Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

Daniel Dulany, Jr. (1722-1797)
MSA SC 3520-372

New DNB Sources sheet

Subject's name Dulany Daniel 68544


1* E. C. Papenfuse, A. F. Day, D. W. Jordan, and G. A. Stiverson, eds., A biographical dictionary of the Maryland legislature, 1635-1789, vol. 1, A-H (1985)

2* A. C. Land, The Dulanys of Maryland: a biographical study of Daniel Dulany, the elder (1685-1753), and Daniel Dulany, the younger (1722-1797), (1968)

3* R. J. Brugger, Maryland: a middle temperament (1988)

4* R. Hoffman, Princes of Ireland, planters of Maryland: a Carroll saga, 1500-1782 (2000)

5* Peter Onuf, ed., Maryland and the empire, 1773: The Antilon-First Citizen letters (1974)

6 A. C. Land, Colonial Maryland - a history (1981)

7 M. D. M[ereness], Dictionary of American biography, vol. 3 (1958)



Dulany Family Papers, MS.1919, Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, Maryland

Dulany Family Papers, MS.1562, Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, Maryland








artist unknown, portrait (oils), n.d., Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, Maryland


Value of estate or

possessions at death Value of personalty unknown; c. 3,000 acres in two counties.

Source of data Biographical Dictionary, 1:287





Surname Papenfuse

Full forenames Edward Charles

Title(s) Ph.D.


Post State Archivist and Commissioner of Land Patents

Institution Maryland State Archives


Address Maryland State Archives

350 Rowe Boulevard

Annapolis, Maryland

Post/zip code 21401 Country USA

Telephone (410) 260-6401


New DNB Information sheet


Main Name Dulany Daniel

Variants of main names none

Alternative names none

Name as known none




Birth 28 June 1722 Annapolis, Maryland

Source of data and comments: Biographical Dictionary, 1:286

Baptism 29 July 1722 St. Anne's Church, Annapolis, Maryland

Source of data and comments: St. Anne's parish register, M143, MSA


Main name Dulany Daniel

Alternative names none

Titles none

Birth date 1685 Death date 5 Dec 1753

Occupation Lawyer, placeman


Maiden name Smith Rebecca

Alternative names none

Titles none

Birth date 1695 Death date Mar 1737

Occupation none

Source of data and comments: Biographical Dictionary, 1:286; Land, Dulanys, 151


Dates: Institution:

?-1738 Eton College, Eton

Jan 1739-1742 Clare College, Cambridge

Mar 1742- June 1746 Middle Temple, Inns of Court, London

Source of data and comments: Biographical Dictionary, 1:287; Land, Dulanys, 153, 167


1722-1797 Christian: Church of England, Protestant Episcopal Church

Source of data and comments: Biographical Dictionary, 1:287


Main name Tasker Rebecca

Alternative names none

Titles none

Birth date 4 Nov 1724 Death date 1822

Occupation none

Relationship married x

Date started 16 Sep 1749 Ended 17 Mar 1797 by death

Source of data and comments: Biographical Dictionary, 1:287; St. Anne's parish register, M143, MSA


Date Address

1722-? Annapolis, Maryland

?-1738 Eton, England

1739-1742 Cambridge, England

1742-1747 London, England

1747-July 1761 Annapolis, Maryland

July 1761-July 1763 London and Bath, England

July 1763-1781 "Hunting Ridge," Baltimore County, Maryland

1781-1797 Baltimore Town, Maryland

Source of data and comments: Biographical Dictionary, 1:286; Land, Dulanys, 237, 243


By descent Ireland

By association Maryland, England


Death 17 March 1797 Baltimore, Maryland

Cause of death unknown

Burial unknown St. Paul's Church, Baltimore, Maryland

Source of data and comments: Biographical Dictionary, 1:287

Missing data

None not noted above.


Birth, death, burial x

Parents x

Spouse/partners x


Double spacing x

Quotations x

Daniel Dulany (1722-1797), lawyer and placeman, was born in Annapolis, Maryland on 28 June 1722, the eldest son of Daniel Dulany (1685-1753) and his wife Rachel Beard (ca.1695-1737), the daughter of Richard Beard of Annapolis. Dulany had two brothers and four sisters, as well as three stepbrothers, three stepsisters, and two half-brothers by his father's marriage to Henrietta Maria Lloyd Chew (?-1766). Dulany's father was one of the colony's most astute lawyers, holder of major proprietary offices, successful land developer, and investor in the Baltimore Ironworks Company. He provided his son with both a superior education and the connections needed to pursue an equally successful career.

