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MAP #: 208S5

CARTOGRAPHER : SCHENK, PIERRE [PUBLISHER]

DATE: 1708

SHORT TITLE : L'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE

REMAINING TITLE & ID : DRESSEE SUR LES OBSERVATIONS DE Mrs. DE L'ACADEMIE ROYALE DES SCIENCES. & QUELQUES AUTRES, & SUR LES MEMOIRES LES PLUS RECENS PAR G. DE L'ISLE GEOGRAPHE. A AMSTERDAM CHEZ PIERRE SCHENK SUR LE VYGENDAM, A L'ATLAS DE SANSON AVEC PRIVILEGE. 1708 (CARTOUCHE IN TOP RIGHT CORNER). MULTIPLE SCALES (TOP LEFT CORNER). "AVERTISSEMENT" IN FRENCH SETTING FORTH INFORMATION THAT THE MAP HAS BEEN UPDATED (DIRECTLY BELOW SCALES). THE CARTOUCHE IS DECORATED WITH TRADITIONAL MARINE FIGURES. LONGITUDE (POSSIBLY EAST FROM FERRO OR PARIS, TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1708?(1700)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : AMSTERDAM
PUBLISHER : PIERRE SCHENK
LANGUAGE(S) : FR
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 44.7 X 58.8 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 54.2 X 64.3 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 18,750,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : BASED ON LATITUDE
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-117
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : BB023-UHE
REGION CATEGORY : THIS MAP IS NOT IMPORTANT TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (9)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) :
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES.
: THERE IS NO HYDROGRAPHIC DATA FOR THE BAY.
CARTOUCHE : ADORNED PLASTERWORK (15)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : UNSPECIFIED, BUT PROBABLY PARIS (23)
SEE ALSO MAP #s :
BEST INFO SOURCE : TOOLEY'S STUDY IS THE BEST SOURCE FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP COVERS FROM BAFFIN BAY TO THE NORTHERN EDGE OF SOUTH AMERICA AND FROM THE AZORES TO THE WESTERN EDGE OF CALIFORNIA. AS SUCH, IT DOES NOT REALY BELONG IN A MARYLAND COLLECTION, SINCE THE PORTRAYAL OF THE STATE IS SO SMALL. THIS MAP IS A DERIVATIVE OF ONE BY D'LISLE, FIRST PREPARED IN 1700. IT WAS DESCRIBED BY R.V. TOOLEY AS A "FOUNDATION MAP". HE INDICATES THAT THE DEPICTION OF THE GREAT LAKES IS BASED ON CORONELLI SHOWING THE FRENCH STRONG POINTS AT TADOUSAC, QUEBEC, FORT SOREL, MONTREAL & FORT FRONTENAC. THE ENGLISH SETTLEMENTS CONFINED TO THE EAST OF THE ALLEGHENIES, WITH FORT AND RIVER KINIBEKI AS THE BORDER BETWEEN NEW ENGLAND AND ACADIA. THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY AREA IS SHOWN WELL DEVELOPED WITH THE RECENT FRENCH SETTLEMENTS OF d'IBERVILLE AT BELOCHY AND FORTS AT BON SECOURS AND ST. LOUIS." THE DE L'ISLE MAP WAS THE FIRST PRINTED MAP TO SHOW HERBES FLOTANTES SUR MER (THE SARGASSO SEA) AND THE FIRST TO REVERT TO A PENINSULAR FORM FOR CALIFORNIA. IT WAS REPRINTED BY CHEZ L. RENARD LIBRAIRE OF AMSTERDAM IN 1708. IN THAT YEAR ON THE QUAI DE L'HORLOGE ANOTHER IMPRINT WAS MADE THAT ERASED THE RENARD IMPRINT ON THE PLATE. ALSO IN 1708, THE MAP WAS REENGRAVED BY PIERRE MORTIER, WHO DISCARDED THE AVERTISSEMENT AND SHIFTED THE SCALE INSET AND THE TITLE CARTOUCHE. THIS EDITION IS ALSO ASCRIBED TO N. SANSON. IN 1730 COVENS & MORTIER REISSUED THE MAP IN AMSTERDAM. P. SCHENK MADE THE MAP HEREIN DESCRIBED WITH THE DATE 1708, BUT WRITER HAS NOT BEEN ABLE TO DETERMINE IF THIS WAS THE ACTUAL DATE OF PUBLICATION. J. WOLFF, J.F. PROBST (WOLFF'S SUCCESSOR), R & J OTTENS AND LOTTER ALL REISSUED THIS MAP BY 1757.

DATA IS FROM TOOLEY'S "FRENCH MAPPING OF THE AMERICAS", MCS #33, 18-19, PHILLIPS MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, AND FROM PERSONAL OBSERVATION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION IS TAKEN DIRECTLY FROM TOOLEY'S STUDY IN THE MAP COLLECTORS' SERIES #33, PP. 18-19, SINCE WRITER HAS SEEN ONLY THE PIERRE SCHENK VERSION. THE EXACT SEQUENCE AND IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS ARE NOT ALWAYS NOTED.

