Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

Charles Smith (?-1788)
MSA SC 3520-16774

Biography:

Charles Smith was born to Benjamin Smith and Mary, in Charles County, Maryland likely in the late 1750s. [1] He had three sisters (Anna, Mary, and Jane), and two brothers (John Baptist and Lewis).

On January 24, 1776, Smith enlisted as a sergeant in Captain John Hoskins Stone's First Company of the First Maryland Regiment, the same day as fellow sergeant John Mitchell. [2] Smith, like many of those in the First Company, was recruited from Charles County. The company trained in Annapolis until they departed for New York. [3]

A sergeant like Smith had an important role in the Maryland Line. As non-commissioned officers, their duties included maintaining discipline within their company and inspecting the new recruits. [4] Their other duties included carrying sick soldiers to the hospital as needed, reporting on the sickness of men within the ranks, and leading groups of men to guard prisoners or supplies if circumstances required it. [5] For these services they were paid more than corporals in Maryland. They oversaw and worked with corporals to keep order in place in the company, including breaking up disputes between soldiers. [6] In order to get in the position of sergeant, however, their field officers or captains had to recommend them for promotion. [7]

The First Maryland Regiment were the first troops Maryland raised at the beginning of the Revolutionary War. Maryland was more than willing to do its part to recruit the men needed to fill the Continental Army's depleted ranks. [8] A few days after independence was declared, the First Maryland Regiment were ordered to New York so it could join the forces of General George Washington. The regiment arrived there in early August, with the Battle of Brooklyn set between the Continental Army and the British Army, joined by their Hessian allies.

Smith served with twenty-six-year-old Stone and his company at the Battle of Brooklyn in late August 1776. Unlike the companies of Barton Lucas, Daniel Bowie, Peter Adams, Benjamin Ford, and Edward Veazey, only 15 percent of the First Company were either killed or captured, with these other companies suffering heavier losses. Few were killed, while the company's ensign, James Farnandis, was captured by British forces. [9] Even so, the loss of life by the other companies confirmed the assessment of the British Parliament's Annual Register which described how "almost a whole regiment from Maryland…of young men from the best families in the country was cut to pieces" even as the battle brought the men of the Maryland 400 together. [10]

The Battle of Brooklyn, the first large-scale battle of the war, fits into the larger context of the Revolutionary War. If the Maryland Line had not stood and fought the British, enabling the rest of the Continental Army to escape, then the Continental Army would been decimated, resulting in the end of the Revolutionary War. This heroic stand gave the regiment the nickname of the Old Line and those who made the stand in the battle are remembered as the Maryland 400.

Smith survived the Battle of Brooklyn like most of the First Company. In December 1776, Mitchell re-enlisted in the First Maryland Regiment and was promoted to second lieutenant in the Eighth Company. [11] He stayed in this position for less than two years. In the summer of 1777, Smith's father, a well-off planter and slaveowner, died. [12] He distributed land and some of his nineteen enslaved blacks to his sons and daughters. For Smith, he was willed a ninety-seven acre plot of land named Sharpe which he would receive his land after he turned twenty-one. [13] Also at that age Smith would have received at least 195 other acres, including three Charles County tracts held by his father at his death: Uncle and Nephew, Smith's Venture, and Two Friends Tract. [14] Possibly because of his wartime service he renounced his right to be an executor of his father's estate, instead leaving the responsibility to his mother, Mary.

In February 1778 Smith was promoted to first lieutenant. [15] He was furloughed in February and March 1779, during which time he may have lived in Charles County's Benedict Hundred. [16] In the summer of 1779, he signed a statement, along with 95 other Maryland officers, including John Gassaway, John Mitchell, and Gassaway Watkins, and co-signed by William Smallwood, to ask for support from the state legislature because of depreciated Continental currency, a plea which was successful. [17] Likely in early January 1780 he was promoted to captain in the First Maryland Regiment. By February 18, he had resigned. [18] However, he was given James Farnandis's position as captain in a new regiment where he helped recruit soldiers.

