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MAP #: 221S5

CARTOGRAPHER : SENEX, JOHN [PUBLISHER]

DATE: 1721

SHORT TITLE : A NEW MAP OF VIRGINIA MARY=LAND

REMAINING TITLE & ID : AND THE IMPROVED PARTS OF PENN=SYLVANIA & NEW=JERSEY MOST HUMBLY INSCRIB'D TO THE RIGHT HON.ble THE EARL OF ORKNEY & CT. KNIGHT OF YE MOST NOBLE AND ANCIET [sic] ORDER OF THISTLE 1719. (CARTOUCHE, UPPER LEFT CORNER). "REVISED BY I. SENEX" (BELOW CARTOUCHE). A SCALE OF 70 MILES IN A DEGREE (LOWER RIGHT CORNER). THE MAP EXTENDS SLIGHTLY INTO THE TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS BUT NOT INTO THE MARGINS. LONGITUDE WEST FROM LONDON (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1721(1685)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER : JOHN SENEX
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 48.2 X 55.2 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 830,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 70 MI.IN A DEGREE
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-194 (ST.3)
# 2 : G1399-663 (ST.1)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : O027-NHG (ST.3)
# 2 : CMM012-? (ST.1)
REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL MAP WHERE MD/CHESAPEAKE IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : AUGUSTINE HERRMAN DERIVATIVE (12)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN IN FATHOMS
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN IN SHADING
CARTOUCHE : ADORNED PLASTERWORK (15)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : LONDON (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 185B5(BROWNE), 200B5 (BROWNE).
BEST INFO SOURCE : MCS # 39 GIVES THE STATES OF THE MAP.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS THE THIRD AND FINAL STATE OF A MAP THAT IS BASED ON AUGUSTINE HERRMAN'S MAP OF 1673 (SEE MAP # 173H5). IT WAS ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED IN 1685 AS A SEPARATE BY CHRISTOPHER BROWNE AND REISSUED WITH THE IMPRINT DELETED AROUND 1700. THIS THIRD STATE, ALTERED IN 1719 BY JOHN SENEX FOR INCLUSION IN HIS NEW GENERAL ATLAS IN 1721 WAS MAP # 30, FACING PAGE 240. A DEDICATION WAS ADDED BELOW THE TITLE TO LORD GEORGE HAMILTON, EARL OF ORKNEY, A WEALTHY PATRON WHO WAS GOVERNOR OF VIRGINIA FROM 1710 TO 1737. LONGITUDE MARKS WERE ADDED IN THE TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS.

UNLIKE THE HERRMAN MAP, THIS ONE AND ITS PRECEEDING STATES ARE ORIENTED WITH NORTH AT THE TOP AND REDUCED TO A SINGLE SHEET. PHILADELPHIA IS INDICATED. THE NORTHERN AND EASTERN BOUNDS OF MARYLAND ARE SHOWN. THE BOUNDARY FOR THE PRESENT STATE OF DELAWARE (THEN PART OF PENNSYLVANIA) FAVORS MARYLAND'S CLAIM. NEW JERSEY IS DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS, EAST AND WEST. THE SHOALS AND SOUNDINGS AND THE MARYLAND COUNTIES ARE TAKEN FROM HERRMAN. THE MAP IS HIGHLY DECORATIVE AND ALMOST ALWAYS FOUND IN COLOR, BUT IS NOT AS FINELY ENGRAVED AS HERRMAN'S. VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND ARE DIVIDED INTO COUNTIES, ALTHOUGH DELAWARE IS SHOWN AS A PART OF PENNSLVANIA. ANNAPOLIS IN ALL STATES IS CALLED ARUNDELTON.

AS WITH THE HERRMAN MAP, THE BROWN-SENEX SERIES SHOWS FEW SETTLEMENTS IN THE WESTERN INTERIOR OF MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA. SANCHEZ-SAAVEDRA POINTS OUT THAT THIS MADE IT INCREASINGLY OBSOLETE WHEN A NEW SURVEY OF THE WESTERN REGION WAS UNDERTAKEN BY JOSHUA FRY AND PETER JEFFERSON (SEE MAP # 253F5).

