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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 881   View pdf image (33K)
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BIOGRAPHIES WHE

geon mate"; transported 20 others on arrival in
Maryland, including an Elinor Wharton. OCCU-
PATIONAL PROFILE: physician; planter. PUBLIC CA-
REER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Upper House, 1674-

1674/75 (appointed by the 3rd session of the 1671-
1674/75 Assembly; Laws 3), 1676 (died before the
2nd session of the 1676-1682 Assembly). OTHER
PROVINCIAL OFFICES: Council, 1672-1676; dep-
uty lieutenant and deputy governor, June 16-July
1676; justice, Provincial Court, 1672-1676 (chief
justice, 1676). MILITARY SERVICE: colonel, by 1676.

WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. LAND: no land when

first appointed to Council; 1,000 acres by 1673.
WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: between July 27 and Au-
gust 1, 1676. PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV, 64,320

pounds of tobacco (including 11 slaves); FB, es-
tate overpaid 10,856 pounds of tobacco, including
30,000 pounds of tobacco paid to Howell and Guy
of Barbadoes. LAND: ca. 3,300 acres.

WHEELER, IGNATIUS, JR. (ca. 1744-1793).
BORN: ca. 1744, in Baltimore County; eldest son.
NATIVE: fifth generation. RESIDED: in Deer Creek
Hundred, Harford (formerly part of Baltimore)
County, on his plantation, which was later known
as "Deer Park." FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER.
Ignatius Wheeler (?-1786), Esq., of Harford
County, son of Benjamin Wheeler (?-1741), who
moved to Baltimore County from Charles County
ca. 1715. MOTHER: Elizabeth Rosier (Rozer),
possibly the daughter of Notley Rozer (?-1727)
of Prince George's County and wife Elizabeth
Whetenhall Rozer (?-1733). BROTHERS: Bennet;
Joseph (?-ca. 1803), who married Ann. SISTERS:
Monica; Mary, who married John Lee Gibson;
and Elizabeth, who married (first name un-
known) Mitchell. MARRIED by September 9, 1769,
Henrietta Maria, widow of Roger Smith (?-1768)
of Charles County, daughter of Henry Neale (ca.
1691-ca. 1742/43) of Charles County and wife
Mary Gardiner (?-1765). Henrietta Maria was
the stepdaughter of John Lancaster (?-1760). She
was the great-granddaughter of James Neale (ca.
1615-1684); Luke Gardiner (1622-1674); and
William Boreman (ca. 1630-1709). Her brothers
were Richard (?-1772); Henry; James (?-1772);
and Gerard. Her sisters were Sarah, who married
Richard Brooke; Mary, who married Richard
Gardiner; and Teresa, who married Raphael
Lancaster., CHILDREN. SONS: Francis Ignatius (1782-
1836), who married Mary Ann McAtee; Bennet
(1784-1866), who married Frances; and Ignatius
(1791-1866). DAUGHTERS: Monica (1773-1807),
who married Jacob Rutledge; Teresa (Treacy)

(1774-1815), who married in 1799 Capt. Henry
McAtee (1768-1852); Henrietta, who was men-
tally incompetent; Mary Ann (?-1812), who mar-
ried Samuel Brown; and Elizabeth (1789-1858),
who married Samuel Brown after her sister Mary
Ann's death. PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION: lit-
erate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Roman Catholic;
substantial contributor to the building of St. Ig-
natius Church in Hickory, Harford County. SO-
CIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Esq., by 1780. OC-
CUPATIONAL PROFILE: planter. PUBLIC CAREER.
LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: 5th Convention, Harford
County, 1775; Lower House, Harford County,
1782-1783, 1783, 1784, 1785, 1786-1787, 1787-
1788. LOCAL OFFICES: commissioner under the act
to procure flour and provisions for the army, Har-
ford County, December 1779-at least 1780; con-
tractor to procure horses for the army, Harford
County, 1780, 1781; justice, Harford County,
1784-1789, 1791-1793; commissioner of the tax.
Harford County, commissioned December 1792.
MILITARY SERVICE: 1st lieutenant, Captain Webb's
Company of Militia, Harford County, enrolled
October 14, 1775, commissioned April 26, 1776;
colonel, Deer Creek Battalion, Harford County
Militia, commissioned April 9, 1778, resigned by
June 29, 1780. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. PER-
SONAL PROPERTY: assessed valued at £1,499.18.4,
including 33 slaves and 16 oz. plate, 1783; 44
slaves, 1790. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: at least
678 acres in Harford and Charles counties (378
acres in Harford County and 300 acres in Charles
County by personal acquisition), plus his wife's
life estate in two tracts in Charles County, at least
160 acres in Harford County leased from the pro-
prietor, and possibly control over some of his
father's land north of Deer Creek, Harford County.

SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST
ELECTION AND DEATH: sold the 160 acres of leased

land in Harford County in 1777, the 300 acres of
Charles County land in 1779, and 100 acres in
Harford County in 1780; purchased probably 200
acres in Harford County, 1780-1783; with Hen-
rietta sold her interest in two tracts near Port
Tobacco, Charles County, 1781; paid taxes on 827
acres of his father's land north of Deer Creek,
Harford County, by 1783; bought leases on cer-
tificates of survey to confiscated proprietary re-
serve lands in Harford County totalling ca. 916
acres, 1785-1789, and patented an 1,160-acre
tract of reserve lands (probably including these
purchases), 1788; inherited his father's lands north
of Deer Creek (of which he was already in pos-
session) and ca. 2 acres of additional land in Har-

881



 

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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 881   View pdf image (33K)
 Jump to  
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