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MAP #: 261A5

CARTOGRAPHER : AA, PIERRE VAN DER

DATE: 1761

SHORT TITLE : VIRGINIE, GRANDE REGION DE L' AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE,

REMAINING TITLE & ID : AVEC TOUS SES BOURGS, HAMEAUX, RIVIERES ET BAYES, SUIVANT LES RECHERCHES EXACTES DE CEUX QUI L'ONT DECOUVERTE, ET NOUVELLEMENT MISE AU JOUR PAR PIERRE VANDER AA, A AMSTERDAM CHEZ I. COVENS ET C. MORTIER. (CARTOUCHE, TOP RIGHT CORNER). GERMAN AND FRENCH SCALES BELOW TITLE. COMPASS ROSE (BOTTOM LEFT IN "MARE VIRGINICUM"). THERE IS NOTHING IN THE MARGINS. LONGITUDE POSSIBLY EAST FROM FERRO OR PARIS (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS). LATITUDE (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1761(1671)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : AMSTERDAM
PUBLISHER : COVENS & MORTIER
LANGUAGE(S) : FR
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 28.9 X 35.4 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 1,400,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : MGC12 = 6.4 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-246
# 2 : G1399-229 (STATE 1)
# 3 : G1399-549 (STATE 2)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : BB023-HEN
# 2 : BB023-UNN (STATE 1)
# 3 : SW015-THN (STATE 2)
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : JOHN SMITH DERIVATIVE (11)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : W IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : MONUMENT (18)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : MERIDIAN UNSPECIFIED BUT PROBABLY FERRO (22)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 112S5, 118H5, 171M5, 229A5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : VERNER IS THE MOST COMPLETE.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS THE THIRD STATE OF THE MONTANUS-OGILBY MAP "NOVA VIRGINIAE TABULA" WITH ALL THE ORIGINAL CARTOUCHE DELETED AND REPLACED BY A SINGLE CARTOUCHE, AS IN THE SECOND STATE BY PIERRE VANDER AA (SEE MAP # 229A5). THE IMPRINT OF THE SECOND STATE HAS BEEN ALTERED TO SHOW OWNERSHIP OF THE PLATE BY COVENS AND MORTIER. THE SECOND AND THIS THIRD STATE ADD NEW SCALES, LONGITUDE FIGURES AND 3 NEW NAMES IN EASTERN MARYLAND. VERNER DESCRIBES THE FIRST STATE AS BEING THE EIGHTH DERIVATIVE OF THE 1612 JOHN SMITH MAP (SEE MAP # 112S5). THE PLATE ORIGINALLY WAS PREPARED BY J. MEURS FOR THE 1671 DUTCH EDITION OF A. MONTANUS'S DE NIEUWE EN ONBEKENDE WEERELD...T'AMSTERDAM, J. MEURS, 1671 AND IS A CAREFUL COPY OF THE HONDIUS-BLEAU DERIVATIVE OF THE SMITH MAP (SEE MAP # 118H5). IT IS SOMEWHAT SMALLER AND MORE DECORATIVE.

JOHN OGILBY USED THE MONTANUS PLATE, UNALTERED, IN HIS 1671 WORK AMERICA AND MONTANUS AGAIN USED IT IN 1673 IN THE HIGH GERMAN EDITION OF MONTANUS, WHICH IS ATTRIBUTED TO OLFERT DAPPER. LATER THE PLATE WAS ACQUIRED BY PIERRE VANDER AA, WHO SO THOROUGHLY ALTERED IT THAT IT WAS NOT RECOGNIZABLE AS THE MEURS PLATE. THE AA PLATE SUBSEQUENTLY PASSED TO COVENS AND MORTIER, WHO ADDED THEIR IMPRINT AFTER DELETING PART OF THE AA IMPRINT. THE ONLY ITEM OF INTEREST ABOUT THIS STATE IS THAT IT IS THE LAST PRINTING OF ANY DERIVATIVE OF THE JOHN SMITH MAP. ITS INFORMATION WAS WELL OUT OF DATE WHEN IT WAS RELEASED, WITH THE FRY AND JEFFERSON MAP HAVING BEEN IN USE FOR 8 YEARS BEFORE THE PUBLICATION OF THIS STATE. THE CONTINUATION OF THE USE OF THIS PLATE FOR 90 YEARS, AFTER MUCH MORE ACCURATE DATA WAS AVAILABLE IS A TESTIMONIAL TO THE COST OF NEW PLATES AND THE DESIRE FOR PROFIT OVER ACCURACY.