In July 1780, Smith became a captain in a new unit called the Regiment Extraordinary. [19] This regiment was created to reinforce the Continental Army and organized in the summer of 1780 mainly because of casualties in the Maryland Line. [20] The regiment, which recruited across Maryland, included former deserters from the Maryland Line, and was commanded by Alexander Lawson Smith. [21] This unit, which had problems due to deserting soldiers and supplies, marched from Prince George's County to Philadelphia, going to Head of Elk, then went back down the Chesapeake to Annapolis to gain more recruits. [22] One commanding officer of another regiment even told George Washington that soldiers in the regiment extra were "entirely destitute of Cloathing of every kind" and that "many Deserters from the Line of this State Troops have been taken up, who I have sent forward to the southern Army...it is with Real Concern I observe to your Excellency that there is no Prospect of procuring Men to fill up the Regiments." [23]

Likely in the fall of 1780, Smith was involved in a skirmish with British forces near modern-day Fort Washington, Maryland on the Potomac River. In the ensuing conflict at Digg's Landing or Digges Point, land owned by John Digges, his company of Continentals fought a small group of British soldiers who severely wounded him in the face by a cannon ball, as the story goes, bouncing off a rock. [24] The British, not long after, set fire to Want Water, the nearby house of Colonel William Lyles. After marching about 3.5 miles to the house, the Continentals took several prisoners. [26]

Staying in the state capital for some time, the regiment, including numerous members of the Maryland 400, marched to southward in December 1780 to join General Nathaniel Greene's Southern campaign. [27] The unit was the opposite of the First Maryland Regiment. It had few soldiers with combat experience who dressed in red-lined brown coats and refused to join the main Continental Army because of disputes over rank. [28] However, the unit commanders, who felt they should lead the soldiers who they trained for the past six months, were dismissed, with the consent of General Greene, and veteran officers took charge. As a result, the unit was changed into the Second Maryland Regiment before the Battle of Guilford Courthouse on March 15, 1781. Since Smith was described as a captain of "the late extra regiment" in March 1781, this would indicate that he resigned his position sometime in January. [29]

On January 19, 1782, Smith married a sixteen-year-old woman, from Prince George's County, named Mary Bowling. [30]. They had three children: Benjamin, John, and Polly. [31] He lived with Mary and their three children in Charles County. In 1783, they lived on a 97-acre tract of land called Sharpe on the Mattawoman road and "near the main road leading from Piscataway to Port Tobacco," with six enslaved blacks and four horses, among other possessions. [32] Mary Jenkins, Charles's mother-in-law, owned over 200 acres of land, and lived on the same property, which had a dwelling house with a kitchen, other buildings, and fertile land. [32] He ran a farm and plantation like his father, with numerous cows, horses, and pigs, along with five enslaved blacks and two old guns. [33] Smith also bought a land tract called Pickley in Charles County, in 1787, but sold it in spring 1788 to a Prince George's County man named Josias Bell, showing that he was relatively well-off. [34]

Smith died in the late summer of 1788 in Charles County. [35] He willed Mary one-third of his estate and his children two-thirds which would be equally divided. [36] He also made his wife the sole executor of his estate and sold the Sharpe tract to his half-brother and former member of the Maryland Line, Joshua Mudd. [37] Interestingly, one of the witnesses to his will was a man named Walter B. Smallwood, a cousin of William Smallwood. [38] There was great fanfare in a funeral held for the wealthy former captain of the Maryland Line. [39]

Mary, who did not re-marry, continued to fight for her husband's pension money after his death. [40] While she had three children with Smith, none of them were alive on October 19, 1843, when she died in the District of Columbia. [41] It would not be until 1857 that Mary's relatives would stop receiving pension money.

- Burkely Hermann, Maryland Society of the Sons of American Revolution Research Fellow, 2016.

