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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 806   View pdf image (33K)
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TAY BIOGRAPHIES

OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: planter. PUBLIC CAREER.
LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Lower House, Dorchester

County, 1715, 1716-1718, 1719-1721/22 (elec-
tion to the 1719-1721/22 Assembly declared void
on May 19, 1719, during the 1st session; reelected
to the 2nd session), 1728-1731, 1732-1734. LO-
CAL OFFICES: justice, Dorchester County, 1720-
1733 (quorum, 1732-1733); sheriff, Dorchester
County, 1734-1737. STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE
ISSUES: fined in 1719 for indecent expressions in
respect to the governor. WEALTH DURING LIFE-
TIME. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: at least 2,048 acres.
SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST

ELECTION AND DEATH: eventually owned over
3,000 acres; very active in buying and selling land
in the late 1730s and early 1740s, after which he
turned over most of his land to his son. WEALTH
AT DEATH. DIED: estate inventoried on January 19,
1747/48. PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV, £40.0.3 cur-
rent money (had given most of his estate to his
heirs during the two decades prior to his death);
FB, estate overpaid £21.10.3.

TAYLOR, ROBERT (1622-ca. 1660/61). BORN: in
1622. IMMIGRATED: in 1650/51, as a free adult with
his wife and two sons from Virginia. RESIDED: in
St. Leonard's Creek Hundred, Calvert County.

FAMILY BACKGROUND. SISTER: Alice (1620-?), who

married first, Samuel Griffin (?-1654), and second.
George Reade (?-1666). MARRIED Mary. CHIL-
DREN. SONS: Samuel (?-1682), a justice of Calvert
County in 1679, who married (first name unknown)
Doyne; Robert (?-1682); and Henry. DAUGHTER:
Mary (?-ca. 1660/61). PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCA-
TION probably illiterate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION:
Protestant. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: trans-
ported three servants in addition to his family; had
no title upon arrival; Mr., by 1656. OCCUPATIONAL
PROFILE: planter. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE
SERVICE: Assembly, Patuxent (Calvert County),
1657. LOCAL OFFICE: justice, Calvert County, 1658-

ca. 1660/61. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. LAND AT

FIRST ELECTION: held certificates of survey for 1,070
acres on the eastern and western shores of the Pa-
tuxent River, Calvert County, 1651-1657. SIGNIF-
ICANT CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION

AND DEATH: patented the 1,070 acres for which he
held certificates of survey, 1658. WEALTH AT DEATH.
DIED: will probated February 2, 1660/61; TEV,
28,719 pounds of tobacco (including 3 servants);
FB, 12,030 pounds of tobacco. LAND: 1,070 acres
in Calvert (part of which later became Prince
George's) County.

TENCH, THOMAS (?-1708). BORN: probably in
the 1650s, in England. IMMIGRATED: in 1684, as
a free adult. RESIDED: in Anne Arundel County;
returned to England for brief visits in 1696 and
1700; after 1700 visited frequently in Philadel-
phia, Pennsylvania. FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER:
perhaps John Tench of Nantwich, Cheshire, Eng-
land. BROTHER: perhaps John Tench, a member
of Parliament for Newcastle Borough, 1695, Irish
Parliament. MARRIED first, by March 1684/85,
Margaret (?-1694), widow of Nathan Smith (?-
1684), daughter of John Burrage. Her sisters were
Elizabeth, who married Francis Hutchins (? -1698);
Grace, who married Benjamin Scrivenor. MAR-
RIED second, by 1704, Margaret (last name un-
known). CHILDREN. STEPSONS: Thomas Smith;
Nathan Smith. STEPDAUGHTER: Elizabeth Smith,
who married James Rigby, son of James Rigby
(ca. 1630-1681). PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION:
literate; perhaps the Thomas Tench who matri-
culated at Brasenose College, Oxford, 1673. RE-
LIGIOUS AFFILIATION. Anglican, St. James' Par-
ish, Anne Arundel County; Margaret Burrage
Smith was a Quaker. Tench served as vestryman
of Christ Church in Philadelphia, 1702. SOCIAL
STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: first appeared in Mary-
land records in 1675 as a London merchant ex-
porting servants to the colony; transported at least
81 servants to Maryland; perhaps related to John
Tench, mariner and ship captain of Talbot County,
who was quite active in the transatlantic and Car-
ibbean trade in the 1680s and 1690s. OCCUPA-
TIONAL PROFILE: merchant, planter; merchant of
London by 1675-1684; called "Irish merchant"
in 1692; ship seized for violating the Navigation
Acts, 1694; trading with the Madeira Islands, 1696.

PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Asssocia-

tors' Convention, Anne Arundel County, 1690-
1692 (probably elected to the 2nd session of the
1689-1692 Assembly); Upper House, 1692-1693
(Accounts 1; Laws 2), 1694-1697, 1697/98-1700,
1701 -1704 (president 4), 1704-1707. OTHER PRO-
VINCIAL OFFICES. Council, 1691-1708 (off briefly,
1695-1696, while settling the estate of Gov. Lio-
nel Copley (1648-1693); senior councillor, 1700-
1708); justice, Provincial Court, 1691-1694 (quo-
rum, 1691-1694); Chancery Court, 1699; acting
chancellor, 1702-1704; acting chief executive,
1702-1704. LOCAL OFFICES, justice, Anne Arun-
del County, 1685-1692 (quorum, 1689-1692);
coroner, Anne Arundel County, 1689-1692; St.
James' Parish Vestry, Anne Arundel County,
1693-1702, 1707. STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE IS-
SUES: initial attitude toward revolution of 1689 is

806



 

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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 806   View pdf image (33K)
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