the estate. LAND: probably ca. 444 acres in Freder-
ick County, all of which appeared to be still mort-
gaged. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: after the final
accounting of the estate, his wife sold his entire
assets to pay his outstanding debts. Although
$25,000 was received from the sales, only $3,662
was left after settlement with his creditors.
GRAVES, RICHARD (1739-1792). BORN: on
December 18, 1739, in Kent County; younger son.
NATIVE: at least second generation. RESIDED: at
"Buck Neck," District 3, Kent County. FAMILY
BACKGROUND. FATHER: William Graves (?-1751).
MOTHER: Sarah Hynson (?-1773). BROTHER: Wil-
liam Hynson (1737-?). SISTERS: Mary (1742-?),
who married Dr. Thomas Van Dyke; Elizabeth
(1746-?). MARRIED Mary, daughter of John
Gresham (ca. 1703-ca. 1752). Her brothers were
Richard Gresham (?-1780); John (ca. 1742-<a.
1772); and Thomas (probably born after 1750-?).
Her sister was Sarah (1730-?). CHILDREN. SONS:
William; Richard. DAUGHTERS: Mary, who mar-
ried (first name unknown) Crockett; Sarah, who
married (first name unknown) Clarkson. PRIVATE
CAREER. EDUCATION: literate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIA-
TION: Anglican, Emmanuel Church, Chester Par-
ish, Kent County. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVI-
TIES: Gent., 1775; Esq., 1778. OCCUPATIONAL
PROFILE: farmer. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE
SERVICE: Lower House, Kent County, 1784 (dis-
charged on November 24, 1784, for serving as a
field officer at the time of first election; reelected
and seated), 1785. LOCAL OFFICE: justice, Kent
County, 1782-1792. MILITARY SERVICE: field offi-
cer, 1784; colonel, 1792. WEALTH DURING LIFE-
TIME. PERSONAL PROPERTY: assessed value
£3,600.0.0, including 45 slaves and 100 oz. plate,
1783. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: 2,295 acres in
Kent and Harford counties (340 acres from father,
393 acres from mother). WEALTH AT DEATH.
DIED: between September 24 and October 15,
1792, in Kent County. PERSONAL PROPERTY:
TEV, £2,833.6.4 current money (including 36
slaves and 8 books); FB, £1,591.11.1. LAND: 1,006
acres in Kent, Queen Anne's, and Harford
counties, plus 4 houses and lots in Chestertown,
Kent County; owned land and fisheries in North
GRAY, FRANCIS (?-1667). BORN: probably in
England. IMMIGRATED: by 1637. RESIDED: in St.
Mary's County; moved to Virginia, 1647. MAR-
RIED in 1638 Alice Moreman. PRIVATE CAREER.
RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Protestant. SOCIAL STA-
TUS AND ACTIVITIES, no title on arrival; probably
a tenant on land owned by Leonard Calvert, 1643.
OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: carpenter. PUBLIC CA-
REER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE. Assembly, present
1637/38, St. Mary's County, 1638/39, St.
George's Hundred, St. Mary's County, 1640.
STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: assisted the
rebels during Ingle's Rebellion, which probably
accounts for his subsequent removal to Virginia.
WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. LAND AT FIRST
ELECTION: sold rights to 500 acres, 1650/51.
WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED, in 1667. LAND: proba-
bly 1,000 acres patented in Virginia, 1654.
GRAY, JOSEPH (?-1724). BORN: probably elder
son. IMMIGRATED: by 1678, probably as a minor
with his mother and siblings. RESIDED: in Coven-
try Parish, Somerset County. FAMILY BACK-
GROUND. STEPFATHER: probably Thomas Jones,
who served as sheriff, justice, and militia captain
in Somerset County. MOTHER: probably Jane Gray
Jones. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: probably the
same Joseph Gray for whom Jane Gray Jones
claimed rights in 1679/80, as well as for her other
three children. BROTHER: probably James. SISTERS:
probably Mary; Elizabeth. MARRIED first, by 1687
Elizabeth. MARRIED second, by 1692 Mary. MAR-
RIED third, Elizabeth. CHILDREN. SONS: Thomas
(1687-?); Wescott (1692-?). DAUGHTERS: Jane
Pittman (1689-?), who married Peter Dent (ca.
1665-1710/11); Jemima (1692-?). PRIVATE CA-
REER. EDUCATION: literate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIA-
TION: Protestant. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE:
planter; contractor; commissioned to build new
pillory, 1708/9. PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE
SERVICE: Lower House, Somerset County, 1704-
1707. LOCAL OFFICE: justice, Somerset County,
1707-1724 (quorum, by 1715-1724). STANDS ON
PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: called before the Somer-
set County Court for speaking against the justices,
1698/99. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. LAND AT
FIRST ELECTION: patented 600 acres with James
Gray, 1678; ca. 450 acres, 1704. WEALTH AT
DEATH. DIED: ca. November 1724. PERSONAL
PROPERTY: TEV, £434.15.3 (including 13 slaves);
FB, £255.3.3. LAND probably 550 acres.
GRAY, JOSEPH COX (?-1764). BORN: of age by
1742. NATIVE: possibly. RESIDED: in Dorchester
County. FAMILY BACKGROUND. MOTHER: possibly
Elizabeth Lemee (?-ca. 1736), of Dorchester
County. MARRIED first, by 1741 Sarah (?-by
1745), daughter of Covert Lockerman (ca. 1681-
1728); granddaughter of both Jacob Lockerman
(1652-1730) and Roger Woolford (?-ca. 1701/2);
niece of Roger Woolford (1670-1730), Mary Wool-
ford (1663-1740), who married Henry Hooper (ca.
1643-1720), Elizabeth Woolford (1664-1738),