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MAP #: 200W5

CARTOGRAPHER : WELLS, EDWARD

DATE: 1700

SHORT TITLE : A NEW MAP OF THE MOST CONSIDERABLE PLANTATIONS OF THE ENGLISH IN AMERICA

REMAINING TITLE & ID : DEDICATED TO HIS HIGHNESS WILLIAM DUKE OF GLOCESTER. (CARTOUCHE, UPPER LEFT CORNER). ROYAL SEAL (ABOVE CARTOUCHE). "SUTTON NICHOLLS SCULP" (LOWER RIGHT, INSIDE LONGITUDE BORDER). "EXPLANATION" OF ABBREVIATIONS (BOX BELOW AND LEFT OF TITLE). THERE ARE FIVE INSET MAPS. ONE IS OF NEW SCOTLAND (UPPER RIGHT CORNER). THE SECOND IS OF THE "I. OF JAMAICA" (BELOW NEW SCOTLAND INSET). THE THIRD IS OF "BERMUDAZ OR SOMMERS ISLES" (BELOW LEFT HALF OF JAMAICA INSET). THE FOURTH IS OF THE "I. OF BARBADOS" (BELOW RIGHT HALF OF JAMAICA INSET). THE FIFTH IS OF "CAROLINA" (CENTER BOTTOM). FOUR SECTION COMPASS ROSE (CENTER TOP, TO RIGHT OF TITLE). THE NEW SCOTLAND AND CAROLINA INSETS HAVE THEIR OWN LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE BORDERS ON THE SAME SCALE AS THE MAIN MAP. THERE IS NOTHING ON THE REVERSE SIDE. LONGITUDE WEST FROM LONDON (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1700
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER :
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 35.4 X 47.8 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 44 X 58 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 3,350,000 (APPROXIMATE)
SCALE - OTHER DATA : NONE GIVEN ON MAP OR INSETS
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-244
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : BB023-UNF
REGION CATEGORY : THIS MAP IS NOT IMPORTANT IN A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (9)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) :
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : ADORNED PLASTERWORK (15)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : LONDON (1)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : -
BEST INFO SOURCE : PHILLIPS, ATLASES, IS THE BEST SOURCE FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP COVERS THE AREA FROM PRESENT DAY MAINE TO NORTHERN NORTH CAROLINA AND HAS FIVE INSET MAPS IN THE OCEAN AREA COVERING NEW SCOTLAND, JAMAICA, BERMUDA, THE BARBADOS AND CAROLINA. THERE IS LITTLE DETAIL OF THE INTERIOR. MOST OF THE PLACE NAMES ARE ALONG RIVERS OR OTHER WATER. THE MARYLAND PORTRAYAL DOES NOT FOLLOW EITHER SMITH OR HERRMAN, WITH THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF THE DELMARVA PENINSULA INCORRECTLY SHAPED AND FAR TOO WIDE. THIS MAP WAS TOTALLY SUPERSEDED BY HERRMAN'S MAP BY THE TIME WELL'S MAP FIRST APPEARED IN 1700 IN HIS A NEW SETT OF MAPS BOTH ANTIENT [SIC] AND PRESENT GEOGRAPHY, OXFORD THEATER.

NOT ALL THE EDITIONS OR PRINTINGS ARE KNOWN TO WRITER, ALTHOUGH PHILLIPS LISTS THE FOLLOWING: (1ST ED.) 1700, 1701, (2ND ED.) 1707, 1708, (3RD ED.?) 1718, 1719?, 1722, (4TH ED.) 1726. WELLS, WHO WAS BORN IN 1667, DIED IN 1729. THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS NOTES AN EDITION OF 1738 AS THE ONLY ONE KNOWN TO HAVE APPEARED AFTER HIS DEATH. WELLS WAS A MATHEMATICIAN, GEOGRAPHER AND CLERGYMAN.

SARAH TYACKE IN HER BOOK LONDON MAP-SELLERS 1660-1720 NOTES TWO ADS IN THE LONDON GAZETTE ADVERTISING THIS PUBLICATION. ONE RAN FROM AUG. 28 TO SEPT. 1, 1701. IT GAVE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION: "PRICE UNBOUND IN IMPERIAL PAPER 2L. 14 S. 6D. IN ROYAL PAPER 2 L. 3S. SOLD BY A. CHURCHILL AND T. BENNET; IN LONDON; AND J. HALL AT THE THEATER IN OXFORD". A LATER AD APPEARING FROM 23-26 FEB 1701/2 NOTED: "REPRINTED IN THREE SORTS OF PAPER, AND SOLD AT THE FOLLOWING RATES, VIZ. IMPERIAL 2L. 14S. 6D. FINE ROYAL 2L. 3S. COURSE ROYAL 1L. 5S. BY A. & J. CHURCHILL IN POSTER-NOSTER-ROW, T. BENNET AT THE HALF-MOON IN ST. PAUL'S CHURCH- YARD, MR. BAKER IN WESTMINSTER-HALL; MR. HALL, BOOKSELLER, IN CAMBRIDGE, ALL THE BOOKSELLERS IN OXON, AND SEVERAL IN THE COUNTRY"

