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MAP #: 243M3

CARTOGRAPHER : MOUNT, WILLIAM & PAGE, THOMAS [PUBLISHERS]

DATE: 1743

SHORT TITLE : VIRGINIA. MARYLAND. PENNSILVANIA. EAST & WEST NEW JARSEY.

REMAINING TITLE & ID : SOLD BY WILLIAM MOUNT & THOS. PAGE TOWER HILL (IN CARTOUCHE, UPPER RIGHT). " A SCALE OF 15 ENGLISH LEAGUES" (LOWER LEFT CORNER INSIDE OBLONG BOX). EIGHT POINT COMPASS ROSES (NE OF CHESAPEAKE BAY ENTRANCE AND E OF DELAWARE BAY ENTRANCE). THERE IS NOTHING IN THE MARGINS OR ON THE REVERSE SIDE. LONGITUDE (NOT SHOWN). LATITUDE (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1743(1689)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER : WILLIAM MOUNT & THOMAS PAGE
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 50.0 X 79.7 CM (2 SHEETS JOINED).
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 59 X 91 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 590,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 13.8 CM. = 15 ENGL. LEAGUES
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-27 (ED.2 - ST.1)
# 2 : G1399-7 (ED.2 - ST.2)
# 3 : G1399-482 (ED.1 - ST.5 - 1732 ISSUE)
# 4 : G1399-215 (ED.3 - ST.1 - 1767 ISSUE)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : SF018-TGD (ED.2 - ST.1)
# 2 : G020-IGD (ED.2 - ST.2)
# 3 : MH016-HTUE (ED.1 - ST.5 - 1732 ISSUE)
# 4 : SONA018-UNHL(ED.3 - ST.1 - 1767 ISSUE)
REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL MAP WITH MD/CHESAPEAKE AS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : AUGUSTINE MERRMAN DERIVATIVE (12)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 2
MAP ORIENTATION : W IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE IN FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN SHADED.
CARTOUCHE : SIMPLE PLASTERWORK (14)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 189T5, 228M5, 249G5, 267G7, 294M6.
BEST INFO SOURCE : VERNER'S STUDY ON THE ENGLISH PILOT IS THE BEST SOURCE FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS EDITION 2, STATE 1 OF JOHN THORNTON'S MOST NOTABLE CONTRIBUTION TO VA-MD CARTOGRAPHY. IT WAS ORIGINALLY PREPARED FOR THE FIRST ED. OF THE ENGLISH PILOT, THE FOURTH BOOK, PUBLISHED BY THORNTON AND FISHER IN 1689 (SEE MAP # 189T5. THORNTON WAS A SKILLED MAP MAKER WHO WAS COMPETENT IN PREPARING ORIGINAL DRAUGHTS AND PLATES FROM INFORMATION SUPPLIED TO HIM BY OTHERS. HE IS NOT KNOWN TO HAVE MADE ORIGINAL SURVEYS. HE WAS ALSO AN ENGRAVER. BY THE TIME OF THIS SECOND EDITION, THORNTON & FISHER WERE DEAD AND OWNERSHIP OF THE RIGHTS HAD PASSED TO MOUNT AND PAGE. THIS EDITION AND STATE OF THE CHART WAS OBSOLETED BY THE HOXTON CHART OF 1735, ALTHOUGH IT CONTINUED IN PRINT FOR ANOTHER 51 YEARS!

THE VA-MD PORTION OF THE CHART IS A CAREFUL AND EXACT COPY OF THE AUGUSTINE HERRMAN MAP OF 1673 (SEE MAP # 173H5) WITH ONLY MINOR VARIATIONS. THERE ARE DIFFERENCES IN THE SPELLING OF CERTAIN NAMES AND MINOR OMISSIONS RESULTING IN PART FROM THE DIFFERENCES IN SIZE OF THE TWO PLATES. ALL THE COUNTIES ARE NAMED AS ON THE HERRMAN. THE DELINEATION OF THE LAND AREA, THE SHOALS AND SAND BANKS AND THE SOUNDINGS ARE FAITHFUL COPIES. CERTAIN SOUNDINGS EXTENDING EASTWARD FROM THE ENTRANCE TO CHESAPEAKE BAY ARE NOT FOUND ON HERRMAN NOR HAS THEIR SOURCE BEEN DETERMINED.

