The Treaty of Paris at Annapolis

The "definitive articles of peace and friendship between the United States of America and his Britannic majesty" were signed in Paris on September 3, 1783, and delivered to the newly elected President of Congress, Thomas Mifflin, on November 26, but the minimum number of state delegations (seven) necessary to conduct business did not arrive in the State House until December 13. On that day, the Treaty was referred to a committee chaired by Thomas Jefferson. The final treaty differed little from the previous Preliminary Articles signed almost a year before. Most controversial were the provisions relating to the collection of pre-war debts (Article 4) and urging restitution of confiscated property (Article 5), but because on balance the Treaty favored the United States, there was no significant opposition. As James Madison pointed out, "The terms granted to America appeared to Congress on the whole extremely liberal." A New England delegate observed that the "Articles respecting the Boundaries . . . and . . . the right of fishery, are ample and I believe Equal to the most Sanguine Expectation."



Road to Peace
Negotiating Peace
Treaty of Paris at Annapolis
Proclaiming Peace