Notes

[1] Will of Charles Smith, 1788, Charles County Register of Wills, Wills, MdHR 7290-1, Liber AH 9, p. 550 [MSA C681-10, 1/8/10/10]; Will of Benjamin Smith, June 1777, Charles County Register of Wills, Wills, Liber AF 7, p. 85-86 [MSA C665-7, 1/8/10/8]. His father's will says that he will receive certain land by the age of twenty-one, meaning that he is not twenty-one by the time of his father's death. As a result, his year of birth would be 1757, 1758, 1759 or 1760.

[2] Muster Rolls and Other Records of Service of Maryland Troops in the American Revolution Archives of Maryland Online vol. 18, 5; Roster of regular officers in Smallwood's battalion, January 1777, Maryland State Papers, Red Books, MdHR 4573, Red Book 12, p. 66 [MSA S989-17, 1/6/4/5].

[3] Mark Andrew Tacyn “'To the End:’ The First Maryland Regiment and the American Revolution” (PhD diss., University of Maryland College Park, 1999), 21.

[4] James Thacher, A Military Journal During the American Revolutionary War, from 1775 to 1783 (Boston: A Richardson and Lord, 1823), 458, 468-470, 473, 475, 483-484, 520; Journal and Correspondence of the Maryland Council of Safety, July 7-December 31, 1776 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 12, 145; Muster Rolls and Other Records of Service of Maryland Troops in the American Revolution Archives of Maryland Online vol. 18, 335.

[5] Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1781-1784 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 48, 343; Journal and Correspondence of the Maryland Council of Safety, July 7-December 31, 1776 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 12, 125, 255; Journal of the Maryland Convention July 26 to August 14, 1775 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 11, 50; Proceedings of the Conventions of the Province of Maryland, 1774-1776 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 78, 23; Journal and Correspondence of the Maryland Council of Safety, August 29, 1775 to July 6, 1776 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 11, 439; Journal and Correspondence of the Maryland Council of Safety, January 1-March 20, 1777 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 16, 334.

[6] Thatcher, 45, 73, 476; Proceedings of the Conventions of the Province of Maryland, 1774-1776 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 78, 92.

[7] Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1779-1780 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 43, 71.

[8] Arthur Alexander, "How Maryland Tried to Raise Her Continental Quotas." Maryland Historical Magazine 42, no. 3 (1947), 187-188, 196.

[9] Return of the Three Independent Companies and First Regiment of Maryland Regulars, in the service of the United Colonies, commanded by Colonel Smallwood, Sept. 13, 1776, National Archives, NARA M804, Record Group 93, Roll 0034, courtesy of Fold3.com; Return of the First Regiment of Maryland Regulars in the service of the United Colonies Commanded by William Smallwood, Oct. 11, 1776, p. 92-93, National Archives, NARA M804, Record Group 93, Roll 0034, folder 35, courtesy of Fold3.com; Tacyn, 95.

[10] Tacyn, 4.

[11] Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register and Dictionary of the U.S. Army Vol 1 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1903), 501; Muster Rolls and Other Records of Service of Maryland Troops in the American Revolution Archives of Maryland Online vol. 18, 47, 160; Tacyn, 313; Charles Smith Service Card, Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in the American Army During the Revolutionary War, National Archives, NARA M881, Record Group 15, Roll 0398. Courtesy of Fold3.com; Pension of Charles Smith, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives, NARA M804, Record Group 15, Roll 2207, pension number W. 25002. Courtesy of Fold3.com. There are records of a Charles Smith in the flying camp, but this is not the right person.

[12] Request of George Maxwell, 1756, Charles County Court, Land Records, Liber G 3, p. 17 [MSA CE82-32]; Rent paid to Benjamin Smith, 1763, Charles County Court, Land Records, Liber 3, p. 271 [MSA CE82-33]; Inventory of Benjamin Smith, June 1777, Charles County Register of Wills, Inventories, Liber AF 7, p. 55-57. [MSA C665-7, 1/8/10/8]. His inventory shows 2 horses, 2 mares, 8 cows, 1 boar, and assorted personal possessions showing a moderate degree of wealth.

[13] Will of Charles Smith.

