Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

Pauli Murray (1910-1985)
MSA SC 3520-13577
Author, Poet, Attorney, and Priest

Born in Baltimore Maryland, November 20, 1910. Graduated, Hillside High School, Durham, North Carolina, 1926 and Richmond Hill High School, New York City, 1927. Graduated with honors, Hunter College, New York City, 1933, Bachelor of Arts, English. Graduated cum laude Howard University Law School, L.L.B., 1944. University of California at Berkley, L.L.M., 1945. Yale University Law School, Doctorate of Juridical Studies, 1965. General Theological Seminary, Masters of Divinity, 1976. Died July 1, 1985, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Biography:
 

Teacher, New York City Remedial Reading Project, Works Progress Administration, 1935-1939
Denied Admission into University of North Carolina Law School because of race, 1938.
Author, Angel of the Desert, 1938.
Member, Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR), devoted to ending segregation on public transportation.
Arrested for refusing to sit at the back of a bus, Petersburg, Virginia, March, 1940.
Workers Defense League, 1940-1942.
Co-founder, CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) 1941.
Author, "Negroes are Fed Up," Common Sense, 1943.
Denied admission into Harvard University because of gender, 1944.
Masters Thesis: "The Right to Equal Opportunity in Employment."
Deputy Attorney General for California.
Women of the Year, Mademoiselle, 1947.
Liberal party candidate for City Council from Brooklyn, New York, 1949.
Author, States' Laws on Race and Color, 1951.
Author, Proud Shoes: Story of an American Family, (New York: Harper and Row), 1956.
Associate Attorney, Paul, Weiss, Rifking,, Wharton and Garrison, 1956.
Attorney, Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton and Garrison, 1956-1960.
Moved to Ghana to practice law, 1960.
Lecturer Ghana School of Law, Accra.
Louis Stulberg Professor of Law and Politics at Brandeis University.
Lecturer, Boston University School of Law.
Member, President's Commission on the Status of Women- Committee on Civil and Political Rights, 1961.
Co-author,"American Women: Report of the President's Commission on the Status of Women."
Author, The Constitution and Government of Ghana, 1961.
The first African-American women to receive a Doctorate of Juridical Studies from Yale University Law School, 1965.
Vice-president, professor of political science, Benedict College, Columbia, South Carolina.
Author, "Jane Crow and the Law: Sex Discrimination and Title VII," George Washington University Law Review.
Author, Dark Testament and Other Poems, (Norwalk, Conneticut: Silvermine),1970.
First woman ordained as an Episcopal Minister, National Cathedral, Washington, D.C. January 8, 1977.
Rector, Church of the Holy Nativity, Baltimore, Maryland.
Author, Song in a Weary Throat: An American Pilgrimage, (New York: Harper and Row), 1987.
Inducted into the Maryland Women's Hall of Fame, 1990.
The Orange County Human Relations Committee of North Carolina established the Pauli Murray Human Relations Award, 1990.
Inducted in the Literary Hall of Fame, The North Carolina Writer's Network, 1998
General Theological Seminary of the Episcopal Church announces the Pauli Murray Scholarship, March 3, 2000.
Founder, National Organization of Women.
Member, American Civil Liberties Union, Equality Committee.
Dr. Murray's papers are located at the Schlesinger Library on the History of Women, Radcliff College, Massachusetts.

Profile of Pauli Murray from Induction File, Maryland Law Library.

Carnes, Mark C., and Garraty, John A., ed., American National Biography, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999) 16:167-168.

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