Return to Huntingfield Map Collection homepage

MAP #: 146D5

CARTOGRAPHER : DUDLEY, SIR ROBERT

DATE: 1646

SHORT TITLE : CARTA PARTICOLARE DELLA VIRGINIA VECCHIA E NUOUA.

REMAINING TITLE & ID : LA LONGITU:NE CORNI:CA DA L'ISOLA DI PICO DI ASORES: D'AMERICA CARTA. III. (CARTOUCHE, RIGHT CENTER). "A.F. LUCINI FECE" (BOTTOM RIGHT, INSIDE MARGIN). COMPASS ROSE (UPPER LEFT CORNER). THE MAP HAS LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE LINES ON THE MERCATOR PROJECTION COMPLETELY ACROSS THE MAP. THERE IS NOTHING ON THE REVERSE SIDE. LONGITUDE (POSSIBLY EAST FROM FERRO, TOP AND BOTTOM BORDERS). LATITUDE (RIGHT AND LEFT BORDERS).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1646
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : FLORENCE
PUBLISHER : FRANCISCO ONOFRI
LANGUAGE(S) : IT
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 47.0 X 38.0 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 52 X 44 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 950,000
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : G1399-536
# 2 : G1399-248 (ST. 2)
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : SWSM016-LFED
REGION CATEGORY : GENERAL MAP OF MD/CHESAPEAKE AS ONE MAIN FOCUS (1)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : JOHN SMITH DERIVATIVE (11)
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP.
RELIEF SHOWN ? : NO
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE IN FATHOMS.
: SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES.
CARTOUCHE : SIMPLE PLASTERWORK (14)
BORDER : SIMPLE FUNCTIONAL (5)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : MERIDIAN UNSPECIFIED BUT PROBABLY FERRO (22)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 161D5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : STOKES, PHILLIPS, ATLASES, AND CUMMING ARE THE BEST FOUND.
DESCRIPTION : THIS MAP EXTENDS FROM CAPE FEAR TO CAPE MAY, COVERING THE LOWER 2/3rds OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY. THE DELMARVA PENINSULA AND MANY INDIAN NAMES APPEAR TO BE BASED ON SMITH. SOUNDINGS ARE GIVEN IN PAMLICO SOUND FOR THE FIRST TIME, NONE ARE GIVEN IN THE CHESAPEAKE. THIS MAP IS # 101 OF VOL. 3, BOOK 6, OF THE ARCANO DEL MARE, FIRST PUBLISHED IN 1646-7 AND REPUBLISHED IN 1661. THAT THE AMERICAN MAPS MAY CLAIM PRIORITY OVER THOSE OF LAET IS SEEN IN THE DEDICATORY EPISTLE TO THE 1661 ED., IN WHICH ANTONIO FRANCISCO LUCINI, THE ENGRAVER STATES THAT HE WORKED ON THE PLATES IN SECLUSION FOR TWELVE YEARS, USING NO LESS THAN 5,000 LBS OF COPPER IN THE MAKING.

THE ARCANO DEL MARE WAS ONE OF THE EARLIEST AND RAREST OF MARINE ATLASES, WAS THE FIRST BY AN ENGLISHMAN AND WAS THE FIRST IN WHICH ALL THE MAPS WERE ON THE MERCATOR PROJECTION. THE MS. MAPS ON WHICH THE ATLAS IS BASED ARE IN THE ROYAL LIBRARY OF MUNICH. HIS SEA ATLAS SYNTHESIZES HIS KEEN KNOWLEDGE OF THE SEA. THE ATLAS WAS PROBABLY NOT A COMMERCIAL SUCCESS, BUT IS UNIQUE FOR ITS BEAUTY, INTELLECTUAL FORCE AND HIGHLY ORNAMENTAL AND DECORATIVE LETTERING.

SIR ROBERT DUDLEY (ALSO DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, EARL OF WARWICK) LIVED FROM 1574 TO 1649. HE WAS THE ILLEGITIMATE SON OF THE EARL OF LEICESTER, THE FAVORITE OF ELIZABETH THE FIRST. HE FIRST BECAME A BUCCANEER,SACKING SPANISH TOWNS WITH SIR FRANCIS DRAKE AND VISITING THE NEW WORLD. HE MADE A VOYAGE TO THE WEST INDIES AND GUIANA IN 1594 IN THE "EARWIG" AND THE "BEAR", HIS PILOTS BEING ABRAHAM KENDAL AND JOHN DAVIES.THESE PILOTS SUPPLIED SOME OF THE INFOR- MATION FOR HIS CHARTS AND SOME ALSO PROBABLY CAME FROM HIS BROTHER-IN-LAW, HENRY CAVENDISH, THE NAVIGATOR..DUDLEY WAS FORCED TO LEAVE ENGLAND BECAUSE OF HIS RELIGION AND WENT TO ITALY, WHERE HE TOOK SERVICE WITH COSMOS II, DUKE OF TUSCANY, AND WHERE HIS MAPS WERE PUBLISHED IN ITALIAN RATHER THAN IN HIS NATIVE TONGUE.

