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MAP #: 156D5

CARTOGRAPHER : DANCKERS, JUSTUS [PUBLISHER]

DATE: 1656

SHORT TITLE : NOVI BELGII NOVAEQUE ANGLIAE NEC NON PARTIS VIRGINIAE

REMAINING TITLE & ID : TABULA MULTIS IN LOCIS EMENDATA, A IUSTO DANCKERS. (CARTOUCHE, ABOVE NIEUW AMSTERDAM VIEW IN BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). INSET VIEW OF THE SOUTHERN TIP OF MANHATTAN ISLAND, ENTITLED "NIEUW AMSTERDAM", WITH ALPHABETICAL CODE KEY TO IDENTIFY OBJECTS IN THE VIEW (BOTTOM RIGHT, WITH HUMAN FIGURES ON LEFT AND RIGHT). NUMEROUS FIGURES, ANIMALS AND VIEWS MOSTLY TAKEN FROM DEBRY (THROUGHOUT THE MAP). COMPASS ROSES (IN THE "MAR DEL NORT" OFF NEW JERSEY AND EAST OF THE SHOAL OFF CAPE COD). LONGITUDE, PROBABLY EAST FROM FERRO (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1656-60(1651)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : AMSTERDAM
PUBLISHER : JUSTUS DANCKERS
LANGUAGE(S) : LADU
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 46.2 X 54.7 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : FRAMED - O.M. NOT MEASURED.
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 2,250,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : SCALE MISSING
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-237
# 2 : G1399-232 (ED.8 - ST.4)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : R025-HIGD
# 2 : BB023-HTF (ED.8 - ST.4)
REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL AREA MAP OF SIGNIFICANCE TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (3)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : JOHN SMITH DERIVATIVE MAP (11)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SHOALS ARE SHOWN IN SHADING.
CARTOUCHE : STYLIZED DRAPERY PANEL (8)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : MERIDIAN UNSPECIFIED BUT PROBABLY FERRO (22)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 151J5, 160J5, 180S6, 155V5, 157V5, 210S5, 183V5, 156D6, 183D5, 156A5, 173A5, 173A6, 174A5, 175A5, 19_O5, 226O5, 170O5, 229A3, 261C6, 230S5, 23_S5, 23_S6, 257L5, 257L6.
BEST INFO SOURCE : CAMPBELL, VERNER AND STOKES WERE ALL HELPFUL.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP IS STATE ONE OF EDITION THREE OF A LONG SERIES OF MAPS PUBLISHED BY VARIOUS FIRMS WITH THE NOVI BELGII TITLE. IT COVERS THE AREA FROM PRESENT DAY MAINE TO CAPE HENRY. ITS REPRESENTATION OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY IS BASED ON THE SMITH MAP OF 1612, WITH ITS EXAGGERATION OF THE WIDTH OF THE DELMARVA PENINSULA. THIS SERIES IS PROBABLY BASED ON A PROTOTYPE MAP FIRST PUBLISHED BY JAN JANSSON AROUND 1651. THE FINAL ISSUE IN THE SERIES WAS PUBLISHED BY TOBIAS CONRAD LOTTER IN 1757 OR LATER. AT THE TIME OF THE JANSSON PROTOTYPE IT WAS, ACCORDING TO TONY CAMPBELL, "THE MOST UP TO DATE AND MOST DETAILED MAP OF THE REGION AVAILABLE." BY THE MID 18TH CENTURY, IT HAD LONG SINCE BEEN REPLACED BY MORE UP TO DATE MAPS AND HAD LITTLE PRACTICAL VALUE.

THERE IS CONTROVERSY IN THE STANDARD LITERATURE ABOUT THE SEQUENCE OF THE VARIOUS MAPS IN THIS SERIES AND THEIR DATES. STOKES BELIEVES THAT THIS STATE OF THE DANCKERS MAP IS MORE RECENT THAN THE PROOF STATE OF THE NICOLAS JANSZ VISSCHER MAP, WHICH OMITS FORT KASIMIER ON THE DELAWARE RIVER, WHEREAS THE DANCKER'S MAP HAS THAT FORT SHOWN. STOKES CONCLUDES, HOWEVER, THAT IT "SEEMS ALTOGETHER PROBABLE THAT THE EARLY DANCKERS [DESCRIBED HEREIN] ANTEDATES THE N.J. VISSCHER KNOWN TO AMERICAN COLLECTORS...[i.e. STATE 2 OF THE VISSCHER MAP]". THE VISSCHER AND DANCKERS MAPS BOTH CONTAIN THE VISSCHER VIEW OF NEW YORK ENTITLED "NIEUW AMSTERDAM OP T EYLANT MANHATTANS", WHICH STOKES INDICATES IS THE THIRD KNOWN ENGRAVED VIEW OF NEW YORK AND WAS PROBABLY DRAWN BETWEEN 1650 AND 1653.

