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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 501   View pdf image (33K)
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BIOGRAPHIES JOW

bitrary positions in 1688, and was overthrown by
the revolt of the Protestant Associators in 1689.

WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. SIGNIFICANT CHANGES
IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND DEATH:

patented 5,366 acres in Dorchester and Charles
(now Montgomery) counties in 1689. Sold 1,500
acres in Dorchester County in 1694. In 1701 Jo-
seph gave his son a power of attorney and in-
structed him to sell all remaining Maryland land.

WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED, between 1701 when he

returned to Ireland, and 1729, when an inventory
was made of his property that remained in Mary-
land. PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV, at least £198.0.0
current money (including 10 slaves).

JOWLES, HENRY (ca. 1640-ca. 1700/1). BORN:
ca. 1640, in Newington Butts, Surrey, England;
probably eldest son. IMMIGRATED: by 1672, as a
free adult from Chartham, Kent, England, ap-
parently without his family. RESIDED: in Calvert
(later became St. Mary's) County. FAMILY BACK-
GROUND. FATHER: John Jowles, Esq., of Surrey,
England. MARRIED first, by 1663, Rebecca,
daughter of John Allen of Chartham, Kent, Eng-
land. MARRIED second, by 1678, Sybill, widow of
William Groome (?-1677), a justice of Calvert
County, 1664-ca. 1677. CHILDREN. SONS: John,
who was living in England in 1695; Henry Pere-
grine Jowles (1681-1720). STEPSONS: William
Groome; Richard Groome. DAUGHTERS: Re-
becca; Sybill (?-1730). STEPDAUGHTER: possibly
Sibill Groome. PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION: lit-
erate; matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford,
1656/57, entered Gray's Inn, 1663. RELIGIOUS AF-
FILIATION: Anglican. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIV-
ITIES: Jowle's education and social standing in
England brought his prompt rise in Maryland.
There is no evidence he ever practiced law in the
colony, despite evidence that he had considerable
legal training. He was probably an acquaintance
of Sir Thomas Lawrence (ca. 1645-1714) from
student days. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: planter;
called "surgeon" in 1692, and Dr. in 1677. PUBLIC

CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Lower House,

Calvert County, 1686-1688; Associators' Con-
vention, Calvert County, 1689-1692 (Accounts,
Committee of Secrecy); Grand Committee of
Twenty, 1690-1692; Upper House, 1692 (Laws
1; dismissed before the 2nd session of the 1692-
1693 Assembly), 1694-1697 (reinstated before
the 1st session of the 1694-1697 Assembly; Laws
1), 1697/98-1700. OTHER PROVINCIAL OFFICES:
justice, Provincial Court, 1691-1692 (quorum);
Council, 1691-1692 (dismissed for actions alleg-

edly demeaning to office), 1694-1700 (president
1692, 1698-1700); chancellor, 1694-1699 (inac-
tive 1695-16% because of illness); judge, Ad-
miralty Court, 1694. LOCAL OFFICES: justice, Cal-
vert County, by 1677-1681, 1685-1692 (quorum);
sheriff, Calvert County, 1681-1685; clerk, Cal-
vert County, 1692-1694. MILITARY SERVICE: ma-
jor, 1676-1679; colonel, 1679-1692, 1694-1700/1.

STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: Jowles was an

important leader of the Protestant Associators'
Revolution in 1689, probably second in command
lo John Coode (ca. 1648-1708/9), although he was
supplanted later by Nehemiah Blackiston (?-1693).
Allied with Sir Thomas Lawrence (ca. 1645-1714)
against Blackiston and Gov. Lionel Copley (1648-
1693) in 1692, Jowles was dismissed from the
Council. He was reinstated two years later by
Gov. Francis Nicholson (1655-1727/28), from
whom he enjoyed much patronage. WEALTH DUR-

ING LIFETIME. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: at least

1,700 acres. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: will pro-
bated on February 17, 1700/1, in Calvert County.
PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV, £566.12.0 sterling
(including 4 servants, 4 slaves [3 of whom were
mortgaged], silver valued at £13.10.0, and Eng-
lish and Latin books); FB, £149.8.11 sterling. LAND:
probably 2,100 acres.

JOWLES, HENRY PEREGRINE (1681-1720)
BORN: in 1681 in Calvert County; younger son.
NATIVE: second generation. RESIDED, in Calvert
County; in St. Mary's County by 1706. FAMILY
BACKGROUND. FATHER Henry Jowles (ca. 1640-
ca. 1700/1). MOTHER: Sybill, widow of William
Groome. BROTHER: John. SISTERS: Rebecca; Sy-
bill. MARRIED Dryden (1687-1760), daughter of
Kenelm Cheseldyne (1640-1708). Her brother was
Kenelm Cheseldyne (1683-1719). Her sisters were
Mary (1678-?), who married first, James Hay (?-
by 1717/18), and second, George Fobes; Susan-
nah (1680-1730), who married Thomas Trueman
Greenfield (1682-1733). Her first cousin was Mary
Blackiston, who married Matthew Mason (ca. 1689-
ca. 1728/29). Dryden subsequently married John
Fobes. CHILDREN. SONS: Henry Greenfield; Ke-
nelm. DAUGHTERS: Mary, who married John
Johnson Sothoron (?-1744); Sybil; and Rebecca.

PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION: literate. RELIGIOUS
AFFILIATION: Protestant. SOCIAL STATUS AND AC-
TIVITIES: Jowles was a second generation burgess
who was serving his fifth term in the General
Assembly at death. His sons held no known of-
fices. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: planter. PUBLIC
CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE. Lower House, St.

501



 

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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 501   View pdf image (33K)
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