Copyright 1999 The Baltimore Sun Company
THE BALTIMORE SUN
January 22, 1999, Friday ,FINAL
SECTION: TELEGRAPH ,10A
LENGTH: 2975 words
HEADLINE: Text of Glendening's State of State address
The text of Gov. Parris N. Glendening's State of the State address delivered to a joint session of the Maryland House and Senate yesterday:
Senate President Mike Miller; Speaker Cas Taylor; members
of the General Assembly; Lt. Governor Kathleen Kennedy Townsend; Attorney
General Joe Curran; Comptroller Bobby Swann; Comptroller-elect William Donald Schaefer; Treasurer Richard Dixon; Chief Judge Bob Bell;
Secretary of State John Willis; my wife, Frances Anne, who, if I might be permitted the personal privilege, I happen to believe is one of the truly
gracious and most beautiful First Ladies in the entire country; friends and fellow Marylanders:
You know for the first time in 40 years, the governor of
Maryland begins the State of the State without also recognizing Louis L.
comptroller. In fact, if you take into account the 16 years that Louis served here in the General Assembly, you come to the remarkable
realization that Louis was in attendance for more than half the State of the State addresses of this century.
We miss you Louie. We miss his wisdom, his guidance and
his compassion. But we're also grateful for the decades of public service
that he gave
to Maryland. And we are confident that Louis' commitment to sound fiscal management and compassionate government has taken strong roots
here in Maryland. And that he will continue to guide our actions well into the century. I am also so very, very pleased that his daughter, Louisa,
is here with us today. Louisa ...
Today marks the last State of the State address that will
be delivered in Maryland this century. You have been chosen by your fellow
to be part of the leadership that will take Maryland into the 21st century. For me personally, and for most people everywhere, the onset of a
new century is a source of pride and excitement and enthusiasm. It is an opportunity to reflect upon what we have accomplished together, and
to look ahead to the unlimited opportunities and the significant challenges that we face.
By any measure, we have seen great progress in recent years.
Investments in education and student achievement are up. We opened the
of higher education for more Marylanders. Crime is down significantly. Our economy is the strongest in a decade. Income taxes were cut for the
first time in 30 years. Welfare rolls have been reduced by more than one half. Our air and water quality are cleaner and better protected. And
we reached out with care and compassion to those less fortunate.
Without a doubt, the State of the State is strong. We are
safer. Our children are healthier. Our environment is better protected.
And we are
more prosperous than we have ever been before.
Thank you Mr. President and thank you Mr. Speaker and members
of the legislature for your leadership and hard work in achieving these
wonderful goals. And perhaps, most of all, thanks are due to the hard working men and women of Maryland, whose commitment to family and
community and traditional Maryland values are the heart of our prosperity. Together we have done much, but, as I said yesterday in my
inaugural address, we have only just begun.
As we noted yesterday, we enter the new century facing
several major challenges: helping all our citizens reach their full potential
knowledge-based economy of the future; reclaiming our environment for future generations to enjoy; and fostering a true sense of compassion,
social justice, and equality within our society.
We have an exciting and aggressive agenda that will position
Maryland to meet and master most of those challenges as we move into the
century. We will increase funding for worker training programs, sending a very clear signal that Maryland knows that high-tech, high-skilled jobs
are a very important part of our future. We will build upon our Smart Growth anti-sprawl program, protecting farms, fields, rivers and streams,
while reinvigorating established neighborhoods.
We will enact a civil rights bill that will strengthen
Maryland's anti- discrimination protection for all Marylanders, including
against because of their choice of sexual partner. We will move forward with a patients' bill of rights that builds upon the patient protections
that have already been enshrined in law. We will work to make sure that those with disabilities have the opportunity to meet their full potential.
And we will begin the process of strengthening our anti-gun violence law so that we can pass a strong bill that better protects our children and
Additionally, we will make sure that our state employees,
the hard working men and women, are treated as partners as we serve the
Maryland. Collective bargaining is working in Maryland and it should be the law of the land. We will also move a number of contractual employees
into permanent status. Think about this just for a moment: These are people who work side by side with merit employees, doing the same job,
but without receiving health or retirement benefits. That is unfair, and it must be changed.
We will also fight to protect the health of our young people
with an increase in the state's tobacco tax. Studies show a significant
increase will have a dramatic impact on reducing teen smoking. This increase will not only protect the health of our young people today, but will
also help secure their future. I propose that a significant portion of the revenue from this tax be used to construct much needed higher
For example, with these revenues, we can help the University
of Maryland, Baltimore County get the science and technology building that
need now, instead of the year 2010 where it's currently programmed.