THE VISSCHER PROOF MAP IS A CLOSER COPY OF THE JANSSON PROTOTYPE THAN IS THE DANCKERS, ALTHOUGH BOTH DIFFER MATERIALLY FROM THE PROTOTYPE.

THE MAIN FOCUS OF THE MAPS OF THIS SERIES IS ON THE NEW YORK-NEW ENGLAND AREA. HOWEVER, IT IS OF SOME SIGNIFICANCE TO MARYLAND CARTOGRAPHY BECAUSE THE VISSCHER MAP IS THE ONE ON WHICH WILLIAM PENN SKETCHED IN PEN THE BOUNDARY LINE AS HE SAW IT BETWEEN MARYLAND AND PENNSYLVANIA ON A COPY NOW AT THE GARRETT LIBRARY OF JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY. IT IS ALSO BELIEVED THAT THE MISLOCATION OF CAPE HENLOPEN ON THE VISSCHER AND DANCKERS MAPS CONTRIBUTED TO THE MISUNDERSTANDING OVER THE MARYLAND-DELAWARE LINE IN THE 1700s THAT WAS FINALLY SETTLED BY THE COURT IN LONDON IN 1750 AND WAS LATER DRAWN BY MASON AND DIXON IN 1768.

DATA IS FROM STOKES, CAMPBELL AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPY OF THE MAP IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : TONY CAMPBELL NAMES NUMEROUS STATES OF THIS MAP ON 8 COPPERPLATES. IT APPEARS THAT ONE ADDITIONAL STATE OF THE DANCKERS MAP IS NOT LISTED AND ALSO ONE STATE OF THE OTTENS VERSION IS ADDED BY VERNER. NONE OF THE DATES IS DEFINITE, SINCE NONE OF THE MAPS ARE DATED AND FEW OF THEM ARE KNOWN TO OCCUR IN DATED ATLASES.

ED. 1 - STATE 1 - [1651?] - ENTITLED "BELGII NOVI, ANGLIAE NOVAE, ET PARTIS VIRGINIAE NOVISSIMA DELINEATIO" AND PUBLISHED BY JAN JANSSON, THE MAP HAS NO IMPRINT. THE TITLE IS IN AN OVAL CARTOUCHE IN THE LOWER RIGHT CORNER. COPIES ARE KNOWN WITH NOTHING ON THE REVERSE AND WITH TEXT. THE LATTER APPEARED IN THE LATIN TEXT EDITION ONLY OF JANSSON'S ATLANTIS MAJORIS QUINTA PARS, 5 VOLS, AMSTERDAM, 1657. MAP MEASURES 44.5 X 52 CM. SEE MAP # 151J5.

- STATE 2 - [1660-1663] - REPLACING THE TWO SMALLER INDIAN CANOES IS A DEDICATION TO GVALTHERO DE RAET WITH AN ORNAMENTAL CARTOUCHE CAPPED WITH HIS ARMS. JANSSON'S NAME APPEARS FOR THE FIRST TIME ON THIS STATE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE NEW CARTOUCHE. COPIES ARE KNOWN WITH AND WITHOUT TEXT ON THE REVERSE. THOSE WITH TEXT WERE IN THE ATLAS CONTRACTUS, AMSTERDAM 1666. SEE MAP # 160J5.

- STATE 3 - [1680-?] - THE DATE IS FROM VERNER. JANSSON'S NAME IS ERASED AND REPLACED WITH "PETRUM SCHENK". BENEATH "NOVISSIMA DELINEATIO" HAS BEEN ADDED "PROSTANT AMSTELAEDAMI APUD PETRUM SCHENK, ET GERARDUM VALK, C.P. SCHENK AND VALK ACQUIRED SOME OF THE JANSSON PLATES, POSSIBLY IN 1694. SEE MAP # 180S6.

