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MAP #: 229T5

CARTOGRAPHER : TIDDEMAN, MARK

DATE: 1729

SHORT TITLE : A DRAUGHT OF VIRGINIA

REMAINING TITLE & ID : FROM THE CAPES TO YORK IN YORK RIVER AND TO KUIQUOTAN OR HAMTON IN JAMES RIVER BY MARK TIDDEMAN (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). "PRINTED & SOLD BY PAGE & MOUNT ON TOWER HILL LONDON" (UNDER NEAT BOTTOM LINE BELOW CARTOUCHE). SCALE OF 5 LEAGUES (CENTER BOTTOM). 8 POINT COMPASS ROSES (UPPER RIGHT AND BOTTOM RIGHT). NO LONGITUDE OR LATITUDE IS SHOWN.


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1729
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER : PAGE AND MOUNT
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 45.4 X 58.3 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : ?
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 5 LEAGUES = 19.5 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-29
# 2 : G1399-216 (ED. 2 - 1767 ISSUE)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : R019-GEI
# 2 : SONA018-UNHL* (ED. 2 - 1767 ISSUE)
REGION CATEGORY : DETAILED CHART OF SOME PART OF THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA (2)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) :
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE CHART.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN IN SHADING.
: SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FEET AND FATHOMS.
CARTOUCHE : SIMPLE LINE FRAME (2)
BORDER : PLAIN (2)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 249T5, 251T5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : VERNER'S STUDY OF THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK IS BEST.
DESCRIPTION : THIS LARGE SCALE CHART COVERS HAMPTON ROADS FROM THE CAPES IN THE E. TO "NEW POINT COMFORT" IN THE NORTH, "JAMES CITY ISLE" IN THE WEST AND "NORFOLK" IN THE SOUTH. IT IS PRIMARILY A NAVIGATIONAL CHART, WHICH INCLUDES ONLY THE LAND NAMES AND FEATURES OF GREATEST IMPORTANCE. IT IS THE FIRST DETAILED CHART TO COVER ANY PART OF THE BAY AND IS IMPORTANT AS ONE OF THE FEW ORIGINAL SURVEYS UP TO THAT TIME TO BE PUBLISHED. THE CHART HAS NEITHER LONGITUDE NOR LATITUDE INDICATED. DETAILED SOUNDINGS ARE PRIMARILY OF THE YORK RIVER FROM YORKTOWN AND THE JAMES RIVER FROM NEWPORT NEWS AND NORFOLK TO OUTSIDE THE MOUTH OF THE BAY.

TIDDEMAN, THE CARTOGRAPHER, IS KNOWN FOR ONLY THIS CHART AND ONE OF NY HARBOR. HE WAS MASTER OF THE TARTAR, ONE OF THE ROYAL NAVY SHIPS SENT TO PATROL AMERICAN WATERS. (SEE A NOTE AT THE MOUTH OF THE CHART WHICH INDICATES, "HERE THE TARTAR LOST HER ANCHOR OCTOBR 17TH 1726"). IT WAS DURING THE PERIOD FROM SEPTEMBER, 1725 TO JUNE,1728 THAT TIDDEMAN RECORDED IN HIS LOG THE DETAILED SOUNDINGS LATER SHOWN ON HIS CHART. THE LOG BOOK IS PRESERVED IN THE PUBLIC RECORDS OFFICE IN LONDON. TIDDEMAN WAS COMMISSIONED A LIEUTENANT ON MAY 26, 1742 AND ASSIGNED TO THE REVENGE. ON HIS RETURN TO LONDON FROM HIS STAY ON THE TARTAR, TIDDEMAN GAVE OR SOLD THE TWO CHARTS TO MOUNT AND PAGE. THEY WERE INCLUDED IN THE ENGLISH PILOT, THE FOURTH BOOK, EDITIONS FROM 1729 TO 1794.

