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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 210   View pdf image (33K)
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CHA BIOGRAPHIES

inc. CHILDREN. SONS: Joseph; Heros; Atlas; and
Cyrus. DAUGHTERS Althea, who married William
Wallace; Rowena, who married John Miser. PRI-

VATE CAREER. EDUCATION: literate. RELIGIOUS

AFFILIATION: his father was an Anglican. OCCUPA-
TIONAL PROFILE: probably a planter. PUBLIC CA-
REER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE Lower House, Wash-
ington County, 1779-1780, 1780-1781, 1781-
1782, 1782-1783, 1783 (elected, but did not at-
tend). LOCAL OFFICE: commissioner of tax, Wash-
ington County, appointed 1786. WEALTH DURING

LIFETIME. PERSONAL PROPERTY: assessed value
£1,721.13.0, including 6 slaves and 4 oz. plate,
1783. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: 1,628 acres in
Washington County (over 853 acres inherited
from his father); also controlled ca. 550 acres in
Washington County that his brother William had
conveyed to him in trust in 1773 because of Wil-
liam's heavy indebtedness. James sold 244 acres of
this, including 1 mill, and leased out a farm, ca.
1777; he kept the rents and profits himself and
never settled the trust according to the terms of
the agreement with his brother. SIGNIFICANT

CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION

AND DEATH acquired at least 1,168 additional
acres in Washington County, by 1783, and pur-
chased 2 small tracts (ca. 71 acres), 1797-1798;
leased out 325 acres, 1793-1796; mortgaged more
than 400 acres, 1794-1821; sold 2,606 acres, 1786-
1824, all in Washington County. ADDITIONAL
COMMENTS: He became involved in a lengthy
court dispute over land with his brothers William
and Joseph Chapline (1746- 1821), which began in
1790 and was not settled until 1832. During the
course of the litigation, he obtained an act for the
relief of insolvent debtors from the General As-
sembly, 1802. On August 19, 1805, the Chancery
Court ordered that ail of his remaining real estate,
which was not already mortgaged, be sold.
WEALTH AT DEATH. DIED: by December 1829 in
Jefferson County, Ohio; a Court of Chancery de-
clared that no administration was necessary since
"he left no personal or other estate."

CHAPLINE (CHAPLAIN, CHAPLAINE,
CHAPLIN), JOSEPH (1707-ca. 1769). BORN: on
September 7, 1707, in Queen Anne Parish, Prince
George's County; eldest son. NATIVE: fifth genera-
tion in the colonies, third generation in Maryland.
RESIDED: at "Forest," his father's plantation in
Prince George's County, 1729-1738; established a
large plantation in the Antietam Valley (later be-
came part of Frederick County), 1738. FAMILY
BACKGROUND. FATHER: William Chapline (1686-
1752), son of William Chapline (1659-ca. 1717), of

Dorchester County, and wife Susannah Kimball.
MOTHER: Elizabeth Travers. BROTHERS: William
(1709-?); Moses (1717-1762), who married Jea-
nette Caton. SISTERS. Mary (1712-?); Anna (1714-
?). OTHER KINSHIP, his second cousin was Mat-
thew Travers (ca. 1672-1742). MARRIED on Octo-
ber 22, 1741, Ruhamah (?-1796), daughter of Rev.
William Williams, Gent. (?-1759), a Welsh Pres-
byterian minister. Her sisters were Sarah, who
married William Price, a lawyer; Jane, who mar-
ried Col. Benjamin Chambers, the founder of
Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. CHILDREN. SONS:
William Williams (1742-1804); Joseph Chapline
(1746-1821), twin to Deborah; James Chapline
(1750-by 1829); and Jeremiah (1756-?). DAUGH-
TERS. Ruhamah (1743/44-1748); Deborah (1746-
?), who married in 1783 John Thomson, son of a
Presbyterian minister, Samuel Thomson, of Penn-
sylvania; Jane (1748-1754); Ruhamah (1752-?),
who married in 1785 Capt. Alexander Thomson
(1753-1815), son of Rev. Samuel Thomson; Sarah
(1754-1834); Jean (Jane) (1758-1838); and
Theodosha (1760-?), who married (first name un-
known) Hays. PRIVATE CAREER. EDUCATION:

trained as a lawyer. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: An-
glican, All Saints' Parish, Frederick County, dur-
ing the 1750s; his father-in-law, Rev. William Wil-
laims, a Welsh Presbyterian minister, became the
resident divine on Chapline's estate after being
expelled from his own church for an unknown of-
fense; Chapline persuaded him to become an An-
glican. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Mr.,
1739. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: practiced law in
Annapolis, 1729-ca. 1738; planter, 1738; owned a
share of the Ohio Company, which was formed for
the purpose of trading with the Indians and was in
operation from 1749 until 1779; engaged in build-
ing an ironworks with Col. Samuel Beall & Co.

PUBLIC CAREER. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Lower

House, Frederick County, 1749^1751, 1751-1754,
1754-1757, 1757-1758, 1758-1761 (Arms and
Ammunition 3, Cv 3), 1762-1763, 1765-1766,
1768 (died before 2nd session). LOCAL OFFICES.
justice, Prince George's County, 1739-1748, Fred-
erick County, 1748-at least 1750 (quorum, 1748-
at least 1750); trustee, Frederick County Free

School, 1763. WEALTH DURING LIFETIME. LAND

AT FIRST ELECTION: at least 2,175 acres, possibly
as much as 4,729 acres in Frederick County. SIG-
NIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST
ELECTION AND DEATH: he received 4,500 acres,
plus a tract of 6,352 acres all adjacent to his exist-
ing estate, by 1764 from Gov. Horatio Sharpe in
appreciation for financing and supporting the con-
struction of Fort Frederick, Frederick County;

210



 

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A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.
Volume 426, Page 210   View pdf image (33K)
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