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MAP #: 257L5

CARTOGRAPHER : LOTTER, TOBIAS CONRAD [PUBLISHER]

DATE: 1757

SHORT TITLE : RECENS EDITA TOTIUS NOVI BELGII, IN AMERICA SEPTENTRIONALI

REMAINING TITLE & ID : SITI, DELINEATIO CURA ET SUMTIBUS TOB. CONR. LOTTERI, SAC. CAES. MAJ. GEOGRAPHI AUGUST. VIND. CUM GRATIA ET PRIVIL. S.R.I. VICARIAT IN PART, RHENI, SVEVIAE, ET JURIS FRANCONICI. (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). INSET VIEW ENTITLED "NEU JORCK SIVE NEW AMSTERDAM" WITH A LETTER KEY IN LATIN (BOTTOM OF MAP, RIGHT TWO-THIRDS). NUMEROUS BIRDS, ANIMALS AND DECORATIVE FIGURES, INCLUDING TWO INDIAN VILLAGES (THROUGHOUT MAP). COMPASS ROSE (OFF CAPE COD IN THE "MAR DEL NORT"). LONGITUDE, PROBABLY EAST FROM FERRO (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1757?(1651)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : AUGSBURG
PUBLISHER : TOBIAS CONRAD LOTTER
LANGUAGE(S) : GELA
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 49.5 X 57.5 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : - X - CM. OM (MAP FRAMED AND NOT MEASURED)
SCALE - (RF) 1: : ?
SCALE - OTHER DATA : -
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-232
# 2 : G1399-237 (ED.3 - ST.1)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : BB023-HTF
# 2 : R025-HIGD (ED.3 - ST.1)
REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL AREA MAP OF SIGNIFICANCE TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (3)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : JOHN SMITH DERIVATIVE MAP (11)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN IN SHADING.
CARTOUCHE : ADORNED PLASTERWORK (15)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : MERIDIAN UNSPECIFIED, BUT PROBABLY FERRO (22)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 151J5, 160J5, 180S6, 155V5, 157V5, 183V5, 210S5, 156D5, 156D6, 183D5, 156A5, 173A5, 173A6, 174A5, 175A5, 19_O5, 226O5, 170O5, 229A3, 261C6, 230S5, 23_S5, 23_S6, 257L6.
BEST INFO SOURCE : CAMPBELL AND STOKES WERE BOTH USEFUL.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS STATE 4 OF THE LAST OF A LONG SERIES OF MAPS PUBLISHED WITH THE NOVI BELGII TITLE. IT COVERS FROM PRESENT DAY MAINE TO CAPE HENRY. THE SERIES CONTINUED UNTIL SOMETIME AFTER 1757. AT THE TIME OF THE JANSSON PROTOTYPE IT WAS, ACCORDING TO CAMPBELL, "THE MOST UP TO DATE AND MOST DETAILED MAP OF THE REGION AVAILABLE." THIS IS SECONDED BY STOKES, WHO SAYS, "THE AUTHORSHIP OF THIS IMPORTANT MAP IS UNFORTUNATELY SHROUDED IN MYSTERY, BUT IT IS CLEAR THAT THE MAP ITSELF REPRESENTS A CARTOGRAPHICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA, COMBINING MATERIALS FROM PRACTICALLY ALL OF THE KNOWN MAPS AVAILABLE AT THE TIME, AS WELL AS FROM OTHERS WHICH HAVE SINCE BEEN LOST." BY THE TIME THAT THIS FINAL EDITION WAS PUBLISHED, THE SERIES HAD LONG SINCE BEEN REPLACED BY MORE UP TO DATE MAPS AND HAD LITTLE REMAINING PRACTICAL VALUE.

