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MAP #: 241M4

CARTOGRAPHER : MOLL, HERMAN

DATE: 1741

SHORT TITLE : A NEW MAP OF VIRGINIA, AND MARYLAND.

REMAINING TITLE & ID : BY H. MOLL GEOGRAPHER. (CARTOUCHE, TOP LEFT CORNER). A SCALE OF 30 ENGLISH MILES (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). IMPERFECT ERASURE, WITH "209" STILL LEGIBLE (LEFT TOP BORDER). "(16)" (WITH THE BOTTOM OF THE NUMBERS ORIENTED TO THE RIGHT (BOTTOM LEFT BORDER). THE REVERSE SIDE IS BLANK. LONGITUDE (POSSIBLY EAST FROM FERRO, TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1741(1708)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER : J. BROTHERTON, J. CLARKE & A. WARD
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 25.6 X 17.7 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 1,550,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : BASED ON LATITUDE SCALE
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-516 (1741 ED.)
# 2 : G1399-45 (1729 ED.)
# 3 : G1399-192 (1736 ED.)
# 4 : G1399-719 (1737 ED.)
HFC ACQ. PRIORITY : 64
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : F016-DEH (1741 ED.)
# 2 : BB023-DGN (1729 ED.)
# 3 : H026-H2 (1736 ED.)
# 4 : GS019-UIG (1737 ED.)
REGION CATEGORY : MAP WHERE THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : AUGUSTINE HERRMAN DERIVATIVE (12)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY SHADING
CARTOUCHE : AUGMENTED LINE FRAME (3)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : MERIDIAN UNSPECIFIED, BUT PROBABLY FERRO (22)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 208M5, 221M5, 229M5, 229M6, 232M5, 236M4, 236M5, 236M6, 237H6, 241M5, 245M5, 263M5, 281M5, 290M5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : PHILLIPS, VERNER AND SWEM ARE THE BEST SOURCES FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MOLL MAP, WHICH DEPICTS THE ENTIRE CHESAPEAKE BAY, IS IMPORTANT BECAUSE IT IS PROBABLY THE MOST WIDELY OWNED MAP OF THE TIDEWATER REGION IN THE 18TH CENTURY IN ITS VARIOUS EDITIONS AND STATES. ALTHOUGH BASED ON HERRMAN, IT IS MUCH SMALLER, DOES NOT COVER AS LARGE AN AREA, AND IS NOT AS CAREFULLY DRAWN. NONETHELESS, IT IS THE VEHICLE THROUGH WHICH MANY PEOPLE OF THE TIME LEARNED THE GEOGRAPHY OF THE AREA. THE MAP SHOWS THE LOCATION OF ENGLISH PLANTATIONS AND OF INDIAN PLANTATIONS AND HOUSES. THERE ARE NO SOUNDINGS GIVEN, ALTHOUGH SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY STIPLING. THE MAP IS INCLUDED IN NUMEROUS GEOGRAPHIES AND IS THE BASIS FOR AT LEAST TWO DERIVATIVES, PUBLISHED BY BOWEN IN 1747 AND 1752.

THIS MAP FIRST APPEARED ON PAGE 209 OF VOLUME 1 OF OLDMIXON'S THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN AMERICA, PUBLISHED BY JOHN NICHOLSON IN 1708. THE SAME MAP, WITH NO CHANGES EXCEPT FOR BEING COLORED, ALSO APPEARED IN MOLL'S FORTY-TWO NEW MAPS OF ASIA, AFRICA, AND AMERICA..., LONDON, J. NICHOLSON, 1716, AND IN ATLAS GEOGRAPHUS. 5 V., LONDON, J. NUTT [etc], 1711-1717, IN VOLUME 5. THE STATE OF THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN IS SIMILAR TO THE 1708 FIRST STATE EXCEPT FOR THE ERASURE IN THE LEFT TOP BORDER AND THE ADDITION OF THE NUMBER "16", UNDERLINED AND IN PARENTHESES IN THE BOTTOM LEFT CORNER. IT WAS INCLUDED IN THE 1741 EDITION OF OLDMIXON'S THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN AMERICA, LONDON: J. BROTHERTON, ETAL, 1741, 2 VOLS, IN V. 1, FACING PAGE 345. SABIN NOTES THAT OLDMIXON'S NAME IS OMITTED IN THE DEDICATION TO THIS EDITION OF THE BOOK. THE COPY CONSULTED IS IN THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY. THE MAP APPEARED IN VARIOUS EDITIONS AND STATES UNTIL AT LEAST 1790.

HERMAN MOLL WAS AN ENGRAVER, GEOGRAPHER AND BOOKSELLER OF DUTCH ORIGIN. HE WENT TO ENGLAND IN 1678 AND WORKED AS AN ENGRAVER FOR MOSES PITT, GREENVILLE COLLINS, JOHN ADAIR AND SELLERS & PRICE.