ED. 2 - PROOF STATE - [1655?] - ENTITLED "NOVI BELGII NOVAEQUE ANGLIAE NEC NON PARTIS VIRGINIAE TABULA MULTIS IN LOCIS EMENDATA A NICOLAO JOANNIS VISSCHERO." MANY OF THE DECORATIVE DETAILS ARE REVERSED. THE VIEW OF "NIEUW AMSTERDAM OP T EYLANT MANHATTANS" APPEARED FOR THE FIRST TIME. FORT KASIMIER ON THE DELAWARE IS MISSING. "CHESAPEACH BAY" IN JANSSON NOW READS "CHESAPEACK". THERE ARE ONLY THREE COPIES OF THIS STATE KNOWN. THE MAP MEASURES 46.5 X 55.5 CM. VERNER USES 1657 AS THE DATE. SEE MAP # 155V5.

- STATE 2 - [1657-1683] - FORT KASIMIER IS ADDED, BUT PHILADELPHIA IS STILL MISSING. THE MAP IS SOMETIMES FOUND IN BLAEU AND JANSSON ATLASES AS AN INSERT, AS WELL AS IN VISSCHER'S ATLASES. SEE MAP # 157V5.

- STATE 3 - [1683-1710?] - THE DATE IS FROM VERNER. THE IMPRINT IS ALTERED TO "PER NICOLAUM VISSCHER", PHILADELPHIA IS MARKED AND SHOWN IN PLAN. TO THE "ZUYDT RIVIER" HAS BEEN ADDED "OF DELAWARE". PENNSYLVANIA AND NEW YORK PROVINCES ARE MARKED AND NUMEROUS OTHER CHANGES ARE MADE. NICOLAS JANSZ VISSCHER DIED IN 1679 AND HIS SON WITH THE SAME CHRISTIAN NAMES TOOK OVER THE BUSINESS. SEE MAP # 183V5.

- STATE 4 - [1710?-?] - "NUNC APUD PETR: SCHENK IUN:" IS ADDED BENEATH VISSCHER'S NAME. SEE MAP # 210S5.

ED. 3 - STATE 1 - [1656?-1660?] - ENTITLED "NOVI BELGII NOVAEQUE ANGLIAE NEC NON PARTIS VIRGINIAE TABULA MULTIS IN LOCIS EMENDATA A IUSTO DANCKERS." THE DELAWARE RIVER (ZUYDT) IS SHOWN FLOWING OUT OF THE HUDSON. PHILADELPHIA IS NOT SHOWN. THERE IS NO SCALE, ALTHOUGH THE WORDS "MILIARIA GERMANICA COMMUNIA" APPEAR TO THE LEFT OF THE MANHATTAN VIEW. STOKES CITES ONLY HIS OWN COPY, ALTHOUGH THE FREE LIBRARY OF PHILADELPHIA AND HUNTINGFIELD HAVE THIS STATE ALSO. VERNER'S DESCRIPTION IN HIS UNPUBLISHED NOTES IS BASED ON A NYPL PHOTOCOPY IN THE JCB AND IT APPARENTLY HAS THE SCALE. THE MAP MEASURES 46.2 X 54.7 CM. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

- STATE 2 - [1656?-1660?] - SIMILAR TO STATE 1 EXCEPT FOR THE PRESENCE OF THE SCALE [15=5.0 CM.]. APPARENTLY IN THE NYPL, ALTHOUGH NOT YET SEEN BY THE WRITER. NOT NOTED BY CAMPBELL. SEE MAP # 156D6.

- STATE 3 - [1683?] - CONTAINS PHILADELPHIA. THE DELAWARE RIVER IS REDRAWN WITH NO CONNECTION TO THE HUDSON. PENNSYLVANIA IS MARKED AND GIVEN BOUNDS. NEW JERSEY IS NAMED AND BOUNDED. MARYLAND IS NAMED. THE SCALE IS THERE. "DELAWARE BAY" IS SHOWN. THE THIRD LINE OF THE TITLE NOW READS "PENNSYLVANIAE ET PARTIS". SEE MAP # 183D5.

