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MAP #: 25_A5

CARTOGRAPHER : ANONYMOUS

DATE: 175_

SHORT TITLE : CARTE DES COLONIES ANGLOISES DANS L'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE

REMAINING TITLE & ID : TERMINEE PAR LA Re. OHIO (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). SCALE IN ENGLISH MILES (BELOW CARTOUCHE). "A PARIS CHEZ N.J.B. POILLY RUE S. JACQUES A L'ESPERANCE" (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). "LES PETITS POINTS MARQUENT LES PRETENTIONS DES ANGLOIS, ET LES POINTS LONGS CELLES DES FRANCAIS." (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). 4 POINT COMPASS ROSE (ABOVE CARTOUCHE). LONGITUDE (PRIME MERIDIAN NOT IDENTIFIABLE, TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1753-6?
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PARIS
PUBLISHER : L. EULER [?]
LANGUAGE(S) : FR
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 34.9 X 30.8 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 40.0 X 50.0 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 5,400,000 [?]
SCALE - OTHER DATA :
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-122
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : BB023-DTD
REGION CATEGORY : NOT IMPORTANT TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (9)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : -
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1 [?]
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS [OUTSIDE THE CHESAPEAKE] ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES.
CARTOUCHE : ROCOCO (17)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : UNSPECIFIED (20)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : CORRESPONDENCE WITH ED DAHL AND MARY PEDLEY
DESCRIPTION : THUS FAR WE HAVE NOT BEEN ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE AUTHOR, PUBLISHER OR DATE OF THIS MAP WITH ANY PRECISION. BECAUSE OF THE NOTE IN THE RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN, IT OBVIOUSLY WAS DONE AS THE DISPUTE BETWEEN FRANCE AND ENGLAND ABOUT WESTERN BOUNDARIES OF THE BRITISH COLONIES WAS HEATING UP. THE MAP COVERS ALL OF THE NORTHEASTERN COLONIES AS FAR WEST AS THE WESTERN END OF LAKE SUPERIOR. ITS REPRESENTATIONS OF COLONY LINES ARE AT BEST SCHEMATIC AND UNIQUE. IT ADDS NOTHING TO THE GEOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND OR THE CHESAPEAKE AREA AND IS THE ONLY MAP KNOWN TO THE WRITER TO SHOW DETROIT AS PART OF MARYLAND.

ED DAHL OF THE CANADIAN NATIONAL ARCHIVES NOTES A MAP BY JEAN BAPTISTE NOLIN ENTITLED "CARTE DES COLONIES ANGLOISES DANS L'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE: TERMINEE PAR LA Re OHIO/ TRADUITE DE L'ANGLOIS DE LA CARTE DE H. OVERTON: ET AUGMENTEE PAR LE SR. NOLIN- - PARIS: N.J.B. DE POILLY, 1756." THIS MAP HAS FERRO AS THE PRIME MERIDIAN. THE NOLIN MAP INCLUDES AN "EXPLICATION", WHICH IS ABSENT FROM THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

MARY PEDLEY OF THE CLEMENTS LIBRARY INDICATES THAT THE MAP IS NOT BY BELLIN, WHO WOULD HAVE USED THE DEPOT DE LA MARINE IMPRINT AND SIGNED IT HIMSELF. IN HER OPINION IT IS LIKELY TO HAVE BEEN DONE IN THE EARLY 1750s. THE CONFIGURATION OF THE GREAT LAKES IS FROM d'ANVILLE (1746), BUT THE OHIO RIVER IS PRE-1755 WHEN THE DEPOT DE LA MARINE AND BELLIN PUBLISHED A MORE DETAILED SURVEY. SHE WRITES THAT THE MAP LOOKS VERY SIMILAR IN LAYOUT (EVEN TO THE CUT-OFF OF THE WESTERN TIP OF LAKE SUPERIOR) TO ONE IN L. EULER'S ATLAS GEOGRAPHIQUE, BERLIN: 1753, DONE FOR THE PRUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. IT IS MAP 38, THE SECOND SHEET OF A FOUR-SHEET MAP OF NORTH AMERICA, TAKEN, SAYS EULER IN HIS INTRODUCTION, "FROM A FAMOUS ENGLISH MAP OF THESE REGIONS PUBLISHED A LITTLE WHILE AGO." SHE DOES NOT THINK IT IS REFERRING TO THE MITCHELL MAP, WHICH WAS PUBLISHED IN 1755, BUT IT MAY BE FROM A MAP BY J. GREEN ALSO KNOWN AS BRADDOCK MEAD. SHE WOULD DATE IT c1754-1755 SINCE THE MAP SHOWS "FORT CONTESTE", WHICH IS PERHAPS FORT NECESSITY, WHERE WASHINGTON WAS DEFEATED. SHE NOTES THAT NICOLAS JEAN BAPTISTE DE POILLY WAS AN ENGRAVER AND PRINT SELLER AND NOT KNOWN AS A GEOGRAPHER. HE PROBABLY ENGRAVED IT, COPYING FROM ANOTHER SOURCE.

DATA IS FROM CORRESPONDENCE WITH MARY PEDLEY AND ED DAHL.

EDITION & STATE INFO : UNKNOWN.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A GOOD COPY IN OUTLINE COLORING WITH THE LAKES AND THE EDGE OF THE OCEAN IN LIGHT BLUE. THE CARTOUCHE IS UNCOLORED. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DTD AND A MDHR # OF G1399-122.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : NO REFERENCES TO THIS MAP HAVE BEEN FOUND.

August 23, 1990


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