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MAP #: 252B5

CARTOGRAPHER : BOWEN, EMANUEL

DATE: 1752

SHORT TITLE : A NEW AND ACCURATE MAP OF VIRGINIA & MARYLAND

REMAINING TITLE & ID : LAID DOWN FROM SURVEYS AND REGULATED BY ASTRONL OBSERVAT.NS BY EMAN. BOWEN. (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). SCALE OF ENGLISH MILES (BELOW CARTOUCHE). "No. 61" (LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN). "PART OF CAROLINA" (IN THE BOTTOM BORDER). 8 POINT COMPASS ROSE (TOP LEFT CORNER). LONGITUDE WEST FROM LONDON (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1752(1747)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER : WILLIAM INNYS, JOSEPH RICHARDSON, ETC.
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 32.6 X 22.9 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 1,150,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 1 1/4 INCHES = 20 ENGLISH MILES
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-1
# 2 : G1399-5 (1747 STATE)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : PRS018-ULN
# 2 : BB023-DGD (1747 STATE)
REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : HERRMAN DERIVATIVE (12) : POPPLE DERIVATIVE (19)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY STIPLING. CARTOUCHE : ROCOCCO (17)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : LONDON
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 247B5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : PHILLIPS IS THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP IS A REVISED STATE OF THE MAP BY THE SAME TITLE DATED 1747 (SEE MAP # 247B5). IT COVERS FROM SOUTHERN PENNSYLVANIA TO SOUTH OF CAPE HENRY AND FROM NEW JERSEY TO ABOUT 25 MILES WEST OF BALTIMORE. THE MAP APPEARED AS MAP # 61 IN EMANUEL BOWEN'S A COMPLETE ATLAS OR DISTINCT VIEW OF THE KNOWN WORLD EXHIBITED IN SIXTY EIGHT MAPS... IN WHICH THE LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE OF THE PRINCIPAL PLACES... ARE LAID DOWN..., 69 MAPS, FOLIO, LONDON FOR W. INNYS, JOSEPH RICHARDSON, (ETC.), 1752.

ALTHOUGH A COMPARISON OF PLACE NAMES IN THE 1747 STATE SHOWS THAT THIS MAP WAS TAKEN ALMOST DIRECTLY FROM HERMAN MOLL'S MAP ENTITLED "VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND" DATED CA. 1736 (SEE MAP # 236B5), INCLUDING FOR EXAMPLE THE INCORRECT "ESSEX C." IN DELAWARE, AND THE DISPLAY OF ENGLISH PLANTATIONS AND INDIAN HOUSES AND PLANTATIONS USING EVEN THE SAME SYMBOLS, BOTH MAPS ARE ULTIMATELY DERIVED FROM THE AUGUSTINE HERRMAN MAP OF 1673 (SEE MAP # 173H5).

THE BOWEN DERIVATIVE DISTORTS THE SHAPE OF THE EAST COAST OF THE DELMARVA PENINSULA SOUTH TO CAPE HENRY BY DIVERTING IT FAR TO THE EAST. THIS DISTORTION DERIVES FROM THE HENRY POPPLE MAP OF 1733 (SEE MAPS # 233P5 AND 233P6).

BOWEN LIVED FROM CA. 1720 TO 1767. HE WAS AN ENGRAVER, PRINTSELLER AND PUBLISHER IN LONDON. BOWEN WAS APPOINTED ENGRAVER OF MAPS TO GEORGE II OF ENGLANDS AND LOUIS XV OF FRANCE, BUT DIED POOR AND NEARLY BLIND.

DATA IS FROM PHILLIPS MAPS, PHILLIPS ATLASES, E.B. MATHEWS, VERNER'S NOTES, THE HARVARD MAP CARD CATALOG, A LETTER FROM ED PAPENFUSE AND FROM PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS.

EDITION & STATE INFO : TWO STATES OF THE MAP ARE KNOWN:

STATE 1 - (1747) - THIS STATE HAS A MAP # OF 95 IN THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN. IT SHOWS "ESSEX C." IN DELAWARE, "ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY" IN MARYLAND, AND DOES NOT SHOW "SALEM" OR THE "SALE R." IN NEW JERSEY. SEE MAP # 247B5.

STATE 2 - (1752) - THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN. IT HAS THE MAP NUMBER 61 IN THE LEFT BOTTOM MARGIN. "ESSEX C," IS CORRECTED TO "SUSSEX C." "ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY" IS CHANGED TO "ANNAPOLIS COUNTY" AND "SALEM" & THE "SALE R." ARE SHOWN IN NEW JERSEY. IT APPEARED IN BOWEN'S A COMPLETE ATLAS..., LONDON, 1752.

DATA IS FROM PHILLIPS MAPS, PHILLIPS ATLASES, VERNER'S NOTES, A LETTER FROM ED PAPENFUSE AND FROM PERSONAL OBSERVATION.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A POOR COPY OF STATE 1 IN OUTLINE COLORING. IT HAD BEEN BADLY MOUNTED, HAVING BEEN PASTED ON NON ACID-FREE BOARD. THIS WAS REMOVED. HOWEVER, THERE ARE TEARS AND WEAK PLACES ON THE MAP AND NON-GLARE TAPE IS OVER THE FACE OF THE MAP TO REPAIR A TEAR. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DGD AND A MDHR # OF G1399-5. THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A BEAUTIFUL COPY OF STATE 2 IN OUTLINE COLORING. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF PRS018-ULN AND A MDHR # OF G1399-1.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, VOL. 1, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., 1971 REPRINT, # 603, MAP # 60 (1747); # 614, MAP # 59 (1752); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, UNDATED REPRINT OF A 1901 BOOK, 393 (1752); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, VIRGINIA CARTOGRAPHY, 47-49; MATHEWS, EDWARD B., BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SPECIAL PUBLICATION VOL. 1, PART IV, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1897, 346; TOOLEY, R.V., TOOLEY'S DICTIONARY OF MAPMAKERS, TRING, HERTFORDSHIRE: MAP COLLECTOR PUBLICATIONS, LTD., 1979, 74; SWEM, EARL G., "MAPS RELATING TO VIRGINIA IN THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY...", IN VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY BULLETIN, VOL. 7, NOS. 2 AND 3, CHARLOTTESVILLE: VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY, 1914, # 177; VERNER, COOLIE, [UNPUBLISHED] NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA; PAPENFUSE AND COALE, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND 1608- 1908, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982, 23, FIG. 24 (1747 STATE).

February 18, 1990


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