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MAP #: 152F6

CARTOGRAPHER : FARRER, VIRGINIA

DATE: 1652

SHORT TITLE : A MAPP OF VIRGINIA

REMAINING TITLE & ID : DISCOUERED TO Ye HILLS, AND IN IT'S LATT:, FROM 35. DEG: & 1/2 NEER FLORIDA, TO .41. DEG: BOUNDS OF NEW ENGLAND (CARTOUCHE, TOP RIGHT). "DOMINA VIRGINIA FARRER COLLEGIT. ARE SOLD BY I. STEPHENSON AT Ye SUNN BELOW LUDGATE. 1651." (BOTTOM CENTER). PORTRAIT OF SIR FRANCIS DRAKE ABOVE NOTE ABOUT HIM. (TOP, LEFT OF CENTER). "JOHN GODDARD SCULP:" (BOTTOM LEFT). SCALA MILIARUM (ABOVE CARTOUCHE). MANY PICTURES OF ANIMALS, BIRDS, SEA MONSTERS, TREES AND SHIPS (THROUGHOUT MAP). COMPASS ROSE (LOWER LEFT CORNER). THERE IS NOTHING ON THE REVERSE SIDE. LONGITUDE (NOT SHOWN). LATITUDE (TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1652(1651)
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : LONDON
PUBLISHER : JOHN STEPHENSON
LANGUAGE(S) : EN
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 26.8 X 35.0 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 2,200,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : SCALA MILIARUM
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : G3880 1652 .F31
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-211 (REPRO - ST.4)
# 2 : G1399-271 (REPRO - ST.4)
# 3 : G1399-366 (REPRO - ST.4)
# 4 : G1399-367 (REPRO - ST.1)
# 5 : G1399-372 (REPRO - ST.3)
# 6 : G1399-368 (REPRO - ST.5)
HFC ACQ. PRIORITY : 1
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : -
REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL MAP OF MD/CHESAPEAKE AS ONE MAIN FOCUS. (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) :
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : W IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : AUGMENTED LINE FRAME (16)
BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL (8)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 151F5, 151F6, 152F5, 167F5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : CUMMING IS THE MOST COMPLETE, BUT VERNER IS USED LIBERALLY.
DESCRIPTION : THIS IS STATE 4 OF THE MAP BY THIS APPROXIMATE TITLE, DONE FIRST BY JOHN FARRER IN 1651. IT SHOWS THE MISCONCEPTIONS OF THE REGION OF THE CENTRAL ATLANTIC AREA AND THE COUNTRY AS A WHOLE THAT A WELL-INFORMED ENGLISHMAN OF THE PERIOD COULD HOLD. JOHN FARRER WAS AN IMPORTANT OFFICER IN THE VIRGINIA COMPANY. THE PRINTED MAP, WHICH IS AN ELABORATION OF HIS ROUGH MS. DRAFT OF 1650,SHOWED THE SOUTH SEA AS 10 DAYS MARCH OVER THE HILLS AND "RICH VALLEYES" FROM THE HEAD OF THE JAMES RIVER. IT SHOWS THE HUDSON RIVER CONNECTED BY A LAKE TO THE SEA OF CHINA (PACIFIC).THE MURATUK (ROANOKE) RIVER FLOWS FROM THE SW INSTEAD OF FROM THE NW. CUMMING SUGGESTS THIS MAY HAVE INFLUENCED LEDERER. BY AND LARGE, HOWEVER, THE MAP DID NOT INFLUENCE LATER MAP-MAKERS.

CARTOGRAPHICALLY THE MAP IS OF INTEREST BECAUSE IT GIVES NUMEROUS PLACE NAMES FOR THE FIRST TIME. THE MAP GIVES SHIRES AND COUNTIES AND OTHER DETAILS OF VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND FOR THE FIRST TIME ON ANY MAP, ALTHOUGH SOME OF THE MARYLAND COUNTIES ARE INCORRECT. IT ADDS DETAILS CONCERNING DUTCH, SWEDISH AND OTHER SETTLEMENTS. LONG ISLAND EXTENDS N-S INSTEAD OF E-W.ONE OF FEW CORRECT DELINEATIONS IS THE UNBROKEN RIDGE OF THE APPALACHIANS, EXTENDING TO THE HUDSON INSTEAD OF STOPPING IN THE SOUTH; BUT THE DIRECTION IS IN ERROR IN RUNNING N-S. THE MOST STRIKING FEATURE OF THE MAP IS THE NARROWNESS OF THE NORTH AMERICAN CONTINENT.

THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THIS MAP AND THAT OF SMITH ARE MARKED. THE EASTERN SHORE IS MUCH MORE CUT UP; THE POCOMOKE(UNNAMED) IS TOO BROAD,AND THE NAME RAPPAHANOK SEEMS TO HAVE BEEN APPLIED TO THE NANTICOKE AND NOT TO THE LITTLE CHOPTANK OR FISHING BAY AS SMITH USED IT. CHOPTANK RIVER IS ROUGHLY OUTLINED AND THERE IS A RIVER EMPTYING INTO THE BAY,NOT FAR FROM WORTON PT., WHICH MAY REPRESENT THE CHESTER. THE PRESENT ELK IS INDICATED WITHOUT ANY NAME. THE WESTERN SHORE IS EVEN MORE POORLY DRAWN THAN THE EASTERN SHORE AND GIVES NOTHING BEYOND THE FACT THAT "THE LORD BALTIMORS PLANTATION BEGUN 1635." HOWEVER, WROTH STATES THAT "IT IS ONE OF THE TWO OR THREE MOST INFORMATIVE MAPS OF THAT AREA TO PROCEED FROM THE FIRST HALF OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY". HE NOTES THAT IT CORRECTLY INDICATES THE NORTHEASTERN TWIST OF THE CHESAPEAKE, RECORDED BY JOHN SMITH AND NEGLECTED BY MOST OTHER CARTOGRAPHERS, "IT SHOWS THE TWO BRANCHES OF THE POTOMAC RIVER", AND IT SHOWS THE LOCATION OF NOVA ALBION, A COLONY PROPOSED BY SIR EDMUND PLOWDEN.

THE MAP WAS FIRST ENGRAVED FOR STEPHENSON'S THIRD ED., 1651 OF EDWARD WILLIAMS' VIRGO TRIUMPHANS: OR, VIRGINIA RICHLY AND TRULY VALUED, LONDON, 1650. STEPHENSON ALSO PUBLISHED IN 1651 EDWARD BLAND'S DISCOVERY OF NEVV BRITTAINE, SOME COPIES OF WHICH HAVE FARRER'S MAP. VIRGINIA FARRER, DAUGHTER OF JOHN, WHO REMAINED A SPINSTER AND DIED IN 1687, MADE NUMEROUS ADDITIONS TO THE MAP AFTER THE CHANGE OF IMPRINT TO HER NAME WITHIN THE FIRST YEAR OF PUBLICATION. THERE IS SOME CONJECTURE THAT SHE ACTUALLY AUTHORED THE MAP.

DATA IS FROM CUMMING, MATHEWS, PAPENFUSE, WROTH & VERNER.

EDITION & STATE INFO : ONE EDITION AND FIVE STATES ARE KNOWN. VERNER CONCLUDES THAT: 1) COPIES OF THE 1ST TWO EDITIONS OF WILLIAMS WHICH CONTAIN THE MAP ARE LATE GARNERED COPIES OR SOPHICATED ONES; 2) ANY OF THE 1ST 4 STATES OF THE MAP MIGHT PROPERLY BE FOUND WITH THE THIRD ED. OF WILLIAMS AND THAT IT WOULD BE INCOMPLETE WITHOUT THE MAP; 3) THE COPIES OF THE BLAND WITH THE MAP ARE ACCIDENTAL OR SPECIAL COPIES, OR SOPHISTICATED ONES;4) THE PLATE WAS OBTAINED BY OVERTON FROM STEPHENSON OR HIS HEIRS AND WAS USED BY OVERTON UNDER HIS OWN IMPRINT FOR SEPARATELY ISSUED OR ATLAS-BOUND COPIES OF THE MAP. VERNER STATES THAT THE NYPL HAS A MANUSCRIPT OF THIS MAP WHICH IT BELIEVES WAS FARRER'S OWN DRAFT.