After attending Eton College, Dulany enrolled in Clare College, Cambridge in Jan 1739, entered the Middle Temple of the Inns of Court in Mar 1742, and was called to the bar in June 1746, one of the few Maryland lawyers to claim that distinction. Dulany returned to Maryland in 1747 and soon qualified to practice in the Provincial and Chancery courts as well as several county courts.

On 16 Sep 1749, Dulany married Rebecca Tasker (1724-1822), second daughter of Benjamin Tasker (ca.1690-1768) and his wife Anne Bladen (?-1775). Rebecca's father was president of the governor's council and served as agent and receiver general, among numerous other offices. Her uncle was former governor Thomas Bladen. Her sister Anne married governor Samuel Ogle in 1741 and her sister Frances would marry Robert Carter of Nomini Hall, Virginia, in 1754. The marriage thus united two politically powerful families as well as bringing Dulany "a handsome fortune" (Day, 322). The Dulanys had two sons and one daughter during the next decade.

Dulany represented Frederick, the county his father had done so much to develop, in the lower house from 1751 to 1754 and sat as the Annapolis delegate from 1756 to 1757 before being named to the governor's council, where he served from 1757 until 1774. From 1754 to 1756 he shared the office of commissary general with his father-in-law and occupied it exclusively from 1759 to 1761. In July 1761 Dulany arrived in England in the hope of improving his health, with an extended stay at Bath. During this visit he also sought to solidify his position with the proprietary establishment. When Dulany returned to Maryland in July 1763, he held the lucrative post of deputy secretary, which he retained until the Revolution.

In the fall of 1763, before ceasing publication in response to the Stamp Act, the Maryland Gazette advertised an anonymous pamphlet, Considerations on the Propriety of Imposing Taxes in the British Colonies, For the Purpose of Raising a Revenue. The author, soon known to be Dulany, argued that because colonists enjoyed neither direct nor virtual representation in parliament, only the Maryland assembly, its members chosen by the electorate, had the right to impose internal taxes. "Easily the most influential American protest" against the Act, Dulany's essay was printed not only in other colonies but also in London, where its language appeared in parliamentary debates (Brugger, 106).

During his stay in London, Dulany had had several encounters with a fellow Marylander, the young Charles Carroll of Carrollton (1737-1832), whose father had encouraged him to call upon Dulany, "the best Lawer on this Continent," in the elder Carroll's opinion (Hoffman, 173). The exchanges did not go well; Carroll, insulted, described Dulany as an "un homme bizarre" (Brugger, 111). A decade later, and after further hostilities between the families, the two men had their most significant encounter, taking opposite sides on the perennially contentious issue of Maryland politics, the question of officials' fees.

In Jan 1773, Dulany, hoping to influence elections later that spring, wrote a dialogue for the Gazette debating the merits of the governor's 1770 fee proclamation. In Dulany's account, "Second Citizen" finally convinced "First Citizen" of the proclamation's legality. In Feb, however, a new author took up the role of "First Citizen" and carried on a six-month exchange of letters with Dulany, now writing as "Antilon." "First Citizen," known to all to be the young Carroll, espoused the popular position against encroachments by the prerogative, arguing that fees constituted a tax that could only be enacted by the legislature, that as a new law the proclamation could not be enacted unilaterally by the governor, and that the constitution would be unbalanced if legislative control over finance were compromised. Dulany, writing in defense of the established form of government, argued that fees were not taxes and had historically been levied by various branches of government. Dulany saw all branches of government as competing for power; to function effectively there had to be a final authority -- that of the executive -- over the legislature. Dulany marshaled cogent legal arguments but Carroll claimed victory in the exchange, as Maryland voters returned a lower house favorable to his views, not those of Dulany.

The death of Benjamin Tasker in 1768 had deprived Dulany of a major source of his political strength, a trip to England in 1771-1772 to bolster his position with the proprietary establishment had the effect of alienating the governor, and the exchange with Carroll dissipated the popular support he had earlier achieved with Considerations. Carroll wrote to his father after the 1773 election that the Dulanys "have great reason to fear an end of their powers, influence, and future promotion" (Brugger, 111).

Dulany might have been able to regroup had not the movement for independence intervened, but Carroll's prediction came true as events in Maryland and elsewhere moved toward revolution. Neither Dulany's intellectual position nor his strong affiliation with England would permit him to do more than maintain a position of neutrality during the ensuing war, although after the war he wrote a number of unsigned pamphlets supporting the opposition to the ratification of the Constitution and continued to give legal advice. During the Revolution, he retired to his Hunting Ridge estate near Baltimore, where he lived from 1776 until 1781, when the property was confiscated along with other loyalist holdings. In that year Dulany moved to Baltimore Town, where he died on 12 Mar 1797 and was buried in the St. Paul's churchyard.

Edward C. Papenfuse 991 words

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