And, as I emphasized yesterday, it is crucial that we protect
our environment, our environmental infrastructure - our green infrastructure.
dollars will no longer be used to subsidize sprawl. State funds will only be spent in accordance with Smart Growth guidelines.
These proposals and others will position Maryland as a
national and world leader for the next century. Today, however, I will
exclusively on the single most important issue to which we must dedicate ourselves in order to meet our full potential: We must build upon the
foundation we have laid, and make - truly make - the education of our children our top priority. Education must not just be a'' priority, it must
be the'' priority.
The future of our world is fast becoming knowledge based.
And the speed of that transformation is dramatic: A few years ago, advances
biotechnology like cloning and DNA fingerprinting were relegated to science fiction novels. Today they are scientific fact. And just earlier this
decade, the Internet was primarily the domain of scientists and university researchers. Today pre-schoolers and senior citizens are learning,
shopping, and staying in touch over the World Wide Web.
Nowhere is this emphasis on knowledge more pronounced than
in the job market. A strong back and a solid work ethic no longer guarantee
secure, good-paying job. Individuals who do not have access to knowledge and skills will find themselves left behind. As I mentioned yesterday,
it was a shameful time in American history when signs read Irish need not apply,'' no Jews,'' no women,'' and whites only.'' Those signs shut out
so many Americans and divided us as a nation.
Today we face a different challenge. We must liberate the
potential of every individual by full access to knowledge or they will
be shut out in
the future just as others were in the past. And our nation will be just as divided.
That is why we must turn our focus squarely to education,
both access to education and the quality of education. We must ensure -
must demand - both.
Let me tell you this story about what I saw as the power
of education. Last year I visited a school in Montgomery County, Oak View
Elementary. And I read to the third graders there. Senator Forehand was there with us in fact. I read to the third graders. And afterwards I
went into the cafeteria and had lunch, and as I sat there and talked with those young people, first of all, they were absolutely right, the pizza
was terrible. But I was looking at this one young man, directly across from me, a young African- American student, and I asked him, Where do
you go from here?''
And he looked at me, and his face started beaming and he
got this huge smile and he said, I'm going to the University of Wisconsin
And I said to him, No, no, no, I just meant where do you go to middle school?''
And he said, I don't know. I'm going to the University of Wisconsin to study marine biology!''
I want to see that same enthusiasm, that same wonderful
glow and hope for the future on the face of every student, in every school,
community in this state.
And that is why our agenda touches on the entire spectrum
of education in Maryland - from pre-school through 12th grade, through
education, to adult education, retraining and skill enhancement. Workers need more than one ability or one job for a lifetime. In the 21st
century, the greatest skill will be the capacity to acquire new skills. In the new economy, acquiring knowledge will be a lifelong journey, not just
a destination to be reached.
In order to make this journey successful, we must ensure
the best possible beginning. Mastering the fundamentals of reading and
math is critical
to success in education. And it is just common sense that the best way to ensure our children master the basics of reading and math is to
increase the amount of individual attention they receive in these core subjects. And that is why we will reduce class size for reading in first and
second grade and for math in the seventh grade.
Our formula for continuing to improve education is really
very simple: More classrooms, plus additional, qualified, certified teachers,
smaller class size. And smaller class size for early reading and math means a better education for every child.
Over the past four years we have built or modernized 6,000
classrooms across Maryland. We now have the opportunity and the ability
bigger, reach further and do more.
As we find ourselves at the dawn of a new century, let
us also stand at the beginning of the Golden Age of School Construction.''
to invest $250 million to modernize and build schools this year, and the same amount for each of the following years of this term. Imagine, $1
billion over the next four years which will enable us to build or modernize more than 7,500 classrooms across the state.
With our commitment to add and renovate and modernize classrooms
locked in, we will then provide funding to local communities so that they
will hire 1,100 additional teachers - over and above normal teacher hirings - to be used for first and second grade reading and seventh grade
math classes. I stress that these new teachers must be certified in their areas of instruction.
Remember, our focus is on access and quality. The modernized
classrooms provide the access, but we must ensure the quality of the teachers.
Our students deserve this; their parents demand this; and our teachers themselves expect this.
Right now there are far too many teachers who are not certified
to teach in their area of instruction. Imagine, a math teacher who is not
trained to teach math. We are one of the few advanced countries in the world that permit this. It is easy, therefore, to understand why we lag
behind so much of the world in math skills. This is unacceptable, and it must change. Our children deserve better.
