1709); and Francis. PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION:
literate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Catholic. SOCIAL
STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: an original adventurer in
founding of the colony; brought two servants with
him on his arrival in Maryland; his wife immi-
grated in 1638, and two of his children followed in
1644; he was a close friend of Leonard Calvert and
Father Thomas Copley, a Jesuit priest; Gent., by
1637/38. OCCUPATIONAL: PROFILE: planter. PUB-
LIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Assembly,
present 1637/38, special writ 1638/39, St. Mary's
Hundred, St. Mary's County, 1640-1641, special
writ 1641/42 (Aggrievances), St. Mary's Hundred,
St. Mary's County, 1642A (Accounts; probably
Laws), present 1642B (Laws); Upper House,
1646/47, 1649, 1650 (Laws 1; dismissed by the
2nd session). OTHER PROVINCIAL OFFICES: Coun-
cil, 1644-1647, 1648-1650; justice, Provincial
Court, 1644-1647, 1648-1650; appointed governor
by Leonard Calvert on June 9, 1647, but he was
never commissioned and was superseded by Wil-
liam Stone on August 6, 1648; acting governor,
1649. LOCAL OFFICE: justice, St. Mary's County,
1644-1650. STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: a
strong supporter of the Jesuits against Lord
Baltimore in first decade of settlement of the col-
ony; he was accused of partiality as acting gover-
nor, 1648; as acting governor in October 1649, he
proclaimed Charles Stuart the "undoubted right-
full heire" to the English throne; discharged from
all offices on August 6, 1650, for usurping author-
ity. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. LAND AT FIRST
ELECTION: ca. 2,000 acres. WEALTH AT DEATH.
DIED: will probated on January 23, 1651/52.
LAND: ca. 2,500 acres.
GREENFIELD, THOMAS (ca. 1649-1715).
BORN: ca. 1649 in Gedling, England. IMMI-
GRATED: ca. 1674/75 as a free adult. RESIDED: in
Calvert County; Prince George's County after
1695. MARRIED by 1677 Martha, daughter of Dr.
James Trueman and wife Ann Stoner; stepdaugh-
ter of Robert Skinner (?-1686); niece of Thomas
Trueman (ca. 1625-1685). Her stepbrother was
Robert Skinner (?-1713). Her half brothers were
Clark Skinner; William Skinner; and Adderton
Skinner (ca. 1677-1756). Her sisters were Mary,
who married Thomas Hollyday (ca. 1661-1702/3);
Ann, who married John Bigger (ca. 1654-1714);
and Elizabeth. Her stepsister or half sister was
Mary Skinner, who married Joseph Letchworth
(?-1713), son of Thomas Letchworth (?-1667).
CHILDREN. SONS: Thomas Trueman Greenfield
(1682-1733), who married first, by 1708 Susannah
(1680-1730), daughter of Kenelm Cheseldyne
(1640-1708), and second, Anne (1694-1759),
widow of Francis Wilkinson and daughter of Wal-
ter Smith (?-1711); Trueman; James; and Micajah.
DAUGHTERS: Jane, who married Henry Holland
Hawkins (1683-1751); Martha, who married Basil
Waring (1683-1733); Elizabeth, who married Ga-
briel Parker; and Ann, who married John Wight,
son of John Wight (?-1705). PRIVATE CAREER.
EDUCATION: literate, attended Cambridge Univer-
sity. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Anglican. SOCIAL
STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Gent., by 1691; Esq.
from 1697; attorney in fact by 1677 for Thomas
Trueman (ca. 1625-1685), whose estate he man-
aged for almost two decades; a founder and lead-
ing figure of Prince George's County. OCCUPA-
TIONAL PROFILE: planter. PUBLIC CAREER.
LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Lower House, Calvert
County, 1692-1693 (Laws 1; Aggrievances 2),
1694-1695 (Accounts 3, 4; resigned after the 4th
session to become sheriff), Prince George's
County, 1699-1700 (elected to the 3rd session;
Elections and Privileges 4), 1701-1704 (Elections
and Privileges, chairman 1), 1704-1707 (Aggriev-
ances 1, 4, 5; chairman 1, 4; Elections and Privi-
leges, chairman 3); Upper House, 1708 A, 1708B-
1711, 1712-1714, 1715. OTHER PROVINCIAL OF-
FICES: justice, Provincial Court, 1699-1707 (quo-
rum, 1704-1707); Council, 1708-1715; assistant
judge, Court of Chancery, 1714/15. LOCAL OF-
FICES: justice, Calvert County, 1689-1696 (quo-
rum, 1692-1696); St. Paul's Parish Vestry, Calvert
County, 1693-1696; coroner, Calvert County,
1694; sheriff, Prince George's County, 1695/96-
1699; MILITARY SERVICE: major, 1694; colonel,
1707-1715. STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES:
recommended by Lord Baltimore for appointment
to the first royal Council, but he was not actually
appointed until Gov. John Seymour sought an
alternative to the Addison-Brooke clique in Prince
George's County in 1708; he was criticized for his
highhanded behavior while sheriff of Prince
George's County. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME.
LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: 1,299 acres in 1692,
with stewardship of an additional 4,800 acres;
1,586 acres in 1706, with stewardship of an addi-
tional 2,500 acres. WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: will
probated on November 7, 1715. PERSONAL PROP-
ERTY: TEV, £459.8.4 sterling. LAND: 2,309 acres.
GREENFIELD, THOMAS (ca. 1715-1774)
BORN: ca. 1715 in St. Mary's County. NATIVE:
third generation. RESIDED: in St. Mary's County.
FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: Maj. Trueman
Greenfield, Gent. (?-ca. 1726), son of Thomas
Greenfield (ca. 1649-1715). STEPFATHER: John