ITS REPRESENTATION OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY IS BASED ON THE SMITH MAP OF 1612, WITH ITS EXAGGERATION OF THE WIDTH OF THE DELMARVA PENINSULA. THE NEW ENGLAND COAST IS PROBABLY BASED ON SMITH'S NEW ENGLAND MAP. THE SHOALS OFF CAPE COD ARE FROM A MAP BY MINUIT WHICH, IN TURN, IS BASED ON ADRIAN BLOCK'S MAP. THE HUDSON AND CONNECTICUT VALLEYS ARE FROM THE DE LAET MAP OF 1630. THE ST. LAWRENCE RIVER AND THE INCORRECT LOCATION AND SHAPE OF LAKE CHAMPLAIN ARE FROM CHAMPLAIN'S MAP.

THE DATE OF THIS FOURTH STATE IS A MATTER OF CONJECTURE. THE FIRST THREE STATES OF THIS EDITION WERE DONE BY MATTHEW SEUTTER, WHO DIED IN 1757. TOBIAS CONRAD LOTTER, HIS SON-IN-LAW, TOOK OVER THE BUSINESS IN THAT YEAR, SO THIS STATE MUST HAVE BEEN ISSUED IN THAT YEAR OR LATER. THE DATA ON THE MAP IS SO OUT OF DATE THAT NO CLUE CAN BE OBTAINED BY EXAMINING THE DATA ON THE MAP ITSELF.

STOKES NOTES THAT THIS EDITION OF THE MAP IS BASED ON THE SECOND STATE OF THE HUGO ALLARDT MAP, BUT THAT THE PENNSYLVANIA SECTION WAS COPIED FROM THE SECOND STATE OF THE DANCKER'S MAP. THIS FOURTH STATE HAS THE NAME "TOB. CONR. LOTTERI" SUBSTITUTED FOR "MATTHAEI SEUTTERI", BUT LACKS THE INITIALS "S.A.L.A." THAT WERE ADDED AFTER "AUGUST. VIND." IN THE FIFTH AND FINAL STATE OF THIS EDITION AND SERIES. THE CARTOUCHE SHOWS NATIVES AND GODS GIVING TRIBUTE TO A SEATED ENGLISH MONARCH, PROBABLY GEORGE II. CAMPBELL THINKS THAT THE CARTOUCHE MAY HAVE BEEN ENGRAVED BY MATTHEW SEUTTER. THE VIEW IS ENTITLED "NEU JORCK SIVE NEW AMSTERDAM" AND THE KEY IS IN LATIN.

THE MAP SHOWS THE COURSE OF THE DELAWARE RIVER SEPARATED FROM THE HUDSON, AS IN THE REVISED DANCKER'S VERSION. THE LAKES AND RIVERS ARE SHADED AND THE NOTES AND SOME OF THE NAMES ARE TRANSLATED INTO GERMAN FROM DUTCH. SOME OF THE NAMES ARE RENDERED IN LATIN. THE BOUNDARIES OF MASSA- CHUSETTS, NEW ENGLAND, NEW YORK, NEW JERSEY, AND PENNSYLVANIA ARE SHOWN BY PRINTED LINES. PHILADELPHIA IS SHOWN REPRESENTATIONALLY WITH HOUSES IN RELIEF.

MATTHEW SEUTTER (1678-1757) WAS A CARTOGRAPAHER, ENGRAVER AND PUBLISHER, FIRST IN VIENNA AND THEN IN AUGSBURG, WHERE HE SET UP HIS OWN BUSINESS IN 1707. HE MADE ATLASES FROM 1728 TO 1757, WHEN HIS BUSINESS PASSED TO HIS SON-IN-LAW TOBIAS CONRAD LOTTER.

DATA IS MOSTLY FROM CAMPBELL, WITH SOME FROM STOKES AND TOOLEY.

EDITION & STATE INFO : FOR A MORE COMPLETE REVIEW OF THE EDITION AND STATE INFORMATION, TAKEN LARGELY FROM TONY CAMPBELL'S ARTICLE IN MAP COLLECTOR'S SERIES # 24, SEE MAP # 156D5. NUMEROUS STATES OF THIS MAP SERIES ARE KNOWN FROM EIGHT PLATES. THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN IS THE FOURTH STATE OF THE EIGHTH EDITION. THIS EDITION'S FIVE STATES ARE AS FOLLOWS:

