Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore (1605-1675).

BORN: on August 8, 1605, in Kent County, England; first son. RESIDED: in England, never immigrated to Maryland.

FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: Sir George Calvert, 1st Lord Baltimore (1578/791632). MOTHER: Anne Mynne (15791622), daughter of George Mynne. BROTHERS: Leonard Calvert (ca. 16061647); George Calert (16131634); Francis Calvert; Henry Calvert; and John Calvert (16181618/19). HALF BROTHER: Philip Calvert (16261682). SISTERS: Anne Calvert, who married William Peasley; Dorothy Calvert; Elizabeth Calvert; Grace Calvert (1614-?), who married in 1631/32 Sir Robert Talbot, of Carton, England; and Helen Calvert (16151655), who married James Talbot, of Ballyconnell, Ireland.

MARRIED in 1627/28 Anne Arundell (?1649), daughter of Sir Thomas Arundell, of Wardour, England.

CHILDREN. SONS: George Calvert (16341636); Charles Calvert, 3rd Lord Baltimore (16371714/ 15), who married first, ca. 1650 Mary, daughter of Ralph Darnall, of Loughton, Herefordshire, England, second, in 1666 Jane Sewall (?1700), widow of Henry Sewall (?1665) and daughter of Vincent Lowe, of Denby, England, third, in 1701 Mary Thorpe (?1710), and fourth, Margaret Charleton (?l731), daughter of Thomas Charleton, of Hexham, Northumberland, England. DAUGHTERS: Anne Calvert; Mary Calvert(1630-1663), who married ca. 1650 Sir William Blakiston, of Gibside, Durham, England; and Elizabeth Calvert.

PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION: literate; entered Trinity College, Oxford University, 1621. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Catholic. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: succeeded his father as Lord Baltimore in 1632 and settled Maryland, the charter for which George Calvert had first obtained from the king. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: colonial investor and entrepreneur.

PUBLIC CAREER. PROVINCIAL OFFICE: proprietor of Maryland, 16321675. OUT OF COLONY SERVICE M.P., 1634. STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: became increasingly disenchanted with the Jesuits and their adherents in the late l630s and early 1640s; skillfully lobbied in England with the merchant community and Puritan government to save his colony during the years of the English Civil War and Commonwealth government; shrewdly distributed patronage in colony to maintain support among Protestants as well as Catholics; active promoter of religious toleration.

WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: On November 30, 1675, in Middlesex, England; size of estate unknown.

Source: Edward C. Papenfuse, et al., A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789. Vol. I, A-H. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979.

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