TO THE SOUTH, THE CHART EXTENDS AS FAR AS THE HERRMAN MAP. TO THE NORTH, THE DELINEATION OF NJ AND THE DEL. BAY, THOUGH SIMILAR, IS AUGMENTED BY ADDITIONAL INFORMATION, POSSIBLY FROM HOLMES MAP OF THREE EASTERN COUNTIES OF PA.

THE REVISIONS TO THE HERRMAN SOUNDINGS ON THIS CHART IN THE DELA. BAY AFTER 1689, MAY HAVE BEEN FROM GABRIEL THOMAS'S MAP OF THE NJ COAST AND DELAWARE BAY.

THE THORNTON CHART IS ENGRAVED ON TWO PLATES. A JOINED IMPRESSION MEASURES 79.7 CM N-S BY 50.0 CM E-W. IT IS ORIENTED WEST. NAVIGATIONAL RATHER THAN LAND FEATURES ARE EMPHASIZED.THE CARTOUCHE IS A HORIZONTAL OVAL NEAR THE UPPER RIGHT CORNER FRAMED WITH A SIMPLE PLASTER STRAPWORK DESIGN WITH A GRINNING MASK IN THE TOP CENTER. A SCALE OF 15 ENGLISH LEAGUES IS IN A LONG HORIZONTAL RECTANGLE ON THE LOWER LEFT BORDER. THORNTON'S CHART WAS IN USE SOME 105 YEARS!

DATA IS FROM VERNER'S STUDY ON THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THERE ARE THREE EDITIONS. THE FIRST (SEE MAP #189T5) HAS 5 STATES, THE SECOND HAS 2 STATES AND THE THIRD, A PIRATED EDITION (SEE MAP # 249G5) HAS 1.

ED. 1- STATE 1-(1689)- SEE MAP #189T5 FOR DETAILS ON THIS EDITION.THE IMPRINT READS: BY JOHN THORNTON AT YE PLATT IN THE MINORIES AND BY WILL: FISHER AT YE POSTORN GATE ON TOWER HILL LONDON.

- STATE 2-(1689?-1698?)- GEOGRAPHICAL CHANGES WERE MADE IN THE DEL. BAY AREA. THIS STATE WAS PROBABLY FROM AN UNDATED EDITION OF ATLAS MARITIMUS.

- STATE 3-(1698?-1705?)- GEOGRAPHICAL CHANGES WERE MADE AT THE ENTRANCE TO THE CHESAPEAKE BAY.

- STATE 4-(1706-1728)-BOTH GEOGRAPHICAL AND BIBLIOGRAPHICAL CHANGES WERE MADE. PART OF THE PLATE IS RECUT BUT SOME SIGNS OF PLATE WEAR ARE APPARENT.

- STATE 5-(1728-1737)- THE IMPRINT IS REMOVED. CHANGES ARE BOTH GEOGRAPHICAL AND BIBLIOGRAPHICAL.SOUNDINGS ARE ADDED ALONG THE ENTIRE OCEAN COAST.

