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MAP #: 235S6

CARTOGRAPHER : SENEX, JOHN [PUBLISHER]

DATE: 1735

SHORT TITLE : A MAP OF VIRGINIA ACCORDING TO CAPTAIN JOHN SMITHS MAP

REMAINING TITLE & ID : PUBLISHED ANNO 1606 ALSO OF THE ADJACENT COUNTRY CALLED BY THE DUTCH NIEW NEDERLANT ANNO 1630 BY IOHN SENEX 1735. (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER - NO CARTOUCHE). A SCALE OF MILES (TO RIGHT OF TITLE). TWO LINES OF TEXT STRADDLE THE 40TH PARALLEL READING "HITHERTO LORD BALTIMORE CLAIMS, ALTHOUGH ALL TO THE NORTHWARD OF/ THE 39TH DEGREE IS EXPRESSLY WITHOUT HIS GRANT AND WITHIN Mr. PENNS." TWO ADDITIONAL LINES STRADDLE THE 39TH PARALLEL READING "THE TRUE BOUNDS OF PENSILVANIA ON THE SOUTH ACCORDING TO THE CHARTER./ THE TRUE BOUNDS OF MARYLAND ON THE NORTH ACCORDING TO THE CHARTER." DOTTED LINES WITH A LETTER CODE HAVE BEEN ADDED TO EXPLAIN THE PENN BOUNDARY CLAIMS. 8 POINT COMPASS ROSE (CENTER LEFT). LONGITUDE (NOT SHOWN). LATITUDE (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1735(1735)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER : FAYR HALL
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : ? X ? CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 1,235,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : TAKEN FROM STATE 1
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-762 (LC REPRO)
# 2 : G1399-123 (STATE 1)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : -
# 2 : A-CR018HDET
REGION CATEGORY : MAP WHERE THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : MASON-DIXON RELATED (5)
: JOHN SMITH DERIVATIVE (11)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : W IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : NONE (1)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL FOR LATITUDE (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 112S5, 235S5, 156D5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : WAINWRIGHT'S ARTICLE IN THE PENNSYLVANIA MAGAZINE IS THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS THE SECOND STATE OF A COMPOSITE MAP CONSISTING OF JOHN SMITH'S MAP OF 1612 [MARKED 1606 ON THE COMPOSITE MAP], AUGMENTED WITH A SECTION COVERING DELAWARE AND NEW NETHERLANDS FROM A DUTCH MAP OF AROUND 1650. THE MOST NOTABLE DUTCH MAP OF THE TIME OF THIS AREA WAS BY VISSCHER ENTITLED "NOVI BELGII NOVAEQUE ANGLIAE NEC NON PARTIS VIRGINIA TABULA" PUBLISHED IN 1656. THIS MAP SUPPORTED THE POSITION OF THE PENNS IN THE BOUNDARY DISPUTE WITH LORD BALTIMORE. ONLY A FEW SETTLEMENTS ARE SHOWN ON THE MAP. FORT CASIMIR (NOW NEWCASTLE, DELAWARE) IS SHOWN. THE PURPOSE OF THE MAP WAS TO INDICATE WHAT INFORMATION WAS AVAILABLE TO THE KING IN 1685 WHEN HE RULED THAT THE THREE LOWER COUNTIES (NOW DELAWARE) BELONGED TO PENN, NOT TO BALTIMORE AND TO THOSE WHO FORMULATED THE DECREE OF NOV. 13, 1685 THAT "THE TRACT OF LAND LYING BETWEEN THE RIVER AND THE EASTERN SEA ON THE ONE SIDE & CHESAPEAKE BAY ON THE OTHER BE DIVIDED INTO EQUAL PARTS BY A LINE FROM THE LATITUDE OF CAPE HINLOPEN TO THE FORTIETH DEGREE OF NORTHERN LATITUDE." THE QUESTION ABOUT THE EXISTENCE OF A CAPE CORNELIUS AND THE LOCATION OF CAPE HENLOPEN WAS THE BASIS OF THE DISPUTE. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON THE CONTROVERSY, SEE MAP # 232S5.

