Return to Huntingfield Map Collection homepage

MAP #: 255E6

CARTOGRAPHER : EVANS, LEWIS

DATE: 1755

SHORT TITLE : A GENERAL MAP OF THE MIDDLE BRITISH COLONIES, IN AMERICA;

REMAINING TITLE & ID : VIZ VIRGINIA, MARILAND, DELAWARE, PENSILVANIA, NEW-JERSEY, NEW-YORK, CONNECTICUT, AND RHODE ISLAND: OF AQUANISHUONIGY,THE COUNTRY OF THE CONFEDERATE INDIANS; COMPREHENDING AQUANISHUONIGY PROPER, THEIR PLACE OF RESIDENCE, OHIO AND TIIUXSOXRUNTIE THEIR DEER-HUNTING COUNTRIES, COUXSAXRAGE AND SKANIADARADE, THEIR BEAVER-HUNTING COUNTRIES; OF THE LAKES ERIE, ONTARIO AND CHAMPLAIN, AND OF PART OF NEW-FRANCE: WHEREIN IS ALSO SHEWN THE ANTIENT AND PRESENT SEATS OF THE INDIAN NATIONS. BY LEWIS EVANS. 1755 (CARTOUCHE, TOP CENTER). "ENGRAVED BY JAs. TURNER IN PHILADELPHIA." (LEFT OF BOTTOM OF CARTOUCHE). "PUBLISHED ACCORDING TO ACT OF PARLIAMENT BY LEWIS EVANS. JUNE 23. 1755. AND SOLD BY R. DODSLEY IN PALL-MALL, LONDON, & BY THE AUTHOR IN PHILADELPHIA." (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). SCALE OF 150 ENGLISH MILES (BELOW THE CARTOUCHE). "TO THE HONOURABLE THOMAS POWNALL ESQr. PERMIT ME, SIR, TO PAY YOU THIS TRIBUTE OF GRATITUDE, FOR THE GREAT ASSISTANCE YOU HAVE GIVEN ME IN THIS MAP; AND TO ASSURE THE PUBLIC, THAT IT HAS PAST THE EXAMINATION OF A GENTLEMAN, WHOM I ESTEEM THE BEST JUDGE OF IT IN AMERICA: YOUR MOST OBEDIENT, AND MOST HUMBLE SERVANT, L EVANS." (UPPER LEFT CORNER, ENGRAVED SO AS TO APPEAR TO BE ON A SEPARATE PIECE OF PAPER, 6.4 X 19.4 cm., PASTED ON THE MAP). "A SKETCH OF THE REMAINING PART OF OHIO R. &c" (BELOW THE DEDICATION, 16.5 X 13.3 cm. AND ALSO APPEARING TO BE ON A SEPARATE PIECE OF PAPER PASTED ON THE MAIN MAP). "FOR A PARTICULAR MAP OF VIRGINIA THE READER IS REFERRED TO THAT BY FRY & JEFFERSON PUBLISH'D BY Mr JEFFERYS NEAR CHARING CROSS, LONDON, IN 1751." (RIGHT OF CENTER, INSIDE BOTTOM BORDER, IN THE FORM OF A LABEL, 1.3 X 7.6 cm.). THE WORDS: "THE LAKE CATARAQUI" ARE ADDED JUST NORTH OF LAKE ONTARIO. LONGITUDE FROM PHILADELPHIA (TOP BORDER WITH EACH DEGREE MARKED WITH A SMALL LETTER a TO s FOR REFERENCE TO THE ANALYSIS). LONGITUDE FROM LONDON (BOTTOM BORDER). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS, WITH EACH DEGREE MARKED WITH WITH CAPITAL LETTERS A TO K IN THE RIGHT BORDER).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1755(1755)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : PHILADELPHIA
PUBLISHER : LEWIS EVANS
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 49.3 X 66.3 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 2,281,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 1 INCH = 36 MILES
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-606(2)
# 2 : MSA SC1399-558 (ED. 2 - STATE 3)
# 3 : MSA SC1399-356 (REPRO - ED. 3 - STATE 3)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : N015-HE3Q*
# 2 : C015-UI2 (ED. 2 - STATE 3)
# 3 : - (REPRO - ED. 3 - STATE 3)
REGION CATEGORY : A GENERAL MAP OF SOME SIGNIFICANCE TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (3)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : LEWIS EVANS & DERIVATIVES (18)
: FRY & JEFFERSON & DERIVATIVES (15)
: WALTER HOXTON & DERIVATIVES (17)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : SIMPLE PLASTERWORK (14)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : LONDON & PHILADELPHIA (7)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 255E5, 256K5, 258J5, 260B5, 265B5, 268J5, 271B5, 274B5, 275S5, 275S6, 276P5, 276S2, 276S3, 280B8, 284B5, 292B5, 294L3, 296B5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : KLINEFELTER, WHEAT & BRUN, AND STEVENS ARE THE BEST.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS ONE OF THE LANDMARKS OF AMERICAN CARTOGRAPHY AND THE BEST KNOWN OF EVANS'S MAPS. IT WAS PROBABLY THE MOST FAMOUS MAP IN AMERICA PUBLISHED BEFORE THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. THE MAP IS IMPORTANT, NOT ONLY AS A PROTOTYPE, BUT WAS THE FIRST MAP ENGRAVED IN AMERICA TO SHOW THE OHIO COUNTRY. AS THE MOST AMBITIOUS MAP ENGRAVING UNDERTAKEN IN AMERICA UP TO THAT TIME, ITS PUBLICATION CONSTITUTED A MILESTONE IN THE HISTORY OF GRAPHIC ARTS AS PRACTICED IN THE COLONIAL PERIOD. IT WAS IMMEDIATELY REPRODUCED IN EUROPE AND REISSUED MANY TIMES OVER A PERIOD AS LATE AS 1814. GOVERNOR POWNALL IN 1776 SAID THAT THE MAP WAS SO HIGHLY REGARDED THAT IT WAS USED TO SETTLE BOUNDARY DISUTES, ETC. FOR A LONG TIME AFTER ITS PUBLICATION. SEE MAP # 255E5 FOR A MUCH MORE COMPLETE DESCRIPTION.

