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MAP #: 247T5

CARTOGRAPHER : TURNER, JAMES [ENGRAVER]

DATE: 1747

SHORT TITLE : MAP No. I

REMAINING TITLE & ID : (CARTOUCHE, RIGHT CENTER). NOTE ON THE DUTCH NAMES CORRESPONDING TO THE ENGLISH NAMES USED ON THE MAP (CARTOUCHE, BELOW "MAP No. I"). COLOR CODE, WITH SYMBOLS FOR COLORS (ON HANGING CLOTH ATTACHED TO THE BASE OF THE CARTOUCHE). "ENGRAVED & PRINTED BY JAMES TURNER NEAR TOWN HOUSE BOSTON" (BELOW CARTOUCHE). LONGITUDE WEST FROM LONDON (TOP AND BOTTOM MARGINS). LATITUDE (RIGHT MARGIN).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1747
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : NEW YORK
PUBLISHER : JAMES PARKER
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 39.0 X 32.7 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 2,100,000 (BASED ON LATITUDE)
SCALE - OTHER DATA : NONE GIVEN
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-428
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : A017-TGHUQ*
REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL AREA MAP OF SIGNIFICANCE TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (3)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : POPPLE DERIVATIVE (19)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : MONUMENT (18)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (5)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : LONDON
SEE ALSO MAP #s :
BEST INFO SOURCE : WHEAT & BRUN AND THE STREETER CATALOG ARE THE BEST.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP COVERS FROM BOSTON HARBOR TO CAPE HATTERAS, WITH A FULL REPRESENTATION OF THE CHESAPEAKE TIDEWATER AREA. IT WAS ATTACHED TO THE PRINTED VERSION OF THE MOST IMPORTANT BILL EVER FILED IN THE PROVINCIAL COURT OF CHANCERY, ENTITLED A BILL IN THE CHANCERY OF NEW JERSEY... ON PAGE 4 OF THE TEXT IS THE STATEMENT THAT THIS MAP WAS COPIED FROM PART OF [HENRY] POPPLE'S LARGE MAP OF THE ENGLISH COLONIES IN AMERICA (SEE MAPS # 233P5 AND 233P6), EXCEPT FOR THE COLORS AND THE NOTES, WHICH WERE ADDED. THE EAST COAST OF THE DELMARVA PENINSULA, LIKE THE POPPLE, EXTENDS MUCH TOO FAR TO THE EAST. IT IS THE EARLIEST MAP COVERING THE MIDDLE STATES PRINTED AND PUBLISHED IN AMERICA. THERE IS SOME QUESTION AS TO WHETHER OR NOT THIS MAP WAS DRAWN BY LEWIS EVANS. HOWEVER, IT IS BELIEVED THAT BENJAMIN FRANKLIN SUGGESTED EVANS AS THE COPIER OF THE MAPS AND THAT THIS MAY BE THE FIRST PRINTED MAP BY EVANS. THIS IS THE FIRST EXAMPLE OF AMERICAN MAPMAKING FOR THIS AREA. THE MAP WAS ENGRAVED AND PRINTED BY JAMES TURNER.

THE BILL WAS A SUIT FILED IN 1745 BY JOHN EARL OF STAIR AND 38 OTHER PROPRIETORS OF THE EASTERN DIVISION OF NEW JERSEY AGAINST BENJAMIN BOND AND ABOUT 450 OTHERS WHO REFUSED TO PAY THEIR QUITRENTS TO THE PROPRIETORS. THE LAND CONTESTED WAS WEST OF ARTHUR KILL, FROM THE MOUTH OF THE RARITAN RIVER TO THE MOUTH OF THE PASSAIC AND THIRTY MILES INLAND, WHICH HAD BEEN SETTLED BY NEW ENGLANDERS AND SCOTS. THE BILL WAS DRAWN BY JAMES ALEXANDER, ONE OF THE PROPRIETORS, WAS ENGRAVED BY JAMES TURNER OF BOSTON AND PRINTED BY JAMES PARKER. THE BILL WAS PUBLISHED WITH THIS AND TWO OTHER MAPS IN 1747 IN ORDER TO OBTAIN AS WIDE CIRCULATION AS POSSIBLE FOR THE DOCUMENT. THE BILL WAS SOLD BY JAMES PARKER IN NEW YORK AND BY BENJAMIN FRANKLIN IN PHILADELPHIA. THE PRICE BOUND, WITH MAPS COLORED, WAS THREE POUNDS. PLAIN AND STITCHED COPIES WERE FIFTY SHILLINGS IN "PROCLAMATION MONEY". BENJAMIN FRANKLIN ESTIMATED (INCORRECTLY) THAT IT WOULD BE CHEAPER TO ENGRAVE THIS AND THE TWO OTHER MAPS IN THE BILL THAN TO HAND DRAW AND COLOR 40 COPIES OF EACH.

