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MAP #: 176S5

CARTOGRAPHER : SPEED, JOHN [PUBLISHER]

DATE: 1676

SHORT TITLE : A MAP OF VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND.

REMAINING TITLE & ID : SOLD BY THOMAS BASSET IN FLEETSTREET, AND RICHARD CHISWELL IN St. PAULS CHURCH YARD. (CARTOUCHE, UPPER RIGHT CORNER). SCALE BAR SURMOUNTED BY ARMS OF ENGLAND (UPPER LEFT CORNER). "F. LAMB, SCULP." (LOWER LEFT CORNER). COMPASS ROSE (LOWER LEFT CORNER). ON THE REVERSE SIDE ARE PAGES 43 AND 44, WHICH CONTAIN RESPECTIVELY "THE DESCRIPTION OF VIRGINIA" AND "THE DESCRIPTION OF MARY-LAND", EACH IN 2 FULL LENGTH COLUMNS. LONGITUDE (NOT SHOWN). LATITUDE (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1676
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER : JOHN SPEED [POSTHUMOUSLY]
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 38.0 X 49.0 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 43 X 55 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 1,140,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : 40 ENGLISH MI. = 6.5 CM.
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-197
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : M026-FUG
REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL MAP WHERE MD/CHESAPEAKE IS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : JOHN SMITH DERIVATIVE (11)
: AUGUSTINE HERRMAN DERIVATIVE (12)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : W IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : AUGMENTED PLASTERWORK (16)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s :
BEST INFO SOURCE : VERNER'S NOTES AND HIS MCS #45 ARE THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : VERNER DESCRIBES THIS MAP AS DERIVATIVE 9 OF JOHN SMITH'S 1612 MAP (SEE MAP # 112S5). HE SAYS IT IS THE LAST MAJOR DERIVATIVE OF THAT BASIC PROTOTYPE AND IS A TRANSITION MAP TO THE AUGUSTINE HERRMAN MAP PUBLISHED 3 YEARS EARLIER. THE DELINEATION OF THE LAND AREA FOLLOWS SMITH WHILE THE PLACE NAMES ARE FROM THE HERRMAN MAP. THE MCGREGOR LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA "NOTES ON THE SPEED MAP" INDICATES THAT SPEED'S PRESENTATION OWES MOST TO THE HERRMAN MAP. FOR EXAMPLE, THE SPELLING OF APPAMATRICX FOR THE POWHATAN TRIBAL NAME THAT GAVE ITS NAME TO THE APPAMATTOX RIVER AND THE FORM MACHOTIC UNDER WHICH THE REMNANTS OF THE POWHATAN TRIBES RALLIED LATE IN THE 17TH CENTURE HIGH ON THE SOUTH SHORE OF THE "PATOWMECK" IN WESTMERLAND COUNTY AND MISCOPYING IN THE SPEED ATLAS FROM HERRMAN OF A LEGEND FOR CHARLES CITY COUNTY, WHICH YIELDED TWO GHOST PLACES FROM ONE REAL PLACE. ONE WAS "CHARLES", APPARENTLY FOR A CITY AND ONE WAS "CITY COUNTY", WHICH WAS MISTAKEN FOR A COUNTY. NUMEROUS NAMES WERE TAKEN FROM HERRMAN, SUCH AS "GOULDEN QUARTERS", "ARCADIA", "MATCHAPUNKO" ON THE LOWER EASTERN SHORE AND "TURNEYS CR." IN SPEED FROM "TURNYS CR" IN HERRMAN. ON THE OTHER HAND, THE ISLANDS SHOWN OFF CAPE CHARLES HAVE THE CHARACTERISTIC SHAPE OF THE SMITH RATHER THAN THE HERRMAN MAP.