THIS STATE IS THE SAME AS STATE 1 EXCEPT FOR THE ADDITION OF "THE LAKES CATARAQUI" NORTH OF LAKE ONTARIO. ACCORDING TO WHEAT AND BRUN, IT WAS ADVERTISED IN THE PENNSYLVANIA GAZETTE BEGINNING MARCH 11, 1756. THIS STATE OF THE MAP WAS PUBLISHED IN SOME COPIES OF EVANS'S GEOGRAPHICAL, HISTORICAL, POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL AND MECHANICAL ESSAYS, 2ND EDITION, AND WAS ALSO PUBLISHED SEPARATELY.

DATA IS FROM KLINEFELTER, STEVENS AND WHEAT & BRUN.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THREE EDITIONS IN A TOTAL OF 19 STATES ARE KNOWN AND OTHERS ARE LIKELY. SOME ARE ATTRIBUTED TO EVANS AND SOME NOT. KLINEFELTER'S STUDY IN THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY TRANSACTIONS IS THE BEST SOURCE. WHEAT AND BRUN AND GIPSON ARE GOOD ON EDITION 1. THEY SUGGEST THAT THERE MAY HAVE BEEN AN ADDITIONAL STATE PRIOR TO STATE 1, WITH THE INSET OF THE ILLINOIS COUNTRY OMITTED. KLINEFELTER AND STEVENS ARE THE BEST SOURCES ON THE OTHER EDITIONS AND STATES. SEE MAP # 255E5 FOR A COMPLETE ENUMERATION OF THE EDITIONS AND STATES OF THE MAP.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A GOOD COPY OF EDITION 1, STATE 2, ATTACHED TO THE ANALYSIS, WITH AN ACQ. # OF N015-HE3Q* AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-606(2). THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A GOOD COPY OF EDITION 2, STATE 3, IN OUTLINE COLORING, WITH AN ACQ. # OF C015-UI2 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-558. THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A REPRODUCTION OF EDITION 3, STATE 3, WITH A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-356(REPRO).