[14] Entry for Basil Smith, 1765, Land Office, Debt Book, MdHR 17674-4, Liber 15 (1765), CH, p. 56 [MSA S12-82, 1/24/2/15]; Entry for Basil Smith, 1766, Land Office, Debt Book, MdHR 17674-5, Liber 15 (1766), CH, p. 56 [MSA S12-83, 1/24/2/15]; Entry for Basil Smith, 1767, Land Office, Debt Book, MdHR 17675-1, Liber 16 (1767), CH, p. 56 [MSA S12-84, 1/24/2/16]; Entry for Basil Smith, 1768, Land Office, Debt Book, MdHR 17675-2, Liber 16 (1768), CH, p. 35 [MSA S12-85, 1/24/2/16]; Entry for Basil Smith, 1769, Land Office, Debt Book, MdHR 17675-3, Liber 16 (1769), CH, p. 37 [MSA S12-86, 1/24/2/16]; Entry for Basil Smith, 1770, Land Office, Debt Book, MdHR 17675-4, Liber 16 (1770), CH, p. 74 [MSA S12-87, 1/24/2/16]; Entries for Basil and Benjamin Smith, 1771, Land Office, Debt Book, MdHR 17675-5, Liber 16 (1771), CH, p, 50, 54 [MSA S12-88, 1/24/2/16]; Entries for Basil and Benjamin Smith, 1772, Land Office, Debt Book, MdHR 17676-1, Liber 17 (1772), CH, p. 67, 72 [MSA S12-89, 1/24/2/17]; Entries for Basil and Benjamin Smith, 1773, Land Office, Debt Book, MdHR 17676-2, Liber 17 (1773), CH, p. 82, 87 [MSA S12-90, 1/24/2/17]; Entries for Basil and Benjamin Smith, 1774, Land Office, Debt Book, MdHR 17676-3, Liber 17 (1774), CH, p. 62, 66 [MSA S12-91, 1/24/2/17]; Uncle and Nephew Tract, 1763, Land Office, Rent Rolls, MdHR 17636-1, Liber 27, CH, p. 180 [MSA S18-37, 1/24/1/22]; Uncle and Nephew Tract, 1763, Land Office, Rent Rolls, MdHR 17635, Liber 26, CH, p. 180 [MSA S18-36, 1/24/1/21]; Patent for Two Friends Tract, 1770, Land Office, Patent Record, MdHR 17449, Liber BC & GS 38, p. 455-456 [MSA S11-139, 1/23/4/3]; Patent for Two Friends Tract, 1764, Land Office, Patent Record, MdHR 17452, Liber BC & GS 41, p. 299 [MSA S11-142, 1/23/4/6]; Patent for Two Friends Tract, 1763, Land Office, Patent Record, MdHR 17432, Liber BC & GS 21, p. 581 [MSA S11-121, 1/23/3/30]; Will of Basil Smith, 1774, Charles County Register of Wills, Wills, MdHR 7287-1, p. 219-220 [MSA C681-7, 1/8/10/7]. Benjamin Smith, Charles's father, was the nephew of Basil Smith, who died in 1774. Basil also is recorded as not only giving Benjamin 20 acres in the will but he owned fourteen enslaved blacks.

[15] Heitman, 501; Tacyn, 313; Charles Smith Service Card; Rolls of First Maryland Regiment, April 1779, Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783, National Archives, NARA M246, Record Group 93, roll 0033. Courtesy of Fold3.com; Order to pay and receipt by Lieutenant Charles Smith, February 1, 1780, Maryland State Papers, Series A, MdHR 6636-16-123/26 [MSA S1004-19-3675, 1/7/3/33].

[16] Rolls of First Maryland Regiment; Charles Smith Service Card; Benedict Hundred, March 1778, Charles County Court, Census of 1778, MdHR 8167-2, Liber X 3, p. 630-631 [MSA C654-1, 1/7/7/27]. The census says that he was one of the men living in Charles County that was older than 18.

[17] Daniel Wunderlich Nead, The Pennsylvania-German in the Settlement of Maryland (Lancaster, PA: Pennsylvania German Society, 1914), 255-259; Hanson's Laws of Maryland, Session Laws 1779, Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 203, 214. See "An Act relating to the officers and soldiers of this state in the American army, and other purposes therein mentioned" for specifics of the law which passed.