ED. 1 - STATE 1 - (1700) - THE TITLE READS "L'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE. DRESSEE SUR LES OBSERVATIONS DE Mrs. DE l'ACADEMIE ROYALE DES SCIENCES & QUELQUES AUTRES, & SUR LES MEMOIRES LES PLUS RECENS. PAR G. DE L'ISLE GEOGRAPHE. A PARIS CHEZ l'AUTHEUR RUE DES CANETTES PREZ DE ST. SULPICE AVEC PRIVILEGE DU ROY POUR 20 ANS. 1700." THE MAP MEASURES 45 1.2 X 60 1/2 CM. THE TITLE IS WITHIN THE CARTOUCHE AT THE TOP RIGHT CORNER WITH THE FIGURES OF NEPTUNE AND RIVER GODS, DESIGNED AND ENGRAVED BY N. GUERARD. THE SCALES AND AVERTISSEMENT ARE IN THE TOP LEFT.

- STATE 2 - (1700-?) - TOOLEY NOTES THAT THERE PROBABLY IS A STATE WITH AN IMPRINT "A PARIS CHEZ l'AUTHEUR SUR LE QUAI DE l'HORLOGE A LA COURONNE DE DIAMANS", ALTHOUGH HE COULD NOT LOCATE A COPY.

- STATE 3[?] - (1700-1708+) - HAS "A PARIS CHEZ l'AUTEUR SUR LE QUAI DE l'HORLOGE" AND THE ADDED IMPRINT "SE TROUVE A AMSTERDAM CHEZ L. RENARD LIBRAIRE PREZ DE LA BOURSE". A COPY IS IN THE BIBLIOTHEQUE NATIONALE IN PARIS (GeD116874).

- STATE 4[?] - (1700-1708+) - HAS "QUAI DE l'HORLOGE", BUT THE RENARD IMPRINT IS ERASED. A COPY IS IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM (37f14).

- STATE 5[?] - (1700-1718+) - HAS "PREMr. GEOGRAPHE DU ROY" ADDED TO THE TITLE. A COPY IS IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM (37f16).

ED. 2 - STATE 1 - (1700-1708) - THE TITLE IS "L'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE...PAR G. DE l'ISLE A AMSTERDAM CHEZ PIERRE MORTIER. AVEC PRIVILEGE." IT MEASURES 45 X 58 CM. IN THIS REENGRAVED MAP THE TITLE CARTOUCHE IS TRANSFERRED TO THE TOP LEFT CORNER AND THE SCALES TO THE TOP RIGHT CORNER WITHIN A NEW DESIGN OF A DRAPED CURTAIN. THE AVERTISSEMENT IS ELIMINATED AND AN ADDITIONAL TITLE IN LATIN IS ABOVE THE MAP. IT APPEARED IN ATLAS NOUVEAU DE DIVERSES CARTES CHOISIES DES MEILLEURS GEOGRAPHES COMME SANSON, G. DE L'ISLE ETC... A AMSTERDAM CHEZ PIERRE MORTIER, GEOGRAPHE MDCCVIII. WRITER WAS UNABLE TO FIND THIS LISTED IN KOEMAN. A COPY IS IN THE ROYAL GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY.

- STATE 2[?] - (DATE?) - TOOLEY SAYS THIS MAP ALSO EXISTS IN A VERSION ASCRIBED TO "N. SANSON".

ED. 3 - STATE 1 - (1700-1730) - THE TITLE IS ALTERED TO READ "...A AMSTERDAM CHEZ I. COVENS & C. MORTIER. AVEC PRIVILEGE." THIS VERSION IS IN ATLAS NOUVEAU...PAR GUILLAUME DE L'ISLE...A AMSTERDAM CHEZ JEAN COVENS & CORNEILLE MORTIER MDCCXXX.

- STATE 2 - (1757) - THIS MAP WASS REISSUED WITH THE DATE 1757.

TOOLEY NOTES THAT "THE MAP WAS WIDELY COPIED, FOR EXAMPLE BY P. SCHENK 1708 [THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN], J. WOLFF (REISSUED BY HIS SUCCESSOR J.F. PROBST), R. & J. OTTENS, AND LOTTER." THE DATES AND IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF THESE ITEMS, EXCEPT FOR SCHENK'S VERSION, ARE UNKNOWN TO THE WRITER.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A GOOD CLEAN COPY OF THIS MAP IN ORIGINAL COLOR WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-UHE AND A MDHR # OF G1399-117.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : TOOLEY, R.V., "FRENCH MAPPING OF THE AMERICAS", MAP COLLECTOR'S SERIES NO. 33, LONDON: THE MAP COLLECTORS' CIRCLE, 1967, 18-19 AND PLATE IX, NO. 28 [THE DE L'ISLE 1700 EDITION]; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, A LIST OF MAPS OF AMERICA IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, NEW Y0RK: BURT FRANKLIN REPRINT, UNDATED [ORIGINAL 1901], 205 (SEE DE L'ISLE, 1700); CATALOG VOL. XXXIV # 4, NEW YORK: OLD PRINT SHOP, 1974, ITEM 21.

January 21, 1990


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