ED. 2- STATE 1-(1743-1770)- THE STYLE OF LETTERING IS DIFFERENT AND LARGER AND THE WORDS ARE RESPACED IN THE TITLE. VIRGINIA READS "VIR/GIN/IA" RATHER THAN "VIRGI/NI/A".THE SCALE BOX HAS ONE RATHER THAN TWO LINES. THE SCALE LINE IS 2 PARALLEL LINES WITH ALTERNATE UNITS SHADED. SAND BARS AND SHOALS ON THE LEFT PLATE ARE OUTLINED BY 1 OR 2 ROWS OF DOTS. THOSE ON THE RIGHT ARE STIPPLED. THE FIGURES AND MUCH OF THE LETTERING HAS BEEN CHANGED TO BE READABLE FROM A WEST ORIENTATION. THERE IS SOME DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PLATES, POSSIBLY INDICATING DIFFERENT ENGRAVERS.THE DOUBLE ROW OF TREES MARKING THE VA-MD BOUNDARY ON THE EASTERN SHORE HAS BEEN OMITTED. NOT ALL RHUMB LINES HAVE BEEN ENGRAVED THEIR FULL LENGTH IN THE JERSEY AREA. THIS STATE WAS INCLUDED IN THE ENGLISH PILOT EDITIONS OF 1743,1745,1748,1749,1751,1753, 1755,1758,1759,1760,1764,1765,1767,1770, AND 1773. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

- STATE 2-(1773-1794)- THE TITLE AND IMPRINT IS CHANGED TO: VIRGINIA, MARYLAND,PENNSILVANIA, EAST & WEST NEW JERSEY. SOLD BY JN: MOUNT & THOS. PAGE TOWER HILL. THE SPELLING HAS BEEN CHANGED TO JERSEY FROM JARSEY IN THE TITLE AND IN THE BODY OF THE MAP.THE "G" IN "PAGE" IN THR IMPRINT HAS A MUCH LONGER SWASH TAIL THAN IN STATE 1. THE SHOALS AND SAND BARS ARE STIPPLED WITH A COARSE DOT. THE DOTTED RHUMB LINE BELOW THE Y IN "WEST NEW JERSEY" HAS BEEN COMPLETED. THIS STATE WAS INCLUDED IN THE ENGLISH PILOT EDITIONS OF 1773,1775,1778, 1780,1783,1784,1789, AND 1794.

ED. 3- STATE 1-(1749,1767)- SEE MAP 249T6.THE TITLE AND IMPRINT READ VIRGINIA MARYLAND (ETC) SOLD BY GEO. GRIERSON AT THE TWO BIBLES IN ESSEX STREET.

DATA IS FROM VERNER'S STUDY OF THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : HFC HAS A GOOD BLACK AND WHITE COPY OF EDITION 1, STATE 5, 1732 ISSUE WITH AN HFC ACQ. # OF MH016-HTUE. WE ALSO HAVE A COPY OF EDITION 2, STATE 1 WHICH IS A GOOD IMPRESSION IN BLACK AND WHITE, AS DESCRIBED. WE HAVE A GOOD BLACK AND WHITE IMPRESSION OF EDITION 2, STATE 2. THERE ARE TWO SMALL HOLES WHERE THE PLATES ARE JOINED TO MAKE A SINGLE SHEET. THIS ITEM HAS AN HFC ACQ. # OF MH016-IGD. HFC ALSO HAS A GOOD BLACK AND WHITE COPY OF THE 1767 ISSUE OF THE THIRD EDITION, WITH AN HFC ACQ. # OF SONA018-UNHL.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : VERNER, COOLIE, A CARTOBIBLIOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE CHARTS OF VIRGINIA., UNIV. OF VA. PRESS, CHARLOTTSVILLE, VA., 1960,PP.30-40;SWEM 130,160,168,174,193,202,207,218,219, 227,240,265,307; PHILLIPS, ATLASES, #1157,1158,1160,1162,1163,1164,1168,1171; SELLERS & VAN EE, MAPS AND CHARTS OF NORTH AMERICA, NOS. 719-720; PAPENFUSE AND COALE, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND 1608- 1908, FIG. 27, PP.25-26; MATHEWS, E.B., BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY, PP. 339,351; CUMMING, WM. P., BRITISH MAPS OF COLONIAL AMERICA, P. 39.

March 15, 1988


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