[18] Rolls of First Maryland Regiment; Charles Smith Service Card; Heitman, 501; Muster Rolls and Other Records of Service of Maryland Troops in the American Revolution Archives of Maryland Online vol. 18, 160; Pension of Charles Smith; Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1779-1780 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 43, 272, 338; Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1780-1781 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 45, 13, 14, 367.

[19] Pension of Charles Smith; Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1779-1780 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 43, 233, 234; Order to pay Captain Charles Smith, October 24, 1780, Maryland State Papers, Series A, MdHR 6636-22-24/40 [MSA S1004-29-8019, 1/7/3/38]. The pay order shows he was a captain in October 1780.

[20] Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1781 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 47, 177; Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1779-1780 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 43, 216, 335, 336; Muster Rolls and Other Records of Service of Maryland Troops in the American Revolution Archives of Maryland Online vol. 18, 361, 362; Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1780-1781 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 45, 5; Beverley Waugh Bond, State Government in Maryland, 1777-1781 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1905), 38; Journals of Congress: Containing the Proceedings from January 1, 1780 to January 1, 1781 (Philadelphia: David C. Claypoole, 1781), 341-342.

[21] Muster Rolls and Other Records of Service of Maryland Troops in the American Revolution Archives of Maryland Online vol. 18, 342; Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1779-1780 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 43, 273; Pension of Alexander Lawson Smith, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives, NARA M804, Record Group 15, Roll 2208, pension number W. 4247. Courtesy of Fold3.com

[22] Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1780-1781, Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 45, 24, 56.

[23] “To George Washington from Uriah Forrest, 17 August 1780,” Founders Online, National Archives, last modified July 12, 2016.

[24] Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1732-1753, Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 28, 553; Pension of Charles Smith; Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1781, Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 47, 192, 197, 198. The first phase of the battle was near present-day Fort Washington while the second phase was at the Lyles House on a tributary of the Potomac River, Broad Creek. The house was constructed by an influential protestant family in Maryland, the Addison family. The remains of this structure exist near Harmony Hall, which is still standing today. Interestingly, the only mention of the house being burned was in April 1781 when Governor Lee was told the following: "Yesterday a Sixteen Gun Brig appeared off Swann Point & sent a Boat with six hands to destroy a vessel on the Stocks near that place eight Militia under Col Harris attacked them and took the Boat & Crew, the Prisoners are Ordered to Annapolis. This morning all the enemys vessels which were above sailed down Potomack and were below Cedar Point at eleven O'clock — they have done no damage since I last wrote you, except destroying Col Lyles house of which you have no doubt been informed I expect we shall have frequent visits from these plundering Banditts & hope we will so well prepare as to repel their attack that they will find the business as unprofitable as it is disgraceful. We thank your Excellency and Council for your kind attention in forwarding the Arms." No other mention could be found in the Archives of Maryland, meaning that this letter still does not invalidate the stories in Smith's pension.

[26] Pension of Charles Smith.

[27] “To George Washington from Mordecai Gist, 26 October 1780,” Founders Online, National Archives, last modified July 12, 2016; Pension of Josias Miller, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives, NARA M804, Record Group 15, Roll 1728, pension number S. 40,160. Courtesy of Fold3.com; Josias Miller Service Card, Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in the American Army During the Revolutionary War, National Archives, NARA M881, Record Group 15, Roll 0408. Courtesy of Fold3.com; Rolls of Extraordinary Regiment, 1780, Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783, National Archives, NARA M246, Record Group 93, folder 28, roll 0034. Courtesy of Fold3.com; Pension of Theodore Middleton, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives, NARA M804, Record Group 15, Roll 1720, pension number S. 11,075. Courtesy of Fold3.com; Resolutions, laws, and ordinances, relating to the pay, half pay, commutation of half pay, bounty lands, and other promises made by Congress to the officers and soldiers of the Revolutionto the settlement of the accounts between the United States and the several states; and to funding the revolutionary debt (Washington: Thomas Allen, 1838), 415-416, 490. These veterans included Josias Miller, John Plant, Matthew Garner, Samuel Hanson, Charles Magruder, Samuel Luckett, Vachel Burgess, Francis Shepard, and John Bryan.