THE FOURTH BOOK OF THE ENGLISH PILOT WAS THE FIRST GREAT ATLAS OF WHOLLY ENGLISH ORIGIN TO DEAL EXCLUSIVELY WITH AMERICAN WATERS. EACH BOOK OR PART IS A DISTINCT VOLUME AND SHOULD BE TREATED SEPARATELY RATHER THAN AS A SET. THE MAJOR CREDIT FOR THE ENGLISH PILOT BELONGS TO JOHN SELLER, WHOSE EXPRESSED PURPOSE WAS TO WEAN ENGLISH CAPTAINS AWAY FROM DEPENDENCE ON DUTCH AND OTHER EUROPEAN CHARTS. HOWEVER, MANY OF THE INITIAL CHARTS WERE FROM DISCARDED EUROPEAN PLATES. IT WAS WILLIAM FISHER AND JOHN THORNTON WHO MUST BE CREDITED FOR ESTABLISHING THE ENGLISH PILOT AS A MAJOR NAUTICAL ATLAS OF THE PERIOD. THE FOURTH BOOK WAS FIRST PUBLISHED IN 1689 BY FISHER & THORNTON. RICHARD MOUNT, SON-IN-LAW, SUCCEEDED WILLIAM FISHER, WHO DIED IN 1691. THOMAS PAGE, ANOTHER IN-LAW, BECAME MOUNT'S PARTNER BETWEEN 1698 & 1702 AND THE FIRM OF MOUNT AND PAGE WAS FORMED. UNDER ITS IMPRINT SOME 34 SEPARATE EDITIONS OF THE FOURTH BOOK WERE ISSUED BETWEEN 1707 AND 1794. THORNTON DIED IN 1706 AFTER THE THIRD EDITION WAS ISSUED. MOUNT & PAGE BOUGHT THORNTON'S RIGHTS AFTER HIS DEATH. FOUR GENERATIONS OF MOUNTS AND PAGES WERE INVOLVED IN THE FIRM.

DATA IS FROM COOLIE VERNER'S STUDY OF THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK

EDITION & STATE INFO : THERE ARE TWO EDITIONS KNOWN, THE FIRST WITH TWO STATES. THE SECOND EDITION WAS A PIRATED ONE.

1ST ED. - 1ST STATE - (1729-1749) - THIS IS THE MAP AS DESCRIBED. THIS STATE WAS USED IN EDITIONS OF THE FOURTH BOOK IN 1729, 1732, 1737, 1742, 1745, 1748, AND 1749, WITH NO APPARENT CHANGE IN THE PLATE. COPIES IN 1737 AND LATER SHOW THE LINE RUNNING NORTH AND SOUTH THROUGH THE CENTER COMPASS ROSE AS TOO HEAVILY INKED. THERE IS A SMALL RAGGED TEAR AT THE BOTTOM THAT MAY INDICATE PLATE DAMAGE. THE CARTOUCHE IS A NEAT RECTANGLE EXCEPT THAT THE TOP CORNERS ARE CONCAVE.

- 2ND STATE - (1751-1794) - THE LEGEND IS CHANGED TO READ "SOLD BY W. & I. MOUNT & T. PAGE ON TOWER HILL LONDON, AND THE IMPRINT IS INCLUDED IN THE CARTOUCHE. THE ENTIRE PLATE HAS BEEN REPAIRED AND RECUT. THE PRINCIPAL CHANGE IS IN THE CARTOUCHE, WHICH HAS SMALLER LETTERING, IS RESPACED, AND IS NOW FRAMED BY A SHELL AND SCROLL. MINOR CHANGES ARE IN THE SIZE AND STYLE OF LETTERING, INDICATING A DIFFERENT ENGRAVER. "HORSE SHOE" IS CORRECTED FROM "HORSE SHOOE". THE FLEUR DE LIS ON THE COMPASS ROSE AT THE RIGHT BORDER HAS BEEN OMITTED. THIS STATE APPEARS IN EDITIONS OF THE FOURTH BOOK IN 1751, 1753, 1755, 1758, 1759, 1760, 1764, 1765, 1767, 1770, 1773, 1775, 1778, 1780, 1783, 1784, 1789, AND 1794. THE 1753 PRINTING IS ON PAPER WATERMARKED WITH A STRASBURGH BEND AND LILY AND A COUNTER MARK IV. BY 1773,THE STIPPLING IS GROWING PROGRESSIVELY LIGHTER. THE BUILDINGS THAT DESIGNATE YORKTOWN ARE ABOUT INVISIBLE. BY 1778, THE COMPASS ROSE HAS ABOUT FADED OUT. SEE MAP # 251T5.