ED. 4 - STATE 1 - [1656?] - ENTITLED "NOVA BELGICA SIVC [sic] NIEUW NEDERLANDT", THIS MAP WAS DONE BY ANDRIAEN VANDER DONCK IN AMSTERDAM. IT FIRST APPEARED IN THE SECOND EDITION OF BESCHRYVINGE VAN NIEUW-NEDERLANT..., EVERT NIEUWENHOF, PUBL., IN 1656. FORT CHRISTINA IS NAMED TWICE. THIS SMALL MAP, MEASURING 30.5 X 18.5 CM., SHOWS ONLY FROM DELAWARE BAY TO THE EASTERN END OF LONG ISLAND, BUT RETAINS THE SAME SCALE AS THE EARLIER EDITIONS. THERE IS NO TITLE AND THE VISSCHER VIEW OF MANHATTAN IS ON THE BOTTOM WITHOUT CARTOUCHE, FRAME OR KEY.

- STATE 2 - [1656?] - THE LOWER PRINTING OF FORT CHRISTINA IS CORRECTED TO FORT CASAMIRUS [KASIMIER]. THERE IS NO SCALE SHOWN ON THE MAP. THIS STATE ALSO APPEARED IN SOME COPIES OF THE SECOND EDITION OF THE BESCHRYVINGE VAN NIEUW BEDERLANT.....

- STATE 3 - [DATE?] - IN THIS STATE, THE SCALE HAS BEEN ADDED, BUT THE SUPERIOR "c" IN THE SECOND WORD OF "MILLIARIA GERMANIA COMMUNIA" IS MISSING. SEVERAL CHANGES OCCUR IN THE ANIMALS AND DECORATIVE FIGURES. CAMPBELL INDICATES THAT IT IS NOT KNOWN WHERE THIS STATE WAS PUBLISHED.

STATE 4 - [DATE?] - SIMILAR TO THE THIRD STATE WITH THE SUPERIOR "c" ADDED IN GERMANIcA. ED. 5 - STATE 1 - [1656?] - ENTITLED "NOVI BELGII NOVAEQUE ANGLIAE NEC NON PARTIS VIRGINIAE TABULA MULTIS IN LOCIS EMENDATA A HUGO ALLARDT.", THIS STATE CONTAINS THE VISSCHER VIEW OF MANHATTAN. VERNER DATES THIS STATE 1680. IT IS A COPY OF THE SECOND STATE OF THE VISSCHER MAP. THE MAP MEASURES 46.5 X 54.5 CM. SEE MAP # 156A5.

- STATE 2 - [1673-?] - THE TITLE IS ALTERED TO "TOTIUS NEOBELGII NOVI ET ACCURATISSIMA TABULA." THE RESTITIO VIEW WITH THE TITLE "NIEUW-AMSTERDAM ONLANGS NIEUW JORCK GENAEMT EN NU HERNOMEN BIJ DE NEDERLANDERS OP DEN 24 AUG 1673" REPLACES THE VISSCHER VIEW. THE SHIELD WITH THE FIGURES ABOVE IS BLANK. THE TOP 2 CM. OF THE MAP, INCLUDING QUEBEC IS GONE TO MAKE ROOM FOR THE TITLE IN BLACK TYPE ACROSS THE TOP. "FORT ORANGE" IS NOW CALLED "NOVA ALBANIA". SOUNDINGS ARE ADDED FOR DELAWARE BAY AND TO THE NORTH. NEW JERSEY IS NAMED. NUMEROUS OTHER CHANGES ARE MADE. CAMPBELL REFERS TO THIS AS THE FIRST STATE TO SHOW THE RESTITIO VIEW. SEE MAP # 173A5.

- STATE 3 - [1673?] - THIS STATE HAS ALL THE LETTERS OF MANHATTAN AND THE WEST END OF LONG ISLAND AND HAS "HUGO ALLARDT EXCUT." IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER. SEE MAP # 173A6.

- STATE 4 - [1674?] - "CAROLUS" IS SUBSTITUTED FOR "HUGO" IN THE IMPRINT. KAREL WAS THE SON OF HUGO. SEE MAP # 174A5.

- STATE 5 - [AFTER 1674] - THE HITHERTO BLANK SHIELD NOW READS "TYPIS CAROLI ALLARD AMSTELODAMI CUM PRIVILEGIO". ANOTHER LINE IS ADDED TO THE TITLE OF THE VIEW, "EINDELYK AAN DE ENGELSE WEDER AFGESTAAN", WHICH REFERS TO THE SECOND ENGLISH VICTORY OF 1674. SEE MAP # 175A5.

