Archives of Maryland
(Biographical Series)

Richard Brooke (1736-1788)
MSA SC 3520-157

Biography
Born: 1736 in Prince George's County; third son. 
Native: fifth generation.
Resided: "Fair Hill," Frederick County (later became part of Montgomery County).

Family Background
Father: James Brooke (1705-1784). 
Mother: Deborah, eldest daughter of Richard Snowden and wife Eliza Coale (1692-ca. 1713).
Half Aunts: Margaret Snowden (1726-1793), who married John Contee (1722-ca. 1796); Anne Snowden, who married Henry Wright Crabb (1722/23-1764). 
Brothers: James (1730/31-1767), who married Hannah Janney; Roger (1734-1790), who married Mary Matthews; Basil (1738-1794), who married Elizabeth Hopkins; and Thomas (1744/45-1789). 
Sister: Elizabeth (1740/41-?), who married Thomas Pleasants.
First Cousins: Richard Bennett Carmichael (1753-1824); Richard Thomas (ca. 1728-1806); Evan Thomas (1738/39-1826); Elizabeth Brooke Carmichael, who married John Lambert Wilmer (1747-1799); and Elizabeth Beall, who married John Bracco (?-1794). 
Married: in 1758 Jane Lynn (?-1774).

Children
Son: Roger (?-by 1791). 
Daughter: Ann (1773-1802), who married in 1789 William Hammond Dorsey (1764-1819). 

Private Career
Education: literate.
Religious Affiliation: Quaker; the Brooke family had been Catholic, but Richard's father became a Protestant. 
Occupational Profile: probably a planter. 

Public Career
Legislative Service: Conventions, Frederick County, 1st, 1774, 2nd-3rd, 1774, 4th, 1775, 5th, 1775. 
Local Offices: Committee of Observation, Frederick County, elected 1775; commissioner of tax, Montgomery County, 1777-at least 1779, 1782-at least 1785; purchasing agent, Montgomery County, commissioned 1779.
Military Service: colonel, Revolutionary War.

Wealth During Lifetime
Personal Property: assessed value 628.16.6, including 13 slaves and 32 oz. plate, 1783.
Land at First Election: 4,999 acres in Frederick and Montgomery counties (2,495 acres were a gift from his father). 
Significant Changes in Land Between First Election and Death: received one-sixth of his father's real estate by bequest, 1784. 

Wealth at Death
Died: will probated on June 11, 1788, in Montgomery County; buried at "Fair Hill," Frederick County. 
Personal Property: total estate value, 2,607.4.2 current money (including 21 slaves); final balance, 1,789.7.4.
Land: 4,579 acres in Frederick and Montgomery counties. 

Source: Edward C. Papenfuse, et al., eds. A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789. Vol I. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979, p. 170.

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