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : A CATALOGUE OF BOOKS RELATING TO THE DISCOVERY AND EARLY HISTORY OF NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICA FORMING A PART OF THE LIBRARY OF E.D. CHURCH, COMPILED AND EDITED BY GEORGE WATSON COLE, 5 VOLS., NEW YORK: 1907: # 1003; EVANS, CHARLES, AMERICAN BIBLIOGRAPHY, 12 VOLS, CHICAGO: 1903-1934: VOL III, 7411-13; MATHEWS, E.B., "THE MAPS AND MAP-MAKERS OF MARYLAND" IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, VOL. II PART IIIb, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1898: 395-398; MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY VOL. I, PART IV, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1897: 234 (EVANS' ESSAYS), 347 (MAP); STEVENS, HENRY N., LEWIS EVANS, HIS MAP OF THE MIDDLE BRITISH COLONIES IN AMERICA, LONDON: HENRY STEVENS, SON, AND STILES, 1905: 1-20; IDEM, REVISED EDITION, LONDON: HENRY STEVENS, SON AND STILES,1920: 5-16 (INCLUDES REPRODUCTIONS OF ALL ISSUES); PAULLIN, CHARLES O., ATLAS OF THE HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE UNITED STATES, EDITED BY JOHN K. WRIGHT, NEW YORK: CARNEGIE INSTITUTION AND AMERICAN GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY OF NEW YORK, 1932: 171, 298; GARRISON, HAZEL S., "CARTOGRAPHY OF PENNSYLVANIA BEFORE 1800", IN PENNSYLVANIA MAGAZINE OF HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY, 59, 1935: 281-283, 298, 433; GIPSON, LAWRENCE HENRY, LEWIS EVANS BY LAWRENCE HENRY GIPSON TO WHICH IS ADDED EVANS' A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF PENNSYLVANIA. TOGETHER WITH FACSIMILES OF HIS GEOGRAPHICAL, HISTORICAL, POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL AND MECHANICAL ESSAYS, NUMBERS I AND II, WHEREIN THE AUTHOR SETS FORTH AN ANALYSIS OF A GENERAL MAP OF THE MIDDLE BRITISH COLONIES, PHILADELPHIA: HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA, 1939: 295, 297-299; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA, IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, UNDATED REPRINT OF A 1901 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATION: 575; U.S. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS REPORT 1930, 174; WINDSOR, JUSTIN, NARRATIVE AND CRITICAL HISTORY OF AMERICA, 8 VOLS., CAMBRIDGE, MASS: HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN AND COMPANY, 1889: VOL. 5V. 83-84; WROTH, LAWRENCE C. AN AMERICAN BOOKSHELF, 1755: 115-60; KLINEFELTER, WALTER, "LEWIS EVANS AND HIS MAPS", IN TRANSACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, VOL. 61, PART 7, PHILADELPHIA: THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, JULY 1971; THE CELEBRATED COLLECTION OF AMERICANA FORMED BY THE LATE THOMAS WINTHROP STREETER, VOL. II OF AN AUCTION CATALOG, NEW YORK: PARKE-BERNET GALLERIES, INC., 1967: 606-607, # 819, ILLUS. 