- STATE 6 - [BETWEEN 1690 AND 1719] - THE IMPRINT READS "TYPIS IOACHIM OTTENS AMSTELODAMI". PHILADELPHIA IS SHOWN. PENNSYLVANIA IS NAMED AND BOUNDED, ALTHOUGH DIFFERENTLY THAN DANCKERS. NEW YORK IS NAMED. VARIOUS NAMES AND A SCALE OF MILES ARE ADDED. SEE MAP # 19_O5.

- STATE 7 - [ BETWEEN 1726 AND 1750] - THE IMPRINT IS CHANGED TO "APUD REINER & IOSHUA OTTENS AMSTELODAMI", SOMETIME AFTER REINER AND JOSHUA OTTENS FORMED THEIR PARTNERSHIP IN OCTOBER, 1726 AND TOOK OVER THE BUSINESS FROM THEIR FATHER'S WIDOW. SEE MAP # 226O5.

ED. 6 - STATE 1 - (1670) - ENTITLED "NOVI BELGII, QUOD NUNC NOVI JORCK VOCATUR, NOVAEQ[UE]. ANGLIAE & PARTIS VIRGINIAE ACCURATISSIMA ET NOVISSIMA DELINEATIO", THIS MAP WITHOUT TEXT ON THE REVERSE SIDE IS IN ALL EDITIONS OF MONTANUS' AMERICA, PUBLISHED IN AMSTERDAM, IN THE 1670 AND 1671 EDITIONS OF OGILBY'S AMERICA, PUBLISHED IN LONDON, AND IN DR. O. DAPPER'S DIE UNBEKANTE NEUE WELT..., AMSTERDAM, BEY JACOB VON MEURS, 1673. THE PLATE, AT 29 X 36.5 CM. IS ONLY 2/3rds THE SIZE OF THE OTHERS IN THE SERIES. IT IS AN IMPORTANT LINK BETWEEN THE VISSCHER AND THE LATER STATES OF THE ALLARD. IT HAS NO VIEW OF MANHATTAN, BUT HAS AN ENTIRELY NEW CARTOUCHE. NEW YORK IS NAMED "NIEU JORCK", WITH NO "NEW AMSTERDAM". THE PROVINCE IS STILL CALLED "NIEUW NEDERLANDT". "FORT ORANGE" IS "NOVA ALBANIA" [ALBANY, N.Y.]. OTHER NAMES ARE ADDED. SEE MAP # 170M5.

- STATE 2 - [1729?] - THE TITLE NOW READS "NOUVELLE HOLLANDE, (A PRESENT NOUVELLE-YORK) NOUVELLE-ANGLETERRE ET UNE PARTIE DE LA VIRGINIE, DRESSEES SUR LES PROPRES MANUSCRITS DE CEUX QUI EN ONT FAIT LA DECOUVERTE, ET MISES EN LUMIERE PAR PIERRE VANDER AA, MARCHAND LIBRAIRE A LEIDE". THE MILE SCALE IS BELOW THE TITLE. MANY NAMES ARE ADDED, INCLUDING "CANADA", "PROVIDENCE"(R.I.), "PHILADELPHIE" (SHOWN TOO FAR SOUTH), "PENSILVANIE", ETC. AND, ALONG THE CHESAPEAKE, "OXFORD", "SOMMERSET" AND "C. HENRY". IT WAS INCLUDED IN AA, P. VANDER, GALERIE AGREABLE DU MONDE, 66 VOLS, LEYDEN, 1729. SEE MAP # 229A3.

- STATE 3 - [1761?] - PART OF THE AA IMPRINT IS ELIMINATED AND IS REPLACED BY ONE FOR COVENS AND MORTIER. THIS STATE IS NOT NOTED BY CAMPBELL, BUT IS BY VERNER. SEE MAP # 261C6.

ED. 7 - (1676) - ENTITLED "A MAP OF NEW ENGLAND AND NEW YORK, F. LAMB SCULP. SOLD BY THO. BASSETT IN FLEET STREET AND RICHARD CHISWELL IN ST. PAULS CHURCH YARD", THIS EDITION HAS LESS SIGNIFICANCE TO A MARYLAND COLLECTION BECAUSE IT IS CUT OFF IN THE CENTER OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY. IT HAS NO VIEW OF NEW YORK AND LITTLE DECORATION. THE HEADS OF THE CHESAPEAKE AND DELAWARE BAYS ARE BROUGHT CLOSER TOGETHER, THE BENDS IN THE SUSQUEHANNA RIVER HAVE BEEN REMOVED AND MANY OF THE PLACES HAVE BEEN GIVEN ENGLISH NAMES. USUALLY THE MAP IS ATTRIBUTED TO JOHN SPEED, BUT HE DIED IN 1629 AND THE MAP IS FIRST KNOWN TO HAVE APPEARED IN 1676 IN HIS A PROSPECT OF THE MOST FAMOUS PARTS OF THE WORLD." SINCE IT APPEARED BOTH WITH AND WITHOUT TEXT ON THE REVERSE, IT MAY ALSO HAVE BEEN ISSUED AS A SEPARATE. IT MEASURES 38 X 50 CM.