ED. 8 - STATE 1 - [1730?] - ENTITLED "RECENS EDITA TOTIUS NOVI BELGII, IN AMERICA SEPTENTRIONALI SITI, DELINEATIO CURA ET SUMTIBUS MATTHAEI SEUTTERI, CHALCOGRAPHI AUGUSTANI", THIS STATE HAS THE RESTITUTIO CARTOUCHE REPLACED BY ONE SHOWING NATIVES AND GODS PRESENTING A TRIBUTE TO A SEATED ENGLISH MONARCH. THE VIEW IS ENTITLED "NEU JORCK SIVE NEW AMSTERDAM" AND THE KEY IS IN LATIN INSTEAD OF DUTCH. IT IS THE FIRST IN THE SERIES TO SHOW BY PRINTED LINES THE BOUNDARIES OF MASSACHUSETTS, NEW ENGLAND, NEW YORK, NEW JERSEY AND PENNSYLVANIA. PHILADELPHIA IS SHOWN REPRESENTATIONALLY WITH FIVE OR SIX HOUSES IN RELIEF. SEE MAP # 230S5.

- STATE 2 - [173_?] - SIMILAR TO STATE 1 EXCEPT THAT "SAC. CAES. MAJ. GEOGRAPHI AUGUST. VIND" REPLACES " CHALCOGRAPHI AUGUSTANI" AT THE END OF THE IMPRINT. SEE MAP # 23_S5.

- STATE 3 - [173_?] - SIMILAR TO STATE 2 EXCEPT THAT TWO EXTRA LINES ARE ADDED AT THE END OF THE IMPRINT READING "CUM GRATIA ET PRIVIL. S.R.I. VICARIAT IN PART. RHENI, SVEVIAE, ET JURIS FRANCONICI". SEE MAP # 23_S6.

- STATE 4 - [1757-?] - SIMILAR TO STATE 3 EXCEPT THAT SEUTTER'S NAME IS REPLACED BY "TOB. CONR. LOTTERI." THERE IS NO "S.A.L.A." AFTER "AUGUST. VIND" AS IN STATE 5. LOTTER WAS THE SON-IN-LAW OF SEUTTER AND TOOK OVER HIS BUSINESS AFTER SEUTTER'S DEATH IN 1757. THE FREE LIBRARY OF PHILADELPHIA HAS A COLORED COPY OF THIS STATE, AS DOES THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

- STATE 5 - [1757-?] - "S.A.L.A." IS ADDED AFTER "AUGUST. VIND." IN THE IMPRINT. SEE MAP # 257L6.

THE DATA IS LARGELY AND DIRECTLY FROM TONY CAMPBELL'S STUDY IN MAP COLLECTOR'S SERIES # 24.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A GOOD COLORED COPY OF THIS FOURTH STATE OF EDITION 8, BY LOTTER. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF BB023-HTD AND A MDHR # OF G1399-232. HFC ALSO HAS A PRISTINE COPY OF THE EXTREMELY RARE FIRST STATE OF THE THIRD EDITION OF THIS MAP, WITH AN ACQ. # OF R025-HIGD AND A MDHR # OF G1399-237.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : STOKES, I.N.PHELPS., THE ICONOGRAPHY OF MANHATTAN ISLAND 1498-1909, VOL. 1 OF 6, ARNO PRESS REPRINT, 1967, PLATE 16b AND P. 223 (SHOWING STATE 1 OF THIS EDITION); CAMPBELL, TONY, "NEW LIGHT ON THE JANSSON-VISSCHER MAPS OF NEW ENGLAND", MAP COLLECTOR'S SERIES # 24, MAP COLLECTOR'S CIRCLE, LONDON, 1965, P. 18, K25; ASHER, G.M., A LIST OF THE MAPS AND CHARTS OF NEW NETHERLAND..., AMSTERDAM, F. MULLER, 1855, # 20, P. 16; TOOLEY, RONALD VERE, TOOLEY'S DICTIONARY OF MAPMAKERS, MAP COLLECTOR PUBLICATIONS LIMITED, TRING, HERTFORDSHIRE, ENGLAND, 1979, P. 577.

February 8, 1989


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