607; SCHWARTZ, SEYMOUR I. & RALPH E. EHRENBERG, THE MAPPING OF AMERICA, NEW YORK: HARRY N. ABRAMS, INC., 1980: PLATE 98; THE WORLD ENCOMPASSED, AN EXHIBITION CATALOG, BALTIMORE: WALTERS ART GALLERY, 1952: # 255; PRE-FEDERAL MAPS IN THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES: AN ANNOTATED LIST, COMPILED BY PATRICK D. MCLOUGHLIN, WASHINGTON: THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES, 1971: # 16 (1755), # 48 (1776); PAPENFUSE, EDWARD C. & JOSEPH M. COALE III, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND, 1608-1908, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982: 34, FIG. 34; SWEM, EARL G., MAPS RELATING TO VIRGINIA IN THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY, RICHMOND: VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES, 1989 REPRINT OF A 1914 ARTICLE, REPUBLISHED AS A BOOK: # 187 (1755), # 242 (1776), # 247 (1776), # 347 (1794); SELLERS, JOHN R. & PATRICIA MOLEN VAN EE, MAPS AND CHARTS OF NORTH AMERICA AND THE WEST INDIES 1750- 1789, WASHINGTON: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, 1981: # 709 (1755- IST STATE), # 710 (1776- 3RD STATE), # 711 (1756- ED. 2 - 1ST STATE), # 712 (1758 - ED. 2 - 2ND STATE), # 713 (1765-1768- ED. 2 - 3RD STATE), # 714 (1776 - ED. 2 - 7TH STATE), # 715 (1765- ED. 3 - 2ND STATE), # 716 (1771- ED. 3 - 3RD STATE); MCCORKLE, BARBARA B., AMERICA EMERGENT, AN EXHIBITION CATALOG, NEW HAVEN: THE BEINECKE RARE BOOK AND MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY OF YALE UNIVERSITY, 1985: # 24, FIG. 24; HOWES, WRIGHT, U.S.IANA (1650-1950), NEW YORK: R. R. BOWKER COMPANY FOR THE NEWBERRY LIBRARY, 1962 REVISED AND ENLARGED EDITION OF A 1954 PUBLICATION: # 227 (GEOGRAPHICAL ESSAYS); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, VIRGINIA CARTOGRAPHY A BIBLIOGRAPHICAL DESCRIPTION, WASHINGTON: THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, 1896: 49-51, 57; WHEAT, JAMES CLEMENTS & CHRISTIAN F. BRUN, MAPS AND CHARTS PUBLISHED IN AMERICA BEFORE 1800 A BIBLIOGRAPHY, LONDON: THE HOLLAND PRESS, LTD., 1978 REVISED EDITION OF A 1969 YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS PUBLICATION: # 298 (1755 - ED. 1 - STATE 1), # 299 (1755 - ED. 1 - STATE 2), FRONTISPIECE, ILLUS. OF # 298; LUNNY, ROBERT M., EARLY MAPS OF NORTH AMERICA, NEWARK, N.J.: THE NEW JERSEY HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 1961: 27, PLATE XXI (1758 - ED. 2 - 2ND STATE); STEVENS, HENRY & ROLAND TREE, "COMPARATIVE CARTOGRAPHY", IN MAP COLLECTORS' SERIES NO. 39, LONDON: THE MAP COLLECTORS' CIRCLE, 1967: # 29, # 30 (REFERENCES 20 ISSUES); MULKEARN, LOIS, ed., A TOPOGRAPHICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE DOMINIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, REVISED AND ENLARGED EDITION OF A BOOK BY THOMAS POWNALL DATED 1776, PITTSBURGH: UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH PRESS, 1949: (A REPRODUCTION OF ED. 1, 3RD STATE OF THE EVANS MAP IS ATTACHED); NEBENZAHL, KENNETH, ATLAS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, CHICAGO: RAND MCNALLY & COMPANY, 1974: 11, 14-15 (ILLUS. OF ED. 2 - STATE 7).

March 31, 1991


This information resource of the Maryland State Archives is presented here for fair use in the public domain. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: Rights assessment for associated source material is the responsibility of the user.


Tell Us What You Think About the Maryland State Archives Website!


[ Archives' Home Page  ||  All About Maryland  ||  Maryland Manual On-Line  ||  Reference & Research
||  Search the Archives   ||  Education & Outreach  ||  Archives of Maryland Online ]

Governor     General Assembly    Judiciary     Maryland.Gov

© Copyright April 26, 2006 Maryland State Archives