Return to Huntingfield Map Collection homepage

MAP #: 220M5

CARTOGRAPHER : MOLL, HERMAN

DATE: 1720

SHORT TITLE : TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE JOHN LORD SOMMERS

REMAINING TITLE & ID : BARON OF EVESHAM IN Ye COUNTY OF WORCESTER PRESIDENT OF HER MAJESTY'S MOST HONOURABLE PRIVY COUNCIL &c. THIS MAP OF NORTH AMERICA ACCORDING TO Ye NEWEST AND MOST EXACT OBSERVATIONS IS MOST HUMBLY DEDICATED BY YOUR LORDSHIP'S MOST HUMBLE SERVANT HERMAN MOLL GEOGRAPHER.(CARTOUCHE, UPPER LEFT CORNER). COAT OF ARMS (ABOVE CARTOUCHE). "B. LENS DELIN. G. VERTUE SCULP." (BELOW CARTOUCHE). SCENE DEPICTING THE COD FISH INDUSTRY IN NEW FOUNDLAND (CENTER LEFT OF MAP). INSET MAPS (FROM TOP LEFT TO BOTTOM RIGHT IN LOWER LEFT CORNER) OF "ST. JOHN'S HARBOUR", "BOSTON HARBOUR", "NEW YORK, &c.", "ASHBY & COOPER RIVER", "PORT ROYAL HARBOUR", "THE BAY & CITY OF Ye HAVANA", "THE BAY OF Pto. BELLA", "LA VERA CRUZ", "CARTAGENA HARBOUR AND FORTS", AND "THE PORT OF ACAPULCO". EXPLANATION, KEYED TO LETTERS ON THE MAP, WITH REGARD TO THE PATH OF GALEONS FROM SPAIN TO PICK UP TREASURE (LOWER RIGHT CORNER). "SOLD BY H. MOLL PRINTED FOR T. BOWLES PRINTS & MAP SELLER OVER AGAINST STOCKS MARKET- AND T. BOWLES PRINT AND MAPSELLER NEXT TO THE CHAPTER HOUSE IN ST. PAULS CHURCH YARD, AND OVER AGAINST DEVEREUX COURT, WITHOUT TEMPLE BAR. AND BY P. OVERTON MAP AND PRINTSELLER NEAR St. DUNSTONS CHURCH, FLEET STREET." (TO LEFT OF CENTER, TOP OF MAP). THE MAP EXTENDS THROUGH THE NEAT LINE IN THE TOP RIGHT CORNER. THERE IS A 16 POINT COMPASS ROSE IN THE CENTER OF THE "WESTERN [ATLANTIC] OCEAN". NUMEROUS NOTES ARE SCATTERED THROUGHOUT THE MAP AS WELL AS THE TRACTS OF VARIOUS EXPLORERS AND EXPEDITIONS. LONGITUDE IS EAST FROM LONDON ON THE TOP BORDER AND WEST FROM LONDON ON THE BOTTOM BORDER. LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1720?
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER : T. BOWLES [?]
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 58.1 X 96.3 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 59.5 X 97.5 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 16,000,000 (APPROXIMATE)
SCALE - OTHER DATA : FROM LATITUDE, SCALE NOT GIVEN
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-257
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : BB023-N2
REGION CATEGORY : THIS MAP IS NOT IMPORTANT TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (9)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : -
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY SHADING.
CARTOUCHE : AUGMENTED PLASTERWORK (16)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : LONDON (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : SCHWARTZ & EHRENBERG, PHILLIPS,MAPS, AND THE STREETER CATALOG ARE USEFUL
DESCRIPTION : THIS SMALL SCALE MAP COVERS FROM GREENLAND TO NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA AND ALL OF THE AREA OF THE PRESENT UNITED STATES. ITS REPRESENTATION OF THE MARYLAND- CHESAPEAKE BAY AREA IS TOO SMALL TO BE OF SIGNIFICANCE TO SUCH A COLLECTION. THE MAP IS OF CONSIDERABLE INTEREST, NOT ONLY BECAUSE OF ITS COLORFUL CARTOUCHE, DEPICTION OF THE CODFISH INDUSTRY AND HARBOR INSETS, BUT ALSO BECAUSE OF ITS NOTES AND THE INCLUSION OF THE TRACKS OF CAPTAIN JAMES AND CAPTAIN HUDSON. CALIFORNIA IS SHOWN AS A LARGE ISLAND. MANY INDIAN NAMES ARE SPRINKLED THROUGHOUT THE LAND AREAS. THE FOLLOWING NOTE IS FOUND ON THE LOWER RIGHT SIDE: "YOU WILL FIND FLORIDA IN THIS MAP CALLED LOUISIANA, THE R. MISISIPI R. St. LOUIS, MASSACRE PORT & HAVEN OF Ye. ISL DAUPHINE; LE MISSIOURS R. R. St. PHILIP; OUABACH R. R. St JEROM; FOR THUS Ye FRENCH HAVE ALTERED Ye NAMES IN Ye KINGS GRANT OF THOSE COUNTRIES TO MONS. CROZAT DATED SEPt. 14, 1712."