DATA IS FROM PHILLIPS ATLASES, TOOLEY'S DICTIONARY, SWEM, VERNER'S NOTES AND FROM PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THE EXACT SEQUENCE OF EDITIONS AND STATES IS NOT COMPLETELY CLEAR. HOWEVER, THE FOLLOWING 6 EDITIONS AND 15 STATES ARE IDENTIFIED THUS FAR:

ED. 1 - (1708) - STATE 1 - THIS STATE OF THE MAP IS SLIGHTLY SMALLER THAN THE 1729 EDITION. THE LONGITUDE IS DIFFERENT AS TO MERIDIAN AS IS THE TITLE. THE SCALE IS IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT RATHER THAN IN THE BOTTOM LEFT CORNER. "VOL. 1 PAGE 209" IS IN THE LEFT TOP BORDER. THE MAP APPEARS FIRST IN OLDMIXON'S THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN AMERICA, 1708. SEE MAP # 208M5.

- (1741) - ANOTHER STATE - THE WRITING IN THE TOP BORDER IS IMPERFECTLY ERASED IN THE NYPL COPY. "209" IS STILL LEGIBLE. A SMALL "(16)" WITH UNDERLINING IS ORIENTED WITH THE BOTTOM TO THE EAST IN THE BOTTOM LEFT BORDER. IT IS FROM THE 1741 EDITION OF OLDMIXON, VOL. 1, P. 345. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

- (1781) - ANOTHER STATE - SAME AS PRIOR STATE. "52" ADDED IN TOP RIGHT BORDER. FROM BOWLES ATLAS MINOR. SEE MAP # 281M5.

- (1790) - ANOTHER STATE - SAME AS 1781 EXCEPT FOR "PRINTED FOR CARINGTON BOWLES IN LONDON" ADDED IN THE RIGHT BOTTOM BORDER. FROM BOWLES ATLAS MINOR, LONDON: CARINGTON BOWLES, 1790. SEE MAP # 290M5.

ANOTHER ED. - (1741) - ENTITLED "EINE NEUE CHARTE VON VIRGINIE UND MARYLAND VON H. MOLL GEOGRAPHO.""PAG.573.P. 438" (LEFT TOP MARGIN)."BRUHL SC LIPS." (BOTTOM RIGHT BORDER). FROM THE GERMAN ED. OF OLDMIXON, DAS BRITISCHE REICH IN AMERICA, LEMGO, 1744. IT IS A CLOSE COPY OF THE 1741 STATE OF THE 1ST ED. SEE MAP # 241M5.

ANOTHER ED. - (1721) -ENTITLED "NIEUWE KAART VAN VIRGINIA EN MARILAND DOOR H. MOL." "J. KYSER SC." (BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER)."I. DEEL, BLATZ. 145." (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). FROM OLDMIXON'S DUTCH ED., HET BRITANNISCHE RYK IN AMERIKA, AMSTERDAM: RUDOLF EN GERARD WETSTEIN 1721. A 1727 DUTCH EDITION WAS PUBLISHED IN AMSTERDAM: H. BOSCH. THIS EDITION HAS NOT BEEN SEEN BY THE WRITER. SABIN INDICATES THAT IT CONTAINS THE MAPS. SEE MAP # 221M5.

ANOTHER ED. - (1729) - ENTITLED "VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND BY H. MOLL GEOGRAPHER. 1729". THE BOTTOM LEFT LONGITUDE MARK IS MISTAKENLY LABELED "75" INSTEAD OF "76". "55" (RIGHT TOP MARGIN). "A" AND "GGG" (BOTTOM MARGIN). SEE MAP # 229M5.

ANOTHER ED. - (1729) - "PENSILVANIA" IS NOW BROKEN AFTER "PENS". BOTTOM LONGITUDE MARK CORRECTED TO "76". THERE IS NOTHING IN BOTTOM MARGIN. FROM ATLAS MINOR. SEE MAP # 229M6.

- (1732) - ANOTHER STATE - "50" ADDED IN RIGHT TOP MARGIN AND "1729" IS DELETED FROM THE TITLE. MAP IS FROM ATLAS MINOR, LONDON: THOMAS BOWLES, 1732. SEE MAP # 232M5.

- (1736) - ANOTHER STATE - "VOL. 3. P. 425" (LEFT TOP BORDER). FROM THOMAS SALMON'S MODERN HISTORY, LONDON, 1739, VOL. 3. THIS BOOK WAS PUBLISHED FROM 1725-1739, BUT THE VOLUMES RELATING TO AMERICA WEREN'T RELEASED UNTIL 1736. COPY IN YALE. SEE MAP # 236M4.

- (1736) - ANOTHER STATE - "(AFTER [?] *432)" (LEFT TOP BORDER). DELETION TO LEFT ENDS IN "5", SUGGESTING IT WAS FROM SALMON'S MODERN HISTORY. PUBLISHED IN ATLAS MINOR, 1736. SEE MAP # 236M5.

