Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

Samuel Hanson (1716-1794)
MSA SC 3520-590


BORN: on December 20, 1716, in Port Tobacco Parish, Charles County; second son.
NATIVE: third generation.
RESIDED: at "Green Hill," Port Tobacco Upper Hundred, Charles County.

FATHER. Samuel Hanson (ca. 1685-1740).
MOTHER: Elizabeth (ca. 1688-1764), widow of Benjamin Warren (?-1706); daughter of Walter Storey (ca. 1666-1726).
UNCLE: Robert Hanson (ca. 1680-1748).
BROTHERS: Walter Hanson (1711/12-1794); William (1718/19-1721); John Hanson, Jr. (1721-1783); and William (1726-?).
SISTERS: Elizabeth (1707-?); Mary (1709/10-?); Sarah (1714-?); Jane (1721/22-?); Charity (1724-?), who married second, Arthur Lee (?-1760); and Chloe.
FIRST COUSINS: Dorothy Hanson (1721-1752), who married Richard Harrison (?-1780); Mary Hanson, who married Daniel Jenifer (?-1795).
NEPHEW: Alexander Contee Hanson (1749-1806).
NIECE Jane (1747-1781), who married Philip Thomas (1747-1815).
MARRIED first, Anne, daughter of Thomas Hawkins and wife Sarah.
MARRIED second, wife Anne Brown (1732-ca. 1800), daughter of Dr. Gustavus Brown (1689-1762) and his first wife Frances Fowke (1690/91-1744). She was the stepdaughter of Margaret Black Boyd. She was the granddaughter of Gerard Fowke (1662/63-1734/35). Her brothers were Gustavus (1711-1712); Gustavus
(1722-1722); Richard (1725-?), who married first, Helen Bailey, second, (first name unknown) Key, and third, (first name unknown) Hawkins; and Gustavus  Richard (1727-1727). Her half brother was Dr. Gustavus Richard (1747-1804). Her sisters were Frances (1713-?), who married Rev. John Moncure; Sarah (1715-?), who married Rev. John Scott; Mary (1717-1801), who married first, Matthew Hopkins, and second, Henry Threlkeld; Elizabeth (1723-?), who married Dr. Michael Wallace; Jean (1728-1784), who married Rev. Isaac Campbell; and Cecilia (1730/31-ca. 1797), who married first, Dr. John Key (?-1755), and
second, Thomas Bond (?-ca. 1797). Her half sister was Margaret (1749/50-1787), who married Thomas Stone (1743-1787). Her nephew was Gustavus Scott (1753-1800).
CHILDREN. SONS: Thomas Hawkins (1750-1810), who married Rebecca, daughter of Walter Dulany (?-1773); Samuel Hanson, of Samuel (ca. 1752-
1830). DAUGHTERS: Chloe (ca. 1743-?), who married George Lee (ca. 1736-?); Mildred (ca. 1746-by 1796), who married William Baker (ca. 1749-
1812); Sarah Hawkins (1750-1822), who married Dr. William Beans (1748/49-1828); Nancy, who married John Addison, son of John Addison (1713-1764); Eleanor (?-1796), who married Henry Henley Chapman (?-1821); Anne, who married Nicholas Lingan; and Elizabeth, who married John Anderson. STEPSONS Samuel Clagett; Gustavus Brown Horner; William Horner (ca. 1765-?); and John Horner.

EDUCATION: literate.
SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Mr., by 1744; Gent., by 1746; Esq., by 1783.
OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: merchant, by 1764; planter.

LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Conventions, Charles County, 2nd, 1774, 4th 1775 (elected, but did not attend), 5th, 1775 (elected, but did not attend); Lower House, Charles County, 1778-1779 (Elections 2; Laws to Expire 3), 1779-1780 (Manufactories 1); 1780-1781 (elected to the 1st session to fill vacancy; Grievances 1; resigned on May 25, 1781).
LOCAL OFFICES sheriff, Charles County, 1744-47, 1749-1750; justice, Charles County, 1755-at least 1778 (quorum, 1769-at least 1778); justice, Court of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery, Charles County, commissioned 1772; justice, Orphans' court, Charles County, commissioned 1777 and 1778; judge,
court of appeals, appointed under the Act to Procure Troops for the American Army, Charles County, appointed 1778; subscription officer, Continental Loan Office, Charles County, appointed 1779.
STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: provided for the care, schooling, and manumission of his slaves in his will.

PERSONAL PROPERTY: assessed value £1,321.0.0, including 25 slaves and 69 oz. plate, 1783.
LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: 5,225 acres in Charles and Frederick counties (ca. 370 acres inherited from his father).
SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND DEATH: gave at least 283 acres in Charles County to his son Thomas in 1776, and 1,770 acres in Charles County to his son Samuel Hanson, of Samuel (ca.1752-1830) between 1776 and 1779. Hanson purchased approximately 227 acres in Charles County and sold 423 acres in Charles County. He apparently also divested himself of his land in Frederick and Montgomery counties prior to his death.
WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: will probated on November 25, 1794, in Charles County.
PERSONAL PROPERTY TEV, £3,498.8.5 current money (including 26 slaves); FB, £439.1.8.
LAND: 2,005 acres in Charles County.

The legislative service and officeholding attributed to Samuel Hanson (1716-1794) was the result of an analysis of records pertaining to the six men of that name living in Charles County during the period 1774-1784. However, these conclusions cannot be positively verified. See also the profiles of Samuel Hanson, Jr. (?-1817) and Samuel Hanson, of Samuel (ca. 1752-1830).

[Source:  Edward C. Papenfuse, et al. A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789. 2 Vols. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979, 1985), 407-8, 945.]

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