SCHWARTZ & EHRENBERG, IN THE MAPPING OF AMERICA, INDICATE THAT MOLL'S MAP WAS AN EFFORT TO ATTACK THE FRENCH CLAIMS IN GUILLAUAME DELISLE'S "CARTE DU CANADA OU LA NOUVELLE FRANCE." OF 1703. THERE IS CONSIDERABLE QUESTION ABOUT THE EXACT DATING OF MOLL'S PIECE. STREETER'S CATALOG USES "1715?". PHILLIPS, MAPS, HAS TWO ENTRIES, ONE IS 1710-20 AND ANOTHER IS "1715?". PHILLIPS, ATLASES, I, # 554 LISTS THIS MAP AS UNDATED, BUT INCLUDED IN A PUBLICATION ENTITLED THE WORLD DESCRIBED; OR, A NEW AND CORRECT SETT OF MAPS:SHEWING THE SEVERAL EMPIRES, KINGDOMS, REPUBLICS...IN ALL THE KNOWN PARTS OF THE EARTH...EACH MAP IS ENGRAVED ON COPPER BY HERMAN MOLL AND PRINTED ON TWO SHEETS OF ELEPHANT PAPER..., FOL., LONDON, J. BOWLES [1709-1720]. IT IS MAP #7. THIS MAY HAVE BEEN A VARIANT OF THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN BECAUSE PHILLIPS, MAPS, LISTS THE ENGRAVER AS "G. VERTUE SCULPT.", WHEREAS OUR COPY DOES NOT HAVE A FINIAL "T" ON SCULPT. THE MAPS IN THIS PUBLICATION THAT ARE DATED CARRY DATES OF 1709 TO 1720. R.V. TOOLEY, IN HIS MONOGRAPH NO. 8 CALIFORNIA AS AN ISLAND, IN THE MCS, USES THE DATE 1720 FOR THIS MAP. PHILLIPS, ATLASES, III, # 3469 INCLUDES THIS MAP IN A MORE RECENT VERSION OF THE WORLD DESCRIBED, AGAIN AS MAP # 7. THIS VERSION OF THE ATLAS WAS PROBABLY PUT OUT IN 1736, SINCE IT CONTAINS MAPS DATED 1735 OR LATER.

HERMAN MOLL, WHO DIED IN 1732, WAS AN ENGRAVER, CARTOGRAPHER AND MAP SELLER. HE WAS PROBABLY BORN IN EITHER GERMANY OR HOLLAND, BUT ALL OF HIS WORK IS RECORDED AS HAVING BEEN DONE IN LONDON. THE ADDRESSES FOR MOLL, BOWLES AND OVERTON IN THE NOTE NEAR THE TOP OF THE MAP DO NOT PERMIT US TO PINPOINT THE DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE MAP. SARAH TYACKE LOCATES MOLL AS "OVER AGAINST DEVEREUX COURT BETWEEN TEMPLE BAR AND ST. CLEMENTS CHURCH IN THE STRAND" FROM 1710-1732. THOMAS BOWLES WAS "NEXT TO THE CHAPTER HOUSE IN ST. PAULS CHURCHYARD" FROM 1714 UNTIL 1764 AND PHILIP OVERTON'S ADDRESS OF "NEAR ST. DUNSTON'S CHURCH IN FLEET STREET" WAS VALID FROM 1708 UNTIL 1715 AND POSSIBLY AS LATE AS 1728.

DATA IS FROM PHILLIPS, SCHWARTZ & EHRENBERG, TYACKE, TOOLEY AND FROM PERSONAL OBSERVATION OF THE COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THIS INFORMATION HAS NOT BEEN THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED. PHILLIPS INDICATES TWO VARIANT COPIES, BUT WE HAVEN'T SEEN THEM TO CONFIRM ANY DIFFERENCES. THE TIMING OF PUBLICATION IS UNCERTAIN BUT PROBABLY OCCURRED BETWEEN 1718 AND 1720.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : HFC HAS A GOOD COLORED COPY OF THIS MAP WITH SOME BROWNING. MARGINS ARE NARROW. ALL IN ALL, IT IS A VERY PRESENTABLE COPY.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, MAPS, P. 566; PHILLIPS, ATLASES, I, # 554, III, # 3469; TYACKE, SARAH, LONDON MAP-SELLERS 1660-1720, MAP COLLECTOR PUBLICATIONS, LTD., TRING, HERTFORDSHIRE: 1978, PP. 122-123 (MOLL), 112-113 (BOWLES) AND 135 (OVERTON); SCHWARTZ & EHRENBERG, THE MAPPING OF AMERICA, HARRY N. ABRAMS, INC., NEW YORK, 1980, PLATES 79 AND 80, PP. 140-141; TOOLEY, R.V., MAP COLLECTOR'S SERIES, NO. 8: CALIFORNIA AS AN ISLAND, MAP COLLECTOR'S CIRCLE, LONDON, 1964, # 82, P. 24; STREETER, THE THOMAS WINTHROP STREETER COLLECTION OF AMERICANA, VOL. ONE, PARKE-BERNET GALLERIES, INC., NEW YORK, 1966, # 50; KARPINSKI, LOUIS C., MAPS OF FAMOUS CARTOGRAPHERS DEPICTING NORTH AMERICA, 2ND ED., AMSTERDAM, MERIDIAN PUBLISHING CO., 1977, # XXXVI, PP. 123-124.

March 13, 1988


This information resource of the Maryland State Archives is presented here for fair use in the public domain. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: Rights assessment for associated source material is the responsibility of the user.


Tell Us What You Think About the Maryland State Archives Website!


[ Archives' Home Page  ||  All About Maryland  ||  Maryland Manual On-Line  ||  Reference & Research
||  Search the Archives   ||  Education & Outreach  ||  Archives of Maryland Online ]

Governor     General Assembly    Judiciary     Maryland.Gov

© Copyright April 26, 2006 Maryland State Archives