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MAP #: 257B6

CARTOGRAPHER : BELLIN, JACQUES NICOLAS

DATE: 1757

SHORT TITLE : CARTE DE LA VIRGINIE, DE LA BAYE CHESAPEACK ET PAYS VOISINS

REMAINING TITLE & ID : POUR SERVIR A L'HISTOIRE GENERALE DES VOYAGES. TIREE DES MEILLEURES CARTES ANGLOISES (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). ECHELLE LIEUES COMMUNES DE FRANCE (BELOW TITLE IN CARTOUCHE). "TOM XIV. IN 4o. No. 8." (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). "TOME 14 IN 8o. PAGE 23." (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). LONGITUDE WEST FROM PARIS (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1757?(1757)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PARIS
PUBLISHER : A.F. PREVOST DE EXILE
LANGUAGE(S) : FR SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 18.9 X 28.8 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 2,300,000 SCALE - OTHER DATA :
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-42
# 2 : G1399-46
# 3 : G1399-233 (ED. 1 - STATE 1)
# 4 : G1399-235 (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 5 : G1399-499 (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 6 : G1399-595 (ED. 2 - STATE 2)
# 7 : G1399-863REPRO (ED. 2 - STATE 3)
# 8 : G1399-515 (ED. 3)
# 9 : G1399-274 (ED. 5) HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : BB023-2F
# 2 : BB023-2F
# 3 : N026-EG (ED. 1 - STATE 1)
# 4 : BB023-NG (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 5 : B016-DFF (ED. 2 - STATE 1)
# 6 : B015-IG (ED. 2 - STATE 2)
# 7 : - (ED. 2 - STATE 3)
# 8 : B016-DFT (ED. 3)
# 9 : JP017-HDG (ED. 5)
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : FRY & JEFFERSON DERIVATIVE MAP (15)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES. : NONE IN THE CHESAPEAKE BAY. CARTOUCHE : ROCOCO (17)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : PARIS (3)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 257B5, 257B7, 258B5, 264B5, 27_B5, 273B5, 280B4, 281B6, 282H5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : VERNER AND CUMMING ARE THE MOST HELPFUL.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP WAS IN THE ATLAS TO PREVOST'S HISTOIRE GENERALE DES VOYAGES, PARIS, 1738-1775. THIS MAP APPEARS TO BE THE SECOND STATE OF THE MAP OF 1757 BY BELLIN IN THE SAME PUBLICATION ENTITLED "CARTE DE LA BAYE DE CHESAPEACK ET PAYS VOISINS POUR SERVIR A L'HISTOIRE GENERALE DES VOYAGES. TIREE DES MEILLEURES CARTES ANGLOISES" (SEE MAP # 257B5). THIS LATTER MAP HAS A PRINTED RIGHT HAND, POINTING TO A NOTE BELOW THE CARTOUCHE. THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN SHOWS TRACES OF THE ERASURE OF THAT HAND AND, WITH THE SIGNS OF PLATE WEAR, IT SUGGESTS THAT THE SAME PLATE WAS REUSED WITH CHANGES. THE SAME MAP IS FOUND AS # 46 IN JEAN F. DE LA HARPE'S ABREGE DE L'HISTOIRE DES VOYAGES..., PAR M. DE LA HARPE...ATLAS, PARIS, 1780. THIS WAS AN ABRIDGEMENT OF PREVOST'S HISTOIRE. WRITER HAS NOT SEEN A COPY OF THE 1780 STATE OF THE MAP. VERNER ASSERTS IN HIS [UNPUBLISHED] NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA THAT IT IS A PRECISE COPY OF THE 1757 MAP. THE SAME MARKINGS ARE IN THE BOTTOM MARGIN AS ARE IN STATE 2.

THE MAP COVERS THE AREA FROM PHILADELPHIA TO CAPE HENRY AND FROM THE ATLANTIC TO WESTERN MARYLAND. THE BOUNDARY LINES BETWEEN MARYLAND AND DELAWARE, PENNSYLVANIA AND VIRGINIA ARE EITHER WHOLLY OR PARTLY SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES. THE FAIRFAX GRANT LINE IS DRAWN IN. NO COUNTIES ARE INCLUDED. THE MAP SHOWS ROADS AND NAMES TOWNS AND RIVERS. VERNER STATES THAT THIS MAP IS DERIVED FROM THE FRY AND JEFFERSON MAP OF 1754.