[28] Lawrence E. Babits and Joshua B. Howard, Long, Obstinate, and Bloody: The Battle of Guilford Courthouse (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009), 70-71, 148; Robert K. Wright, Jr., The Continental Army (Washington D.C.: Center of Military History, 1983), 278; Patrick O'Kelley, Nothing But Blood and SlaughterThe Revolutionary War in the Carolinas Vol. 3: 1781 (Lillington, NC: Blue House Tavern Press, 2005), 504.

[29] Order to pay and receipt by Captain Charles Smith, March 29, 1781, Maryland State Papers, Series A, MdHR 6636-32-65/2 [MSA S1004-29-8019, 1/7/3/45]; Order to Pay Captain Charles Smith, November 30, 1781, Maryland State Papers, Series A, MdHR 6636-33-112/3 [MSA S1004-44-12571, 1/7/3/47].

[30] Pension of Charles Smith.

[31] Will of Charles Smith, p. 549, 550, 551.

[32] Charles Smith, 1783, Assessment of 1783, Charles County Tax List, Names of Land, CH 4th District [MSA SM59-41, SCM 871-37]; Mary Jenkins, 1783, Assessment of 1783, Charles County Tax List, Names of Land, CH 4th District [MSA SM59-41, SCM 871-37]; Notice, Maryland Gazette, Annapolis, February 25, 1790, Vol. XLV, issue 2250, p. 4.

[33] Charles Smith, 1783, Assessment of 1783, Charles County Tax List, CH 4th District [MSA SM59-41, SCM 871-37]; Mary Jenkins, 1783, Assessment of 1783, Charles County Tax List, CH 4th District [MSA SM59-41, SCM 871-37].

[34] Inventory of Charles Smith, 1789, Charles County Register of Wills, Inventories, MdHR 7291-2, Liber AI 10, p. 28-29 [MSA C665-10, 1/8/10/11].

[35] Josias Bell and Charles Smith deed, August 1788, Charles County Court, Land Records, Liber D 4, p. 344, 345 [MSA CE82-38]; Certificate of purchase of confiscated property by Charles Smith, July 1787, Maryland State Papers, Series A, MdHR 6636-55-90 [MSA S1004-77-21011, 1/7/3/62].

[36] Will of Charles Smith, p. 550. Specifically he died between August 29, 1788 and September 22, 1788. Heitman says 1822 but this is clearly incorrect.

[37] Will of Charles Smith, p. 550; Deed of Joshua Mudd and John Hancock Bearnes, August 28, 1792, Charles County Court, Land Records, Liber K 4, p. 490, 491 [MSA CE82-39]; Deed of Joshua Mudd and John Rogers, 1796, Charles County Court, Land Records, Liber D 4, p. 337 [MSA CE82-38]; Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1781-1784 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 48, 191, 350; Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Maryland, 1789-1793 Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 72, 122; Baltimore: Its History and Its People (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1912), 591-592; Richard D. Mudd, The Mudd Family of the United States Vol. 2 (Utica, KY: McDonnell Publication, 1984), 1479; William Kenneth Rutherford and Anna Clay (Zimmerman) Rutherford, Genealogical History of Our Ancestors, Vol. 2 (Lexington, MO: Rutherford, 1977), 122. Mudd married Ann Smith, the daughter of Benjamin Smith, making him Charles's brother-in-law.

[38] Will of Charles Smith, p. 551. The grandfather of William and Walter was James M. Smallwood.

[39] Pension of Charles Smith.

[40] Journal of the House of Delegates 1827 December 31 - March 16, p. 75 [MSA SC M 3200]; Laws of 1833, Resolution 54, Archives of Maryland Online Vol. 210, 348.

[41] Pension of Charles Smith.

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