THE LAWYER FOR THE PENNS, JOHN FERNANDO PARIS, AT CONSIDERABLE EXPENSE, HAD JOHN SENEX MAKE UP THE FIRST STATE OF THIS COMPOSITE MAP. THE MAP SUPPORTED THE GEOGRAPHY IN THE ONE THAT BALTIMORE HAD USED IN THE ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT OF 1732, THEN LATER REPUDIATED, SINCE IT ESTABLISHED CAPE HENLOPEN SOME 20-25 MILES SOUTH OF A NON-EXISTENT CAPE CORNELIUS, WHICH HAD BEEN PRESENT ON THE VISSCHER MAP. THAT EARLIER MAP WAS ALSO DONE BY JOHN SENEX.

PARIS HAD THE ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT OF 1732 REPRINTED. LAID IN MOST OF THE COPIES WERE THE UNTITLED "LORD BALTIMORE'S OWN PLAN" MAP OF 1732 AND IN SOME COPIES OF THE FIRST STATE OF THIS SMITH-COMPOSITE MAP AS WELL. THIS PAMPHLET WAS USED IN THE LEGAL FIGHT BETWEEN THE PENNS AND BALTIMORE IN LONDON. VERNER IN HIS UNPUBLISHED NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA INDICATES THAT THE FIRST STATE IS RARE. HE WAS ONLY ABLE TO LOCATE A SINGLE COPY IN HIS RESEARCH.

A REUSE OF THE COMPOSITE MAP BY CAPT. FAYR HALL WAS PERMITTED BY PARIS, AND THE STATE OF THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN APPEARED LATER IN 1735 IN HIS LONDON PAMPHLET TITLED A SHORT ACCOUNT OF THE FIRST SETTLEMENT OF THE PROVINCES OF VIRGINIA, MARYLAND, NEW-YORK, NEW JERSEY, AND PENNSLVANIA BY THE ENGLISH.... THE COPIES USED IN THAT ISSUE ARE IDENTIFIED BY THE ADDITION OF EXPLANATORY COMMENT ALONG THE 39TH AND 40TH PARALLELS OF THE MAP IN WHICH HE ADVOCATED SUCH EXTRAVAGANT LAND CLAIMS IN FAVOR OF THE PENNS THAT THEY WERE DISPLEASED. THE MAP PUTS THE SOUTHERN BOUNDARY OF PENNSYLVANIA WELL BELOW PRESENT DAY WASHINGTON D.C.!!

THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A MANUSCRIPT MAP WITH WRITING BY JOHN FERNANDO PARIS THAT WAS ALSO USED IN THE COURT CASE (SEE MAP # 23_A5). THIS MANUSCRIPT MAP MAY HAVE BEEN DONE TO ADJUST THE TERRITORY CLAIMED BY THIS SECOND STATE OF THE SENEX MAP BY PENNSYLVANIA TO MORE REASONABLE PROPORTIONS.

DATA IS FROM NICOLAS WAINWRIGHT'S "TALE OF A RUNAWAY CAPE:THE PENN-BALTIMORE AGREEMENT OF 1732", PHILLIPS MAPS, PHILLIPS VIRGINIA CARTOGRAPHY, E.B. MATHEWS, VERNER'S NOTES, THE CRISTIE'S CATALOG FOR SALE # 5152, AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HOLDINGS.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THIS MAP IS KNOWN IN A SINGLE EDITION IN TWO STATES, BOTH ISSUED IN 1735.

STATE 1 - (1735) - THIS STATE OF THE MAP WAS INCLUDED IN SOME COPIES OF THE REPRINT OF THE ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT OF 1732 AS AN ATTACHMENT, ALONG WITH THE UNTITLED MAP "LORD BALTIMORE'S OWN PLAN" (SEE MAP # 232S5). THE SMITH COMPOSITE MAP IN THIS STATE CAN BE RECOGNIZED BY THE MANUSCRIPT WRITING ON THE REVERSE SIDE AND BY THE WAY THE MAP IS FOLDED FOR IT TO FIT INTO THE ARTICLES. THERE IS NO TEXT ALONG THE 39TH AND 40TH PARALLELS OF LATITUDE AND NO LETTER CODE. THIS STATE IS VERY RARE.