CUMMING NOTES THAT THE MAP FROM THIS PUBLICATION PERTAINING TO CAROLINA IS ATTRIBUTED BY PROF. KARPINSKI TO M. BONNE, BUT THAT IT WAS BY BELLIN. IN THE ADVERTISSEMENT OF VOLUME 1, P. XVII, THE TRANSLATOR REFERS TO "L'AUTEUR DE CES CELLES CARTES...M. BELLIN, INGENIEUR DE LA MARINE, GARDE DU DEPOT ROYAL DES PLANS & DES CARTES". HE FURTHER NOTES THAT THIS IS JACQUES NICOLAS BELLIN (1703-1772) AUTHOR OF NUMEROUS WORKS ON GEOGRAPHY AND HYDROGRAPHY.

DATA IS FROM CUMMING, THE SOUTHEAST IN EARLY MAPS , TOOLEY, MCS #96, PHILLIPS, VIRGINIA CARTOGRAPHY, PUBLIC ARCHIVES OF CANADA PUBLICATION FRENCH ATLASES IN THE RARE ATLAS COLLECTION, V. 1, VERNER'S [UNPUBLISHED] NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPIES OF THE VARIOUS EDITIONS AND STATES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : FROM PERSONAL OBSERVATION, THERE ARE AT LEAST FIVE EDITIONS OF THIS MAP IN NUMEROUS STATES. IT IS UNCERTAIN WHETHER THE EDITION MARKED AS # 2 IS IN THE CORRECT SEQUENCE, SINCE THUS FAR WE HAVE BEEN UNABLE TO DATE IT ACCURATELY.

ED. 1 - (1757) - STATE 1 - A RIGHT HAND IS SHOWN POINTING TO THE NOTE IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER. MOST COPIES OF THIS ISSUE ARE IN BLACK AND WHITE. SEE MAP # 257B5.

- (1757) - STATE 2 - THE TITLE IS CHANGED TO "CARTE DE LA VIRGINIE, DE LA BAYE CHESAPEACK ET PAYS VOISINS. POUR SERVIR A L'HISTOIRE GENERALE DES VOYAGES. TIREE DES MEILLEURES CARTES ANGLOISES" (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). "ECHELLE LIEUES COMMUNES DE FRANCE" (BELOW TITLE IN CARTOUCHE). "TOM XIV IN 4o. NO. 8." (BOTTOM LEFT MARGIN). "TOME 14 IN 8o. PAGE 23." (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). THE HAND DESCRIBED ABOVE HAS BEEN ELIMINATED, WITH FAINT TRACES REMAINING. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

- (1780) - ANOTHER ISSUE[STATE?] - THIS MAP ALSO APPEARED IN JEAN F. DE LA HARPE'S ABREGE DE L'HISTOIRE GENERALE DES VOIAGES, DE M'L'ABBE PREVOST IN VOL. 22, ATLAS VOLUME, PARIS, 1780, WHICH IS AN ABRIDGEMENT OF A.F. PREVOST DE EXILES' HISTOIRE DES VOIAGES, PUBLISHED IN PARIS FROM 1746 TO 1789. THE MAP IS A PRECISE COPY OF THE 1757 MAP, ACCORDING TO VERNER, WITH A DIFFERENT TITLE. THE SAME MARKINGS ARE IN THE BOTTOM MARGIN AS ARE NOTED IN STATE 2. WRITER HAS NOT YET SEEN THIS ISSUE [STATE?] OF THE MAP AND DOES NOT KNOW HOW, IF AT ALL, IT DIFFERS FROM STATE 2. VERNER LISTS THIS AS A SEPARATE EDITION. COPIES ARE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND IN THE MARYLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY. (SEE MAP # 280B4).

ED. 2[?] - (1757[?]-1764[?]) - STATE 1[?] - ENTITLED "CARTE DE LA VIRGINIE ET DU MARYLAND, OU DE LA BAIE DE CHESAPEACK ET PAYS VOISINS POUR SERVIR A L'HISTOIRE GENERALE DES VOYAGES. TIREE DES MEILLEURES CARTES ANGLOISES." (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). "TOM. XXI." (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). NOTE UNDER CARTOUCHE HAS A RIGHT HAND POINTING TO IT. THERE IS NOTHING IN THE BOTTOM MARGIN. (SEE MAP # 257B7).