We will require that jurisdictions reduce their percentage
of non- certified teachers to no more than 2 percent in order to qualify
for funds under
our class-size reduction program. Let me just tell you, as an aside, last year in my home county of Prince George's County, over 40 percent of
the new teachers hired were not certified in their area of instruction. This is not right.
As we move forward with our class-size reduction plan,
we must simultaneously take strategic steps to ensure sufficient, certified
available well into the future. With your help the HOPE scholarship program was initiated last year for science and technology students. We now
have the opportunity and the ability to think bigger, to reach further and to do more.
HOPE must be expanded to include all students who agree
to teach in Maryland after they are graduated. As all of you know, it is
my goal to
expand our HOPE program every year. I dream of a day when every child in Maryland enters high school knowing that the doors of college will be
open if they work hard, get good grades, and are willing to work in Maryland.
Our proposal expands HOPE each year to cover additional
Maryland high school graduates. By the end of this term - if you agree
student in every community and every discipline will be covered by HOPE. I want that young man that we talked about earlier from Oak View
Elementary, I want him to study marine biology right here in Maryland, and work in Maryland and have his future in Maryland.
Many of you here today are first or second generation college
graduates, just as I am. The doors of higher education were closed for
reasons to those who came before you. Today, money is the obstacle that blocks those doors. Just as your parents and grandparents fought to
ensure access to higher education for all people years ago, we must fight to ensure access today. Other states have been able to make this
same promise. Certainly Maryland, one of the wealthiest States in the country, can do so as well. We owe it to our future. We owe it to our
Of course, these HOPE graduates will not be available to
teach for several years. In the meantime, we will provide additional funding
Maryland's existing programs that attract and retain qualified teachers.
This funding will make it possible to graduate an additional
2,000 teachers. This will bridge the gap until the HOPE scholarship program
producing teachers for our classrooms and the needs today.
As we expand access to higher education, we will enhance
quality by providing additional resources. We are entering the second year
four-year, $635 million commitment to higher education across Maryland. But we also must remember that this historic commitment was simply
intended to provide stability and some improvement after years of deep cuts in higher education. We now have the opportunity and the ability
to think bigger, reach further and do more.
Maryland has a wonderful university system. But let us
be candid, all of our campuses are not where we want them to be. Admiral
the task force studying the University System of Maryland recommended ways to strengthen our system. We will move forward with legislation
to help each and every campus achieve excellence. That is why our budget provides $102 million in new money to higher education across
But even as we provide these additional resources, we must
move away from bureaucracy-driven, formula-based funding. We must instead
focus on the specific strengths of our institutions, their missions and their commitment to excellence. We must ask three questions of our
colleges and universities: What is your vision for excellence?'' What resources do we need to achieve it?'' And How will you be held
accountable?'' These are the crucial questions, not things like What is your funding per full-time equivalent student?''
The fact is, this commitment to accountability is part
and parcel of our entire education program. We will build the classrooms,
but the local
school systems must hire qualified - certified - teachers for those classrooms. We will open the doors to college with HOPE scholarships, but
students must get good grades to qualify and they must pledge to stay and work in Maryland.
We will provide additional funding for higher education,
but the institutions must make progress towards excellence. We are - one
and all of us -
we are responsible for our own actions. The bottom line of our education agenda is results, not resources. We will, working together, ensure a
21st century where all Marylanders have the opportunity to succeed.
The education agenda that I have laid out is ambitious.
It is far reaching. But if we do not dream, if we do not dare, our children
will not have
the future they deserve. It is an investment that we must make. As we usher in a new century, we find Maryland enjoying growth and
prosperity. But we must take advantage of these current strengths in ways that will secure our future.
Thirty years ago, our lieutenant governor's father, Robert
Kennedy, spoke about the need to look beyond prosperity when setting a
the future. He said: The future does not belong to those who are content with today ... timid and fearful in the face of new ideas and bold
projects. Rather it will belong to those who can blend vision, reason and courage in a personal commitment to the ideals of American society.''
Robert Kennedy understood that the greatest impact of prosperity
is that it gives us the opportunity and the ability to rise to tougher
challenges. That is a philosophy that we are proud to share in Maryland. There is no ideal more important. There is no obligation more sacred.
There is no challenge more in need of our full commitment than the education of our children.
Together we can rise to this challenge, focus on our children
and step right into the future. Let us make the next century our century,
Maryland leads the nation and the world - in education, in prosperity, and in fulfilling the abiding promise of liberty and justice for all.