STATE 2 - (1735) - THIS MAP WAS INCLUDED BY CAPT. FAYR HALL IN HIS PAMPHLET TITLED A SHORT ACCOUNT OF THE FIRST SETTLEMENT OF THE PROVINCES OF VIRGINIA, MARYLAND, NEW-YORK, NEW JERSEY, AND PENSILVANIA BY THE ENGLISH... IN 1735. THE COPIES USED IN THIS ISSUE OF THE MAP ARE IDENTIFIED BY THE ADDITION OF 2 PRINTED LINES ALONG THE 39oN LAT. READING "THE TRUE BOUNDS OF PENSILVANIA ON THE SOUTH ACCORDING TO THE CHARTER./ THE TRUE BOUNDS OF MARYLAND ON THE NORTH ACCORDING TO THE CHARTER." AND OF TWO PRINTED LINES ALONG THE 40o N LAT. READING "HITHERTO LORD BALTIMORE CLAIMS, ALTHOUGH ALL TO THE NORTHWARD OF/ THE 39TH DEGREE IS EXPRESSLY WITHOUT HIS GRANT AND WITHIN Mr. PENNS." IN ADDITION, THE LETTERS A-G,I,P-T,V & W HAVE BEEN ADDED TO THE DOTTED LINES, WHICH ALSO APPEARED IN STATE 1. WRITER HAS NOT REVIEWED THE HALL PAMPHLET, BUT PRESUMABLY THE TEXT REFERS TO THE CODED POINTS TO PRESS AND EXPLAIN THE PENN CLAIMS. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

DATA IS FROM WAINWRIGHT'S ARTICLE, STEVENS AND TREE IN MCS #39, VERNER'S NOTES, AND FROM COMPARISON OF THE TWO STATES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A FULL SIZE REPRODUCTION OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPY OF STATE 2 WITH A MDHR # OF G1399-762(REPRO). THE COLLECTION ALSO HAS A BLACK AND WHITE COPY OF THE RARE FIRST STATE WHICH HAS A TEAR ALONG THE CENTERFOLD, THAT HAS BEEN NEATLY REPAIRED, WITH SOME MINOR LOSS OF TEXT. THERE IS A SLIGHT DISCOLORATION ALONG THE FOLDS. THE MAP HAS BEEN DEACIDIFIED AND STRENGTHENED ALONG THE FOLDS IN THE BACK. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF A-CR018-HDET AND A MDHR # OF G1399-123.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : WAINWRIGHT, NICOLAS B., "TALE OF A RUNAWAY CAPE: THE PENN-BALTIMORE AGREEMENT OF 1732", THE PENNSYLVANIA MAGAZINE OF HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY, V. LXXXII NO. 3, PHILADELPHIA: THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA, JULY, 1968, 251-293; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW YORK: BURT FRANKLIN REPRINT, UNDATED [ORIGINAL DATED 1901], 980; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, VIRGINIA CARTOGRAPHY, 45; MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND", MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY V. II, PART IIIb, BALTIMORE: THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, JULY, 1897, 344; STEVENS AND TREE, "COMPARATIVE CARTOGRAPHY",MAP COLLECTOR'S SERIES # 39, LONDON: THE MAP COLLECTOR'S CIRCLE, 1967, # 85, 359-360; VERNER, COOLIE, [UNPUBLISHED] NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA; TOOLEY, R.V., DICTIONARY OF MAPMAKERS, TRING, HERTFORDSHIRE: MAP COLLECTOR PUBLICATIONS, LTD., 1979, 574; CATALOG OF SALE # 5152, PRINTED BOOKS AND AUTOGRAPH LETTERS, NEW YORK: CRISTIE, MASON & WOODS INTERNATIONAL INC., 1982, ITEM 266, 64; WINDSOR, JUSTIN, NARRATIVE AND CRITICAL HISTORY OF AMERICA, V. 3, CAMBRIDGE, MASS.: HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN AND COMPANY, 1887, 273; SCAIFE, WALTER B., "BOUNDARY DISPUTE BETWEEN MARYLAND AND PENNSYLVANIA", PENNSYLVANIA MAGAZINE OF HISTORY, PHILADELPHIA: THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA, OCTOBER, 1885, 241.

March 4, 1990


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