- (177_) - STATE 2[?] - ENTITLED "...POUR SERVIR A L'HISTOIRE PHILOSOPHIQUE & POLITIQUE DES ETABLISSEMENS ET DU COMMERCE DES EUROPEENS ET DU DEUX INDES. TIREE DES MEILLEURES CARTES ANGLOISES." (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). "39." (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). NOTE UNDER CARTOUCHE HAS A RIGHT HAND POINTING TO IT. THERE IS NOTHING IN THE TOP MARGIN. THE PLATE IMPERFECTIONS IN THE TOP RIGHT BORDER SUGGEST THAT IT IS A SIMILAR PLATE TO THE PRIOR STATE. THE EXACT DATE AND BOOK IN WHICH THIS APPEARED HAS NOT YET BEEN FULLY IDENTIFIED. THERE ARE NUMEROUS EDITIONS OF RAYNAL'S HISTOIRE PHILOSOPHIQUE ET POLITIQUE DES ETABLISSEMENS ET DU COMMERCE DES EUROPEENS DAN LES DEUX INDIES, PUBLISHED FROM 1770 THROUGH 1798. SINCE THIS STATE APPEARS TO PRECEED THE ONE DATED 1773 IN THIS LISTING BECAUSE OF COMPARATIVE PLATE IMPERFECTIONS, WE HAVE TENTATIVELY DATED IT 1770-1773. (SEE MAP # 27_B5).

- (1773) - STATE 3[?] - ENTITLED "....POUR SERVIR A L'HISTOIRE DES ETABLISSEMENS EUROPEENS. TIREE DES MEILLEURES CARTES ANGLOISES." A REPRODUCTION OF THIS STATE IS IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION. BARBARA MCCORKLE OF YALE STATED IN A TELEPHONE CONVERSATION THAT THIS STATE IS FOUND IN YALE'S 1773 COPY OF RAYNAL'S HISTOIRE PHILOSOPHIQUE ET POLITIQUE DES ETABLISSEMENS ET DU COMMERCE DES EUROPEENS DAN LES DEUX INDIES. VERNER NOTES A COPY IN THE ALDERMAN LIBRARY IN A STATE OF THE BOOK DATED 1774. (SEE MAP # 273B5).

ED. 3 - (1758) - ENTITLED "KARTE VON DER BAY CHESAPEACK UND DEN BENACHENBARTEN LANDEN ZUR ALLGEMEINE HISTORIE DER REISEN AUS DEN BESTEN ENGLAENDISCHEN KARTEN GEZOGEN (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). "No. 11" (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). "T. XVI.C." (RIGHT BOTTOM MARGIN). THIS EDITION IS A GERMAN TRANSLATION OF THE BELLIN MAP, STATE 1, EDITION 1, FROM PREVOST'S HISTOIRE GENERALE DES VOYAGES AND IS MAP 11, ON PAGE 538 OF VOLUME 16 OF ALLGEMEINE HISTORIE DER REISEN, LEIPZIG, 1758. (SEE MAP # 258B5).

ED. 4 - (1764) - ENTITLED "CARTE DE LA VIRGINIE MARI-LAND &a, TIREE DES MEILLEURES CARTES ANGLOISES". "TOME I, NO. 35" (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). THIS MAP IS REFERENCED IN SELLERS & VAN EE, # 1437, AND PHILLIPS, ATLASES, I, # 638, III, # 3508. A COPY IS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. THIS MAP APPEARED AS PLATE NO. 35 IN VOL. 1 OF BELLIN'S LE PETIT ATLAS, 5 VOLS., FOL., PARIS, 1764. (SEE MAP # 264B5).