DATA IS FROM KOEMAN, VERNER, MCS # 45 AND HIS [UNPUBLISHED] NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA, PHILLIPS ATLASES, AND FROM PERSONAL OBSERVATION OF ALL THREE STATES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THERE IS ONE EDITION, WHICH WAS ISSUED IN THREE STATES. THE FIRST IS BY MONTANUS AND OGILBY FROM 1671-1673. THE SECOND IS BY AA IN 1729 AND THE THIRD IS BY COVENS AND MORTIER IN 1761.

1ST STATE - (1671-1673) - THREE IMPRESSIONS ARE KNOWN, WITH NO PLATE CHANGES. THE WATERMARK ON THE MONTANUS 1671 (IMPRESSION 1) AND 1673 (IMPRESSION 3) PRINTINGS IS A JESTER. THE MARK ON THE OGILBY 1671 (IMPRESSION 2) PRINTING IS A COCKATRICE. NOT ALL PRINTINGS CARRY THESE MARKS. THE HUNTINGFIELD COPY HAS NO WATERMARK. COPIES OF ALL THREE IMPRESSIONS ARE IN THE NYPL. IMPRESSION 1 ALSO IS IN THE NEWBERRY AND # 2 IS IN THE JCB AND HARVARD. SEE MAP # 171M5.

2ND STATE - (1729) - ALL OF THE ORIGINAL CARTOUCHES, SCALE TITLE, AND NOTARUM ARE REPLACED BY A SINGLE CARTOUCHE, A NEW SCALE OF GERMAN AND FRENCH LEAGUES IS PROVIDED. LONGITUDE FIGURES ARE ADDED. THREE NEW NAMES IN EASTERN MARYLAND AND SOME OTHER NAMES HAVE BEEN ADDED. THE TITLE IN THE CARTOUCHE IS "VIRGINIE, GRANDE REGION DEL 'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE, AVEC TOUS SES BOURGS, HAMEAUX, RIVIERES ET BAYES, SUIVANT LES RECHERCHES EXACTES DE CEUX QUI L 'ONT DECOUVERTE, ET NOUVELLEMENT MISE AU JOUR PAR PIERRE VAN DER AA, MARCHAND LIBRAIRE A 'LEIDE". THIS MAP APPEARED IN LA GALERIE AGREABLE DU MONDE..., A 'LEIDE, PIERRE VANDER AA, 1729, VOL. 63-4. THESE MAPS ARE ON UNWATERMARKED PAPER. COPIES ARE IN THE L.C., NEWBERRY, YALE, HARVARD, AND THE NYPL. SEE MAP # 229A5.

3RD STATE - (1761) - THE ONLY CHANGE FROM THE SECOND STATE IS THAT THE AA IMPRINT HAS BEEN DELETED IN PART AND REPLACED WITH THE FOLLOWING: "A AMSTERDAM CHEZ I COVENS ET C MORTIER." A COPY IS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

DATA IS FROM VERNER, MCS # 45, 36-7 AND FROM PERSONAL OBSERVATION OF THE THREE STATES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY IN OUTLINE COLORING OF STATE 1 WITH NO WATERMARK, SO POSITIVE IDENTIFICATION IS IMPOSSIBLE. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF BB023-UNN AND A MdHR # OF G1399-229. THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A COPY OF STATE 2 IN FULL COLOR WITH WIDE MARGINS, AN ACQ. # OF SW015-THN AND A MdHR # OF G1399-549. HUNTINGFIELD ALSO HAS A COPY IN OUTLINE COLORING WITH EXTREMELY WIDE MARGINS OF STATE 3.

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFS : VERNER, COOLIE, "SMITH'S VIRGINIA AND ITS DERIVATIVES", IN MAP COLLECTORS' SERIES # 45, LONDON: MAP COLLECTORS' CIRCLE, 1968, 36-37; BAER, ELIZABETH, SEVENTEENTH CENTURY MARYLAND, A BIBLIOGLRAPHY, BALTIMORE: THE JOHN WORK GARRETT LIBRARY, 1949, 67, # 7; KOEMAN, IR. C., ATLANTES NEERLANDICI, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., 1967, AA9, 15-29, V. 64 # 1; SWEM, EARL G., MAPS RELATING TO VIRGINIA IN THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY..., RICHMOND: VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES, 1989 REPRINT OF A 1914 ARTICLE IN THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY BULLETIN, # 105; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, # 3448, VOL. 9, # 55; VERNER, COOLIE, [UNPUBLISHED] NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA; HOWES, WRIGHT, USIANA (1650-1950) A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY..., NEW YORK: R.R. BOWKER COMPANY FOR THE NEWBERRY LIBRARY, 1962, # M733, O41, D59.

April 26, 1990


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