2ND ED. - 1ST STATE - (1749,1767) - THIS IS A PIRATED EDITION BY GEORGE GRIERSON, DUBLIN PRINTER, WHO LIVED FROM 1709 TO 1753. THE CHART IS NOTABLY INFERIOR TO THE ORIGINAL, WITH THE ENGRAVING NEITHER AS FINE NOR AS ACCURATE AND IT WAS PRINTED ON A COARSE, INFERIOR PAPER STOCK. THE COPPERPLATE WAS LARGER THAN THE ORIGINAL FROM WHICH IT WAS COPIED, HENCE THE ENGRAVING STOPS 1.7 CM SHORT OF THE TOP BORDER. THIS EDITION IS AN EXACT COPY OF THE LONDON ENGLISH PILOT CHART, LACKING ONLY A FEW MINOR DETAILS. THIS EDITION IS EXTREMELY RARE. IT CARRIES THE LEGEND "PRINTED & SOLD BY GEO. GRIERSON AT THE TWO BIBLES IN ESSEX STREET DUBLIN." A SECOND PRINTING WAS MADE FROM THIS PLATE IN 1767 BY BOULTER GRIERSON, SON OF GEORGE'S SECOND WIFE, WHO WAS ALSO A SISTER TO THE NOTED PRINTER JAMES BLOW OF BELFAST. NO CHANGES IN THE PLATE ARE NOTED. SEE MAP # 249T5.

DATA IS FROM VERNER'S STUDY OF THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A COPY IN FULL COLOR OF THE FIRST EDITION, FIRST STATE. MARGINS ARE THIN, BUT THE IMPRESSION IS STRONG. THE MAP IS CAREFULLY REPAIRED IN ONE SPOT ON BOTH THE EAST AND WEST MARGINS. THERE IS NO WATERMARK. THIS COPY IS MARKED AS 1732 IN PENCIL ON THE REVERSE SIDE. IT DOESN'T HAVE THE WEAR MARKS NOTED BY VERNER IN THE 1737 AND LATER COPIES OF THAT EDITION AND STATE. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF R019-GEI AND A MDHR # OF G1399-29. THE COLLECTION ALSO CONTAINS A COPY OF THE 1767 PRINTING OF THE SECOND EDITION OF THE MAP IN BLACK AND WHITE WITH VERY THIN MARGINS AT THE TOP AND BOTTOM. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF SONA018-UNHL* AND A MDHR # OF G1399-216.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : VERNER, COOLIE, A CARTO-BIBLIOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF THE ENGLISH PILOT THE FOURTH BOOK WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE CHARTS OF VIRGINIA, CHARLOTTESVILLE: THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA PRESS, 1960; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL ATLASES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD., 1971, # 1153, 1155, 1157, 1158, 1160, 1162, 1163, 1164, 1168, 1171, 3650, 3651, 3652, 4460; SABIN, JOSEPH, A DICTIONARY OF BOOKS RELATING TO AMERICA FROM ITS DISCOVERY TO THE PRESENT TIME, 29 VOLS, NEW YORK:, JOSEPH SABIN, 1868-1936, # 22616, 22617, 22619; SWEM, EARL G., "MAPS RELATING TO VIRGINIA IN OF THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY", BULLETIN OF THE VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY VOL. 7, NOS. 2-3, # 154, 167, 172, 186, 199, 205, 215, 217, 226, 231, 262, AND 304; VERNER, COOLIE, [UNPUBLISHED] NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA.

January 26, 1990


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