ED. 8 - STATE 1 - [1730?] - ENTITLED "RECENS EDITA TOTIUS NOVI BELGII, IN AMERICA SEPTENTRIONALI SITI, DELINEATIO CURA ET SUMTIBUS MATTHAEI SEUTTERI, CHALCOGRAPHI AUGUSTANI", THIS STATE HAS THE RESTITUTIO CARTOUCHE REPLACED BY ONE SHOWING NATIVES AND GODS PRESENTING A TRIBUTE TO A SEATED ENGLISH MONARCH. THE VIEW IS ENTITLED "NEU JORCK SIVE NEW AMSTERDAM" AND THE KEY IS IN LATIN INSTEAD OF DUTCH. IT IS THE FIRST IN THE SERIES TO SHOW BY PRINTED LINES THE BOUNDARIES OF MASSACHUSETTS, NEW ENGLAND, NEW YORK, NEW JERSEY, AND PENNSYLVANIA. PHILADELPHIA IS SHOWN REPRESENTATIONALLY WITH FIVE OR SIX HOUSES IN RELIEF. SEE MAP # 230S5.

- STATE 2 - [DATE?] - "SAC. CAES. MAJ. GEOGRAPHI AUGUST. VIND" REPLACES "CHALCOGRAPHI AUGUSTANI" AT THE END OF THE IMPRINT. SEE MAP # 23_S5.

- STATE 3 - [DATE?] - AN EXTRA LINE IS ADDED AT THE END OF THE IMPRINT, READING "CUM GRATIA ET PRIVIL. S.R.I. VICARIAT IN PART, RHENI, SVEVIAE, ET JURIS FRANCONICI". SEE MAP # 23_S6.

- STATE 4 - [1757-?] - SEUTTER'S NAME IS REPLACED BY "TOB. CONR. LOTTERI". "S.A.L.A." AFTER "AUGUST. VIND." IS MISSING. LOTTER WAS THE SON-IN-LAW OF SEUTTER AND TOOK OVER HIS BUSINESS AFTER SEUTTER'S DEATH IN 1757. SEE MAP # 257L5.

- STATE 5 - [1757-?] - "S.A.L.A." IS ADDED AFTER "AUGUST. VIND." IN THE IMPRINT. SEE MAP # 257L6.

DATA IS LARGELY AND DIRECTLY FROM TONY CAMPBELL'S STUDY IN MAP COLLECTOR'S SERIES # 24 WITH SOME ADDITIONAL DATES FROM VERNER, STOKES AND OTHERS.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A PRISTINE BLACK AND WHITE COPY OF THIS EXTREMELY RARE STATE OF THIS MAP, WITH AN ACQ. # OF R025-HIGD AND A MdHR # OF G1399-237. HFC ALSO HAS A GOOD COLORED COPY OF STATE 4 OF EDITION 8 BY LOTTER, WITH AN ACQ. # OF BB023-HTF AND A MdHR # OF G1399-232.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : VERNER, COOLIE, UNPUBLISHED NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA (VERNER USED A 1660 DATE); CAMPBELL, TONY, "NEW LIGHT ON THE JANSSON-VISSCHER MAPS OF NEW ENGLAND, MAP COLLECTOR'S SERIES # 24, MAP COLLECTOR'S CIRCLE, LONDON, 1965, P. 11, K10; ASHER, G.M., A BIBLIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL ESSAY ON NEW NETHERLAND)... AS ALSO ON THE MAPS, CHARTS, ETC. OF NEW NETHERLAND, AMSTERDAM, F. MULLER, 1867, PP. 10-11, 15-16; KELSO # 10 (NOT SEEN); MULLER (1910) # 805 (NOT SEEN).

February 2, 1989


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