VERNER STATES THAT "IT APPEARS THAT SPEED HAD THE PLATE IN PROCESS WITH THE MAJOR LAND AREAS DELINEATED AND ENGRAVED BEFORE HE HAD ACCESS TO THE HERRMAN MAP. RATHER THAN DISCARD THE WORK THAT HAD BEEN COMPLETED, HE KEPT HIS ORIGINAL CUTTING OF THE AREA AND ADOPTED THE HERRMAN NAMES TO IT."

THE ATLAS WAS ANNOUNCED IN THE CATALOGUE FOR HILLARY TERM 15 FEB 1675 BY BASSET & CHISWELL AND IN HILLARY TERM 1676 AS FOLLOWS: "THE WHOLE IMPRESSION IS DONE UPON ROYAL PAPER; SOME OF THEM UPON DUTCH ROYAL, FOR SUCH AS ARE CURIOUS." THE PRICE LISTED WAS 6d. THE MAP WAS FIRST PUBLISHED IN THE 1676 POSTHUMOUS EDITION OF JOHN SPEED'S THE THEATRE OF THE EMPIRE IN GREAT BRITAIN IN AN ADDENDUM ENTITLED A PROSPECT OF THE MOST FAMOUS PARTS OF THE WORLD. CONDENSED VERSIONS OF OGILBY'S DESCRIPTIONS OF MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA ARE PRINTED ON THE BACK.

DATA IS FROM VERNER'S NOTES AND MCS # 45 AND FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA NOTES ON THE SPEED MAP.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ALL COPIES OF THIS MAP ARE FROM A SINGLE PLATE, WITH MINOR IMPRINT VARIATIONS, WHICH YIELDED THREE STATES. THE PLATE WAS USED FROM 1676 TO CA. 1685.

STATE 1- (1676) - THIS IS THE COPY DESCRIBED HEREIN.

STATE 2- (CA 1680)-THE BASSET AND CHISWELL IMPRINT HAS BEEN DELETED.

STATE 3- (CA 1685)-IN PLACE OF THE BASSET AND CHISWELL IMPRINT, THE FOLLOWING HAS BEEN SUBSTITUTED: "PRINTED & SOLD BY CHRISTOPHER BROWNE AT THE GLOBE NEAR THE WEST END OF S. PAULS CHURCH LONDON." (SEE MAP # 185B6).

THE MAP IS ONE OF THE MOST DECORATIVE OF THE 17TH CENTURY MAPS OF MARYLAND AND IS USUALLY BUT NOT ALWLAYS FOUND IN COLOR. THE WATERMARK IS A SMALL FLEUR-DE-LYS. ON THE REVERSE SIDE IS "THE DESCRIPTION OF VIRGINIA", TWO COLUMN ENGLISH TEXT ON PAGE 43 AND "THE DESCRIPTION OF MARY-LAND", TWO COLUMN ENGLISH TEXT ON PAGE 44.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : HFC'S COPY IS BEAUTIFULLY COLORED AND IT HAS THE WATERMARK AND TEXT NOTED. IT IS A STATE 1 IMPRESSION.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : VERNER, COOLIE, MCS # 45, LONDON, 1968, P. 38,PL. 14; MATHEWS,E.B., BIBLIOGRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY OF MARYLAND, MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, VOL.I,PART IV, BALTIMORE, JULY, 1897, P. 338; PHILLIPS, P. LEE, VIRGINIA CARTOGRAPHY, DC, 1896, P. 42; THE MCGREGOR LIBRARY, UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA, NOTES ON THE SPEED MAP, CHARLOTTSVILLE, VA., 1962; PHILLIPS, MAPS P. 391;PHILLIPS, ATLASES, I, NO. 488; PAPENFUSE AND COALE, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND 1608-1908, FIGS. 15A,15B, PP. 16-18; BAER, E., SEVENTEENTH CENTURY MARYLAND: A BIBLIOGRAPHY, #85, PP. 85-86, #86, PP. 86-88; WINDSOR, J., NARRATIVE AND CRITICAL HISTORY, III, P. 467; SWEM # 93; SABIN #89228; LOWERY 106; VERNER, COOLIE, UNPUBLISHED NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA.

April 13, 1988


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