- (1736-1745?) - ANOTHER STATE - "V.3/1406" [?] (TOP LEFT MARGIN). THIS STATE MAY HAVE BEEN FROM ANOTHER EDITION OF THE ATLAS MINOR, PUBLISHED BY THE BOWLES. SEE MAP # 236M6.

- (1745) - ANOTHER STATE - LETTERS IN TOP LEFT MARGIN IMPERFECTLY DELETED. "ANNAPOLIS" ADDED ABOVE "ARUNDELTON". "SUSSEX C." REPLACED "ESSEX C." AND "CALVERT C." REPLACED "CALVERTON C." NO ROADS ARE SHOWN. THIS STATE OF THE MAP IS FROM ATLAS MINOR, LONDON: T. BOWLES & J. BOWLES, 1745. SEE MAP # 245M5.

- (1763) - ANOTHER STATE - ROADS ADDED ON THE WESTERN SHORE, PROBABLY FROM THE FRY AND JEFFERSON MAP. CORRECTIONS IN THE 1745 STATE ARE NOT CONTINUED. "ALEXANDRIA", "FREDERICKSBURG" AND "NEWCASTLE" ARE ADDED. "ANNAPOLIS" IS SHOWN INSTEAD OF "A. ARUNDEL." "YORK C" IS REPLACED BY "WILLIAMSBURG" AND "AQUASQUIT" BY "MARLBRO" THIS MAP WAS IN THE 1763 EDITION OF BOWLES ATLAS MINOR. SEE MAP # 263M5.

ANOTHER ED. - (1737) - BY THE HOMANN HEIRS AS 1 OF 4 MOLL MAPS ON ONE PAGE. ENTITLED "C. VIRGINIA UND MARYLAND". SCALE ADDED IN BOTTOM RIGHT. TAKEN FROM THE 1736 STATES OF MOLL WITH SOME NAMES INCORRECT ("WATHINS",NOT WATKIN'S POINT). SEE MAP # 237H6.

DATA IS FROM PERSONAL OBSERVATION AND FROM PHILLIPS, SWEM AND VERNER.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY OF THE 1729 EDITION IN OUTLINE COLORING. IT HAS FAIRLY CROPPED MARGINS. IT HAS A MDHR # OF G1399-45 AND AN ACQ. # OF BB023-DGN. (SEE MAP # 229M5). THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A COPY OF THE 1736 STATE FROM THE 1736 EDITION OF ATLAS MINOR IN BLACK AND WHITE (SEE MAP # 236M6), WITH A MDHR # OF G1399-192 AND AN ACQ. # OF N026-H2. IT HAS A COPY OF THE 1737 EDITION, PUBLISHED BY THE HOMANN HEIRS IN FULL COLOR ON HEAVY PAPER WITH A MDHR # OF G1399- 719 AND AN ACQ. # OF GS019-UIG. (SEE MAP # 237H5). THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A COPY OF THE 1741 EDITION FROM THE GERMAN EDITION OF OLDMIXON'S THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN AMERICA. IT HAS A MDHR # OF G1399-516 AND AN ACQ. # OF F016-DEH. (SEE MAP # 241M5).

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., 1971 REPRINT, I,# 574, 322-3 (1729 ED. ATLAS MINOR MAP # 47), # 585, 330-331 (1736 ED.), # 586, 332 (1737 ED.), # 602, 346 (1745 ED.), # 635, 369 (1763 STATE), III, # 3477, 277-279 (1716 PRINTING), # 3520, 378 (1781 STATE), # 3526, 385 (1790 STATE), # 4294, 161-2 (1763 STATE); PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN, UNDATED REPRINT, 980; PAPENFUSE AND COALE, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND 1608-1908, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982, 19-20, 22-23; VERNER, COOLIE, UNPUBLISHED NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA; SWEM, EARL G., "MAPS RELATING TO VIRGINIA IN THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY", VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY BULLETIN, V. 7, NOS. 2 AND 3, RICHMOND: VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY, 1914, # 131 (1708), # 133 (1716), # 134 (1717), # 144 (1729), # 147 (1732), # 152 (1736), # 164 (1741), # 213 (1763), # 330 (1790); MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "BIBLIOGRAPHY AND3CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SPECIAL PUBLICATION I, PART IV, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1897, 339 (1708), 340 (1717), 343 (1730?), 344 (1736); SABIN, JOSEPH, A DICTIONARY OF BOOKS RELATING TO AMERICA, NEW YORK: JOSEPH SABIN, 1868-1936, # 57157 (OLDMIXON 1708, 1741), # 57160 (OLDMIXON 1721, 1727), # 57161 (OLDMIXON 1744), # 57162 (OLDMIXON 1761), # 75826 (SALMON 1725-1739).

December 8, 1989


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