THE FIRST STATE WAS PUBLISHED AS A SEPARATE AROUND 1685 BY CHRISTOPHER BROWNE. A 2ND STATE OF THIS MAP WAS PUBLISHED BY BROWNE AROUND 1700 AS A SEPARATE. IT WAS ALSO INCLUDED IN AN UNDATED BERRY ATLAS WHICH CONTAINED MAPS DATED 1680 AND 1700. THE DATE 1700 HAS BEEN SELECTED ARBITRARILY ON THIS BASIS.

DATA IS FROM MCS #39 AND SANCHEZ-SAAVEDRA AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE MAP STATES IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THREE STATES OF THE MAP ARE KNOWN IN A SINGLE EDITION, ACCORDING TO STEVENS AND TREE. COPIES OF ALL THREE STATES ARE AT THE EVERGREEN HOUSE, JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY AND STATES 1 AND 3 ARE IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

1ST STATE - (c1685) - THE IMPRINT READS "SOLD BY CHRISTOPHER BROWNE AT THE GLOBE NEAR THE WEST END OF ST. PAULS CHURCH,LONDON." IN THE CARTOUCHE BELOW THE TITLE. THERE ARE NO LONGITUDE LINES. SEE MAP # 185B5.

2ND STATE - (c1700) - THIS IS THE SAME AS THE ORIGINAL STATE WITHOUT APPARENT ALTERATION EXCEPT FOR THE ERASURE OF BROWNE'S IMPRINT FROM THE PLATE. SEE MAP # 200B5.

3RD STATE - (1721) - THE TITLE IS EXPANDED TO READ "MOST HUMBLY INSCRIB'D TO THE RIGHT HON.ble THE EARL OF ORKNEY & CT. KNIGHT OF YE MOST NOBLE AND ANCIET [SIC] ORDER OF THISTLE 1719. REVISED BY I. SENEX". LONGITUDE MARKS WEST FROM LONDON ARE ADDED IN BOTH THE UPPER AND LOWER BORDER. ALL COPIES SEEN BY WRITER HAVE BEEN IN OUTLINE COLORING. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

DATA IS FROM MCS #39.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : HFC HAS A GOOD COPY IN OUTLINE COLORING OF STATE 1 OF THIS MAP WITH AN HFC ACQ. # OF CMM012-? AND A MDHR # OF G1399-663 AND A FRAMED COPY IN OUTLINE COLORING OF STATE 3 OF THIS MAP, WITH AN HFC ACQ. # OF O027-NHG AND A MDHR # OF G1399-194. THE STATE 1 COPY WAS ORIGINALLY THE PROPERTY OF MARY MARVIN BRECKENBRIDGE PATTERSON, WIDOW OF JEFFERSON PATTERSON, ONCE AMBASSADOR TO PARAGUAY. MRS. PATTERSON HAD A SUMMER HOME AT POINT FARM, CALVERT COUNTY, MD.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : STEVENS AND TREE, COMPARATIVE CARTOGRAPHY, MCS # 39, LONDON, 1967,P. 360; PHILLIPS, ATLASES, I, 563, #31; PHILLIPS, MAPS, P. 980; SANCHEZ-SAAVEDRA, DESCRIPTION OF THE COUNTRY..., PP. 21-24; PAPENFUSE AND COALE, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND 1608- 1908 (SHOWS THE DIFFERENCES IN THE CARTOUCHES OF THE THREE STATES),PP. 20-21;CUMMING, WM. P. EARLY MAPS OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY, P. 293; HERLIHY, P., EVOLUTION OF DELAWARE CARTOGRAPHY, PP. 177-178; VERNER, COOLIE, UNPUBLISHED NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA; SABIN # 79124; MACPHERSON, P. XXIV.

May 5, 1988


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