ED. 5 - (1781) - ENTITLED "CARTA DELLA VIRGINIA DELLA BAJA CHESAPEACK, e PAESI VICINI TRATTA DALLE MIGLIORI CARTE INGLESI." (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT). NOTHING IS IN THE MARGINS. THIS MAP WAS NO. 29 IN BELLIN'S TEATRO DELLA GUERRE MARITTIMA..., FOL., VENEZIA, V. FORMALEONI, 1781. IT WAS REISSUED IN P.U. DU BUSSION'S STORIA DELLE REVOLUZIONE DELL 'AMERICA INGLESE, VENEZIA, V. FORMALEONI, 1782. ROADS ARE SHOWN AS DOUBLE LINES, UNLIKE IN PRIOR EDITIONS, WHICH WERE SINGLE LINES. THE MERIDIAN IS NOT NOTED IN THE BOTTOM BORDER AS IN PRIOR EDITIONS. ONLY A SINGLE EDITION OF THIS MAP APPEARED IN ITALIAN. (SEE MAP # 281B6).

DATA IS FROM VARIOUS SOURCES NOTED IN THE BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SECTION AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE ITEMS IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION, BUT THE VERNER NOTES WERE PARTICULARLY HELPFUL.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A BLACK AND WHITE COPY OF ED. 1, STATE 1, IN GOOD CONDITION WITH AN ACQ. # OF N026-EG AND A MDHR # OF G1399-233. THE COLLECTION HAS TWO BLACK AND WHITE COPIES OF ED. 1, STATE 2, DESCRIBED HEREIN, BOTH WITH ACQ. #s OF BB023-2F, AND WITH MDHR #s OF G1399-42 AND G1399-46. ONE IS IN GOOD CONDITION AND ONE HAS BEEN INEXPERTLY REPAIRED WITH BROWN TAPE ON THE BACK. THE COLLECTION HAS TWO COPIES OF STATE 1 OF EDITION 2, ONE IN BLACK AND WHITE ON THIN PAPER WITH WIDE MARGINS, AN ACQ. # OF B016-DFF AND A MDHR # OF G1399-499, AND ONE IN OUTLINE COLORING WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-NG AND A MDHR # OF G1399-235. IT HAS A COPY OF STATE 2 OF THE 2ND EDITION IN BLACK AND WHITE ON THIN PAPER WITH FULL MARGINS. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF B015-IG0 AND A MDHR # OF G1399-595. IT HAS A REPRODUCTION OF STATE 3 OF EDITION 2 WITH A MDHR # OF G1399- 863REPRO. IT HAS A GOOD BLACK AND WHITE COPY OF THE 3RD EDITION OF 1758 IN GERMAN WITH AN ACQ. # OF B016-DFT AND A MDHR # OF G1399-515. FINALLY, THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A GOOD COPY OF THE 5TH ED. OF 1781 IN ITALIAN WITH AN ACQ. # OF JP017-HDG AND A MDHR # OF G1399-274.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : TOOLEY, R.V., "PRINTED MAPS OF AMERICA PART IV", IN MAP COLLECTORS' SERIES # 96, LONDON: MAP COLLECTORS' PUBLICATIONS, LTD., 1974, 113-114, MAPS # 873 AND 875; CUMMING, WILLIAM P., THE SOUTHEAST IN EARLY MAPS, CHAPEL HILL: THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS, 1958, 228 (SEE MAP # 311 FROM THE SAME PUBLICATION FOR A DISCUSSION OF THE MAP AUTHOR); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, VIRGINIA CARTOGRAPHY, WASHINGTON: THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, 1896, 50, 51, 52; SEBOEK, LOU, FRENCH ATLASES IN THE RARE ATLAS COLLECTION OF THE PUBLIC ARCHIVES OF CANADA, OTTAWA: THE PUBLIC ARCHIVES OF CANADA, 1974, IV; MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY VOL. 1, PART IV, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, JULY, 1897, 348; SELLERS, JOHN R. & VAN EE, PATRICIA MOLEN, MAPS AND CHARTS OF NORTH AMERICA AND THE WEST INDIES 1750-1789, WASHINGTON: THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, 1981, # 1383, # 1437; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., 1971 REPRINT OF A 1909 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION, I, # 348, MAP 29, # 638, III, # 3508; SABIN, JOSEPH, A DICTIONARY OF BOOKS RELATING TO AMERICA FROM ITS DISCOVERY TO THE PRESENT TIME, NEW YORK: JOSEPH SABIN, 1868- 1936, # 65402, # 65403; VERNER, COOLIE, [UNPUBLISHED] NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA.

January 28, 1991



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