STATE 1-(1651)- JOHN FARRER, AUTHOR; I. STEPHENSON, PUBLISHER; DATE 1651; NO PORTRAIT OF SIR FRANCIS DRAKE AT TOP. COPIES- HUNTINGTON. JCB, AND BM.

STATE 2-(1651?)- "FORT ORANG." ADDED, RIGHT CENTER ON "HUDSONS RIUER." COPY- NY PUBLIC LIB.

STATE 3-(1652?)- "JOHN FARRER ESQr" CHANGED TO "DOMINA VIRGINIA FARRER"; PORTRAIT OF DRAKE IS AT TOP; ADDED S. OF THE JAMES RIVER, SECOTAN, DAZAMONEAK, WAXISQUOK; COL: LITLETONS PLANTION, MAJATOKS AND ACOMAC RIV: ADDED ON EASTERN SHORE OF VA.; CAPE MAY CORRECTLY SUBSTITUTED FOR CAPE IAMES,WHICH HAS BEEN ENGRAVED AT C. HENLOPEN ON THE S. SIDE OF "LORD DELAWARE BAY AND RIUER"; RICHNEK WOODS, NANTEOK, RARITAS, MONT PLOYDEN, ERIWOMS AND KILDORP ADDED ALONG DEL. RIV.; CONECTACUT,RI: ADDED; SEVERAL DECORATIVE FEATURES-ANIMALS, TREES,AND MOUNTAINS ARE ADDED. COPY- NYPL. LC # IS G3880 1652 .F3.

STATE 4-(1652?)- IN THE TITLE "FALLS" IS CHANGED TO "HILLS" BY MAKING "F" INTO "H" AND PUTTING A DOT OVER THE "a"; "CANADA FLU" IS SEPARATED FROM THE SEA OF CHINA BY AN ISTHMUS, WHICH ALSO DIVIDES A MIGHTY GREAT LAKE; "RAWLIANA" ADDED IN CAROLINA REGION; "MAGNA PASSA" FOR ALBERMARLE SOUND CHANGED TO "ROLLI PASSA"; "ANANDALE C" ADDED IN MARYLAND. COPIES- NY PUB. LIB, STOKES COLLECTION, JCB, U. OF VA. LC # IS G3880 1652 .F31. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN.

STATE 5-(1667?)- IMPRINT AFTER "ARE SOLD BY" CHANGED TO "IOHN OUERTON WITHOUT NEWGATE AT THE CORNER OF LITTLE OLD BALY"; DATE ERASED. COPIES- LC AND JOHNS HOPKINS. LC # IS G3880 1667 .F3..

DATA IS FROM CUMMING.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : HFC HAS REPRODUCTIONS OF STATES 1, 3, 4, AND 5. STATES 1 AND 5 ARE PHOTOCOPIES.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : HARRISON, FAIRFAX, LANDMARKS OF OLD PRINCE WILLIAM, OLD DOMINION PRESS, RICHMOND, VA., 1924, II, PP. 604-5; PHILLIPS, P.L., VIRGINIA CARTOGRAPHY, PP. 30-33; SABIN #104191; STOKES, II, PP. 153-4; VERNER, COOLIE, "THE SEVERAL STATES OF THE FARRER MAP OF VIRGINIA.", STUDIES IN BIBLIOGRAPHY. PAPERS OF THE BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY OF THE UNIV. OF VA., CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA., III, (1950), PP. 281-4; MATHEWS, E.B., II, P. 363-5; PHILLIPS, MAPS, P. 978; WINDSOR, III, PP. 464-5; CUMMING, WM. P. THE SOUTHEAST IN EARLY MAPS, #47, PP. 141-142; SCHWARTZ AND EHRENBERG, THE MAPPING OF AMERICA, PL. 63; PAPENFUSE AND COALE, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND 1608-1908, FIG. 6; BLACK, J.B., THE BLATHWAYT ATLAS, II, MAP 22, PP. 141-; BAER, #33, P. 32, #35, P. 34; VERNER, COOLIE, UNPUBLISHED NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA; WROTH, LAWRENCE C., REPORT TO THE CORPORATION OF BROWN UNIVERSITY JULY 1, 1950, JOHN CARTER BROWN LIBRARY, PROVIDENCE, 1950, PP. 15-26.

March 15, 1988


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