PEHR KALM AND PEHR OSBECK. IT IS AN IMPORTANT STUDY OF OUR FLORA AND INTRODUCED MANY NEW SPECIES.

DATA IS FROM HUNT'S CATALOGUE OF BOTANICAL BOOKS, CLARK'S TRAVELS IN THE OLD SOUTH, A BIBLIOGRAPHY, AND FROM ARKWAY'S CATALOGUE XXIV.

EDITION & STATE INFO : IT IS THOUGHT THAT ONLY THIS SINGLE EDITION AND STATE WAS PUBLISHED. THE MAP DID NOT APPEAR IN THE FIRST EDITION OF THE BOOK.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A FULL SIZE PHOTOCOPY OF THE COPY IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. IT HAS A MDHR # OF G1399-114(REPRO).

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : RICHARD B. ARKWAY, CATALOGUE XXIV, "RARE BOOKS ON VARIOUS SUBJECTS", NEW YORK: RICHARD B. ARKWAY, INC., 1983, ITEM 60, 39-40; SABIN, JOSEPH, A DICTIONARY OF BOOKS RELATING TO AMERICA FROM ITS DISCOVERY TO THE PRESENT TIME, NEW YORK: JOSEPH SABIN, 1868-1936, # 28924; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, UNDATED REPRINT OF A 1901 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, 982; CLARK, THOMAS D., ed., TRAVELS IN THE OLD SOUTH, A BIBLIOGRAPHY, I, NORMAN, OKLAHOMA: THE UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA PRESS, 83; STEVENSON, ALLAN, compiler, CATALOGUE OF BOTANICAL BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION OF RACHEL MCMASTERS MILLER HUNT, PITTSBURGH: THE HUNT BOTANICAL LIBRARY, 1961, 282-283. April 18, 1990


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