THE TITLE WAS UNCHANGED FROM THE 1700 TO THE 1738 PRINTINGS AND IN ALL LIKELIHOOD THE MAPS ARE FROM THE SAME PLATE. HOWEVER, WE DO NOT KNOW THIS FOR CERTAIN. THE PLATE WAS ENGRAVED BY SUTTON NICHOLLS.

DATA IS FROM PHILLIPS, ATLASES, TYACKE'S LONDON MAP- SELLERS 1660-1720, AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THIS MAP HAS NOT BEEN STUDIED IN DETAIL. IT APPEARED IN EDWARD WELL'S ATLAS ENTITLED A NEW SETT OF MAPS BOTH ANTIENT [SIC] AND PRESENT GEOGRAPHY, OXFORD THEATER, 1700, ACCOMPANIED BY A TREATISE ON THE SUBJECT. THERE WERE NUMEROUS REPRINTS AND EDITIONS OF THE ATLAS, WHICH WE HAVE NOT SEEN. PHILLIPS LISTS THE COPIES IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. WE HAVE NOT COMPARED THE COPIES OF THE MAP IN THE VARIOUS EDITIONS, BUT ALL HAVE THE SAME TITLE. WE BELIEVE THEY ARE FROM THE SAME PLATE, WHICH WAS ENGRAVED BY SUTTON NICHOLLS, BUT THIS NEEDS TO BE VERIFIED. NO PUBLISHER IS LISTED FOR THE 1700 EDITION. IT WAS PUBLISHED IN OXFORD. THE ATLAS WAS REPRINTED IN 1701. A SECOND EDITION IS LISTED FOR 1707, WITH ANOTHER PRINTING FOR 1708. THE 1718 EDITION CARRIES THE IMPREMATEUR OF GU. PAYNTER, LONDON, WITH W. CHURCHILL THE PUBLISHER. THE 1719? ISSUE WAS PRINTED BY T.W. FOR R. BONWICKE AND J. WALTHOE. THE DATE IS QUESTIONABLE, BUT IS BASED BY PHILLIPS ON THE FACT THAT THE PUBLISHERS IN 1719 FORMED A PARTNERSHIP TO PRINT SOME EXPENSIVE WORKS. THE L.C. HAS A 1722 PRINTING, LONDON FOR R. BONWICKE AND J. WALTHOE, AND A 4TH EDITION WAS PUT OUT IN 1726 (NOT IN THE L.C.). A FIFTH AND FINAL EDITION AROUND 1738 WAS PUBLISHED IN LONDON, PRINTED BY T.W. FOR J. WALTHOE AND R. WILKINS. THE DATE IS BASED ON THE FACT THAT WELL'S NAME APPEARS ON THE TITLE PAGE REFERRED TO AS THE "LATE RECTOR OF COTESBACH" IN LEICESTERSHIRE. HE HELD THAT POST AS WELL AS A RECTORSHIP OF BLETCHLEY IN BUCKINGHAMSHIRE UNTIL HIS DEATH. THE ONLY EDITION KNOWN TO HAVE BEEN ISSUED THEREAFTER WAS AROUND 1738.

IN ALL OF THE ATLAS EDITIONS, THE MAP APPEARED AS # 41 OF 41 MAPS.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : HFC HAS A FAIRLY GOOD COPY OF THIS MAP IN OUTLINE, BUT CRUDE COLORING, WITH MARGINAL TEARS, NOT AFFECTING THE PRINTED MATERIAL. THE MAP IS MARKED "1730" IN PENCIL IN THE LOWER RIGHT MARGIN.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, ATLASES, I, # 531 (MAP 41-1700), # 564 (1722), III, # 3479 (1718, # 3480 (1719?), # 3489, IV, # 4284 (1738?); TYACKE, SARAH, LONDON MAP-SELLERS 1660-1720, TRING, HERTFORDSHIRE: MAP COLLECTOR PUBLICATIONS LIMITED, 1978, P. 79 #330, P. 80 # 332; TOOLEY, R.V., DICTIONARY, P. 659.

March 13, 1988


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