THE BILL WAS NOT ANSWERED UNTIL 1751 AND THE ANSWER WAS ALMOST AS VOLUMINOUS AS THE BILL ITSELF, WHICH RAN TO BOTH SIDES OF 18 LARGE PARCHMENT SKINS OVER TWO FEET SQUARE. THE ANSWER WAS PUBLISHED IN 1752 IN A DOCUMENT ENTITLED AN ANSWER TO A BILL IN CHANCERY OF NEW JERSEY.... THE COUNSELLORS WHO PUT THEIR NAMES TO THE ANSWER WERE WILLIAM LIVINGSTON, AFTERWARDS GOVERNOR OF NEW JERSEY, AND WILLIAM SMITH JR., WHO BECAME CHIEF JUSTICE OF NEW YORK AND AFTER THE REVOLUTION CHIEF JUSTICE OF CANADA.

THE SUIT WAS NEVER ADJUDICATED BECAUSE OF THE ONSET OF THE REVOLUTION. AFTER THE REVOLUTION, THE SUIT WAS NEVER REVIVED.

DATA IS FROM WHEAT & BRUN, SNYDER, STREETER AND FROM PERSONAL OBSERVATION OF THE COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THERE IS ONLY A SINGLE EDITION AND STATE OF THE MAP, AS DESCRIBED.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A GOOD COPY OF THE 1747 DOCUMENT A BILL IN CHANCERY OF NEW JERSEY... WITH THE THREE MAPS, UNCOLORED, INCLUDING THE ONE DESCRIBED HEREIN. THE BILL HAS SOME BROWNING AND THE MAPS ARE ATTACHED TO A PAPER BACKING, WHICH APPEARS TO BE A PART OF THE ORIGINAL DOCUMENT. THE "MAP No. I" HAS A FEW WEAKLY PRINTED AREAS. THE BILL IS BOXED IN AN ACID-FREE BOX, MADE BY THE MARYLAND ARCHIVES. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF A017-TGHUQ* AND A MDHR # OF G1399- 428.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : WHEAT & BRUN, MAPS AND CHARTS PUBLISHED IN AMERICA BEFORE 1800 A BIBLIOGRAPHY, LONDON: THE HOLLAND PRESS LIMITED, 1878 REPRINT OF A YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS VOLUME OF 1969, 397 AND 398, # 294; CUMMING, WILLIAM P., THE SOUTHEAST IN EARLY MAPS, CHAPEL HILL, THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS, 1962, # 266; FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN, THE PAPERS OF, 3, 32, 144-5; MILLER, GEORGE, J., THE PRINTING OF THE ELIZABETHTOWN BILL, 10-12; PARKE-BERNET GALLERIES, INC., THE THOMAS WINTHROP STREETER COLLECTION OF AMERICANA, AN AUCTION CATALOG, NEW YORK: PARKE-BERNET GALLERIES, INC., 1966, # 918; SNYDER, JOHN P., THE MAPPING OF NEW JERSEY, NEW BRUNSWICK: RUTGERS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1973, 40-42; SABIN, JOSEPH, A DICTIONARY OF BOOKS RELATING TO AMERICA FROM ITS DISCOVERY TO THE PRESENT TIME, NEW YORK: JOSEPH SABIN, 1868-1936, # 5378, CHURCH # 961; EVANS, # 6021; KLEINFELTER, WALTER, "LEWIS EVANS AND HIS MAP", TRANSACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, NEW SERIES, VOL. 61, PART 7, PHILADELPHIA: THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, 1971, 17; MILLER, FRANKLIN'S PHILADELPHIA PRINTING, # 426.

February 19, 1990


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