DATA IS FROM STOKES, CUMMING, PHILLIPS ATLASES, AND HUMPHREYS.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THERE ARE TWO EDITIONS OF THE ARCANO DEL MARE (1646-7 AND 1661), BUT THE SAME PLATE APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN USED WITH A SLIGHT MODIFICATION. THE SECOND ATLAS EDITION WAS PUBLISHED 12 YEARS AFTER DUDLEY'S DEATH AT THE INITIATIVE OF LUCINI AND HIS ASSOCIATE IACOPO BAGNANI.

STATE 1-(1646-7)- THE COPY IS AS DESCRIBED. COMPLETE COPIES OF THE 1646-7 ATLAS IN WHICH IT APPEARED ARE IN THE L.C., CLEMENTS, AND HARVARD. IN THIS EDITION, THE MAPS WERE IN UNEQUAL SIZES.

STATE 2-(1661)- THE ONLY CHANGE IN THE PLATE IS THE ADDITION OF "L.o6.o" (LIBRO SESTO) TO THE CARTOUCHE TITLE UNDER "CARTA.III." THE 1661 ATLAS ED. IN WHICH THIS STATE APPEARED HAD MAPS OF EQUAL FORMAT CONTAINING SIX BOOKS USUALLY BOUND IN 2 VOLUMES. COMPLETE COPIES OF THE ATLAS ARE IN THE NYP LIBRARY, YALE, BRITISH MUSEUM, BIBLIOTHEQUE DU DEPOT DES CARTES DE LA MARINE IN PARIS, BIBLIOTECA NAZIONALE, ETC.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : HFC HAS A GOOD COPY OF STATE 1 IN BLACK AND WHITE WITH WIDE MARGINS AND A COPY OF STATE 2 IN BLACK AND WHITE IN PRISTINE CONDITION WITH WIDE MARGINS. STATE 2 HAS AN HFC ACQ. # OF A020-T3 AND A MdHR # OF G1399-248. (SEE MAP # 161D5).

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : PHILLIPS, P.L., LOWERY COLLECTION, P. 123-7;HUMPHREYS,A.L., OLD DECORATIVE MAPS AND CHARTS, LONDON, 1926, PLATE 56; STOKES,ICONOGRAPHY OF MANHATTAN ISLAND II, PP. 145-148; PHILLIPS, P.L., ATLASES, I, #457, P.214, MAP 101 & III, PP. 142-146;DR. HALE, NOTES ON ROBERT DUDLEY,AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY PROCEEDINGS, 1873 V. 61, P. 95; WINSOR, NARRATIVE AND CRITICAL HISTORY, III & IV; TEMPLE-LEADER, JOHN, LIFE OF SIR ROBERT DUDLEY, EARL OF WARWICK AND DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, FLORENCE, 1895, P. 60, ET. SEQ.; ADLARD, G., AMYE ROBSART AND THE EARL OF LEICESTER, TOGETHER WITH MEMOIRS AND CORRESPONDENCE OF SIR ROBERT DUDLEY, LONDON, 1870; QUARITCH, BERNARD, GENERAL CATALOGUE, LONDON, 1887, NO. 28212; WINSOR, JUSTIN, THE KOHL COLLECTION OF MAPS RELATING TO AMERICA, CAMBRIDGE, 1886 (#19 OF THE BIBLIOGRAPHICAL CONTRIBUTIONS OF HARVARD LIBRARY, PP. 38,54; DICTIONARY OF NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY, 1908, VOL. VI, PP. 122-4; CUMMING, W.P., THE SOUTHEAST IN EARLY MAPS, PP. 139-140; CUMMING, W.P., EARLY MAPS OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY, FIG. 7, PP. 285-286; STREETER, CATALOG, VOL. I, PP. 60-61; JCB(3), 3:53; PHILLIPS, ATLASES, #3428;VERNER, COOLIE, UNPUBLISHED NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA.

March 15, 1988


This information resource of the Maryland State Archives is presented here for fair use in the public domain. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: Rights assessment for associated source material is the responsibility of the user.


Tell Us What You Think About the Maryland State Archives Website!


[ Archives' Home Page  ||  All About Maryland  ||  Maryland Manual On-Line  ||  Reference & Research
||  Search the Archives   ||  Education & Outreach  ||  Archives of Maryland Online ]

Governor     General Assembly    Judiciary     Maryland.Gov

© Copyright April 26, 2006 Maryland State Archives