del County, plus 2 lots in Elkridge, Anne Arundel
County, and 1 lot in Annapolis and his share of
any of his father's land still undivided.
HAMMOND, MATTHIAS (1740-1786). BORN:
on May 24, 1740, in Anne Arundel County; youn-
ger son. NATIVE: fifth generation. RESIDED: in
Anne Arundel County. FAMILY BACKGROUND.
FATHER: Philip Hammond (1697-1760), son of
Charles Hammond (ca. 1670-1713). MOTHER: Ra-
chel (1711-1786), daughter of John Brice (?-171 3).
UNCLE: Charles Hammond (1692/93-1772).
AUNTS: Ruth Hammond, who married second,
Thomas Franklin (ca. 1706-1787); Anne Brice
(1708-1765), who married Vachel Denton (ca.
1696-1752). BROTHERS: Charles (1729-by 1786);
John Hammond (1735-1784); Philip (?-1783);
Denton (?-1782); and Rezin Hammond (1745-
1809). HALF BROTHER: Joshua (1719-died a mi-
nor). SISTER: Anne. FIRST COUSINS: Nathan Ham-
mond (1731-1811); Rezin Hammond (?-1783);
Anne Hammond (1716-?), who married second,
William Govane (1716/17-1768); John Brice
(1738-1820); James Brice (1746- 1801); and Bene-
dict Brice (1749-1786). MARRIED never. CHIL-
DREN. Died without progeny. PRIVATE CAREER.
EDUCATION: literate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: An-
glican. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Gent.;
fourth generation legislator. ADDITIONAL COM-
MENTS: built the "Hammond-Harwood" mansion
in Annapolis, which was designed by William
Buckland, ca. 1772. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE:
planter. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE:
Lower House, Annapolis, 1773-1774 (Elections 1,
Cv, 2, 3); Conventions, Anne Arundel County,
1st, 1774, 2nd-3rd, 1774, 4th, 1775, 5th, 1775.
LOCAL OFFICES: St. Anne's Parish Vestry, Anne
Arundel County, in office 1773-1776; Committee
of Correspondence, Annapolis and Anne Arundel
County, elected 1774. MILITARY SERVICE, quarter-
master, Severn Battalion, Anne Arundel County
Militia, appointed 1776. STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRI-
VATE ISSUES: supported Charles Carroll of Car-
rollton (1737-1832) in the fee controversy debate
with Daniel Dulany, Jr. (1722-1797), 1773; leader
of the anti-Stewart group that forced Anthony
Stewart to set fire to his ship, the Peggy Stewart ,
in the Annapolis harbor in October 1774, because
Stewart had paid the required tax on the tea im-
ported in his vessel. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME.
PERSONAL PROPERTY: assessed value £2,928.0.0
current money, including 62 slaves and 168 oz.
plate, 1783. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: at least
6,900 acres in Anne Arundel County, plus 2 lots
in Annapolis (3,677 acres received as his share of
his father's land confirmed to Matthias by his
brothers in 1772; part interest in 785 acres of his
father's land conveyed to Matthias by his brother
John Hammond in 1772; 1,144 acres by patent;
remaining acreage and lots acquired by purchase).
SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST
ELECTION AND DEATH: purchased 2 additional
lots in Annapolis in 1774 and ca. 1,400 acres in
Anne Arundel County, 1774-1786. Patented 243
acres in Anne Arundel County into 10 small tracts
as additions to property already owned, 1784.
Sold 773 acres, 1775-1786. WEALTH AT DEATH.
DIED: on November 11, 1786, in Anne Arundel
County; buried in the family cemetery near Gam-
brills, Anne Arundel County. LAND: probably ca.
7,800 acres in Anne Arundel County. ADDITIONAL
COMMENTS: he was described in his obituary as a
respected and esteemed gentleman of a "most ami-
cable and benevolent disposition." Named as his
principal heirs Philip and John Hammond, sons of
his deceased brother Charles.
HAMMOND, NATHAN (1731-1811). BORN: in
1731 in Anne Arundel County; eldest son. NA-
TIVE: fifth generation. RESIDED, in Anne Arundel
County until 1777; Frederick County; in both
counties alternately during the 1790s and early
1800s. FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: Maj. Na-
than Hammond (1708-1762), of Elkridge, Anne
Arundel County; sheriff of Anne Arundel County
in 1751; son of Charles Hammond (ca. 1670-
1713). MOTHER: Ann (?-1780), daughter of John
Welsh and wife Rachel. UNCLES: Charles Ham-
mond (1692/93-1772); Philip Hammond (1697-
1760). AUNT. Ruth Hammond, who married sec-
ond, Thomas Franklin (ca. 1706-1787). BROTH-
ERS: Rezin Hammond (?-1783); Philip (1744-
1799), of Anne Arundel County, who married
Barbara Riatt; Charles; Capt. John, who married
Martha Hawkins; Ormand (ca. 1754-?), of Freder-
ick County, who married Elizabeth Duckett;
Aquilla (1744-1797); and Thomas (?-1786), of
Frederick County. SISTERS: Ann (?-1790); Han-
nah, who married John Riatt, Jr.; Ruth; Caroline
(?-ca. 1772); Mary, who married Vachel Ham-
mond; and Hamutal (?-ca. 1772). FIRST COUSINS:
Matthias Hammond (1740- 1786); John Hammond
(1735-1784); Rezin Hammond (1745-1809); and
Anne Hammond, who married second, William
Govane (1716/17-1768). MARRIED between March
27 and April 4, 1759, Ann (?-by 1802), widow of
John Riatt, Gent., of Annapolis, merchant.
Agreed in marriage contract to give each Riatt
child £1,000 current money if he had no issue of
his own by Ann; released from this obligation by