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MAP #: 087M5

CARTOGRAPHER : MERCATOR, RUMOLD

DATE: 1587

SHORT TITLE : ORBIS TERRAE COMPENDIOSA DESCRIPTIO

REMAINING TITLE & ID : QUAM EX MAGNA VNIUERSALI GERARDI MERCATORIS DOMINO RICHARDO GARTHO,GEOGRAPHIE AC CETERARUM BONARUM ARTIUM AMATORI AC FAUTORI SUMMO, IN VETERIS AMICITIE AC FAMILIARITATIS MEMORIA RUMOLDUS MERCATOR FIERI CURABAT Ao M.D.LXXXVII. (ACROSS TOP OF MAP IN BORDER). COMPASS ROSE INDICATING MAGNETIC NORTH (BETWEEN TWO GLOBES AT BOTTOM). PICTURE OF AN ARMILLARY SPHERE (BETWEEN TWO GLOBES AT TOP). "DUYSBURGHI CLIVORUM" (LEFT OF CENTER, BOTTOM SCROLLWORK). "TYPIS AENEIS" (RIGHT OF CENTER, BOTTOM SCROLLWORK). LONGITUDE (PROBABLY EAST FROM FERRO, AT LATITUDE 70oS ON EACH GLOBE). LATITUDE (AROUND EACH GLOBE).


DATE OF PUBLICATION : S1587
PLACE OF PUBLICATION : DUISBURG
PUBLISHER : RUMOLD MERCATOR
LANGUAGE(S) : LA
SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 28.3 X 50.6 CM.
SIZE - OTHER DATA : 35.0 X 54.0 CM. OM
SCALE - (RF) 1: : 50,000,000
SCALE - OTHER DATA : APPROXIMATE
LIB. OF CONGRESS # : -
Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-208
HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : N027-H3
REGION CATEGORY : A GENERAL MAP OF SIGNIFICANCE TO A MD/CHESAPEAKE COLLECTION (3)
SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) :
# SHEETS TO MAP : 1
MAP ORIENTATION : N IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP
RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES
HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : NONE
CARTOUCHE : SIMPLE LINE FRAME (2)
BORDER : SIMPLE SUB-DIVISIONAL FUNCTIONAL (6)
PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : UNSPECIFIED, BUT PROBABLY FERRO (22)
SEE ALSO MAP #s : 085W5.
BEST INFO SOURCE : KOEMAN IS THE BEST FOUND
DESCRIPTION : THIS DOUBLE HEMISPHERIC WORLD MAP INFLUENCED WORLD MAPS FOR A FULL CENTURY. IT IS SIGNIFICANT IN A COLLECTION OF CHESAPEAKE-MARYLAND MAPS BECAUSE IT IS ONE OF THE EARLY PRINTED MAPS ON WHICH THE ENTRANCE TO THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND THE JAMES AND YORK RIVERS ARE SHOWN. THE NAMING OF THE BAY, HOWEVER, DID NOT OCCUR UNTIL JOHN WHITE'S PRINTED MAP IN 1590 (SEE MAP # 090W5). THE FIRST EDITION OF THIS WORLD MAP APPEARED IN 1587 AND IT WAS INCLUDED IN CASAUBON'S STRABO GEOGRAPHY. THIS REPRESENTATION OF THE BAY IS TAKEN FROM THE JOHN WHITE MANUSCRIPT MAP OF 1585 (SEE MAP # 085W5). THE MAP LATER APPEARED IN MERCATOR'S ATLAS BEGINNING IN 1595. ACCORDING TO KOEMAN, THIS MAP WAS DESIGNED BY RUMOLD MERCATOR, THE SON OF GERARD.

GERARD MERCATOR DIED IN 1594 AND RUMOLD FINISHED HIS ATLAS. AFTER RUMOLD'S DEATH IN 1599, THE ATLAS WAS REISSUED IN 1602. IN 1604, THE PLATES WERE SOLD TO JODOCUS HONDIUS. IN 1606, THE FIRST AMSTERDAM EDITION OF THE MERCATOR ATLAS APPEARED. MANY ENLARGED EDITIONS WERE PUBLISHED IN VARIOUS LANGUAGES UP TO 1638.

DATA IS FROM KOEMAN AND FROM OBSERVATION OF THE COPY IN THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION.

EDITION & STATE INFO : THE FOLLOWING DATA IS FROM KOEMAN'S ATLANTES NEERLANDICI, SUPPLEMENTED BY DATA FROM NEBENZAHL'S COMPASS # 29 ON THE FIRST STATE.

1ST STATE - (1587) - THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED. THERE IS NO TEXT ON THE BACK THERE IS NO SIGNATURE AND NO TEXT BELOW THE MAP. IT APPEARED IN CASAUBON'S STRABO GEOGRAPHY.

2ND STATE - (1587) - THIS IS SIMILAR TO THE FIRST STATE, EXCEPT THAT LATIN TEXT IS BELOW THE MAP IN FOUR COLUMNS. THE FIRST COLUMN HAS 20 LINES.

3RD STATE - (1587) - THIS IS SIMILAR TO THE SECOND STATE, EXCEPT THAT THE TEXT IN FOUR COLUMNS AT THE BOTTOM IS IN ENGLISH AND THE FIRST COLUMN HAS 25 LINES.

4TH STATE - (1595) - TEXT IN LATIN IS ADDED ON THE BACK ENTITLED "ORBIS/ TYPUS." THERE IS NO SIGNATURE. THE BOTTOM TEXT IS IN FOUR COLUMNS AND IS IN LATIN. THE FIRST COLUMN HAS 17 LINES.

5TH STATE - (1602) - THIS IS THE SAME AS THE FOURTH STATE EXCEPT THAT THE SIGNATURE "A1" HAS BEEN ADDED. THIS APPEARED IN THE EDITION OF 1602.

SUBSEQUENT EDITIONS AND/OR STATES OF THE MAP ALL HAD TEXT ON THE BACK. THEY VARIED BY THEIR SIGNATURES.

HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A PRISTINE COPY IN BLACK AND WHITE OF THE FIRST STATE OF THIS MAP WITH AN ACQ. # OF N027-H3 AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-208.

BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : KOEMAN, I.C., ATLANTES NEERLANDICI, II, AMSTERDAM: THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM, LTD. 1967, 281-3, 291 (ME12); NEBENZAHL, KENNETH, THE COMPASS # 29 (DEALER CATALOG), CHICAGO: KENNETH NEBENZAHL, INC, SEPTEMBER, 1973, # 4; SABIN, JOSEPH, A DICTIONARY OF BOOKS RELATING TO AMERICA FROM ITS DISCOVERY TO THE PRESENT TIME, NEW YORK: SABIN & SONS, 1879, XII, # 47882.

November 13, 1992


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